Quite often from novice fish farmers in pet stores there are questions about how to buy quality producers. First of all, I would like to note that guided only by one appearance of fish, their size and the absence of all kinds of defects.
The producers should be fish that were obtained from healthy litters and fed on good feed in abundance.
If there is such an opportunity, then it is better not to buy already adult producers, because the results can be sad. As an exception, there may be rare species of fish that have not yet had fry, or you are not able to get them.
To get healthy offspring, fish is better to buy young with the makings of an adult.
If you do not plan to engage in breeding of one or another species on an industrial scale, then 5-6 fish will be enough for you. If a pronounced sexual dimorphism is not yet observed, then you will have to buy pieces of 15.
It is better to buy fish in the summer (July-August), since 99% of the fish grew in this period on high-quality and balanced feed.
It is not recommended to buy manufacturers “from hands” in the poultry house or in pet stores, because no one will give you guarantees that these are the “best” producers who have passed the quality selection. It is likely that hydrobionts are grown from poor litter that have suffered from unbalanced feeding.
The most effective and proven option: to cooperate with a familiar aquarist, who boasts an impressive aquarium economy. Such aquarists try to feed their pets with high-quality live food, which they personally catch from natural reservoirs, or they grow it at home.
However, here you also need to be extremely careful and see all the fish. All fry should be approximately the same size, which will correspond to their age and without visible defects. Do not buy large fish.
If the required number of youngsters cannot be taken from one person, then find another one or two people who will help you to avoid closely related crossings.
Purchased fish for the upcoming breeding should be put in a feeding aquarium, in which there should be fresh and soft water (hardness between 8 – 16). As a result of numerous experiments, it was found that fish grown in hard water are more resistant and strong, and they grow a little faster.
Producers that are contained in such water, when moving to spawn in soft water, more willingly spawn.
The water temperature in the aquarium with young animals should be within 24 – 25 degrees. The most ideal option would be to observe daily temperature fluctuations.
That is, at night it should be a few degrees cooler than during the day. The fact is that in natural tropical water bodies this phenomenon is observed. To achieve this is quite simple – turn off the heater in the aquarium at night and turn it on in the morning.
In order not to forget, it is better to immediately purchase a good heater with a gun, which will turn itself off and on.
But the substrate in the feeding aquariums is not needed. Plants are best planted in pots and placed in an aquarium, or even better – foam boxes.
The best plants in this case will be echinodorus and large-leaved cryptocorynes, since they collect less dirt on the leaves, and in case of urgent need, they are easily cleaned.
If you equip your home water quality filtering and aeration, then you can easily achieve cleanliness in the aquarium. As I said above, the maximum temperature in the aquarium should not exceed 25 degrees, and the heater should be equipped with an automatic device.
Also in the aquarium should be good lighting. German aquarists are advised to install the lamp on the basis of the proportion that 1 W has 1 cm of the length of the aquarium. For example, if the length of your aquarium is one meter, then the total power of the lamp should be about 100 watts.
As for me, such a powerful lamp would be superfluous, 50 to 60 watts would suffice.
It is recommended to feed the fish with live food and very richly. Daphnia should be present in the diet of reinforced concrete, but not in large quantities.
Otherwise, these small crustaceans will be able to make a serious competition to the fish in the consumption of oxygen. In addition to daphnia, a small bloodworm, corelet and tubule should be present in the diet.
But, before feeding the fish to a pipe worker, it must be kept in a separate container for 7 days.
If you feed the fish with daphnia, then this will require a special round net, made of dense nylon. From the reservoir of live crustaceans, it is necessary to get it carefully so that the turbidity does not rise from the bottom.
We catch the right amount of daphnias and wash them thoroughly under running water, and then feed them to the fish. This procedure is intended not to bring into the aquarium with the producers of pathogens of various infectious diseases.
A similar method, but more thoroughly, you need to wash the rotifer before feeding the fry.
Do not be afraid of overfeeding the younger generation. There is always little food in natural waters, but it is there. Fish breed only when the concentration of feed increases.
In the growing fish, obesity will never be, because, they are extremely rapidly developing. The closer puberty, the less food will need to be given.
In the end, the fish will need to be transferred to two meals a day, in which food must be eaten in 15, maximum 20 minutes without leftovers.
In conclusion, you can add that if you apply all the above hygiene measures in relation to your pets, then you are unlikely to have any problems with the occurrence of infectious diseases. If you follow these rules, then you are guaranteed to get good producers who will delight you with frequent spawning with viable offspring.