If we use the expression “aquarium farming”, but we mean a set of aquariums and other tanks that an amateur should have, as well as related equipment. Of course, there may be a lot of options, but there are some common points that should occur in any fishery household.
That is, the dimensions of the aquarium should be appropriate for their purpose. Tanks for the same purpose must have the same design, size, equipment, high-quality filtration, aeration and lighting.
In the independent manufacture of aquariums, you should use only high-quality sealants and proven equipment.
To begin, let’s talk about the dimensions of the aquarium and their number. The number and size of aquariums depend on how many species of fish you plan to breed, how many fish of certain species you will plant for spawning, what species of fish you plan to breed, and how much space you will allocate at home to fish farming.
Properly equipped fisheries should have the following water bodies:
- Aquariums for manufacturers;
- Aquariums or vessels for spawning fish;
- Aquariums for the maintenance of young animals;
- Aquariums for feeding fry;
For the maintenance of fish producers it is necessary to acquire aquariums with a volume from 100 to 120 liters, in which the ratio of height and length ranges from 1: 2 – 1: 2.5. A single 120-liter aquarium will be enough for keeping up to 5 species of characteristic fish.
The same capacity is enough to hold 3 pairs of angelfish.
Spawning aquariums should be the same volume, as a rule, it rarely exceeds 30 liters. The optimal spawning volume for a Haricine is 15–20 liters. But, by experience, it was found that in large tanks, fish more willingly multiply.
But since the amateur doesn’t have large volumes in abundance, small aquariums are used as spawners. In spawning tanks, as a rule, the soil does not fit.
The optimum ratio of the height of spawning aquariums and their length is 1: 1.5. As a rule, 5-6 such aquariums are more than enough to breed a large number of fish.
Aquariums for the initial care and maintenance of young animals from an ordinary amateur in the arsenal, as always, do not. But, if you decide to engage in breeding aquarium fish, you should definitely have such tanks. For these purposes, small tanks with a capacity of up to 10 liters with an aspect ratio of 1: 3 are sufficient.
Of course, the presence of such cans is welcome, but, as a rule, it is not possible to get them.
If you have 5 spawning aquariums, then you will need up to 15 cans for fry care. They are needed for a more rapid release of the spawning aquarium for the next landing of producers, as well as to ensure that the fry have full and abundant feeding.
And the third reason is that your soft water costs are greatly reduced.
Already young fry are transplanted in a tank for raising young (2-3 weeks after switching to independent feeding). At first, after the transplantation, the fry are fed with rotifers, and then they are transferred to small daphnia.
If there is a problem with daphnia, it is possible to feed the small Cyclops, however this is much worse.
Tanks for feeding fry should have large volumes: from 50 to 70 liters. As a rule, these are low and long tanks, in which the ratio of height to length is 1: 3. Soil in such aquariums also do not stack.
Under the aquarium it is better to put a dark rubber mat, since the dark background of the bottom of the aquarium has a positive effect on the nutrition and behavior of the fry. In the arsenal of a fish farmer aquariums for feeding young stock should be as much as spawning aquariums.
These are usually large and low containers, the volume of which ranges from 200 to 250 liters. Most professional breeders have been using such aquariums with a dark bottom without soil for decades.
Plants in such banks are planted in pots. The youngsters are transplanted to feeding aquariums 1.5 – 2 months later after the fry switch to active feeding. In feeding aquariums, young animals are fed with medium-sized daphnia.
For a modest fisheries, we need a couple of similar tanks.
When we figured out the purpose of each type of aquarium, it’s time to say a few words about the correct layout and placement of all tanks. As I mentioned above, containers with the same purpose should have the same design and dimensions.
This will help you compactly place them on the shelves.
For the maintenance of manufacturers aquariums should be located in a convenient place for maintenance.
Spawning grounds and aquariums for the initial maintenance of juveniles should be placed in such a way that in the daytime they are illuminated by natural light, but direct sunlight should not fall on them. They must be installed on racks near the wall, which is perpendicular to the window. It is advisable that spawning aquariums should be placed in one row on the uppermost shelf, which is set at a level higher than a man’s height.
This is necessary in order not to disturb the spawned producers.
On the shelf just below set up aquariums for the initial maintenance of the fry. They are specially set not very high, so that the fish are not very shy.
Just below set the capacity for feeding the fry. Due to their size, they may have to be installed in several tiers.
Feeding aquariums you can put as you like, but it is desirable that they are illuminated by natural light.
Each aquarium should be equipped with a heater and aeration, each tank should be illuminated with fluorescent lamps and cleaned with high-performance filters. All equipment you use must be reliable, safe and tested.