maintenance, care, compatibility
When installing the aquarium, you need to follow some rules. If you are new to the aquarium business, it is necessary to study in detail all the features of the correct settlement of fish. It is important to understand what size of the aquarium is needed, what plants will harmoniously look in the aquascape, and what parameters of the aquatic environment are suitable for all residents of the reservoir.
A full life of the fish and plants will also ensure proper care and compatibility.
When you purchased a glass container and all the instruments, found a place where you put the tank, you can begin to equip it. Before installing the aquarium, put a rubber lining under it, which will give the surface the necessary friction and remove any irregularities.
The bottom of the aquarium is under constant pressure, in the event of damage, a body of water can split the tank. After that you need to carry out such measures:
- Wash the glass container with baking soda by rinsing its walls several times under running water. Do not use detergents and chemicals. Thermostat, filter and water thermometer can be wiped with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (devices must be disconnected from the network).
- Before laying the bottom of the aquarium with primer, it should be rinsed under running water and boiled.
- The water in which the fish and plants will live must be clean and infused. Do not pour water directly from the tap. She must insist 3-4 days to evaporate chlorine. Measure the water parameters with indicators, measure its temperature. Everything must meet the necessary standards. After that, the water can be poured.
- Before planting, they need to be processed in a weak solution of the drug bicillin-5, or in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Dip the seedlings in the solution for 10-20 minutes. Then they need to be washed, planted in the ground. Very long roots can be cut.
Fish and plants should be kept carefully, providing them with the necessary care in a timely manner. The main rule of the settlement is that everyone should have enough space for free swimming.
Small fish need 10-20 liters per individual, medium – 30-50 liters, large – 100 liters or more.
It is necessary to take into account the compatibility of fish – according to the way of feeding there are herbivorous, predatory and omnivorous species. You can not settle large and small fish together, fish with different eating habits. An aquarium is a closed space, so weak fish cannot swim far from predators.
Beginners can make danios, guppies, mollies, catfish corridors, gourami, labo, cockerels, goldfish. There are schooling fish, and there are loners, so you need to take into account the peculiarities of behavior during the settlement.
Caring for fish in an aquarium is a must for every aquarist. Keeping fish requires a responsible approach, and with proper treatment of their pets, they will bring many benefits.
It is believed that the aquarium is useful for the home, helps to cope with stress. Small fishes have a beneficial effect on the emotions of adults and children, cultivate a sense of responsibility in a person.
How to properly maintain the fish, and care for them?
For a start, think carefully about where you put your home aquarium, where the fish will live. The choice of the shape and size of the tank depends on the location.
It is considered that the maintenance of a spacious aquarium does not take long to clean. Caring for him is much easier than small. A large tank can contain a large number of different fish that are compatible with each other.
Also do not forget about the devices, without which the functioning of a modern reservoir is impossible. Compressors, filters, lighting devices, decorations will provide the highest quality care.
Another issue that bothers aquarists – the choice of pets. For beginners, small and unpretentious fish are suitable that can survive the host’s small errors.
Contrary to popular belief, goldfish and cockerels are not easy-to-keep fish. They will have to spend more time with them.
Goldfish leave behind a lot of waste, and you have to clean up more often in the aquarium. Males are sensitive to changes in water parameters and infections.
Guppies – one of the most unpretentious fish, belong to the family Petsiliye. They have a bright tail, like the whole color of the body. The size of the females is 6 cm in length, the males are 3-4 cm.
This herbivorous aquarium fish, which need to be eaten more greens. They love clean, oxygenated water. Another unpretentious fish – it’s cichlids.
There are African and South American species. For the beginner, omnivorous and herbivorous tsikhlovye fish are suitable.
Predatory species are incompatible with other fish, and are quite dangerous. Other types are very friendly and quick-witted, they can live alone or in pairs.
See how to maintain and care for black-tipped cyclose.
Feeding is an important aspect, without which fish care is impossible. Feed pets should be 1-2 times a day, and once a week arrange a fasting day without food. Malkov need to feed more often – 4-5 times a day.
The amount of feed depends on the type. Big fish should get more feed, small – less. For 2-3 minutes, pets should eat all the amount of feed received.
Overfeeding is harmful to the digestive system.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
What feeds do aquarium fish prefer? Freshwater species unpretentious. To provide them with timely care, do not give a lot of food, otherwise there will be a lot of waste too.
Live food in frozen form, dry can be given in certain proportions. Dry feeds are made on the basis of daphnia crustaceans. Live food is usually caught in natural water bodies – it is a bloodworm, a tubule, a corret.
Make sure that the fish living in the upper layers of the water, do not take all the food from those who swim at the bottom.
Lighting – another necessary detail, which provides full care for the fish. Many aquatic organisms do not need additional lighting, they need enough daylight and indoor light. However, some need and night lights from LB lamps.
The optimal backlight power is 0.5 watts per liter of water. Also consider the depth of the tank, its area, the nature of fish and plants.
Residents of the depths are not very fond of a large amount of diffused light.
When the water evaporates and becomes polluted, periodically it has to be refilled. Usually one third of the total volume of water is added. Water parameters should be similar to the water in the aquarium.
Changes in the composition of the detrimental effect on the health of pets (it is important to know the water temperature, salt composition, gas composition).
Full replacement of water is made in extreme cases – if all the fish in the aquarium died from an outbreak of the disease, if fungal mucus appeared in the aquarium, water flourishes rapidly, the soil is heavily polluted. But the plants are quickly damaged by the complete replacement of water – they become discolored, the leaves fall off. If you maintain a constant biological balance within the mini-ecosystem, then all aquarium inhabitants will be healthy.
Properly selected appliances and living conditions will ensure quality life and care.
There are some general tips on keeping and breeding fish, but it all depends on the specific inhabitants of your aquarium.
- It is better to buy a rectangular aquarium without panoramic glass, while its length should be greater than the height and width less than the height.
- The volume of the aquarium of about 100 liters will allow you to contain a closed ecosystem (the state of water in the temperature, chemical and biological ranges will be less subject to drastic changes, which will affect the health of the fish), and will also require lower maintenance costs.
- Maintaining a constant temperature will save the fish from many diseases.
- Overfeeding fish can not be, and better to feed once a day. Food should be varied – live, frozen, dry (if you feed constantly alive, the fish begin to get fat and it becomes difficult for them to multiply).
- Change the water in the aquarium weekly with the replacement of up to 30% of the total. Cleaning and siphon bottom in the first month after launch do not need. Depending on the number of fish, pollution of the bottom or chemical indicators of water, these activities should be carried out approximately once every two to four weeks.
- The water filter and aerator in the aquarium should work around the clock.
- Lighting needs to be controlled, otherwise excessive growth of algae or plants will begin. The duration of coverage per day is in the range from 8 to 12 hours.
How to choose an aquarium will tell experts of the program “Cheap and angry” (Channel One):
❶ What you need for an aquarium :: an aquarium that you need :: Aquarium fish
Have you purchased an aquarium and are in a hurry to choose fish for it? However, before populating the underwater world, provide future tenants with everything you need.
Make a list of what you need to buy, and go to a large pet store, where you will be helped to equip the aquarium in full accordance with your wishes.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Home aquarium can be freshwater or saltwater, landscape or recreating the fauna of a particular region, very large and very compact. The content of the future home water reservoir and the choice of its inhabitants depend on the general idea. Beginners easier to start with a freshwater landscape aquarium with several types of ornamental fish.
The most convenient rectangular shape mounted on a special cabinet. They are stable and roomy enough.
Artificial reservoir needs a filtration system and aeration of water. Capacity of the compressor depends on the volume of the aquarium and the number of its inhabitants.
A consultant in a specialized pet store can help with the choice of a particular model – he will select the best option for each specific aquarium. There are also models with built-in life support systems.
The next important point is the acquisition of soil and plants. They can be natural or artificial.
Living algae eat fish and quickly lose their decorative effect. In addition, they decompose and spoil the water.
Choosing live plants, be prepared to monitor their condition, and, if necessary, transplant or replace. Artificial flora looks natural, beautiful and safe for fish.
From time to time it will have to be cleaned of debris and sediment – that’s all the trouble with plastic algae ends.
No aquarium can do without decorative elements – caves, grottoes, picturesque ruins. They serve as natural shelters for fish and enliven the underwater landscape. You should not buy anything you like – choose castles, figurines and shells that correspond to the general idea of design and leave enough space for the fish.
Before buying, study the future scenery – they should be non-toxic, not have too narrow cracks, which can get the inhabitants of the aquarium and sharp elements, which they can hurt.
Buy useful companions – snails, ensuring the cleanliness of the aquarium in a natural way. They will clean the glass, plants and soil from the plaque, remove the traces of fish and the remnants of their food.
Besides, these creatures look very cute. If you purchased live plants, check if your chosen snails are feeding on them.
Get an arsenal of small items to maintain the aquarium. You will need rubber hoses for changing water, a glass tube for removing debris from the bottom, a scraper for cleaning the glass, nets for catching fish and a tank for transplanting them. Do not forget about food for future inhabitants.
The most practical is to purchase ready-made fortified universal mix – it is suitable for most breeds.
And finally, the most interesting is the choice of fish. Do not buy all the copies you like – the number of future residents depends on the volume of the aquarium.
Note that some breeds are incompatible with each other. Before going to the store, study the specialized literature, make a tentative list of future tenants, and in the pet store, make adjustments to it with the help of a sales assistant.
The right aquarium: what you need to consider when choosing, running and arranging
More than 7,000 people a month ask this question: “What kind of aquarium is right?”, “How to create it?”, “What is right and what is not in aquarium breeding?”.
So let’s try to deal with you in this matter. And we will try to bring a certain qualification of the correct aquarium.
To begin with, let’s define the concept – the correct aquarium.
You must agree, there are so many nuances and criteria of correctness: What form should an aquarium? What volume? What kind of fish?
What should be in it at all and what should not be?
I think in this matter you need to push off from a certain constant and understand that AQUARIUM is a closed ecosystem, an imitation of the natural conditions of fish habitat.
From the above, it can be made simple that the RIGHT AQUARIUM is a body of water as close as possible to the natural habitat of fish. That is, in such an aquarium should be:
– All water parameters for a certain type of fish are observed;
– the landscape and design of the aquarium should be as close as possible to the natural habitat;
– filtration, aeration, lighting and purging must be present in sufficient quantity;
– care for fish, which carries people, should be as close as possible to the actions of “Mother Nature”;
Now, based on the definition, you can easily display the main parameters
THE RIGHT AQUARIUM
1. VOLUME AQUARIUM. Everything is obvious here – the bigger the aquarium the better! And this is not because a huge aquarium can boast or it will look “rich”.
Not! Simply, the more a closed ecosystem, the easier and better biological processes take place in it, such a system is easier to set up, such a system is easier to maintain.
We can say that such a system is more stable than in a small aquarium.
Many aquarists on the Internet give an example, that in a small aquarium it is much more difficult to maintain water temperature stability than in a large aquarium. And it is true.
And if you drop even deeper? It can be said that in a small aquarium it is harder to adjust the parameters of water, it is harder to dissolve a colony of useful nitrifying bacteria, more often you need to clean and change water, etc.
Alas, the living space and the financial component does not allow many to acquire a large aquarium. But, still for a novice aquarist can advise an aquarium of 100 liters.
So to say – this is the initial volume of the correct aquarium.
2. FORM AQUARIUM. Here in this article – “WHAT AQUARIUM IS BETTER”, examples of various forms of an aquarium are given – their infinite number. However, the most appropriate form for an aquarium is rectangular or panoramic.
At the same time, you need to take into account the characteristics and characteristics of the fish. Some need a long aquarium, some tall.
The worst form of aquarium is considered – round. Such an aquarium is not convenient for placement of equipment, it is not convenient for maintenance, and even the spherical glass itself distorts the image of the reservoir.
3. EQUIPMENT FOR AQUARIUM. Properly selected aquarium equipment is the key to success.
The thermostat, aeration, filter, lighting should be of sufficient volume and quality. Based on the characteristics of a particular aquarium and specific fish, you need to select equipment with a certain specificity.
For example, the filters can be internal and external, multi-section or single-rack, with a compartment for ceramics (biofiltration) or without it. For more information about filters, see the article – A good filter for an aquarium.
The same applies, for example, to lighting. If there are plants in the aquarium, the aquarium lamps must be of sufficient power and the required spectrum.
4. LANDSCAPE AND DESIGN, EQUIPMENT OF THE RIGHT AQUARIUM.
The habitat of fish is different. Some fish live in the thickets of valisneria, some live near the rocky shores, some even live in the standing water of rice fields.
Therefore, when arranging the “right aquarium”, first of all you need to start from the needs of the fish and their natural habitats. For example:
Angelfish are South American cichlids that live in bodies of water with rapidly growing underwater and surface plants. That is why, as a result of centuries of evolution, the body of the scalar has acquired a flat shape – so it is more convenient to swim among the “underwater forest”.
Obviously, the most appropriate design for an aquarium with scalars will be an aquarium densely planted with a variety of vegetation, especially long-stemmed, tall plants, for example, vallyseries.
African cichlids – the exact opposite of the scalar. Most African cichlids live in the so-called “stone deserts”, where there is not a small plant.
The rocky shores of African rivers, completely covered with rubble, caves, grottoes. Such a landscape helps the fish to survive and shelter from the enemy; in the caves and minks, African cichlids hatch and hide their offspring.
Therefore, the right aquarium for such fish will be a reservoir, equipped with numerous stones, grottoes and snags.
Labyrinth fish (cockerels, gourami, macropods) are the South Asian guests of our aquariums. They live in the rice fields, where there is little oxygen, and the water is stagnant. Living conditions have taught these fish to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water.
Therefore, the aquarium for them should not contain plants that float on the surface or completely close it. Otherwise, the fish will suffocate.
In addition, many labyrinths need shelters – caves.
5. PARAMETERS OF WATER AND CONDITIONS OF THE CONTENT OF FISH. Everything is simple – the parameters of water temperature, hardness, “acidity”, etc. must fully meet the needs of this or sometimes the type of fish.
Actually, these same parameters are of first priority when deciding on the compatibility of fish – it is impossible to contain fish, for which the water parameters are different. See also the article AQUARIUM WATER – parameters dH, pH, rH.