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What you need for a fish tank

maintenance, care, compatibility


By purchasing the first aquarium and creating your underwater kingdom, you unwittingly touched by the mistakes made, incidents and incidents.
What I lacked at that stage was step-by-step brief instructions. After all, I simply did not want to read a whole book or a bunch of Internet articles about the first launch of an aquarium, because there was one “zombie thought” in my head – tomorrow the aquarium should earn!




1. Determine where the aquarium will stand?

– it is better to place the aquarium in a dark corner so that direct sunlight does not fall on it (from them in the aquarium you can get algae uncontrollable, sunlight creates glare on the glass).

– consider how the power supply will be suitable for the aquarium (for connecting: lighting, filter, aeration, heater).

– if you decide to put the aquarium is not special. stand, but on the furniture you already have, or you want to build an aquarium in a furniture niche – be sure to consider the weight of the aquarium with water so that it does not fall under its weight. The surface must be durable.


– If you have small children, think about their safety and the safety of aquarium inhabitants from children. Children’s access to the aquarium and its equipment should be limited (the principle – “look, but don’t touch”).

2. Pre-dial tap water for sludge.

this should be done at least a day before landing the fish. The presence of dissolved oxygen in tap water can kill fish. Although in practice everything can do, especially if you use special tools to improve the composition of the water (for example, Aquaceave from the Tetra series).

But it is better not to risk, especially for the first time. Remember, an aquarium for beginners – the first launch of an aquarium should be carried out “according to a template”, later being experienced you can experiment, for example, if the volume of the aquarium is large and there is no place to defend the water, you can fill the installed aquarium with tap water and defend it, at least 1 day.

With this method, need / desirable “Aquaseiv.”

3. Now we run to the pet store and:

– buy a pre-looked aquarium (corresponding to the selected location).

– filter and aeration (must correspond to the volume of the aquarium).

– choose the soil and decor (artificial plants, stones, castles, snags, etc.).

– if it’s winter, you still need an aqua heater.

4. We proceed to the step-by-step installation of the aquarium:

level the surface special furniture or furniture on which there will be an aquarium. To do this, buy the simplest water building level ($ 3 – then it will still come in handy on the farm).

The fact is that aquarium water creates pressure on the walls of the aquarium. And any even a small angle of inclination creates a very tangible pressure on a separate wall (the pressure will not be uniform). From what the aquarium can “burst”.

Level the surface as carefully as possible. Only small deviations are allowed.

For small aquariums – up to 35 litas, leveling the surface is not necessary.

we establish an aquarium on a surface. A polyethylene bubble pad (usually sold with an aquarium) is laid between the aquarium and the surface.

Ensure that the edges of the aquarium do not hang from the pedestal or furniture.

now pour out and distribute the soil in the aquarium. It is advisable to wash it in advance after the pet store, thereby getting rid of excess dust and dirt.

– set the decor.

5. Fill the aquarium with separated water.

Not an easy job I can tell you, especially if the volume of the aquarium from 100l. (10 buckets).

Water is poured gently / slowly.

In order not to wash away the soil and not to scatter the scenery, I recommend to put some dishes or a can on the bottom. Directing a stream of water on the can, the water will spray and your decor and the soil will remain intact.

Fill the aquarium up to the top leaving, approximately, 5-7 cm from the edge.

6. Install filtering and aeration, run.

7. Now we run to the pet store again and buy long-awaited fish, snails, live plants … don’t forget to buy food (preferably wait at least seven days with this, the water should at least “infuse”, aquarium chemistry accelerates this process: AquaSafe, Baktozim , Tetra NitratMinus Perls other).

8. Release the fish in your tank. The package with the fish is lowered first into the aquarium water, a little scooped into the package of water and kept in the aquarium for about 15 minutes (for adaptation).

Then turn the bag over and release the fish.


In the future, all you need is attention and care for your pets.

And with them will gradually come experience!

Useful video about installing and running an aquarium

I hope my article was useful for you and your desire “I want to start an aquarium” has only increased. In parting, I want to say – do not be afraid and do not hesitate! Get an aquarium! Aquarium is great, and caring for it is much easier than for cats and especially for dogs)))
Dear newcomer of the aquarium world and a young aquarist, I recommend that you also read the following articles:
Aquarium for beginners
Aquarium decoration
Buying, purchasing and transplanting fish
Compatibility of aquarium fish selection and selection rules

List of all aquarium fish (A.)
List of all aquarium plants (AO)
I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first beautiful aquarium.
WHAT IS NECESSARY TO THE AQUARIUM: what to consider when choosing an aquarium and which fish to buy?
The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. Top 10 is not difficult fish!
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How to equip the first beautiful aquarium


“I am unspeakably pleased with the fact that you are taking the first steps into the wonderful WORLD OF AQUARIUM FISH.

I will draw your attention This article is introductory and basic. I strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with more informative articles of our site “about the first steps in the underwater kingdom”, which you will find at the end of this article. “

Scientists have shown that even short-term observation of aquarium fish normalizes blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And fish care teaches children to care and attention.

The underwater world is mysterious and still little studied. Therefore, if you decide to create an aquarium world at home, then before that you should be familiar with the rules of underwater life.

Aquariums can be of any shape: round, semicircular, cylindrical, rectangular, etc. They should not be put on the windowsill, as it will be exposed to direct sunlight, which in turn will lead to “greening of the aquarium” – uncontrolled growth of algae.

There are also aquariums that are suspended from the ceiling or embedded in furniture or a wall between two rooms. For such aquariums can be observed simultaneously from two rooms.

If you want to do sea fish, then keep in mind that the equipment for the marine aquarium will be more expensive than for freshwater. In addition, for marine life will need to specifically prepare salt water.

Freshwater aquariums are cheaper and easier to care for, but the fish living in fresh water are less exotic.

Imitation of a marine aquarium is a freshwater aquarium of decorations with artificial algae and corals under a marine aquarium with bright freshwater fish.

The smaller the aquarium, the harder it is to care for it. The aquarium in which live plants will be taken should not be very high – no higher than 50 cm.

If it is higher, then you need more powerful or additional lighting.

Aquarium can be designed yourself. For a homemade aquarium it is necessary to take only high-quality glass. The front glass is better to put imported, it is more expensive, but more transparent and better.

All aquarium glass must be professionally cut and polished. Do not save on silicone – it should be solid, proven brands.

It is worth noting that a homemade aquarium goes a little cheaper than a shop (and even more expensive if it comes to individual order). In this connection, we can say that the game is not worth the candle.

Quality, in all respects, are aquariums Japanese firm “ADA”. They are much more expensive than other brands. Optimum at the price and quality Kharkiv aquariums of the Priroda company.

Recomend for everybody.

Planting an aquarium is better with live plants. Stunted should be planted in front, then – medium height, and behind – high.

For some species of fish, live plants are simply necessary – they hide there, and some even lay eggs on the leaves of plants.

Living plants are definitely needed. Even if you start a fish that loves to eat them. Just feed it better so that it does not take up the plants.

Plants help dispose of the waste products of fish. The more of them, the better.

Plants, first of all, need light. They feed on them.

Therefore, there should be good lighting in the aquarium – lamps with a capacity of 0.6 to 1 W per liter of water.

At the initial stage, the aquarium should be highlighted 7-8 hours a day. Then 11-12 hrs., But no more than this, so that your aquarium does not turn into a solid green swamp.

When buying aquarium fish, and also in the care of them it is necessary to ensure that they feel well. Most healthy fish swim calmly, do not get clogged in a corner.

The fish should have a good color “not to be pale”, clean body, not bitten fins. The fish must breathe properly – i.e. when the gill covers do not rise, but only the mouth opens.

Eyes must be clean and clear, never protrude.

At the bottom of the aquarium ground is needed. The soil in the aquarium is a substrate for plants and for beneficial bacteria. The thicker the ground, the better – at least 5 cm.

For living plants, it should be generally like a multi-layer cake with all the necessary substances.

At the bottom of the aquarium, you can put clean sand. In general, it is better to buy soil in the store.

It should be remembered that before placing the soil in the aquarium, it should be washed, but rather boiled or at least pour over with hot water.

The temperature regime in the aquarium is supported by specials. heater, which is especially needed in winter to control the temperature of the water. After all, fish can die from the cold.

Fish feed mainly dry and frozen feed. It is better to combine a variety of food, so that the fish eat a varied and nutritious food, get enough vitamins, proteins and minerals. Feed the fish once or twice a day with a small amount of feed, which they completely ate in a few minutes.

Remember, it is better to feed a small fish than to overfeed.

Fish can be fed live food. Some predatory fish feed chicken or other meat (bullish heart).

The easiest option for a novice aquarist is guppies. They have very beautiful males, females are smaller and not so bright. Guppies are very unpretentious to the conditions of detention.

They are viviparous and multiply very quickly. Therefore, over time, they can become very much in your aquarium.

Beautiful and unpretentious neon fish. They are small but bright.

If you run them a lot in one aquarium, it will be very beautiful.

Some types of fish are not combined. To live in one aquarium, you need to pick up fish that would not harm each other.

There are “territorial” fish that fight among themselves, conquering territory. Each fish has its own food preferences, as well as its own character.

Large predatory fish should not be placed in the same aquarium with small fish, so that the former do not destroy the latter.

There are very picky fish, for example, discus and butterfly apistogramma. Such fish require special attention and good care.

Cichlids are the brightest and most beautiful fish, but as a rule they are aggressive, territorial and are predators. Predators should be settled only with those fish that they can not eat. Tsikhlovyh fishes can not be combined together with haracin, because the first is much more aggressive than others.

In addition, part of the Cichlidae does not live in an acidic, but in an alkaline environment.

For aquarium fish need aeration, which saturates water with oxygen. What is achieved with the help of special compressors.

To clean the aquarium water filter put, and also use aquarium activated carbon.

Get an aquarium! Make fish!

Aquarium is great, and caring for it is much easier than for cats and especially for dogs)))

I recommend to read the following articles:

Aquarium for beginners


Aquarium decoration


Typical aquarium questions beginners.

All about Purchasing Transplant Fish Shipping!

WHAT IS NECESSARY TO THE AQUARIUM: what to consider when choosing an aquarium and which fish to buy?


Tips for parents and teachers when choosing an aquarium for children.

Compatibility of aquarium fish: how to choose aquarium fish, which fish to buy?

The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. Top 10 is not difficult fish!

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What could be the reasons for restarting a fish tank?

What you need for guppies :: aquarium with guppies :: Aquarium fish

Sooner or later, for one reason or another, any aquarist is faced with the need to restart the aquarium. I would like to share with you my experience of restarting an infected aquarium, from which I have left indelible impressions.

I have never had such a quick, lightning arrangement of the reservoir, I had to, like a Cinderella in a hurry to the ball, redo a thousand cases in a matter of moments.

The company where I work has a bar-restaurant in its infrastructure. 5 years ago, as an action, one of the largest pet stores in my city installed an aquarium in a bar and undertook to regularly serve it.

Alas, as it usually happens, the pet shop workers came a couple of times, cleaned the aquarium and that’s it! The aquarium completely “fell” on the shoulders of the bar workers, who somehow watched him, all the time remaining. This winter, due to production needs, the bar was closed for three months.

In the spring with the beginning of the season the bar opened.

And so, once, passing by the bar, I noticed the aquarium, which already looked like a swamp! I have never seen such a crap pond.

Everything, everything, everything. it was green, even the ground was covered with a green carpet. A decaying fish feed was floating near the bottom – it looked like slop in a piglet’s tub.

Filters did not work, aeration, respectively. The fishes – two shifters, five eluos and one scalar, and two acystrus at an accelerated pace slammed their mouths at the surface of the water, trying to take in a little bit of fresh air.

The fish were stunted and sick; one shifter was completely swollen from abdominal dropsy. In short – full AHTUNG!

Photo of the aquarium in the bar (sorry photographed with a mobile phone, the whole horror is not transmitted)

After weighing all the pros and cons, I went to the Directorate and gave a demonstration performance:

“On the slaughter and care of the Lord for the destroyed aquarium souls.” In the final speech, I began to insist that the aquarium be given to me, that I am the best way out of this situation, that they will be indulgences for that. The management approved the proposal, but said: “We need to think that the aquarium attracts visitors.”

Since you can’t argue with the management, I left the office, but I definitely decided to finish this issue.

For two days I walked in circles around the aquarium and the office of my management – I was waiting for the “right moment”. And so, last Friday, at lunch the “moment” has arrived.

Welcome to the export of the aquarium was received! And then how it all went, went …

It was impossible to delay and postpone the transportation of the aquarium! The fish were already on their last legs.
Pulling on the pants on the leotard, and pretending to be a superman, I began to rush along the whole coast, where the bar stands. Organized driver, bartender, dishwasher and waiters.

I took a long hose on the yacht, in the kitchen there was a container for fish transplanting. All boil.

The water from the aquarium was drained, the equipment and décor was packed … and the fish were already sitting in the container and watched with fright as everyone rushed around!

All this action was accompanied by the dishwasher’s moralizing advice on how to care for the fish: “You should pour fresh water for them”, “You’ll put bulbs on them for the water, they aren’t whimsical to water … they don’t pour vodka and wine there either …” . Hair bristled by such unspeakable atrocities!

As the water merged and all the stinky soil was collected, three sailor-loader grunting dragged the aquarium into the car, since it was a roomy Ford transit. The aquarium was put on original piles and a gasket was laid on all sides (chair covers, cellophane, etc., which came to hand).

The car started and we drove … slowly, somewhere 30-40 km / h. so as not to shy the aquarium.

Upon arrival home, at the entrance there was already a pre-organized rapid response team — friends who helped plant the aquarium and all the aquarium belongings on the “15th” floor.

The clock struck 19.00, alas, all the pet stores were closed, and there was no home hydrochemistry at home. Therefore, the oxygen was given to the fish, a bit of methylene blue and Tetra counterstrips were dripped into the water, and preparatory measures were taken to install the aquarium for tomorrow.

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