maintenance, care, compatibility
What habitat most love aquarium fish
Water that must be prepared for not very capricious ornamental fish requires preliminary preparation. In the general aquarium it is necessary to fill in soft (sometimes medium hard) pH-neutral water.
This can be plain tap water. In it, live-off and viviparous fish, which perfectly adapt to different conditions, take root well.
See how to change the water and care for the aquarium.
The degree of hardness can be measured using litmus paper, the temperature of the water – with a thermometer. Water of high degree of hardness is recommended to be mixed with soft rainwater (filtered) or distilled.
Also, water from clean, melting snow or ice. The listed types of water can be collected in a clean container only after prolonged precipitation; it is enough to pour 30% soft water into infused water from the tap.
Water from the tap can not be poured immediately. It is better to pour it into a glass, and see if the glass is covered with bubbles, whether a strong smell will emanate.
Such water is saturated with compounds of gases that fell into it during filtration at the treatment plant. Having let the fish in such a liquid, the pet’s body will instantly become covered with bubbles, which will penetrate into the gills and internal organs. As a result, the fish will die.
In addition to gas, chlorine is added to water for disinfection, it will also poison living beings.
To get rid of gases, tap water can be poured into glass containers, and let it settle there for several days (2-3 days). There is another quick way: pour water into enameled ware, bring it to the stove to 60 or 80 degrees, set aside and cool. Boiled water is harmful – it leaves on the walls of dishes scale calcium carbonate and magnesium.
Boiled water can be poured into spawning, but in extreme cases. To fill the entire area of the aquarium with boiled water will take a long time.
Another nuance – boiled water kills all the useful microflora.
If you do not have water supply (this occurs in our time), you should go to a clean river or lake (where there are no signs “No swimming!”, Etc.), and take water from there. If it is clean, river fishes (perch, bream, roach) really live and flourish in it, there is a water grid plant, which is a good sign. To destroy parasites, such water is heated in an enamel pot to 80-90 degrees, but not to make boiled water out of it.
The parameters it will be different from the liquid from the tap, so think about whether to take such a risk. You can go to another house, and get running water there.
In addition to thawed, spring, rain and distilled water, it is advisable to pour 30% of the water from the old aquarium to the infused liquid from the tap. If he was kept safely, the fish and plants did not hurt there, the water in him was not muddy – this is a find. In the old (residential) aquarium water, whether it has been poured from a tap for a long time, there are many useful microbacteria that will create in the new dwelling the natural biological environment.
In a residential aquarium environment contains a number of organic impurities that are very useful for the aquatic environment. They make the water more acidic, do not allow the putrefactive and pathogenic bacteria to multiply.
If high-quality and proven water is poured into the tank, all its inhabitants can be healthy.
Normal tap water for aquarium is not suitable. It needs to be prepared.
Thus, the preparation of water begins with a banal sedimentation. To begin with, it is necessary to pour water into any container with the help of a shower. In this case, the shower will help get rid of a certain amount of harmful substances that are contained in tap water, and may not have the best effect on the health of the fish.
Using a shower also makes it possible to understand whether it is worthwhile to use tap water on a certain day to fill the aquarium, or it is better to postpone this event to another time. The fact is that with the use of the shower, it is possible to determine whether the chlorine content in the water is exceeded on any given day. It is no secret that every day in tap water contains a completely different amount of impurities.
As a rule, it depends on the season, weather conditions, etc. If you feel a strong smell of chlorine, then this water for the aquarium is better not to use or use after treatment with special dechlorinating agents.
AQUAYER AntiToxin Vita makes water safe for fish by eliminating chlorine even in high concentrations.
The use of tap water to fill the aquarium is also due to the fact that it has the acidity necessary for the normal development of fish and plants (PH = 7). This is an active reaction characterizing the alkaline and acidic environment of water.
This reaction is determined using paper indicators that can be purchased at any pet store.
If the PH level is lowered, you can use regular soda to increase it. To lower the PH used peat, not collected on a hill.
Distilled water can be used to fill the aquarium. You can buy it in an ordinary pharmacy. However, this method of filling the aquarium is suitable only if the aquarium is small.
Many experts still do not recommend the use of distilled water, because it lacks minerals that are useful for the abodes of the aquarium.
There is also an option to use water from another aquarium (if there is one), in which biological balance has already been established for the favorable living of the fish.
How to make the water prepared for the aquarium was not too hard?
How to prepare water for the aquarium at home
Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days.
Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures. On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check.
If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.
Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities.
Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0. It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium.
The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores. Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open.
The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.
See how to test the water.
You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH.
Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water. The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops.
It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals. Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.
Aquarium water temperature
Water temperature for aquarium fish
One of the most important parameters of aquarium water is its temperature. Most aquarium fish feel comfortable at a temperature of 22-26 ° C.
But there are fish that prefer a lower or higher temperature.
For example, discus is a heat-loving fish, a comfortable temperature for their maintenance is 28-31 ° C. But the Goldfish family, on the contrary, prefers cooler water at 18-23 ° C.
Thus, speaking of the temperature regime in an aquarium, one should take into account the comfortable temperature parameters for a specific fish. It should also be noted that the temperature of aquarium water directly affects the lifespan of some species of fish.
For example, neons at a temperature of 18 ° C live 4 years, at 22 ° C – 3 years, 27 ° C – 1.5 years.
Perhaps the most important rule for an aquarist is to prevent sudden changes in temperature (2-4 degrees). Such vibrations are extremely harmful.
Today, there are virtually no problems with maintaining the temperature regime in an aquarium. Therefore, when on the Internet you come across articles about the Soviet methods of “boiling with a kettle” involuntarily you are touched.
Only one thing is frustrating – after all, articles on this topic are usually looked for and viewed by novices or young aquarists who are so easily confused with unnecessary, unnecessary information.
The nuances covered in this article for an experienced aquarist will not inspire innovation, but beginners will be noticed.
So, to maintain the required temperature regime of aquarium water, you need to buy two things at the pet shop:
1. Thermostat heater.
2. Thermometer with suction cups.
Regarding the temperature control of the heater for the aquarium – it is chosen based on the volume of the aquarium (its power must be appropriate). They fix it, as a rule, on the back wall of the aquarium, near the filter with aeration, so that it is completely immersed in the input. IMPORTANT: when setting the desired temperature on the scale of the thermostat, the first time (6-12 hours) watch the level of heating of the aquarium water.
This is due to the fact that often the scale of the thermostat does not always correspond to the actual temperature of water heating (especially in Chinese thermostats) or the thermostat does not quite fit the volume of the aquarium. Failure to comply with this rule may lead to the fact that in the morning your aquarium may turn into “a pot with a good, elite ear.”
Well, the second thing to which you should pay attention – the heater for the aquarium should be completely immersed in water. Do not allow it to be in the on state in air (in whole or in part).
This will lead to its rapid overheating.
Regarding thermometers for aquarium – here everything is simple! They are:
in the form of a self-adhesive strip thermometers for the aquarium
(I do not recommend. creatively — yes, it is practical — no, especially since this strip “fades” over time);
and electronic thermometers for aquarium $ 12;
When buying a thermometer should pay attention to the quality of suckers. If they are weak – the thermometer will often fall to the ground.
In addition, there are fish that pathologically may not like the thermometer and they will deliberately drop it (I have suffered from these gays blue).
I think that with the heating of aquarium water everything is clear: – set, adjusted and forgot.
Let’s now talk about what to do if the temperature goes over the top (from overheating or “summer in August”). Nowadays, this is also not a problem – the air conditioner will not only cool the room, but also lower the temperature of the water in the aquarium.
Another question is what to do if it is not? Or if you need to urgently lower the temperature?
Ice from the refrigerator will come to the rescue. At one time, I poured water into plastic 2-liter bottles (carefully removing the bottle from the label and glue beforehand) and frozen them in the refrigerator.
After lowering them into the aquarium and thereby lowered the temperature of the water to the desired.
This method of lowering the temperature has two minuses: firstly, the frozen bottles and ice heat up quite quickly – they often need to be frozen, and secondly: sudden, frequent temperature drops are poorly tolerated by aquarium fish. If the temperature is “tolerable” it is better not to add an ice bottle.
REMEMBER: PROVIDING A COMFORTABLE AND CONSTANT TEMPERATURE OF AQUARIUM WATER IS THE KEY TO THE HEALTH OF YOUR AQUARIUM FISH.
Video about the temperature and care of the aquarium
How to clean the aquarium
General cleaning in the aquarium need to do depending on the type of fish. For some, the best option is a one-time monthly cleaning, for others – weekly. Remember that fish do not like to be disturbed, changing their habitat, even for a short time.
General cleaning is always a stress for any kind of fish. That is why during cleaning do not frighten your fish with sharp movements. Planning to make changes in the aquarium, replace the plants?
Then it is better to combine this procedure with cleaning and cleaning. Remember: the use of all sorts of chemical cleaners in the aquarium is strictly prohibited! In specialty stores you can buy a special siphon for cleaning the aquarium.
You can also use the materials available at home. The walls of the aquarium should be cleaned with a scraper, washcloth, kitchen sponge. After all, they are constantly settled by microorganisms that impede visibility and create an untidy, sloppy look to the aquarium.
After cleaning the glasses, you can proceed to cleaning the bottom of your aquarium. The soil must be cleaned from the remnants of food and fish excrement.
All this accumulates below. But how do you know that you need such a cleaning?
Take a stick and shake the soil, stir it. If bubbles begin to rise from the bottom, then cleaning is necessary.
This procedure will facilitate your special soil cleaner. This is a flexible hose with a glass or metal tip, which should be led along the bottom, pressing it deep into.
Through the tip will drain water with dirt. It is important to control the amount of drained water. The volume of this water should not exceed one fifth of the total water volume of the aquarium.
This amount of water you need then add to the tank. It should be carefully with the roots of plants when cleaning, do not damage them. After all, the main thing in cleaning is the preservation of all life and the support of the natural habitat.
Water purification helps to refresh the aquarium and remove accumulated harmful substances. In order to alleviate the stress of the fish due to the replacement of water, it is necessary to replace it partially.
This should be done once every 2 weeks. Water for this purpose should be defended within a few days. Is your tank not covered on top?
Then a film may appear on the surface of the water. You can fix it with a sheet of paper, the size of which is equal to the size of the aquarium. This sheet must be held by the edges, dipped in water and slowly lifted along with a harmful film.
If necessary, the procedure is done several times. When general cleaning of the aquarium should not forget about the filter for cleaning.
Usually its elements are made of foam rubber. Therefore, for their thorough cleaning you just need to rinse them under a strong stream of water. The filter mechanism is usually cleaned with a simple toothbrush.
General cleaning of the aquarium, its competent cleaning will prolong the life of your floating pets, will support the normal level of the aquatic environment. After all, cleanliness, order are necessary for all living beings.
Support them, monitor, watch for changes. And then your healthy pets will delight the eye with their active movements!
Step-by-step cleaning of the aquarium at home: instructions
1. Clean the aquarium siphon.
Properly cleaning the aquarium with a siphon is not so difficult, it is enough to do it once, and then you can do it with your eyes closed. Aquarium siphons are of different designs, but regardless of them, the siphon of the bottom of the aquarium will always be built on the same principles.
With this procedure, you must begin the procedure of cleaning any aquarium with fish. You should siphon both the surface of the soil and a little bit from the bottom.
As a rule, the main waste is accumulated on the surface. It is necessary to remove the volume that you are going to fill back in the form of separated water.
Calculate this amount is not difficult, the main thing is not to forget to do it, but if you have water with a reserve, then you have nothing to worry about.
2. Clean the glass.
In fact, we want to say from our own experience – there are most problems with glasses, simply because cleaning them is too lazy … This is the hardest work – you have to work with a scraper, go through all the growths. If you do not do this when the first growths appear, then in the future it will be very difficult to cope with them, and even more so, not a single cleaner fish can cope with months-long growths.
3. Cleaning the filter.
Cleaning the filter is third on the list, because for this we need water from the aquarium so that we can wash the filter parts and rinse the sponges in it. It is better if it is the water that you drain off last, so that it contains as little turbidity and sediment as possible.
After washing the filter in this water, you collect it and put it back.
4. Fill the separated water in the aquarium.
When all the so-called dirty work on the proper cleaning of the aquarium with fish is done, we have only a little left – to fill in clean water. This should be the water that you defended during the week in a special container.
Only after the water is poured, you can turn on the filter, as well as lighting.
5. Add vitamins.
Also, if required, you can add any vitamins for fish to the aquarium. It can also be a means for water, as well as algae control.
In general, such means are better to be poured, either with the new separated water, so that they immediately spread throughout the entire volume, or to fill them in the area of water release from the filter.