In order to understand how to feed aquarium fish, you need to know what they eat in their natural habitat. As a rule, for different types of fish it is quite dissimilar products.
So what do fish eat? Consider this question in more detail.
Herbivores have a long digestive tract, which indicates the need for frequent feeding in small portions. The feeding of such fish in the natural environment, as a rule, consists of a variety of algae, plant particles, fruits and seeds.
Carnivorous species have, in turn, a pronounced large stomach, which means they must eat food in large quantities a small number of times. Under natural conditions, they usually feed on live or dead small animals, insects, birds, invertebrates, amphibians.
Omnivores. Even on the basis of their name, it becomes clear that such species prefer any acceptable food.
Existing feed for aquarium fish is divided into the following varieties: frozen, branded, live and vegetable. The maintenance of these pets requires the use of all varieties in the diet, since the appearance and health of your pets will depend on it.
However, some species of fish eat only live food, while others exclusively vegetable. For ordinary species, the best diet is with the following components: branded food, constant feeding with live foods and periodic feeding with vegetable.
It would seem to feed the fish with dry food is very simple: he opened the jar and poured as needed. But in reality this is far from the case.
Dry fish food of high quality serves as a complete substitute for natural nutrition. They are completely free from parasites and, when properly fed, rarely cause bacterial diseases.
Do not forget to follow the basic rules of feeding dry food: soak it for 7-10 minutes before feeding in an aquarium and do not overfeed fish, especially gluttonous goldfish and cichlids.
Tablets and tablet forms are food that gradually sink in water and fall to the bottom. They are best given to bottom fish that inhabit the lower layers of water and other aquatic organisms (shrimp, snails).
When the tablets fall into the aquarium water, they do not remain on the surface, but immediately go to the bottom, so other fish will not take it. Consequently, bottom pets will not go hungry.
Tablets of feed form a large and dense substance, because of which the fish are not able to swallow such food completely. She will have to bite off bit by bit, or grind off.
Tablets consist of natural components and vitamin complexes. If you leave home for a few days, a few large pills will make up the basic diet for fish.
Food will stick to the wall of the aquarium, fish will gather around it, and will bite off a piece as often as they need.
It is believed that the dry types of food spoil the aquarium water, this opinion also applies to tablets. The only minus of such food is that fish that swim in the upper layers of the water cannot eat it. If you have a specific aquarium with only bottom fish, then such feeding is always useful.
One more thing – the pills are strongly leaking into the ground of a large fraction, so it will be impossible to get it even with a siphon.
The flakes are fragile in their structure, so they quickly get wet and disintegrate. Such food can feed all kinds of fish, but not large ones. Perfect for fish with an upper mouth, taking food from the surface.
Some of this food will settle on the bottom, so it will get to the bottom fish.
Cereals and chips do not have great nutritional value, because they contain high concentrations of agar, gelatin and gluten. Such feed leads to turbidity and water pollution. It gradually decomposes and breaks up into microparticles, which are deposited on the bottom, plants, filter.
For this reason, the feeding of such food should not occur too often, but only in exceptional cases (during the holiday of the owner of the fish).
Chips have a similar structure with flakes, but they have fewer flaws. Their structure is more dense, it does not break up so quickly. It soaks slowly, so small fish can not eat them properly.
Chips will easily be eaten by large hydrobionts that can capture a large piece of food.
Sticks are a granular substance that is smaller than flakes. However, there are many types of granules that are suitable for fish of a certain type and size.
Granulated feed there are two varieties – floating and sinking. The granules have a high density, due to which they slowly disintegrate, and you will be able to promptly remove the extra portion from the aquarium without overfeeding pets.
There are expensive and cheap sticks for feeding fish. It is better to buy expensive food, because they do not harm the digestive tract of fish.
The cheap feed digests the shell, and the rest of the contents gradually rot, causing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract of pets. Another feature of the granules – they increase in water several times.
It turns out that the fish eat a portion of food, and after that it will begin to increase in its stomach, causing fermentation.
If you notice that after feeding such food, the fish swelled, lost coordination, hung upside down, got inflammation in the anus, this is a clear symptom of gastrointestinal upset. If you feed your pets a little, and not so often, then problems can be avoided.
Once a week, arrange a fasting fish day, and make the best menu.
Dry micro food is small particles of food pounded into dust. Perfect for young and fry. Adults and large fish simply will not see micro food.
Its main drawback – it quickly pollutes the water, so watch the dosage and do not overfeed. It is not a complete replacement for live dust. If you want to grow healthy fry, feed them with live, natural food.
Liquid micro food can be used for feeding fry. They have artemia proteins, egg yolks, vitamin complexes. The particles of such feed swim in the water column, and the young take it from time to time.
Liquid micro food also spoils the water.
Live food is very popular with fish and is considered one of the best. However, it is not necessary to give the same view on an ongoing basis, as the fish need a variety of diets.
The most common types of live food are: bloodworm, tubule and coretra (Figure 2). However, it has such disadvantages:
- You can bring in the aquarium disease;
- Poison pets substandard product;
- It is not recommended to carry out very frequent feeding with bloodworms, because it is poorly digested.
The easiest and most accessible disinfection for any aquarist is freezing, which can destroy some of the pathological microorganisms in it.
When spawning live food is very necessary for fish. After receiving a good portion of any kind of live food, individuals are more willing to spawn.
Fry raised on such a diet are distinguished by good health and strong immunity in the future.
Note: To date, there is a lot of information about the dangers of the pipe worker, but these data are greatly exaggerated. Tubing can be cleaned by washing 2-3 times a day for one week.
After it has acquired a pink tint it can be fed.
The straw tube can be stored in the refrigerator on the lower shelf, while it should be placed in a container with low sides and a small amount of water that needs to be changed daily. Bloodworms should be stored between two wipes placed in a phytocube.
Live food is recommended to feed through special feeders, but do not store it for too long to prevent poisoning.
Before answering this question, you need to know what are frozen live food? What aquatic organisms are suitable for freezing, and which are not?
And when buying frozen food, be able to determine its freshness and suitability for feeding to fish. Why is this so important?
The fact is that employees of pet stores are usually not aquarists and you absolutely buy them from sick or healthy fish, as well as high-quality or low-quality feeds. Therefore, in order not to throw money down the drain, and also not to spoil the water and not undermine the health of your fish, you need to have some knowledge.
For what live food is frozen at all? Live food is frozen in order to preserve the nutritional value and essential amino acids, which are so important for the body of fish.
But that is not all!
When they feed frozen live food to fish, they instinctively feel that this food is intended for them by nature and is happy to eat it. And the better the frozen food, the more it will be useful and enjoy the fish.
Frozen live food is significantly inferior to live non-frozen food, but frozen food is always better than dry or artificial.
When mass catching of live feeds, they can be prepared for quite a long time using freezing. All feed objects are suitable for freezing, provided that they are suitable for aquarium fish feed.
Of the most famous live feeds for freezing, the larva of the Perestos mosquito, the corelet, the larva of the bell ringing mosquito, the bloodworm, the mosquito larva, the kuleks (devil), and the river r. Cyclops are among copepods, and among branchy daphnia Magna, Moin, ceriodaphnia, and others.
It is worse suited for freezing pipemaker (a type of malleech worms of the Tubificidae family). After freezing, the gentle tubeworm worms lose their original appearance and turn into a mushy mass.
It is very easy to dilute ciliates and rotifers at home, so there is no need to freeze such feed objects.
The easiest way to freeze the choke. For example, I do it this way: I catch the caught larvae for 15–20 minutes in a net in order to let the water completely drain.
Excessive liquid during freezing will turn into ice and squeeze the contents of the larvae out, leaving only one shell from them. Such food is considered marriage and the fish are very bad or not at all eaten.
Next, I place the larvae in specially prepared plastic jars with a layer of 10-15 cm and put it in the freezer. You can make plastic jars from the cut-off bottom of plastic bottles.
It will be harder to freeze the bloodworms, as well as copepods and branchy crustaceans. For high-quality freezing it is necessary that the water content in them is minimal.
For this purpose, the bloodworms and crustaceans must be dried well, holding for some time on what not thick matter and already in a semi-dry, dehydrated form, put in plastic molds or jars and place in the freezer. Frozen food should be thawed before feeding fish.
Note: Remember that repeated freezing significantly reduces feed quality! All prepared frozen food is never completely thawed.
When re-frozen, it not only loses its natural appearance, but also its nutritional value.
If you have purchased frozen food briquettes, you need to break off a small piece of it and, after placing it in a net, hold it under a tap, washing it with cold running water until it is completely thawed, and only after that feed the fish.
If you have defrosted too much food, you must put it in a separate bowl, keep it in a cool place and feed it little by little. If the food is frozen in a plastic jar, you must put the jar in the net and place it under a small stream of running water.
As the required amount of thawed feed accumulates in the net, the defrost must be stopped, and the jar of frozen food should be put into the freezer.
This method of defrosting live food is good because it is thoroughly washed, and its defrozen amount can always be controlled. To feed the fish was always eaten, you must make it in small portions using tweezers or a measuring spoon for hygienic reasons.
Floating feeders for frozen feed are not needed because the thawed feed does not spread on the surface, but falls to the bottom.
How to determine the quality of frozen live food
You can determine the quality of frozen food visually. If you are in the hands of briquettes with a frozen core or moth, you can see clearly whether the larvae themselves, as well as their correct shape and structure of the shell?
If everything is badly distinguishable refuse to buy such feed.
During transportation of frozen feed, it is necessary to avoid defrosting it. To prevent this from happening, transporting frozen food is necessary in a thermos specially allocated for this purpose.
Vegetable food, how to feed them fish
For most of the existing types of aquarium pets, vegetable food is desirable in the diet, but at the same time it is difficult to find an individual that has never been fed on plants. The only exceptions are predatory species.
Note: What kind of food you need for your pets can always be checked with sellers in specialized stores. Herbal products can be in the form of tablets or flakes, and can also be branded.
Cereals can be used as a plant element of the diet, but before using them directly, boiling water should be poured and cooled. Many representatives of catfish, carp and tsikhlovyh with great enthusiasm eat semolina.
If you are not sure what kind of vegetables you can give your fish, then here are the main options.
Green peas are suitable for almost all types of fish, and they eat it with pleasure, as it helps their intestines work. A slightly boiled, green peas in general is extremely necessary for goldfish.
Since they have a compressed, deformed body, their internal organs are compressed, and this leads to constipation and disease.
If you need a universal solution suitable for all fish, including catfish, then cucumbers or zucchini will do. Just cut them into pieces, boil a little and let the fish.
As I said, fine fish eat and herbs, as simple as dandelions and nettles. The principle is the same, scalp and dip into the water. Only I start to eat them on the second day, when the dandelions are soaked.
But, they eat very greedily. By the way, cucumbers and dandelions are very fond of snails, such as ampulyarias and marises.
In the summer it is a cheap, nutritious, affordable supplement for them.
The most common problem is that vegetables pop up. And aquarists are starting to come up with various tricky solutions, but the simplest thing is to chop a piece of vegetables on a fork and … everything. Does not pop up, does not rust, fish eat.
But with herbs, it is already not so easy, they stubbornly do not want to impale. I put the dandelions on the fork with a rubber band, the solution is not ideal, but it is working.
Angelfish still cut off whole layers from them and spread them around the aquarium.
Vegetables and in general, any greens are a great solution for those who want to diversify the diet of their fish. Vitamins, healthy digestive tract, lack of constipation, availability and low price.
I think that the choice is obvious.
Absolutely all the fish differ in the food they eat and the behavior during feeding. Predatory species of fish may arrange in some way an ambush, while hunting for their prey or freeze in anticipation of the approaching prey.
However, other predators can stalk their prey in the desire to overtake and seize prey.
Herbivorous species mainly feed on living or decaying plant tissues. Aquarium fish produce food by biting off parts of plants or can swallow them whole.
However, among herbivorous fish there are species that only eat algae.
Herbivores or herbivorous fishes they have a small stomach and a long intestine, so one meal is not enough for them. Some members of the herbivore, such as scavenger fish, spend the whole day “grazing” on aquarium plants and eating small algae.
The protein content in the diet of herbivorous fish is 15-30%.
Eating herbivorous fish can be made up of specialized food and scalded vegetables, such as zucchini, cucumber or lettuce.
Carnivores or predatory fish eat predominantly protein foods. Protein in the diet of such fish is more than 45%.
Predatory fish have a large stomach. As a rule, they are fed once a day.
There are species of fish that swallow the whole fish, and then digest it for several days.
Nutrition of predatory fish can be made up of specialized dry food and live or frozen food.
Omnivorous fish the most common inhabitants of aquariums. The protein in the omnivorous diet is about 40%.
It is easiest to feed such fish, you can offer them any kind of food, just do not forget to diversify the food.
Over-feeding fish shortens their lifespan. Unfortunately, novice aquarists ignore this rule, thinking that pouring food more often makes fish very pleasant.
It is during the meal that the host communicates with the swimming pets, watches them and damages their health.
Excessive feeding, moreover, turns the water kingdom into a fetid swamp. And its inhabitants, having grown fat, can forget about active movement in general.
Every time when the owner comes to the water house, the fish can swim up to its front wall, and it seems that they are hungry, asking for reinforcements. But in fact it is not.
Just the more they eat, the more often they want to do it. There are species of fish that are genetically prone to gluttony, for example, cichlids.
Just do not explain to them that gluttony is harmful to health.
So, it is recommended to feed adult swimming pets 1-2 times a day. If we are talking about fry, then it should be done 3-4 times a day so that the offspring develops healthy. As for the amount of one serving of food, it should be eaten in 2-3 minutes.
It is desirable that at the bottom of the fish house feed did not fall at all.
If we talk about the nutrition of those inhabitants of the water kingdom who are accustomed to plant foods, that is, herbivores, they can eat algae around the clock. There is no need to worry about them.
There are moments in life when a special food suddenly ended and you need to look for an urgent solution to the problem. However, there are ways to feed your pets by using the following tips:
- Earthworms: large aquariums are very willing to eat rain, but they need to be thoroughly washed and crushed before they are released. Fish should be given only the amount they need to completely satisfy hunger.
- Raw meat without streaks of fat can be eaten in the absence of live food. Raw meat should be scraped with a knife and only in this form should be given to aquarium pets.
- Cereals, especially buckwheat or semolina, as well as wheat porridge are very willing to eat all kinds of carp and labyrinth fish. However, such products can be given only as a last resort. It is necessary to boil the cereal to a state of steep porridge, then rinse it under a stream of cold water and strain it through a sieve only with care of all mucus. You can store it in any cool place.
- Inanimate feed. These include dry daphnia, egg yolk, bloodworm (sliced, dried and frozen), raw or dried meat, cereal, etc. It is necessary to use such feeds with extreme caution, as they quickly decompose and begin to spoil the water.
It is not a secret for any aquarist that every fish needs a special diet. Depending on food in nature, lifestyle and habits, the diet of pets is noticeably different.
Some fish need to consume as much carbohydrates as possible, while others will benefit from eating foods that are high in protein.
Therefore, it is not necessary to equalize all the fish in one pattern – food for each individual type of fish should be calculated separately, consulting with experts and friends, as well as reading specialized literature.
Especially carbohydrates need gourami and cichlids. As you know, a large amount of carbohydrates is contained in bread.
Of course, often aquarists think about it – can you feed the fish with bread? Some believe that this will only benefit.
And others are protesting against such feeding.
The fact is that bread, getting into the water, quickly sours. Because of this, the water begins to stink, and it’s hard for the fish to stay there even with the compressor running all the time.
You can get rid of this only by completely replacing the water in the aquarium, which is very undesirable.
If you need carbohydrate-rich food, it is better to use semolina soaked in water – it does not sour much longer, but it perfectly satisfies the needs of fish in carbohydrates.
But even in this case it would be better to have catfish and snails, which will be able to pick up the fallen grains of the decoy, not allowing them to sour and spoil the water in the aquarium.
If you are wondering if you can feed the fish only with dry feed, the answer will also be negative. Yes, the fish can live all their lives on such food, but they will not become as large and beautiful as they could.
Therefore, at least once every few days, it is advisable to feed them with live food, meat or vegetable food – depending on the habits and needs of the fish. Then your pets will always be healthy and beautiful.
When living creatures start up in the house, many owners ask questions about how much a particular pet can live without food. After all, sometimes there is a need to go to the country for a day or two, go on a business trip. A cat, for example, can be taken to the village with you.
And what about the fish? How many days without food can these waterbirds live?
It is difficult to answer the question how much they can live without food. After all, different fish have different needs in feed. The more active and quicker they are, the denser they must eat and the less time they can live without food.
For example, all varieties of barbs are real comets in an aquarium. They, accordingly, should eat more often and get more calories. Leisurely catfishes, cockerels do not need frequent feeding, they can live longer without food.
Also the possible period of fasting depends on the fatness of waterfowl. If the fish have fat, they are well-fed, then without food they can last longer.
Some fish species that lead a measured and quiet lifestyle can go hungry for two weeks. In any case, leaving home for three days, you can not worry that the waterfowl health will deteriorate.
Some aquarists calmly leave their wards for five days, feeding them tightly beforehand (but only if it’s about adult pets). If it is fry, then it is impossible not to feed them for more than two days.
After returning to the fish, it is better not to give dry food, but live food. And still it is necessary to take into account that after a starvation diet, the portion of food should be increased gradually so that the fish do not eat.
If you have a need to leave home for a week, or even more, you need to ask someone of your friends to take care of swimming pets. Tell us what, how and in what quantity to feed the wards.
Basic feeding rules:
- feed the appropriate food for this type of fish;
- do not overfeed;
- give a variety of products;
- clean up the rest of the feed net;
- the number of feedings should be commensurate with age;
- do not feed at bedtime;
- The presence of natural food in the diet is required.
When starting any living creature at home, it is important to always remember that it is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. Without proper care, any living thing will not live long.
Not an exception and fish. Therefore, watching your diet, do not forget about little friends.
And then they will delight you with their beauty and playful mood for a very long time.
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