maintenance, care, compatibility
Rooster aquarium fish – maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
The cockerel fish, or, as it is also called, fighting, is a representative of the labyrinth family. Such a name in this species is not accidental. The bright color and the warlike character of the “fighters” in some way resemble the same cocky and beautiful “earthly” roosters.
If two males are placed in one aquarium, then a real cockfight with loose tails and fins can begin. It is necessary to quickly separate fighters, otherwise one of them will die.
Fighting cockerels are extremely popular in their homeland.
Spawning should be carried out in a small separate aquarium (from seven liters). The height of the water column at the same time should be about 10-15 cm.
Shelters are arranged here from aquarium plants and artificial grottoes. The cockerel (female) fish will be able to hide here from the male, which is very aggressive during this period.
Producers before spawning should be fed all sorts of live food. Bright light is not needed.
In the spawning aquarium should not do aeration – it will prevent the construction of the nest.
Sexual maturity in fighting fish occurs in three to four months. Spawning can be stimulated by a large water change.
It is heated in an aquarium at 1-3 degrees. Pre-fish “acquaint” with each other.
To do this, they are placed in adjacent tanks so that they can see their neighbors.
For the male, small floating plants are added so that he can strengthen the nest. At the beginning of spawning, starting to build a “dwelling”, the male cock lets out small air bubbles, then gluing them together with his saliva.
About a day after the manufacturer was launched, a future mom would sit down to him. After the start of spawning, the male cockerel collects eggs from his mouth and carries them to the nest.
At the end of the spawn, he becomes aggressive, attacking the female. Therefore, it should be removed to another aquarium. The male breeds the offspring – he guards the nest, picks up the fallen eggs, placing them back.
After the larvae hatched, the cockerel does not allow them to spread in different directions, collecting them.
A female at a time is capable of sweeping 100-300 eggs. Under normal conditions, spawning begins in a day or two after a pair of males is placed together in an aquarium. It happens, however, that this process is delayed for a week.
After a day or three, the larvae appear in the aquarium. After all the fry appear, and this will happen in 4-6 days, the male is removed, otherwise it is able to transfer the fry spreading in different directions. In a spawning aquarium, the rooster is usually fed with bloodworms.
Feed must be rinsed beforehand.
In males fry, a labyrinth organ will appear only in a few months. To create good conditions for the young, it is necessary to establish aeration.
You can lower the water level.
The fry are fed with infusoria – “living dust”. In exceptional cases, you can give a steep egg yolk. However, it is not worth to abuse such lure.
When the young growth grows up, it is possible to transfer it to feeding by the Artemia larvae. Next, the size of the feed is selected based on the size of the fry.
You can enter shredder into the diet or specially developed industrial feed.
They live fighting fish for about three years. In the “old” age it is undesirable to use them as producers.
You do not need to have academic knowledge or special conditions in order to have a rooster fish. This species feels great even in a small-sized aquarium.
Some owners manage to keep one individual in the usual three-liter jar. But the two males in one “pond” do not get along.
True, some owners share long aquariums with glass, settling their pets one by one in different compartments. Many do this also because, seeing the opponent, the males begin to become brighter, more colorful, they take up belligerent poses, trying to frighten and intimidate their counterpart.
Females are not so aggressive, they can be kept on several individuals simultaneously.
The cockerel fish at home can live in the aquarium at the same time as other species. It is worth, however, to avoid the neighbors with veil fins.
Otherwise, the “fighters” will certainly cut them off. It is better to settle to the cockerels of larger fish with short fins, for example, barbs.
For tropical cockerels, it is desirable to maintain the water temperature in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. It is allowed to periodically reduce it to 18 degrees. Open areas should be left on the surface of the water, without floating vegetation.
Fish need air. Special aeration of water is not needed, but it is desirable to pass water through the filter.
It is recommended to set up an aquarium so that during the day the sun falls on it for several hours. It is undesirable to put it in a draft.
Periodically thoroughly clean the reservoir. To do this, either partially or completely change the water.
The fish are pre-caught with a special net and placed in a jar. Sanitation is carried out without the use of powders.
Labyrinth organ – a distinctive feature of cockerel fish. This is not a simple addition to the gills – these babies breathe atmospheric air. Make sure that the surface of the water does not overgrow.
Sometimes a bacterial film appears on it, it is easily removed if you attach a sheet of paper to the water, and then simply remove it carefully.
Males can jump out hard. So that they do not harm themselves, install a special cover with holes or a grid.
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals.
The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? “With whom does this species get on?” – such a question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors.
Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack.
It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted).
In larger individuals, cockerels may bite off the antennae. It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.
What kind of fish do cockerels get along with? These can be neon iris, sword-bearers, patcilia, ancytrus, brocade catfish, tarakatum, boats, nagging gourays, akantoftalmusy, pulphrypinnis, speckled catfish, gastromysones and some other species.
It is advisable before the acquisition of fish to consult with the seller-consultant.
Akaras, piranhas, tilapias, black-striped cichlomas, ctenopomes, tetraodons, parrots, kupanusy, astronotus – it is impossible to settle with these types of cockerel fish. Fighters can attack and tear off fins to such neighbors as neons, danios, guppies, cardinals, barbs, as well as gouram spots, pearl and marble.
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care.
This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany.
In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M.
Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female “fidgets” back and forth, while the male pulls out the gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus.
If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry – they are so relaxed.
Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length.
The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones – pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades.
Males are colored brighter than females.
The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color.
There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water.
If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.
The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth.
Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water.
It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food.
Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately.
Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
Compatibility of aquarium fish – a very important issue for beginners and experienced razvodchiki. Each fish has an individual character, style of behavior, regardless of whether it is a herbivore or a predator. Some fish quickly eat plants and shrimp, others attack the fish themselves.
Of course, there were cases when practically incompatible species coexisted in one reservoir.
Aquarium fish compatibility chart
To systematize this issue, you should familiarize yourself with the habitat conditions of each hydrobiont, and then decide who to share it with. Assess the degree of aggressiveness of each species, the water parameters that are acceptable for them, in which layers of the reservoir they usually swim.
To ensure that your aquarium is filled with life, a table is provided that lists the compatibility of freshwater fish.
Watch the video about the compatibility of aquarium fish.
The family Melanotene (Iris) has seven genera, which include small but very beautiful fish with shimmering scales. Absolutely innocuous creatures, do not attack others, but rather become victims of large fish.
In an aquarium, it can be cichlids, astronotus, koi carps and goldfish. With other neighbors get along well.
Small ray-finned fish of the carp family. It is necessary to launch into the tank with a flock of 5-8 fish, so they feel comfortable.
The character is calm, so they can live with all peaceful fish, except for the representatives of the family Cichlids and Carp.
Pretty active fish with predatory instinct. They can pester the neighbors in the aquarium, so they are suitable representatives of those species that are able to stand up for themselves, they are:
If you notice that the barbs are pestering and driving these types of fish, consider options for moving to a spacious or separate aquarium. These fish have a very unpredictable character. It is categorically impossible to settle with:
- South American and African cichlids;
- Carp koi;
With discussion, loach, and guppy, compatibility may be partial, depending on the line of behavior of each fish.
As representatives of the sub-order Labyrinths, they are distinguished by very lush and fan-shaped fins, which, perhaps, are not averse to cutting off some neighbors. The table indicates that representatives of the following types are compatible with them:
You can not settle with the barbs, scalars, cichlids, discus, loach, goldfish, gourami, koi carps, astronotusami, labo, shrimp.
Representatives of the Cichlid family, namely many South American and African, do not get along well with other freshwater fish. In addition, they can conflict with each other if they are kept in close quarters.
From a young age, they form a pair for life, so the cichlid can perfectly live on its own, or in a pair with a partner. A male and a female take care of their fry, during spawning and after it may show aggression towards neighbors.
In order not to risk, settle them separately from everyone.
Very beautiful, bright aquarium fish. Have a peaceful nature. The table indicates that they are compatible with such neighbors:
- By incentives;
- Sword bearers;
It is forbidden to run into a common reservoir where they live: angelfish, barbs, roosters, cichlids, goldfish, guppies, koi carps, astronotus.
The most ancient and popular representatives of home aquariums. They have a peculiar character, besides, their color is very noticeable, therefore, they are compatible only with the representatives of their family, the Karpovs, the karpami koi.
To date, the choice of aquarium fish is very large. It all depends on your preferences and financial capabilities.
But for a beginner aquarist it is necessary to choose unpretentious fish, with a calm character and good relations with other inhabitants. Many newcomers love the angelfish for their beauty and grace, combined with leisure.
However, for the content in the aquarium is not the easiest fish. An important factor is the knowledge – with whom the scalar live well.
Let’s look at what kind of fish can live with scalars in an aquarium?
- SomicsPractically all get along with these calm and sluggish fishes. Somiks are bottom dwellers, the angelfish simply will not notice them, since they absolutely do not care for the aquarium bottom. These fish live well together in the aquarium.
- CichlidsAlthough they belong to the same species, the ideal symbiosis is not always obtained. It would seem, relatives, what should they share? But the thing is that in contrast to the scalar, other representatives are more nimble and more aggressive. Most often, fights occur because of a place at the trough. There is a high probability of a certain confrontation between stronger fish from different schools in the aquarium.
- Barbusses.Very often it is advised to move the barbs. This is quite justified, they live well together. But there are several points: the temper of the barbs is significantly different, they are more active, they can easily leave scalar without lunch. Also because of their activity, these fish can offend calmer cichlids, and sometimes even manage to bite off their fins. Therefore, when you obselenie need to carefully observe their behavior.
- Gourami.These fish are also quite large in size and, together with the scalars, create a beautiful composition in the general aquarium. But you need to settle them together from the young age, then problems should not arise. Otherwise, you can not count the representatives of both species.
- Danio.It is believed that danios can easily coexist with scalars. Yes, it is possible. But it is possible that in the absence of light, scalaries can easily open up a hunt for them with the purpose of eating. Although danios are not that simple either. If this happens, they develop a reflex, and with the onset of the night the fish in the aquarium hide closer to the bottom.
See how the pink angelfish and danios get along together perfectly.
- PequillyExcellent live in the same aquarium. Angelfish more often than not just notice the representatives of this species. Therefore, these fish will be excellent neighbors.
- The irisFully compatible, when taken into account, if they grow with scalars since childhood. Although sometimes you can miss a pair of iris in an aquarium.
- GuppyWith varieties of guppies, scalars can get along, but they can – not. If they are lodged together with fry, then most likely they will be quite comfortable. But of course, newborn fry will be eaten by angelfish. But it is worth remembering that adult guppies are also sinning this way, so this is not an indicator for separate coexistence in an aquarium.
- NeonsThey can live together, since neons live mainly on the bottom, for cichlids they are invisible, but if they often catch the eye, then these predators can easily get a grudge like very small fish.
- Labo and tetras.It is believed that the union is quite possible if these little fish have grown together.
- Pseudotropheus.In practice, they showed good livability with scalars, but nevertheless there were cases when pseudo-feitas gnawed fins on other fish. So you need to observe their behavior in the aquarium.
Such fish as goldfish, piranhas, discus, and astronotus will not be suitable for scalar neighbors.
In general, it is impossible to claim perfect compatibility with any particular species. It is difficult to give a guarantee on what fish this or that species will live well with. Each fish has its own character, temperament, behavior.
Therefore, it is impossible to predict how they will behave in any given situation. When purchasing neighbors to already living individuals for your aquarium, it is better to agree with the store in advance about a possible return if an incompatibility occurs.
Watch closely for the behavior of the fish during the day. Just in case, prepare a place in an additional aquarium or a container with water in order to separate the fighters in time.
Look at the common aquarium with scalar.