maintenance, care, compatibility
Due to the peaceful nature of pets, you should think about the possibility of keeping them separate from other fish, but if you still want to make an aquarium with many types of fish, carefully select your neighbors. They in no case can not be planted to predators.
Guppies get along well with some catfish, gouras, tetras, battles and some species of haracin fish, and corridors will do. But in practice it has been proved that even among them there are snooty individuals who strive to offend guppies.
The most popular options are:
- Angelfish. Most novice aquarists believe that this option is the most optimal. In fact, he is successful until the angelfish grows up. Therefore, the belief that fearful scalars are harmless is fundamentally wrong. However, there are cases when they peacefully get along with each other in huge aquariums.
- Swordtails. These fish are not the most suitable option, since adult Swordtails often bite their neighbors and eat their offspring. You can plant them together only if you have taken care to grow dense thickets of plants in which both fry and adult fish will be able to find shelter.
- Barbusses. Barbusses are dangerous for beautiful guppy fins. Because the bright colors attract the attention of this fish, and they tend to bite guppies. Pay attention to other fish that will not be so aggressive.
- Goldfish. This option is strictly prohibited. A goldfish can bring a small guppy to death, so consider other options.
Therefore, be careful with your neighbors for such tender and defenseless fishes. Leave the stereotypes and carefully study the approach, both to the owners of the aquarium and to their neighbors. Guppies get along well with peace-loving fish, but categorically do not accept fighters.
Be attentive to the behavior of all pets. If you notice aggression from the other fish during feeding, you should try to increase the dose of food.
It is hunger or lack of free space that can make ideal neighbors the worst enemies, leading to injury and stress. Choosing neighbors, read as much information as possible and consult with other breeders about whether new inhabitants will not eat the fry of the viviparous guppy.
– When choosing aquarium fish in the first place take into account their compatibility.
– When buying fish, consider their features and intraspecific aggression.
So that your aquarium does not look empty, select fish living in different layers of water.
– When choosing and buying fish, be sure to consider the comfortable parameters of water for their maintenance. It is impossible to combine the fish with different requirements – one will be hot and the other cold, one needs soft water, and the other, on the contrary, harder.
– As a general rule, it is recommended to keep large fish with large, slow-moving with slow-moving, nimble and nimble.
– If there are “herbivorous” fish in your tank, consider this when buying plants. In this case, it is better to acquire artificial plants or hard-leaved plants, and the fish themselves to buy inexpensive plant species or breed duckweed.
-There is one more rule! If the fish are relatively compatible, and you really really want “both this and that.”
Consider that it is best to buy and plant such fish in the aquarium at the same time with young (fry). In this case, the fish, though not very friendly to each other, but as they say they can “get used to.”
I do not think that the above rules sparkle with innovation, but as a starting point in the discussion of compatibility of fish there are places to be.
Now let’s get straight to the issue of compatibility. As already mentioned, the fish can be divided into:
1. Compatible with each other;
2. Not compatible;
3. And relatively compatible.
With the first two points, everything is clear – the Goldfish family or neons will not last long with cichlids, or, for example, astronotuses perceive guppies and other small fish as live food. Conversely, guppies are friends with mollies and patzilia.
Full compatibility or incompatibility of fish due to the following features:
– family, squad, suborder of fish;
– parameters of aquarium water and conditions of the fish;
That is, if you combine in the aquarium fish from one family or about the same size, or with identical conditions of detention – then this will guarantee success! FOR THE EXCLUSION OF ONE, BUT.
Each rule has its exceptions.
I will give an example. Guppies and swordtails belong to the family of petsilians – viviparous fish, they are about the same size (almost, that is, those and those are not large fish.
Sword-bearers, of course, will be more than guppeshek) and their conditions of detention are virtually identical. It would seem that the fish are absolutely compatible with each other. However, it is not.
Despite the absolute similarity of the fish on the above criteria, skirmishes and fights can occur between them, swordtails can drive and bite the guppy’s tail fins. Moreover, in this and the other species, intraspecific aggression is observed, which also adversely affects their joint content in the general aquarium.
At the same time, the Sword-bearers, the live-bearers and the scalar, are South American cichlids, who live peacefully together. Moreover, they look very beautiful together, especially if the swordtails are red, and the scalars are black, voile ones.
Fish of different families, of different sizes, however, are absolutely compatible with each other.
In the photo is an aquarium, clearly confirming the compatibility of the Sword and Angelfish
Based on the foregoing, you can not take for granted and pick up the fish, dividing them only by: size, type and conditions of detention. It is fundamentally wrong to group fish in a similar way and to say that fish from a certain group are absolutely compatible with each other.
In other words, 100% guarantee of compatibility of purchased fish, nobody will give you, there are always nuances and features that you better know yourself and in advance.
In my opinion, a more interesting question is related to the relative compatibility of fish. Since it fully reveals the lit question and gives rise to reflection and discussion.
Often, such compatibility is possible in pp 4, 6 and 8 of the Rules indicated above, adhering to which, it is possible to achieve sometimes the striking “combination of incompatible”.
To give a clear concept of relative compatibility, I will give an example from personal experience. Not so long ago, an article on Ternition was updated on our website, where it was stated that they are compatible with Bagging Som. When the article was ready and released on the “air”, I turned to the expert of our website for fish breeding – Vitaly Chernyavsky with a request to review the article.
So, as a comment to the article, Vitaly expressed his opinion that the Ternetsia and Bagniferous soma are not compatible, since the latter are terrible aggressors and predators. To which I objected in surprise – as so, because in my aquarium the thorns have been swimming for a long time with two bag-tailed catfish and everything is fine between them.
Our discussion is at a standstill, because the arguments that the expert cited did not correspond to the real situation in my aquarium.
The time has passed, and somehow, on the Internet, I was caught by the book of I.I. Sheremetyeva “Aquarium fish”, 1989, where the author describes the natural habitat and behavior of fish in natural conditions. When I began to read a section of the book on the bag-wading catfish, my hair became on end.
It turns out that these catfish are not just predators, but “fierce killers”. In their homeland, in Asia, they exterminate all the fish that are in their reservoir, and when there is no one left, they crawl out onto dry land and crawl to the nearest new reservoir for the “new victim”, while at the same time eating on land »Insects and small frogs.
It turns out that Vitaly Chernyavsky was right, bag-haired catfish are really fierce beasts.
The most important paradox is that, along with thorns in my aquarium, along with catfish “killers”, for six months I calmly swim the most innocent live-bearers, Radishes. Who does not believe, here is a photo.
THERE’S SO, THAT IS THE SAME VILLAGE OF FISH AND IS CALLED RELATIVE COMPATIBILITY How to achieve this? Well, firstly, do not go too far, secondly, clearly adhere to the previously stated rules, well, and third, perhaps the most important – you need to have experience, read and treat your pets and the aquarium as a whole in good faith. To reveal the individual compatibility of a specific aquarium fish is very difficult.
To do this, you need to write a separate article for each type and at the same time take into account specific conditions of detention Therefore, if you have any questions, I OFFER TO DISCUSS THEM IN THE COMMENTS TO THE ARTICLE.
Summing up the article to a logical conclusion, I would like to finally draw the reader’s attention to the mistakes that aquarists make when combining fish.
The first and perhaps the most blatant violation of the compatibility of fish – is the overgrowth of the aquarium. Each aquarium pet should live in a comfortable environment, and not in the “communal”.
Overpopulation of aquarium is a direct path to fights, injuries and death of any fish, even peaceful ones.
Second violation – This is not compliance with the conditions of detention and zoning of the aquarium. Containing fish, you need to take into account their specifics, their characteristics and character.
For example, you can not contain wyunov akvantoftalmusov in an aquarium with coarse-grained soil. Aquantophthalmos are bottom-dwelling and love to dig in the ground, therefore sand or small pebbles are suitable as a substrate.
On a large soil, they will “fight like asphalt”, may be injured and die.
Zoning is to divide the aquarium into zones of influence. For example, in order to prevent scalar fights among themselves, it is recommended for each individual to zone an aquarium with plants – vallisneria.
And the third violation. Always remember that “We are responsible for those who have tamed.” Improper maintenance of fish leads to dismal consequences.
In bad conditions, the fish begin to fight for survival, fight and die.