maintenance, care, compatibility
Fish and snails: enemies or friends?
The relevance of the gastronomic symbiosis of these aquarium dwellers is not so interesting for experienced aquarists, who will say with complete confidence: “Well, what’s not clear here! Fish eat snails, and snails eat dead fish … that’s all. ”
Nevertheless, these processes are incomprehensible to a beginner or a young aquarist. And sometimes, when he sees how ampulyaria “sticks” in a dead fish, he enters into a kind of stupor with the question – what to do with it?
Drop the lyrics and get down to business!
First, let’s make a reservation that the aquarium with snails certainly looks more natural and beautiful. But without them, you can safely do. Aquarium snails are sanitation workers of the aquarium (they clean the walls, decor, plants, etc.), but at the same time they need tougher water (due to the need to obtain building material for the sink).
There are relatively capricious snails (Ampularia), there are as many-Tatar Igo – tenacious and all-seizing (Coils). In general, there are advantages and I would say not flaws, but nuances.
Now let’s highlight the question: do snails eat fish, can they do it at all!
All snails are scavengers, they are softly called “aquarium attendants” – but this does not change the essence. As soon as the aquarium fish has died, and sometimes, even when it flutters, the “crowd” of snails attacks the lifeless body. Thus, it is a natural process envisioned by mother nature, and you should not be afraid of it.
Another question is what to do with it? Dead fish, and even more dead fish from an illness, need to be removed from the aquarium without waiting for the end of the feast.
Otherwise, you risk spreading the infection throughout the aquarium.
Live and healthy aquarium fish, snails will not eat! For this to happen snails need a pair of jet engines.
In turn, the fish do not remain in debt! Many aquarium fish are not averse to eat snails, for some it is an exquisite delicacy, for example, gourami, many cichlids, family GOLD FISH and even shrimp not averse to taste grated snails.
photo Snail coils photo Ampularia
So, if you see that your ampoule is taken out, it is better to drop it or return it to the store. She will not be allowed to live anyway.
It is worth noting that many aquarists, on the contrary, breed snails (Coils) to feed the fish, thereby saving on food, introducing diversity in the diet and at the same time knowing that live food is not contagious.
How to remove snails from an aquarium :: How to get rid of snails in an aquarium :: Animals :: Other
Not all snails are equally useful for aquarium. In spawning aquarium snails do nothing at all, they eat eggs and fish larvae. In the general aquarium of hordes snails can completely destroy aquatic plants.
The most common problem for an aquarist is the rapid reproduction of a red corneous coil or red fizzy. They must be periodically disposed of.
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- -banana peel;
- -lettuce leaves;
- -bleaching powder;
- -battery 9-12 V;
- -copper wire:
- -predator fish: macropod ordinary, tetradont and others.
1. You can get rid of snails in several ways. Large snails, such as ampulyaria, can be collected by hand and transferred to another aquarium.
The young of these snails are also quite large, and their eggs are under the cover glass of the aquarium. Masonry, like raspberries, is above the water.
Remove and discard it.
2. Snails can be caught on the bait. Use banana peel and lettuce leaves as bait.
Put the bait on the bottom of the aquarium. When snails are gathered on the bait, they are removed along with the peel or leaves.
This procedure must be done several times at intervals of 3-4 days in order to remove not only large snails, but also recently hatched caviar. In this case, it is not necessary to remove fish and plants from the aquarium.
3. There is an electrical method for removing snails. Take 2 stranded copper wires.
On one side, clean the ends in the form of panicles by 3-5 cm. Connect the other ends to a battery with a voltage of 9-12 V. Dip the stripped ends into water from opposite sides of the aquarium for 2-3 minutes.
Snails die. This method, despite the speed, has its drawbacks.
First, many plants do not tolerate copper ions and may die. Secondly, it is not known for certain how this procedure affects fish, although some aquarists claim that it is harmless.
Thirdly, dead snails will still have to be removed from the aquarium manually. Decomposing, they will ruin the water.
4. The radical method of dealing with snails is that all fish and plants are removed from the aquarium. Plants destroy. Completely replace the soil or boil it, followed by washing.
Disinfect the aquarium with bleach, rinse and dry thoroughly. Refill the aquarium with water.
This method can only be used in small aquariums, where biological balance is quickly established and there are no valuable plants.
5. The most effective and environmentally friendly method of dealing with snails is biological. Plant their natural enemies in a snail-infested aquarium. These are hungry adult macropods, large cichlids.
The specialized mollusk eaters – tetradonts cope better than others with this task. Caviar snails very well destroy antsistrusy.
A pair of spawning cichlase or cancer completely destroys all the snails in a 100-liter aquarium in 2 days.
Some aquarists specifically populate snails in an aquarium. Before you do this, you need to think about whether you need them and how you are going to deal with them later.
Cleaners and orderlies of the aquarium – wholesome fish, shrimps, snails relieving algae
Snail helena. Predatory snail-eating snail.
Thunderstorm all snails.
Next, I would like to elaborate on some snails.
Snail Nritin “Zebra” “Neritina natalensis sp” Zebra “
Some aquarists call it a tiger snail. They say that you can not find two snails with the same ornamentation of the shell.
The homeland of these snails is hot Africa.
Content temperature – 25-27 degrees Celsius, PH of 7.
The cover of the aquarium should be tightly closed, because there are shoots of snails from the aquarium. For a short time this snail can live on land.
Frequent attempts to leave the territory of the aquarium may indicate that the parameters of the water do not like the zebras. Zebras live in an aquarium for about 4-5 years, the size of the shell grows to 2-2.5 cm.
In the aquarium, this snail does not breed.
Snail Neretina “Hedgehog” “Neritina juttingae”
The shell of this snail is decorated with spiral ribs and spikes. The size of the snail is 2-2.5 cm.
Life expectancy in an aquarium is about 4 years. The optimum water temperature is 25-28 degrees, the pH is above 6.5.
Snail Neretina “Black Ear”
Conditions of detention, dimensions are similar to the previous instance, the lower threshold of temperature may be 22 degrees.
All neretina excellent cleaners aquariums, tirelessly clean stele, large-leaved plants, stones, snags and decor from algal fouling. Moreover, the aquarium plants do not damage at all.
The only disadvantage of these snails – laying eggs on the glass aquarium.
Separately, I want to stay on a tiny snail –
Horned snail Neritina Clithon
These snails have a fairly wide range of habitats Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, China, Indonesia.
The photo shows that there are many options for coloring horned snails. A common feature – the presence of small horns on the shell of snails.
Life expectancy in an aquarium is up to 5 years. The size of the snail is only 1-1.5 cm.
But its capabilities have earned the love of aquarists: snails can crawl through even the most hard-to-reach places, cleaning them to shine.
According to reviews of aquarists: the horned snail perfectly cleans diamond algae from Anubias leaves, glass, stones, decorations.
Water temperature should not be below 24 ° C, PH 7-8. Recommended for 100 liters of 10-15 stuff.
Like all neretina, horned snail does not breed in fresh water.
This video, in accelerated playback, shows how successfully a tiny horned snail copes with algae.
Porcelain Septaria (Septaria porcellana)
This extremely slow snail is also called the snail-turtle. It belongs to the family Neritidae.
Related Names Septaria porcellana – Green Turtle Snail, Cellana toreuma, Neritia Crepidularia, Bourbon Nerite.
Dimensions septaria forforova from 1.5 to 3 cm. Conditions: temperature 22-26, PH from 6 to 7.5. Filtration, aeration, water changes are required.
The life of the aquarium in the presence of food (algal fouling) is about 2 years.
This remarkable snail was first discovered in 1758. The homeland of the snail is Indonesia and the Philippines.
In addition to its slowness, this snail is distinguished by its unusual form of carapace – a flat form. Snails are of different genders, but breed only in brackish water, therefore reproduction of porcelain Septaria in a fresh-water aquarium is not possible.
The snail firmly sticks its foot to the surfaces. In no case can not try to tear it off, thus you can snatch the snail’s leg, which will lead to its death.
Rotational movements, very carefully, you can try to peel the snail from the glass.
Like the previous types of neretin, Septarium porcelain, is also an aquarium nurse, and feeds on algal fouling. Excellent cleans the aquarium from algae, including from the Vietnamese. Does not damage plants.
Gets along with all the peaceful fish and shrimps. Be careful with tetradonts, crayfish and other predators.
I saw these snails in a cichlid. Feel great, and the glass already glistened with cleanliness.
– without algae the snail can die from hunger!
– snail is not able to move on sandy ground!
Here are the rave reviews of the happy owners of these snails:
“This crumb in an hour has already collected two bunches of Vietnamese, and is clearly not going to stop,” “Not able to move on the sand. Excellent crawling on the ground 1-2mm!
Trying to climb on some plants with low and wide leaves. From the glass easily climbs on leaning snags. Still – along the glass it is buried in the sand, where algae sit between the sand and the glass, and joyfully eats them out.
I need another septar, ”“ a week a quarantine of 30 l was cleaned out of the greenery in quarantine, the glass was already shiny, and they were awaited by excellent water-lined ulitos overgrown.
Septaria also hangs its eggs on the scenery
And these mollusks very interested me !!
And it all started, here with this photo:
In two aquariums, water is poured from the same reservoir, but freshwater mussels, which are live filters, were placed in the second aquarium!
The same function they perform in aquariums.
Corbicula javan snail (Corbicula javanicus)
or sharovka yellow javanese or gold bivalve
The homeland of these mollusks: China, Indonesia, Vietnam and other Asian countries.
The optimal parameters for the content: temperature 15-30 ° C, PH 6.4-8.5, gH 10-24.
Not demanding on the quality of water in the aquarium, but there must be a good saturation of water with oxygen, which means aeration in the aquarium is obligatory. Water changes and filtration in the aquarium are also needed.
Corbicula grow up to 3 cm in size. Life expectancy: 4 – 7 years
The recommended soil is sand of a fraction of 1–3 mm, and the corticles are almost completely buried in it. The soil layer should be at least 2-3 cm.
Corbicula are excellent helpers in the aquarium against cloudiness of the water, as they are filter feeders.
Passing water through them, they feed on the microorganisms contained in it.
According to different sources: Someone recommends keeping one tank per 100 liter aquarium. There is information about the content in 20 liters of two or even three individuals.
Such mollusks are recommended to be contained in spawners, where the need for clean water is especially important. Corbicula lets through 5 liters of aquarium water per hour!
In aquariums where these mollusks live, the water is always crystal clear, it does not bloom and does not have suspension and turbidity!
An interesting fact is that in aquariums where corbicules are kept, ichthyophorosis diseases do not occur, in the opinion of aquarists, corbicules retain ichthyophthirius cysts that swim in free flight.
You can keep a corbicul with all peaceful fish and shrimps.
Corbicula are hermaphroditic, reproduction problems in the aquarium there. Viviparous corbicula reproduce tiny snails, barely visible in the unaided eye.
In an aquarium, newborn corbicules look like a muddy cloud, then sink to the bottom, where they continue to grow and develop.
If plants grow in your tank with a weak root system, then corbicules, plowing up the ground, can easily dig them up.
The author of the article is Esta (Natalia Polskaya),
for the provided material and cooperation!
What feed aquarium snails? Although the type of food depends on the specific type of snail, most of them are omnivores, they eat everything they can find. Usually snails eat rotting plants, dead fish, food debris and various algae.
In this way, they serve the aquarist – cleaning the aquarium from excess food residue, thereby maintaining cleanliness and lowering the level of toxins in the water.
Of course, different types of snails have disadvantages. The most common problem is that some species can spoil and even eat plants to the ground.
In addition, all the snails will eat fish eggs, if they can get to it and should not keep them in spawning.
The most frequent problem is that there are too many of them. We have already discussed this question in detail in the article – how to get rid of snails in an aquarium.
There are listed both the ways and causes of violent reproduction.
So, most often contain:
The coil is generally a classic snail, it can be found in almost any aquarium. It does not have any particular features, its small size, ease of reproduction and an interesting appearance have made it quite popular.
It is useful in moderation, does not cause excessive harm, only it spoils the appearance of the aquarium.
Ampulyaria is also quite common, but unlike coils, it is already quite demanding on the content. Since ampoules are one of the largest species of aquarium snails, they have a corresponding appetite. Can damage young and delicate plants with a lack of food.
The rest is beautiful, big, interesting.
Tilomelania – rapidly growing popularity of aquarium snails. But, besides the fact that tilomeleanii very beautiful, they are also very demanding on the conditions of detention.
They can rather be attributed to the exotic, which must be kept separately, and well cared for, than to simple species.
Melania – are common as coils, but differ from them not only in appearance, but also in lifestyle. Melania live in the ground, breed in the same place, which is beneficial to the aquarium, as they mix it.
But, they are prone to rapid growth, and getting rid of them is not so easy.
Neretina is a beautiful and very useful snail. Quite small, about 2 cm, neretina perfectly clean the aquarium from algae. I advise you to follow the link and watch the video as it happens.
Among the shortcomings – the price and a short lifespan, about a year.
Three types of neretin
Marisa is a real monster that can grow up to 6 cm or more. Large and very voracious, the marisa is not very suitable for general aquariums, as it eats away the plants at the root.
Helena is one of the most unusual species. The fact is that they eat … other snails. If you have a lot of snails, then Helena is one of the ways to get rid of them.
Details about the content of Helen on the link.
Fiza is also a very common snail. Small, easily propagated, lives in very harsh conditions.
Among the shortcomings, it can gnaw through holes in the leaves of rather hard plants, such as echinodorus. What spoils their appearance, so if you are a fan of plants, then it is better to get rid of nat.