maintenance, care, compatibility
Cleaners and orderlies of the aquarium – wholesome fish, shrimps, snails relieving algae
Every aquarist, sooner or later, but such a question arises.
First, we acquire unpretentious fish, simple in content. Gradually interested in more complex fish, more interesting and rare.
Often, choose the fish for the beauty of color, shape, behavior.
But the moment comes when we are looking for useful fish, albeit not so bright and interesting in behavior, but which make it easier for us to take care of our aquarium world, who clean the aquarium, are its nurses and bring unconditional benefits!
I, too, came this moment. And I am interested not only in healthy fish, but also in healthy shrimps and clams.
I have different kinds of algae living in aquariums different in parameters and population. That is, the fight against algae, without the use of aquarium chemistry, prompted me to these searches.
I propose not to assess the degree of usefulness of certain inhabitants, but simply to create a list of aquatic organisms, bringing clear benefits in a freshwater aquarium.
I think this list can be replenished with your help.
So, let’s begin. Immediately come to mind such useful fish as:
Siamese Algae Eaters (SAE) and their relatives
Much has been written about these fish, practically, each aquarist has representatives of these species. Their use has long been tested and proven!
The Latin name of this species is Crossochelius siamensis (synonym Epalzeorhynchus siamensis), they are often called the CAE abbreviation (from the English Siamese Algae Eater), sometimes affectionately with husks or sais. Cute, peaceful schooling fish up to 10-12 cm long.
Their mouth is adapted to eat algae growing in the form of a gun, tassels or fringe.
Siamese algae are the only ones who are able to rid the aquarium of red algae – Vietnamese and black beard, which is very difficult to bring out in other ways.
In addition to red, they enjoy eating filamentous green algae. The plants practically do not damage, the exception is Javanese moss, to which adult fish are often not indifferent. SAE has a poorly developed swim bladder, so they cannot swim for a long time in the middle layers of water, often lying on the bottom.
At the same time they are quite bouncy, so the aquarium with these fish must be closed. To achieve their reproduction in the conditions of the aquarium has not yet succeeded, therefore, all specimens sold for sale are wild and imported.
And here lies the problem.
The fact is that in the same rivers and streams, where they catch SAE, there are still some very similar related species of fish. They are caught along with Siamese seaweed and then sold together in pet stores. Therefore, there are Thai or false algae (Epalzeorhynchus sp. or Garra taeniata), one more their name – Siamese flying chanterelles; Indonesian algae or red-flipper epalceorinha (Epalzeorhynchus kallopterus); Indian seaweed (Crossocheilus latius) and other representatives of the genera epalceorinh, crossheylus and garra.
All of them are almost indistinguishable in appearance, but differ from each other in character and effectiveness as sweepers – Siamese flying chanterelle, for example, the fish is quite aggressive, but reluctantly destroys algae. Therefore, if the goal is the acquisition of a peaceful and hardworking CAE, you should pay attention to the following signs:
- fins are transparent, without yellow and orange shades;
- the black stripe on the side of the fish goes from the nose to the tip of the tail;
- the upper edge of this strip is zigzag;
- on the sides of the fish there is a mesh pattern (the edges of the scales are dark);
- on the tip of the muzzle is one pair of dark antennae;
- when the fish rests on the bottom, stones or leaves of plants, it rests on the caudal and pelvic fins, not on the pectoral ones.
Step-by-step cleaning of the aquarium at home: instructions
1. Clean the aquarium siphon.
Properly cleaning the aquarium with a siphon is not so difficult, it is enough to do it once, and then you can do it with your eyes closed. Aquarium siphons are of different designs, but regardless of them, the siphon of the bottom of the aquarium will always be built on the same principles.
With this procedure, you must begin the procedure of cleaning any aquarium with fish. You should siphon both the surface of the soil and a little bit from the bottom.
As a rule, the main waste is accumulated on the surface. It is necessary to remove the volume that you are going to fill back in the form of separated water.
Calculate this amount is not difficult, the main thing is not to forget to do it, but if you have water with a reserve, then you have nothing to worry about.
2. Clean the glass.
In fact, we want to say from our own experience – there are most problems with glasses, simply because cleaning them is too lazy … This is the hardest work – you have to work with a scraper, go through all the growths. If you do not do this when the first growths appear, then in the future it will be very difficult to cope with them, and even more so, not a single cleaner fish can cope with months-long growths.
3. Cleaning the filter.
Cleaning the filter is third on the list, because for this we need water from the aquarium so that we can wash the filter parts and rinse the sponges in it. It is better if it is the water that you drain off last, so that it contains as little turbidity and sediment as possible.
After washing the filter in this water, you collect it and put it back.
4. Fill the separated water in the aquarium.
When all the so-called dirty work on the proper cleaning of the aquarium with fish is done, we have only a little left – to fill in clean water. This should be the water that you defended during the week in a special container.
Only after the water is poured, you can turn on the filter, as well as lighting.
5. Add vitamins.
Also, if required, you can add any vitamins for fish to the aquarium. It can also be a means for water, as well as algae control.
In general, such means are better to be poured, either with the new separated water, so that they immediately spread throughout the entire volume, or to fill them in the area of water release from the filter.
For those who like to buy and breed aquarium fish, sooner or later the question arises of how to keep the container in constant cleanliness. After all, the fish leave a lot of dirt and waste products, and in addition to the cleanliness of the aquarium, and algae, which, with any violation of the thermal regime begin to actively spread throughout the aquarium.
Even with periodic cleaning of the aquarium and replacement of water on the walls of the aquarium there is a raid of small plants and dirt.
It is in this case that very useful and unpretentious “helpers” – aquarium catfish come to the rescue. Their main advantage is that the fish do not require special food.
They feed on the remnants of food of other sea creatures, and also eat small mosses and algae.
That is why it is very convenient to start a catfish cleaner in the aquarium. As a rule, these fish are not aggressive and can be safely maintained with other inhabitants of the aquarium.
But still there are different types of catfish.
The most calm and conflict-free are somiki sticks, which have a spotty colouration and a flattened body. When they appear in the aquarium, they immediately stick to the walls of the vessel and begin to gradually eat the coating.
Thus, catfish cleaners greatly help the aquarist. Thanks to their efforts, the vessel with the fish can be kept clean and tidy much easier.
For the maintenance of catfish do not require any special conditions.
Like other fish, they need water of suitable temperature, constant oxygen and light. Some species of catfish prefer dark places and shelters, but the sticky catfish does not belong to them.
In addition, for its comfortable maintenance, a sufficient amount of algae is necessary so that the fish has something to eat. But, as a rule, this problem never arises.
After all, even in the cleanest aquarium algae and microorganisms settle, with which catfish cleaner perfectly copes.
How to clean the bottom of the aquarium :: aquarium cleaning fish :: aquarium fish
Many lovers of aquarium fish wonder why they even need to clean bottom at aquarium, because nobody in natural waters bottom it does not clean specially, plants grow well and fish swim merrily. The fact is that aquariums have a small volume compared to natural reservoirs, fish emit feces, and the remnants of the food that is not eaten by them fall on bottom and begin to rot, spoiling the water and giving the green light for the development of pathogenic microbes that can have a detrimental effect on both the fish themselves and the aquarium plants.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
1. To clean the bottom there are special filters, however, they do not perform their duties well. Until now, the best and effective way to clean the bottom aquarium is siphon cleaning.
ABOUTbottom of these devices you see in the picture on the left. Siphon consists of a flexible ribbed hose with abottomwhich side is a pear, and on the other hand a plastic expander with a bottom mesh at the end, so that during the cleaning process of the bottom aquarium In the siphon did not accidentally sucked some “gaping” fish! Before cleaning bottom, remove carefully from aquarium large stones, as well as plants without roots, which pressed these stones to the bottom and did not allow them to float, then clean the wall with a special scraper aquarium.
When the dirt, scraped from the walls, sinks to bottom, lower the siphon into the aquarium, not forgetting to put an empty bucket below the water level. Having pressed a pear several times, suck the water into the siphon.
This creates a constant flow of water and now it remains only to drive a hose along the bottom aquarium and between the stones, draining all the dirt through the hose into the bucket. In this procedure, for better cleaning of the bottom, slightly move the soil pebbles with the end of the hose.
When heavily contaminated, it is sometimes necessary to remove the siphon aquarium,to clean the expander mesh, clogged with dirt.
2. If there is no special siphon for cleaning the aquarium bottom at hand, it can easily be replaced by a regular rubber hose. In this case, the water intake is done either with the help of an ordinary rubber pear, or, in the absence of such, the mouth is made in the mouth, much like motorists pour gasoline. However, in this case, it is necessary to do the suction very quickly, so as not to swallow inadvertently aquarium water.
In addition, it is necessary to ensure that the fish, especially the smallest, do not suck in the bucket through the hose. This can not only scare the fish, but also injure them, especially those who are proud of their large and beautiful fins and tails!
Especially often sucks slower fish, such as guppies.
3. And of course, every day after feeding the fish, remove the remnants of food that they have not eaten. Usually this is done by the simplest device, which is a glass tube with a rubber bulb at the end, extending along the length to the bottom. aquarium.
If you use dry food for feeding fish, then remove their residues from aquarium as soon as the fish ate and moved away from the trough. Feed drops on bottom, usually in aboutbottomm and the same place – under the aquarium feeder. Remove the feeder so that it does not bother you, lower the glass tube to the bottom, sucking the rest of the food with a pear.
If you do not do it in time, then in an hour the aquarium water can become cloudy, as dry food is an excellent food for millions of bacteria that begin to multiply in geometric progress.
4. Clean the aquarium bottom thorough at least aboutbottomth times a month, while pouring no more than 30% of water. Merged water is replaced by fresh, separated and necessarily the same temperature as the main water in the aquarium.
And remember that maintaining cleanliness in the aquarium is the key to the health of your pets!
Perhaps, any owner of the aquarium will agree that cleaning the aquarium is a very important, necessary and responsible event. The main objective of cleaning the aquarium is to maintain the natural habitat for fish, and, of course, the aesthetic beauty of the aquarium itself. If you are faced with this issue for the first time – do not worry, this is nothing complicated.
Simple tips will tell you how to properly clean the aquarium without making the special costs of calling biologists and special tools. You will learn how to clean your artificial body of excess pollution and give it a healthy look.
First of all, you should clearly realize that any cleaning of the aquarium is a stress for its inhabitants. Therefore, try not to particularly disturb and not scare the fish with sharp movements.
If you were planning to make a permutation in the aquarium or the replacement of plants, it is best to combine this procedure with cleaning your aquarium. It is strictly forbidden to use any detergent chemicals. Before the procedure, you can buy equipment for cleaning the aquarium in specialized stores, for example, a special siphon.
If the funds do not allow this, then you can use the materials at hand.
Any cleaning should be recited from cleaning aquarium glasses. From the purity of the glass depends on how we will see the aquarium itself. Small algae constantly appear on the glasses and microorganisms settle there, which makes visibility difficult and makes the aquarium untidy.
You can clean the walls of the aquarium with the help of special scrapers, a nylon washcloth or an ordinary kitchen sponge.
You can cope with this task not only with the help of special tools. Some types of fish, such as ancistrus or snail, can simply simply eat light pollution.
However, there is a drawback in this method: tracks of eaten algae may remain on the walls.
At the second stage of cleaning the aquarium proceed to cleaning the soil. In this section, we will discuss how to clean the soil from the accumulated remnants of food and excreta, because it is at the bottom that all these impurities accumulate.
Before you start work, make sure that it is really necessary. To do this, it is enough to twist the ground with something.
If bubbles begin to rise from the bottom, then it is necessary to clean it.
cleaning the bottom of the aquarium
This procedure of cleaning the aquarium will make it easier and easier for the fish to clean the soil without any pain. It consists of a flexible hose with a diameter of 15 mm and a glass or metal tip that needs to be driven along the bottom, periodically pressing it inwards. Through the tip of the hose will drain water with all the pollution.
It is very important to monitor the amount of drained water, its volume should not be more than one fifth of the total volume of the aquarium. This is the amount of water you have to add later.
When cleaning the soil, try not to damage the roots of plants, this can lead to their death. We should not forget that our goal is not only cleaning the aquarium, but also the preservation of all life in it.
Water purification will help refresh the water and remove all accumulated harmful substances for fish. In order not to expose the inhabitants of the aquarium to abrupt water changes, it is necessary to partially replace the water 1-2 times a week, and after cleaning the soil 25% of the total volume of the aquarium.
Water for substitution should be settled for 2-3 days.
If the aquarium is not covered, a film may form on the surface of the water. This is also an important process in cleaning.
You can remove it using a sheet of paper, the size of the surface of the aquarium. Holding the sheet by the edges, it is necessary to dip it horizontally into the water, and then, slowly, lift it along with this film.
If necessary, repeat the procedure several times.
It is very important not to forget about the aquarium filter during complex cleaning of the aquarium. As a rule, the filter elements of the filter are made of foam rubber, and in order to clean them, rinse them thoroughly under running warm water.
And the mechanism itself during disassembly can be cleaned with a toothbrush or sponge.
Now you know the best way to clean an aquarium without harming its inhabitants. Needless to say how proper cleaning will prolong life and improve the health of the fish?
After all, what could be more beautiful than the happy inhabitants and the happy, bewitched views of their owners.
The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos
I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.
Everyone probably knows these fish … even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious.
The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.”
I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.
GUPPI – THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INSENSITIVENESS AND EASY + SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE ARE “LIKE A KROL” INDEPENDENTLY – YOU WILL ALWAYS BE UPDATED OF “AQUARIUM PAINTS” Read about the GUPPI read more
2nd place Swordtails
A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males differ from females by the presence of a “sword” on the lower edge of the caudal fin.
Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more).
A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.
An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can, at some point, become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.
HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.
Read about swordsmen more in detail here.
3rd place Somiki corridors
It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish – a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are “orderlies of the aquarium world”: they clean the soil and eat the remnants of life activity. The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since
in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respiration, those. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.
The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food. In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks.
Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
You can read more about CORRIDORATUS here.
4th place Mollies
Molly, like guppies – viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions.
Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika of winners”.
Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of their conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.
You can read more about MOLLINESIA here.
5th place Tetras – Harazinki
All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in “Spartan conditions” as guppies.
They need aeration and filtration. You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.
You can read more about TETRAH here.
6th place Ternetsii
Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile.
Fish get along well with other types of fish. Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids.
Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants. Aeration, filtration – yes!
You can read more about TERNIA here.
7th place Danio (rerio, pink)
Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them – briskness and speed of movement.
They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.
Read more about DANIO here.
8th place Torakatum
One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content. They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters.
Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Compatible with all kinds of fish.
The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.
You can read more about TORAKATUM here.
9th place Gourami
Gourami – are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth – fish do not need aeration, they breathe atmospheric air. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression.
Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.You can read more about GURAMs here.
10 place Barbus
Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.” “Pirate” temper, the ability to stand up for themselves – deserve 10th place.
You can read more about BARBUSH here.
Of course, the above TOP is conditional – always remember the words
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery
“We are responsible for those who have tamed”
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish