maintenance, care, compatibility
The family Melanotene (Iris) has seven genera, which include small but very beautiful fish with shimmering scales. Absolutely innocuous creatures, do not attack others, but rather become victims of large fish. In an aquarium, it can be cichlids, astronotus, koi carps and goldfish.
With other neighbors get along well.
Small ray-finned fish of the carp family. It is necessary to launch into the tank with a flock of 5-8 fish, so they feel comfortable.
The character is calm, so they can live with all peaceful fish, except for the representatives of the family Cichlids and Carp.
Aquarium fish for beginners must withstand fluctuations in the parameters of water in a new aquarium and resist diseases caused by stress. Behavior is also important – peaceful, livable fishes are the best choice for a beginner.
Often forget about such a factor as the ability of fish to adapt, not in terms of water, but in terms of the new environment and new neighbors. You can also read: 10 best fish for beginners
New aquariums are very unstable due to the fact that they did not form the necessary microflora (beneficial bacteria that remove harmful substances). And even if you add bacterial preparations (they are sold in pet stores), conditions may not be suitable for delicate fish.
Some fish, especially large ones, live well in practically empty aquariums without décor and neighbors. To others, such conditions will seem terrible and they will fall into stress, despite the excellent parameters of the water, they will fall ill and die.
For them, the presence of other fish in the aquarium is a sign that the environment is safe. So, a good choice for a beginner aquarist – a fish that is simple, disease resistant, livable, active and not aggressive.
Most of the fish you buy in the future will grow, change behavior or even color. Therefore, you should know exactly what a cute little fish will turn into with time, and whether there will be enough space for it.
Do not buy fish that will outgrow your aquarium, even if you are sure that this aquarium is temporary and you will definitely buy a larger one. A glimpse into the future will also help you draw attention to the views that you did not find attractive. For example, the iris in adolescence is a nondescript fish.
But when they grow up it is a bright and very beautiful fish that adorns any aquarium.
Avoid fish with a specific diet — usually feed, the main source of problems in an aquarium. The first 6-8 months you need a fish that will be enough for the usual feed – cereal, for example.
After six months, the diet can be improved and diversified as wide as possible range of feed.
Do not buy too many fish at once. Although an aquarium with several fish does not look very spectacular, try to add fish slowly, without risking losing everyone at once from an illness, for example.
A rule of thumb is no more than six small fish per week.
Ask the store how long the fish are kept in the show tank. Recently added it is better not to take, two transplants in a short time, too much stress and can lead to problems.
- 10 tips:
- Look for a friend aquarist, what would he give you advice
- Googling about fish before you buy it
- Do not buy on impulse.
- Always know to what size the fish grows.
- Write the list of fish you want now and in the future.
- Find out the water settings in your tank.
- Remember, adult fish can change dramatically.
- Avoid deformed and artificially bred fish.
- Make sure that the conditions in the aquarium are suitable for your future pets.
- Do not buy too many fish.
Popular fish, for example, guppies or neons are actually far from the only option for beginners. In order to choose the right aquarium fish, it is important to understand the difference between the one that takes root well in the new aquarium and the one that will hurt.
So, now look at the guppies, especially their pedigree forms. Natural guppies, strong and hardy like no other fish.
But, intensive crossing, mixing of related breeds led to the fact that the pedigree guppy can die from the draft. Inbreeding, the lack of natural selection, almost sterile conditions in the aquarium, led to the fact that the guppy’s immunity is extremely weak.
And the slightest bacterial infection, sometimes mows the aquarium completely.
In well-balanced aquariums, pedigreed guppies live for quite a long time, up to two years. But in the new aquarium, the balance is too weak to start with this fish. Other live beetles, however, are quite strong fish and are quite suitable.
Even purebred guppies are a good choice.
Somiki, as a rule, corridors are often bought in a new aquarium. Why don’t they fit? After all, it is a peaceful and accommodating fish, which tolerates various conditions quite well.
The problem is that they need to be kept in flocks, and fed with various sinking feeds. And in a new aquarium, feeding a group of fish with food rich in protein can lead to overfeeding, and a sharp increase in toxic substances – ammonia and nitrates.
Other soybeans that feed on algae are antsistrusy, loricaria, and otozincluses They just will not have enough food.
Just a couple of types of fish that can be problematic:
Hybrids – fish obtained as a result of breeding, as a rule, have a weakened immunity and are demanding of conditions. For example, discus (never take them if you are new to aquarism), bright forms of guppy.
Large species of fish are usually aggressive, they should also be the first to get them.
What remains? Yes, many species. For example:
Guppies of simple breeds are an amazing example of unpretentiousness.
Mollies – coal black beauty and not demanding of conditions.
Large gourami, such as marble. They can live practically without oxygen in the water, but are more suitable for aquariums with a large number of plants and shelters.
The males are very beautiful and undemanding. Just do not plant them with their own kind!
Sword bearers and petilia are active, vibrant and livable.
Danio – grace and small size.
A good choice is also fish of the iris family, these are peaceful and undemanding fish, although they prefer hard water and active neighbors. Most iris irons reveal their potential in color a few months after being placed in an aquarium, and at first they may look nondescript.
Compatibility issue Goldfish (Carassius) on the one hand, it is rather simple, but on the other it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.
I think this topic should start with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of millennial selection. Therefore, the Voilehvost, Orandy, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor – silver carp.
Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place – all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT!
Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, as a result of which “bastards” will turn out, or if you want mutants, outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian.
Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general body of water – PROHIBITED!
Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish.
And this specifics should definitely be fat. For example, if you keep a Veilhvostov in a small aquarium with others, be it the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space – standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.
In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even observing all aquarium compatibility rules, At the output, you can get a negative result.
In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.
Now let’s look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.
Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistograms, Parrots, Tsikhlazymy: diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.
Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish.
Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.
Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.
Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.
So, I recommend not experimenting – this is wasted time and money!
Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternistus, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congo and other characteristic fish.
Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium.
One, but. When Goldfish grow up, they can burst into small tetras, so it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, such as ternets or Congo, for Zolotuha.
Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapods dr.
I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not.
This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.
So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. A long time ago, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”.
But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.
At the same time, lyalius – these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.
In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.
Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.
In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful.
For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.
Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish.
Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.
Goldfish and carp: barbusses, danios and others.
It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs.
Sumatrans easily bite Golden.
Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.
I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories.
I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).
I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.
And I also want to offer you such a topic as Compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.
Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium.
It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.
For more on this, see this article – FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?
Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.
Aquarium fish compatibility video
Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)
Another pets for beginners – goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common. If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids.
But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves. Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat.
And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.
Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together.
Who do goldfish can get along with? Aquarium species of calm catfish – the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras – Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine.
There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Aquatic turtles – a description of popular species, sharing with fish
Aquatic turtles – a description of popular species, sharing with fish
The relevance of this topic is raised by many newcomers to the aquarium world and not only by them.
Often, on the Internet you come across a funny video where turtles swim peacefully with fish, and on the forums you can see photos of the joint content of fish and turtles with forest reviews.
Also, the interest of friends is fueled by the interest that guppies offend their soft-bodied tortoise !?
Having watched and read all this, the aquarist thinks about it – and that’s true. Why not.
After all, in the natural – natural conditions turtles, fish, frogs, snakes and other reptiles live together – in the same area! So all this can be recreated at home?
Well, let’s take a closer look at this issue and see real examples of turtles living together with fish!
So, for a start it is worth noting that a turtle is a turtle! Therefore, we propose to consider four types of turtles that are in demand among fans of aquarium-terrarium living creatures.
Pond turtle and aquarium fish
This species of turtles is often called the sea eared red tortoise. I emphasize that this turtle has never been a marine turtle.
This is a completely freshwater resident.
Contrary to the expectations of many who want to have this kind of turtles, these individuals require a fairly wide space to move. For one or two such Tartill requires an aquarium of at least 100 liters. Also, the aquarium should be equipped with an island for recreation, and a powerful filter.
Aeration is not required, as the turtles breathe atmospheric air, crawling to the surface. In pet stores sell special islands for turtles, which are installed at the bottom of the aquarium.
70% of the island is under water. For the convenience of landfall there is a smooth rise to the surface, which has a rather rough surface with protrusions so that the legs of the tortoise have something to cling to.
It is equally important to remember that the tallest part of the island should be about 20-30 cm from the lid, depending on the size of the pet. in diameter shell. These representatives of armor-clad despite the external slowness and awkwardness very much like to arrange shoots from the paternal house, therefore, in order to avoid searching for a pet throughout the apartment, the requirement to locate the island is better observed.
Most of the day turtles spend in the water, they crawl out to the island to rest and warm up. That is why it is necessary to equip the house of the turtle with an incandescent lamp, which will be directed to the islet. At the same time, the water temperature should not exceed 26 degrees, warm water is detrimental to the turtle and entails not only poor health, but also the formation of various fungal diseases.
At lower temperatures (up to 18 degrees), the turtle feels comfortable.
It is necessary to change water in turtles no more than once a month, as they are rather clean and do not need frequent water changes, which is very convenient for their owners.
The diet of the red-eared turtle for the most part includes animal feed. They are fed with bloodworms, a pipe worker and special granules of dry food, sometimes fed with lettuce or young cabbage. Adults should be given Gamarus (water crustaceans) dry and raw.
Also, red-eared turtles like to feast on boiled fish, or shreds of chicken and beef meat.
Considering all the above, VERDICT – it’s absolutely impossible to keep this turtle together with fish! The conditions of detention and the parameters (quality) of water in almost all freshwater fish species are fundamentally different from the conditions of housing of the red-eared turtle, by almost all criteria. Cohabitation will be painful.
But the most important reason why you should never keep a bug in an aquarium with fish is because turtles are predators. Floppy, sluggish, funny and safe on land, in the water of the turtle turn into excellent swimmers with an unrivaled sense of prey.
If a young turtle is possible and will not hunt for fish, then growing up … all scaly inhabitants of the aquarium will turn into a high-class food for it.
For more doubters. Here is a marginal video (censorship) on the same topic. Marsh turtle and fish
Under the conditions of the content, the marsh turtle does not differ much from the red-eared. But this is a larger species of turtles and therefore one or two individuals require at least 150 liters.
In marsh turtles, calcium deficiency is not rarely observed; therefore, in addition to the incandescent lamp, it is necessary to equip an aquarium with an ultraviolet lamp and supplement the ration with crushed eggshell. The rest of their dining table is almost a mirror image of a red-eared turtle’s table.
The marsh turtle is even more aggressive than its red-ear relative. Here and the video is not needed.
They bite, with it, quite sensitive and an adult individual can bite through the skin of a person, so taking such a pet is not recommended.
Thus, we can conclude that this breed of turtles is even smaller than the previous one is suitable for sharing with aquarium fish.
Trionix turtle and fishTrionix is a soft-bodied turtle.
Its shell is a thick leathery cover.
Unlike the above described species of turtles, the Trionixes practically do not need an island. For them, a small building with a smooth rise, which does not necessarily have its beginning right on the bottom, may well suit.
This is a fully aquatic turtle. An elongated spout allows them to get the necessary oxygen on the surface of the water without any difficulty, and after that they do not need it for a long time. But at the same time, the aquarium should be equipped with continuous filtration and aeration, since this species of turtles needs clean water and can receive oxygen without rising to the surface.
This is a very active and fun creation. Thrionyxes like to dig in shallow soil or sand, leaving only a small elongated face on the surface. Comfortable water temperature for them is 24-26 degrees, although experts have noticed that without harm to health, they live in temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees.
The required volume of a house for Trionix should be at least 150 liters per individual.
In its natural habitat it is a strong and dangerous predator, eating fish, small crustaceans. Not infrequently, this type of shellfish loves to feast on the laying of eggs by a negligent bird, which nests not on the shore of a pond, river or lake, where these “vandals” live.
The mouth of Thronex is equipped with a teeth saw, and therefore its bites to the human hand may not like even more than the bites of a marsh turtle.
However, under the conditions of keeping this turtle is more suitable for sharing with the fish and therefore it is not rare to be found in the general aquarium. BUT! There are a few key points:
– No plants planted in the ground will not survive familiarity with Trionix. If you care for your green spreads, you will have to give up Thrionix. Harmful tortoise pulls out plants with a root, digs up the ground wherever possible, and where it is impossible, it digs up it three times more actively.
Small decorative elements also forever interfere with this type of turtles.
– This is a predator. Very fast, both in water and on land, unlike other types of turtles.
– If, however, the above written does not cool your fervor in acquiring this miracle, it is worth noting that this turtle can settle down with fish only if you take it in the most possible, young age, and follow the rich and varied food menu.
And in conclusion, it would be a crime not to say that even if you follow all the precautions, it does not guarantee that Trionix will never look to your fish. Experienced aquarists know that all fish, even of one species, have their own character.
The same can be said about turtles. There are no guarantees that the predator’s instinct embedded in this tiny creation does not emerge.
One phrase can say: “these turtles can be kept in an aquarium with fish, but only at a young” young “age.” Then you still need to seat!
Here is a video for reflection !!
The author of the video called him: “Turtle (Trionix) – Lucy frightened fish”
Double-tailed tine aquatic turtle
This species of turtles is very similar to the sea counterparts, however, it is freshwater. It can also live in slightly brackish water.
Perhaps this is the only species of turtles that can live peacefully and without incident with any fish, since for the most part this beauty is a vegetarian. Unpretentious, need a temperature of 23-27 degrees.
Filtration and aeration are naturally necessary, but they do not require any additional equipment.
They say about these turtles that they do not swim, but fly around the aquarium. Having a pretty good looks, this miracle pleases the eye.
But there are a number of significant drawbacks:
– Space. If a young turtle of this species (up to two years) can live in a volume of 200 to 500 liters, then an adult turtle needs at least 1000l.
Double-eared turtles grow up to 50 cm in diameter of the shell.
– Price. From $ 200 to $ 800, which is significantly different from the prices of the types described above.
This species is still little studied, little common for sale, but already popular with aquarists. And according to this, all the “experiments” with this turtle remain on the conscience of the owner.
So let’s summarize. For the most part, keeping together completely different aquatic inhabitants like fish and turtles is not worth it. There are lots of attractive alternatives to diversify your aquarium.
Humanity knows an incredible number of species of turtles, and so few of those that can be kept at home. And this suggests that even these few species need their own home, equipped especially for them and only for them.
You should not try the fate of their pets, checking their tails and abdomen for strength.
Finally – here is a good video about fish and turtles. But, alas, here are the comments left by the author of the video in YouTube: Eugene Karpenko 3 years ago “all the Sword-bearers have not been around for a long time 🙂 but the catfish is already much more than turtles. Until recently, the barb lived well. Smileys of the author, you can replace the bitter “UPS”)))
the author of the article – Jan Terekhov,
for the provided material and cooperation!
Before you buy an aquarium, you should find out what kind of fish live in an ordinary aquarium. The acquisition of an aquarium with an average volume of up to 150 liters opens up a lot of opportunities for its settlement by various types of fish, including exotic ones.
In such an aquarium, you can create several variants of natural biotopes. At the same time, it is necessary to clearly divide the total volume of water into typical layers that create the most favorable conditions for the habitat of a particular type of aquarium fish. It is believed that if a fish’s mouth has a peculiar protrusion or is turned up, then such a breed prefers to dwell in the upper layer of water.
Otherwise, the breed is bottom and populates the lower layers of water. With proper selection of aquarium fish all the layers of water in the aquarium are evenly populated, creating the impression of a natural ecosystem.
The optimal number of fish for each layer is calculated based on the displacement of the aquarium and the size of the aquarium fish. So, for fish up to 5 centimeters will need 1 liter of water.
For large fish sizes, add 2-3 liters to each.
Depending on the characteristics of some species of aquarium fish, it is necessary to provide for settling calm and peace-loving fish in a separate layer of water, freeing up space for their more active counterparts.
What aquarium fish live without oxygen and air
And so, the fish breathe oxygen, which is contained in the water. This happens with the help of a special organ of respiration – the gills, which in turn come in various shapes.
As a rule, the gill slits are located on the sides (about 4-5 pairs of gill lobes). The water washing and passing through the gills gives up the oxygen dissolved in it and carries away the carbon dioxide that has been emitted.
Further, the “extracted” oxygen is spread throughout the body of the fish.
However, some species of aquarium fish can breathe skin or take in air into the cavity of a floating bladder. In addition, there is the so-called intestinal breathing, which is possessed by aquarium catfish (speckled catfish corridoratus) and loachworms, which can get air into the intestine with the help of the anus.
I think that all those who have speckled catfish have seen how they rise from the bottom of the torpedo to the surface of the water and back – this is exactly the same thing – intestinal breathing!
And now we are getting to the question that interests us! Some species of fish have special organs with which oxygen is absorbed. One of these organs is the gill labyrinth, whose owners are classified as LABYRINTH FAMILIES.
A labyrinth is a specialized respiratory organ that allows you to absorb oxygen directly from the air. Labyrinth fish take the air “swallowing” it from the surface of the water.
Therefore, such aquarium fish aeration is not needed! However, if access to the surface of the water is closed, such a fish will soon die.
What kind of labyrinth fish can live without oxygen, here they are:
Cock, Betta or Boytsovskaya fish
This is all GURAMI
(blue, marble, kissing, honey)
Video about labyrinth fish that breathe atmospheric air
The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos
I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.
Everyone probably knows these fish … even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious.
The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.” I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist.
Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.
GUPPI – THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INSENSITIVENESS AND EASY + SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE ARE “LIKE A KROL” INDEPENDENTLY – YOU WILL ALWAYS BE UPDATED OF “AQUARIUM PAINTS” Read about the GUPPI read more
2nd place Swordtails
A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males differ from females by the presence of a “sword” on the lower edge of the caudal fin.
Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more).
A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.
An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can, at some point, become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.
HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.
Read about swordsmen more in detail here.
3rd place Somiki corridors
It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish – a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are “orderlies of the aquarium world”: they clean the soil and eat the remnants of life activity.
The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respiration, those. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.
The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food.
In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
You can read more about CORRIDORATUS here.
4th place Mollies
Molly, like guppies – viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions.
Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika of winners”.
Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of their conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.
You can read more about MOLLINESIA here.
5th place Tetras – Harazinki
All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in “Spartan conditions” as guppies. They need aeration and filtration.
You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.
You can read more about TETRAH here.
6th place Ternetsii
Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile. Fish get along well with other types of fish.
Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids. Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants.
Aeration, filtration – yes!
You can read more about TERNIA here.
7th place Danio (rerio, pink)
Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them – briskness and speed of movement.
They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.
Read more about DANIO here.
8th place Torakatum
One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content. They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters.
Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Compatible with all kinds of fish.
The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.
You can read more about TORAKATUM here.
9th place Gourami
Gourami – are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth – fish do not need aeration, they breathe atmospheric air. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression.
Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.You can read more about GURAMs here.
10 place Barbus
Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.” “Pirate” temper, the ability to stand up for themselves – deserve 10th place.
You can read more about BARBUSH here.
Of course, the above TOP is conditional – always remember the words
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery
“We are responsible for those who have tamed”
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)