maintenance, care, compatibility
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating.
Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss.
Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right?
This should be sorted out.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”?
They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
The cockerel or betta fish (Latin Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish.
Natural habitat – freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia. Often found in paddy fields.
For the first time the fish was noticed by residents of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The “stranger” was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives. Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country.
Residents of Siam used the cockerel in the “fish” battles: the males vehemently demonstrated their strength, but no deaths occurred.
The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type. The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second – incubate the eggs in the mouth.
Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important for them to provide constant care.
Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity.
Like all fish, cramped – only to the detriment. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium.
It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species). Between them there are often disputes that already speak – even between the female cockerels there were fights.
The result – bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males – choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided.
Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish – some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins.
Good aquarium neighbors – danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins.
The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh.
Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush?
Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters. To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick.
Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light is required to turn off.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish.
The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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Royal cockerel and other types of fighting fish
The cockerel fish, the Siamese cockerel, or the fighting fish (lat. Betta splendens) is a member of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth.
Cockerel fishes are found in freshwater bodies with stagnant water in Southeast Asia. In our time, the breeding forms of cockerels often become participants in international exhibitions.
For the first time, they learned about a cockerel fish in the 19th century, when the people of Siam found her in a rice ditch. Noticing the aggressive nature of their relatives, the people handed the fish to the local ruler. European naturalists who visited Siam, explored its features.
Later with her participation organized “cock” fights, for which the fish and nicknamed “fight”. Cockerels were brought to Europe in 1892.
In the early twentieth century, American breeders began to develop new species of Betta splendens, which were distinguished by fins of unusual symmetry and rich colors of scales.
The aquarium cockerel Betta splendens has an elongated, oval-shaped body, flattened on the sides. The body size of the male is 6 cm, females – 4 cm in length.
In most species, the color of the scales of males is brighter than that of females, the fins of males are lush and long, in females they are not so prominent. Today, in addition to natural species, there are a number of other species and breeds that were artificially bred. Aquarium betta cockerels differ in a variety of forms: red fighting fish, yellow cockerels, blue, green, pink, white, multi-colored.
In the light, the body of the fish flickers with different colors. During the spawning period, males become very lush and bright, demonstrating their superiority over competitors.
Even the female can differ in long fins, and engage in fights.
Betta fish, or betta cockerel got its name due to its character. The males are often kept alone: so that they do not get bored, they attach a mirror to the wall of the tank. When settling in a common aquarium, the cockerel fish enters into fights with representatives of its own species, or other neighbors.
In the excited state, the female and male bulging fins and gill covers, gaining a formidable look.
The dorsal and caudal fins of the rooster are rounded, the ventral fin originates from the head or mid-belly, and ends at the very base of the caudal fin. Scales in fish of a cycloid structure, well adjacent to the skin. As a labyrinth species, the cockerel fish is a two-breathing hydrobiont, thanks to the labyrinth channel, captures the atmospheric air, dissolving it in this organ.
Also breathes with gills.
On the varieties of these fish in the form of the tail fin and coloring
- The Cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is endemic to Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Thailand). The body of the fish is narrow, elongated, rounded in cross section. In the natural environment it feeds on insects, which are easily captured by the upper mouth. Betta vulgaris occurs with long and short fins. The wild fighting fish has scales of a dark brown shade on which green spots meet. The method of selection brought out the forms of Betta ordinary with veil fins and different color scales. The wild-looking fins play with different colors, shimmer in the world. The body length of an adult individual is 5-6 cm. Life expectancy is 3 years. The female is slightly paler in color, during spawning, she has a clearly visible umbilical cord, from which the ovipositor will emerge. All types of Betta ordinary sleep at the bottom of the aquarium with open eyes.
The black cock is not warlike, the black betta, the pygmy cock (Betta imbellis) is very beautiful, popular due to its interesting color and peaceful behavior. Often it is bred and sold in Thailand and Malaysia.
The size of an adult individual is 5-6 cm in length. Fish carnivorous, eats daphnia, larvae of flies and mosquito. Prefers subacidic water, temperature 24-28 degrees Celsius.
Body color can be blue, black and red. The tail fin is round or “delta”, has red, blue stripes. The color of the scales is black with blue splashes.
Peaceful fish was nicknamed because it can be kept in one tank in a company of 2 males and 2-4 females. When establishing a hierarchy, the males will not fight, so this pet can be chosen by a novice aquarist.
Look at a pair of betta imbellis.
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish. Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish.
In males, the character is snooty, for which they are called “fighting fish”. They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity.
If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established – then all inhabitants will be comfortable.
An important rule – it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight.
On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male.
Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable.
If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees.
Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary – this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank.
Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by “competitors”, which are external stimuli for them.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the “no” territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar.
But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Males and guppies – it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk.
Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature.
The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta – compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother.
However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami – all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami – curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around.
Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact – slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content.
At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly – viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters.
Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors – as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits.
If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up. Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep.
Compatibility between them is proven, cockerels rarely bother corridors. The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing.
Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta.
Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.
The aquarium fish fighting cockerel needs full care and in proper conditions of detention. If these rules are not followed, the fish may become ill, with negative consequences. Diseases are easily transmitted to other fish that live in the same aquarium with a rooster, even if it is divided into two halves by a partition.
The treatment is simplified if she initially lives in a separate tank. If you observe: changes in the appearance, behavior and physiology of pets, it may be the symptoms of their disease.
- Symptoms of the disease appeared quickly, suddenly, and they showed up in other fish? Then the reason is as aquarium water. What to do: make measurements of water parameters using a water thermometer, litmus paper, pH value. Learn indicators of ammonia, nitrates and nitrites, temperature, CO2, oxygen. Be sure to change the water to fresh and clean.
- If symptoms of the disease appear in all fish, or in fish of the same species, it means that their organism is susceptible to infection. What to do: transplant diseased fish to a quarantine tank, do an inspection, diagnose all the symptoms, establish a diagnosis. Then you can treat.
Fin rot (Latin name: Aeromonas, Pseudomonas, Vibrio)
A terrible disease of the fish, which may be exposed to cockerels. Their fins are affected by pathogenic bacteria that completely destroy the structure of the fin.
Symptoms of the disease: clouding of the fins, their sticking, the appearance of a white border, ulcers at the base of the fins, the cornea of the eyes may dim.
The main cause of the disease is improper care of the reservoir. A cockerel fish can get sick if:
- Aquarium for fish overpopulated;
- Water changes are rare or absent;
- Residues of the feed are not removed from the ground; the bottom siphon is not produced;
- The filter is bad or dirty;
- The new neighbors of the rooster did not stay in quarantine, or the roosters were placed in an aquarium with sick fish.
See how to treat fin rot.
Even in an ideal, at first glance, aquarium, cockerel fish can get sick. Fin rot is an infectious disease that exists almost everywhere, and it develops rapidly in a favorable environment. Treatment of fish is permissible with the use of anti-fungal and anti-bacterial drugs, which allow in a few days to limit the growth of bacteria, after which the fish can be fully treated.
Preparations for treating fin rot in males: malachite green, Sera Baktopur, streptocid 1.5 g per 10 liters of water (baths), Tetra GeneralTonic (Tetra), Antipar, Fiosept, Tripaflavin. Can be used for the treatment of salt baths: for cockerel 7-10 grams of salt per 1 liter of water.
They can be arranged 30 minutes a day. All preparations for fish should be used according to the instructions for use.
Oodinum flagellum – the causative agent of the disease. The reasons for their spread are cool water, new neighbors untreated in quarantine, poor aquarium cleaning.
When a fish is sick, gray or golden nodules form on the edges of its fins. Then the scales exfoliate, the fins stick together.
Sick fish does not breathe, does not eat, moves in jerks, rubs against the bottom. The cockerel fish along with other fish should be treated in a quarantine tank, with heated water temperatures. They are treated with drugs Sera oodinopur, JBL Oodinol, Tetra Medika General Tonic, Ichthiophore, Formed or Antipar according to the instructions.
Also replace the water for small fish with clean, process all decorations and plants.
See also: Aquarium species of cockerels, Compatibility of cockerels with other fish and inhabitants of the aquarium.
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