maintenance, care, compatibility
Unpretentious aquarium fish for beginners: where to start?
In order to choose suitable fish, it is necessary to consider their features and, of course, focus on external data, size, color and other important parameters for you.
The speckled catfish is one of the most popular species among novice aquarists. It is able to survive in situations and conditions that are critical for other fish.
Its ability to survive temperature fluctuations from 2–35 ° C simply amazes many fish connoisseurs. Somiki can live in polluted and muddy water.
He is very hardy and when creating elementary conditions for life will delight you for a very long time.
Somik tarakatum is one of the largest species of fish and is considered very hardy. He is the orderly of the underwater kingdom.
One of the important conditions for its maintenance is the presence of vegetation in the aquarium, where he could hide. Dimensions are not essential for their life.
Get along well with almost all types of fish and are excellent neighbors.
Viviparous species: swordtails, mollies, guppies, patsilii are excellent for all types of aquariums and very easy to maintain. They are also the orderlies of the water world and the friends of plants.
Labyrinth fish is very unpretentious for an aquarium of any size and configuration. This species includes: macropod, cockerels, gourami, lyalius.
Gourami have a gill labyrinth, due to which they can breathe air and do not need aeration. Other types also do not need special care, the compressor and the presence of other equipment.
It is necessary to take into account one minute – they are very mobile and males often fight among themselves.
Tetras are quite mobile, curious and crowded fish. They are hardy enough, but not enough to contain them without a filter, aerator and heater.
But it is worth noting that this is the most necessary equipment that should be purchased along with the aquarium.
Danio pink and rerio are unpretentious and beautiful aquarium fish that usually swim in flocks. These fish need a large aquarium (from 40 liters) so that they can swim freely.
It is necessary to cover it with a lid so that they do not jump out onto the floor. It is necessary to have an aerator, filter and heater available.
Barbus are also considered hardy enough fish. This is a kind of robbers, who always defend their place in the aquarium, and some species, such as the Sumatran barb, can snatch up to the fish with a beautiful big tail.
The choice and variety of unpretentious aquarium fish is very large. The main thing is not to forget that we are always responsible for our pets, and good conditions are a guarantee of their long life.
So, a little about the financial component. The more fish, the more should be their home – an aquarium. The larger the aquarium, the more expensive the equipment is to it.
Thus, the more fish and aquarium, the greater will be your expenses.
Now let’s conditionally divide all aquariums into three groups:
1st group: aquarium up to 50 liters. In such an aquarium only small and peaceful fish can live. These include:
Considering the desire of many newbies to go in for larger fish, you can try to get:
Torakatum Goldfish (1pc.)
2nd group: aquarium from 50 to 100 liters. In such an aquarium, small cichlids and small fish with average aggression can already live. These include:
3rd group: aquarium from 100-200 liters. Here the flight of your imagination begins – you can wind up any fish, with the exception of very large and capricious fish.
4th group: aquarium from 200 and above. Suitable for all fish, even for such as Astronotus (preferably from 500l.) and Discussion!
The most ancient and popular representatives of home aquariums. They have a peculiar character, besides, their color is very noticeable, therefore, they are compatible only with the representatives of their family, the Karpovs, the karpami koi.
Very often, beautiful decorative goldfish are the very first pet beginner aquarists. But before you start them at home, you should definitely consider the compatibility of these beauties with other typical inhabitants of aquariums.
Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all tsikhlovyh.
Even if cichlids are herbivores of the same size as goldfish, then races around the aquarium are inevitable.
In some sources you can find information about the peaceful living in the general aquarium of goldfish and South American tsihlazom, however, clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.
As for the fairly common astronotus, he considers the “gold” only as an additional dish for his dinner.
From the point of view of behavior and calmness in a water hostel, in this case there will be no problems. Comets, voilehwosts, shubunkins, wakins, telescopes and richens will live peacefully in a common company.
But here another problem arises: the state of the offspring. Individuals of different subspecies will begin to interbreed with each other and give hybrids.
Thus, the breed will be spoiled, and the centuries-old efforts of Eastern breeders will go down the drain. If this process is not stopped, then a rather rapid transformation of goldfish back into ordinary carp will occur.
So, with whom it is better to combine elegant goldfish? There is only one answer, with which all experts agree: with no one.
In a species aquarium, goldfish of the same breed will be calm, comfortable and safe.
After acquiring an artificial reservoir from each novice aquarist, the first natural impulse is the desire to fill it with all kinds of fish. But with what, to start?
Today in the world there are many different types of aquarium fish. And the simplest thing that they usually offer or advise in a pet store is live-bearing aquarium fish. They differ from other species of fish in that they are easier to maintain.
Also breeding them is not a big deal. They also have very diverse offspring.
This happens by breeding and crossing different species of fish. For some reason, it has already been developed that it is these, the so-called viviparous fishes that are always the first to populate new aquariums.
But you get so used to them that you start to get involved in them for many years. Therefore, they occupy the first place among the water aquarium world.
Let us consider in more detail what these fascinating representatives of the underwater world are.
As mentioned above, viviparous aquarium fish, photos of which are quite often found in various aquarium magazines, are very easy to maintain, and there is no problem with reproduction. So, for this it is enough just to create good living conditions.
In addition, there is absolutely no need to purchase for them huge aquariums. They tolerate temperature drops very well.
Also, viviparous fish perfectly adapt to hard water, which is very important.
For them, you need at the same time a lot of space, and that there are thick thickets of plants. There are differences between male and female. As a rule, the female is somewhat larger than the male.
It is very interesting to watch the female in front of the so-called “clans”. The abdomen of the female becomes rectangular.
It is better, of course, during pregnancy to place it separately from other fish.
The female releases live fry already. She does not delay caviar at all. Also do not forget to create for her a separate container with the same conditions as in the aquarium.
For example, many experts recommend filling it with plants. Fry, to fill their swim bladder with air, immediately float to the surface.
In addition, newborn fish are very agile and skillfully survive among adult fish. From the first minutes of life, they can hide between thickets and provide themselves with food. There are also no problems with feeding the fry.
They are not picky and eat virtually any feed.
Homeland Mollies – South America. These fish, the photos of which are shown below, prefer a little salty water. But not in any way iodized.
It is best to use a special salt for aquariums. You just need to add the right amount and the right amount of salt.
This can be 1 teas or 1 tablespoon of salt per 10 liters of water.
Mollies has a flat elongated body shape. Slightly similar to the Sword. The back of the body ends with a rounded tail fin.
Their color is varied. There should be a lot of space in the aquarium, as the fish are very mobile.
Swordsmen are also very playful and can jump out of the water. Therefore, the aquarium should be equipped with a lid.
Representatives of this species breed as well as all viviparous fishes. Eat a variety of foods. Varieties of Mollies:
- black mollies;
- sailing mollies;
- splenops mollies;
- freestyle mollies;
- Velife mollies.
And finally, I would like to say that no matter how viviparous fish was acquired, no problems with it are foreseen. The only thing that needs to be done is to comply with the minimum conditions for keeping fish in an aquarium.
Due to the peaceful nature of pets, you should think about the possibility of keeping them separate from other fish, but if you still want to make an aquarium with many types of fish, carefully select your neighbors. They in no case can not be planted to predators.
Guppies get along well with some catfish, gouras, tetras, battles and some species of haracin fish, and corridors will do. But in practice it has been proved that even among them there are snooty individuals who strive to offend guppies.
The most popular options are:
- Angelfish. Most novice aquarists believe that this option is the most optimal. In fact, he is successful until the angelfish grows up. Therefore, the belief that fearful scalars are harmless is fundamentally wrong. However, there are cases when they peacefully get along with each other in huge aquariums.
- Swordtails. These fish are not the most suitable option, since adult Swordtails often bite their neighbors and eat their offspring. You can plant them together only if you have taken care to grow dense thickets of plants in which both fry and adult fish will be able to find shelter.
- Barbusses. Barbusses are dangerous for beautiful guppy fins. Because the bright colors attract the attention of this fish, and they tend to bite guppies. Pay attention to other fish that will not be so aggressive.
- Goldfish. This option is strictly prohibited. A goldfish can bring a small guppy to death, so consider other options.
Therefore, be careful with your neighbors for such tender and defenseless fishes. Leave the stereotypes and carefully study the approach, both to the owners of the aquarium and to their neighbors.
Guppies get along well with peace-loving fish, but categorically do not accept fighters. Be attentive to the behavior of all pets. If you notice aggression from the other fish during feeding, you should try to increase the dose of food.
It is hunger or lack of free space that can make ideal neighbors the worst enemies, leading to injury and stress. Choosing neighbors, read as much information as possible and consult with other breeders about whether new inhabitants will not eat the fry of the viviparous guppy.
Which aquarium fishes are the most beautiful :: the most beautiful aquarium fishes :: Aquarium fishes
Observation of the underwater inhabitants calms the nerves, and if your aquarium is inhabited by beautiful fish, it meets your aesthetic taste, evokes a sense of pride and decorates the room.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
The most beautiful aquarium fish is not necessarily the most demanding in the content. Even beginning aquarists can easily cope with such breeds as guppies and males.
Guppy – one of the most common and unpretentious fish. In a small aquarium with room temperature water, several pieces can be kept.
Guppies feed on both dry and live food. To enhance the intensity of color sold special ready-made feed. The females of guppies are not particularly attractive, but the males are the pride of the breed.
The females are larger, have a gray body and a slightly colored spotted tail of a rounded shape. In males, the color begins with the gill zone, often monophonic, sometimes the body of different colors turns into a colorful large tail. The most beautiful variety is fan-tailed guppies.
Their tail fin is wide, swinging in the water like a fan. The color spectrum is huge: from bright orange to dark blue. The tail can be with a soft transition from one color to another, or black or colored spots of different shapes stand out against a bright background.
Guppies are quite peaceful, they are more often the victims of the attack of active fish, because of which their beautiful tails suffer.
The cockerel is another undemanding, but very beautiful breed of fish. It belongs to the labyrinth species.
They do not need any additional lighting, heating or aeration. One fish can live in peace in 3 liters of water, it is unpretentious in food.
The cockerel is considered a betta fish, because males are always aggressively disposed towards each other. Males are brightly colored, often in a single tone, sometimes radially turning into a lighter or darker.
The colors of males are varied, they are red, blue, white, yellow. Very beautiful “veil cock.”
This species has thin wide dorsal and caudal fins.
According to Feng Shui, in order for goldfish to become talismans, there should be exactly seven of them in an aquarium.
One of the most beautiful and famous inhabitants of domestic and public aquariums is the goldfish. This representative of the Karasev family appeared thanks to the painstaking selection of Chinese and Japanese masters of the 7th century BC. Goldfish became the hero of fairy tales and a symbol of good luck and wealth in the art of Feng Shui.
Fish require very large aquariums, because they themselves are quite large – up to 30 cm. Each fish needs 50 liters of water, temperature 20-25 ° C, aeration, filter. Goldfish is friendly, slow and very beautiful.
There are golden, red, black, milky-white and pearl goldfish. More common monophonic, but there are spotty. The species of the voiletail is very impressive on the caudal fin, which is 5-6 times longer than the body.
It is translucent and flutters like the thinnest gas fabric.
Very picky and unusually beautiful in its variety of bright colors of discus. They belong to the family of cichlids and have a round flat body, up to 20 cm in size. Their colors are of all colors of the rainbow, the brightest are lemon yellow, sky blue, bright orange, white with an orange pattern.
If you are in a bad mood and feel the discus color may vary. The sick little fish lose the band, in fright it becomes brown, and excitement shows bright stripes. The discus live at a very high temperature for other fish – 28-30 ° C, the water should be constantly updated and be very clean.