Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 What are the fish

What are the fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

In this article we will consider the question of what kind of fish is. It should be clarified immediately that the word “fish” in the meaning of “dish” will not be discussed here. Only a live fish, that is a creature that lives in the aquatic environment, interests us in this case.

This is the superclass of aquatic vertebrate animals, the bulk of which is dominated by gill breathing and there is no feeding of offspring with milk by special glands.

Photos of these vertebrates attract the attention of even those people who are absolutely indifferent to ichthyology and do not feel the desire to have such peculiar pets. Brightness of coloring, unusualness of their appearance play the main role in this.

However, for those interested in the underwater world and its inhabitants, aquarium fish can be a real practical tool. Observing them, studying their habits, one can single out all the major gradations of this natural vertebrate superclass.

Like all fish, these pets in aquariums are divided into freshwater, brackish and saltwater.

There are also notorious predators attacking other inhabitants from hunger, but because this is their natural essence. Such examples are piranhas and ornamental sharks.

Along with them, there are insectivorous fish, as well as those that prefer worms, bloodworms, algae, etc.

Aquarium fishes are divided into fledgling and viviparous. Most, of course, refer to those that spawn in the water and milk.

Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market.

Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish. As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
Ancistrus
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world.

They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Order, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium – he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food.

The activity of these soms is manifested with the onset of dusk or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
Astronotus
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind – the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Order, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Ph: 6.0-7.5.
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Particular attention should be paid to filtering – it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp.

Provide shelters for fish.
Barbusses
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch.

Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Guppy
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums.

Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 – 26 ° C.
Ph: 6.5 – 8.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

Gourami
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty.

And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time. This is due to the fact that the homeland – the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is stagnant.

These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 28 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them).

Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Danio
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors.

An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish – artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5–7.5, water hardness: 5–15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discussion
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious. Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them.

Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating. This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Order, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Ph: 5.8-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm.

Body shape – discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow.

The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes.

Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care – for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters.

However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Goldfish
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone.

After all, even with mother’s milk, we all heard a fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish – silver carp.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Ph: 5-20.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
Corridors
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish.

They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty – anus.
Corydoras paleatus
Order, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Ph: 6.0-7.0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable – Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game).

Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors. The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium – by keeping them with “Goldfish” you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Lyalius
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition.

Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat.

The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots.

The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color. They are the same size.

Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish.

It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Swordtails
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price.

May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Xiphophorus helleri
Order, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 – 25 ° C.
Ph: 7.0 – 7.5.
dH: 5-20 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name.

In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neon
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Paracheirodon
Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
Ph acidity: 5.5 – 8 °.
Stiffness dH: 5-20 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different.

The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females.

Fish size up to 7 cm.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6.0-7.5.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors.

Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6-7.5.
Stiffness dH: up to 10 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes.

As neighbors, we can recommend: Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive chichlaids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Ternetsii
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium.

Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature – deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Order, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 – 24 p.
Ph acidity: 5.7 – 7.0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Torakatum
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin “thorax” – the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Order, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph “acidity”: 5.8-7.5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish – these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Tsikhlazoma black-striped
Black-striped tsikhlasoma – one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words “nigro” – black and “fascia” – ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30 °.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying!

Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

Different in appearance and size aquarium fish need an individual approach in their maintenance. The Karpov family, which include such well-known fish as the barbus, goldfish, is well tolerated by temperature fluctuations and does not require increased attention.

The bright unusual color of the scalar, chromis and other members of the Cichlid family evokes deserved interest among many aquarists. Neon and ternation are small, gregarious fish, unpretentious in content and well tolerated in proximity to other types of aquarium fish.

The choice of aquarium fish depends on the specific requirements for their maintenance, imposed by a specific group of the family. Let’s find out what are aquarium fish

The characteristic representatives of the labyrinth suborder include gourami, betta fish and lalyiusa. Thanks to the unique organ that allows you to breathe atmospheric oxygen, care for these aquarium fish is simple and consists in keeping an aquarium equipped for aeration.

An aquarium of more than 40 liters, densely populated by plants floating on the surface, will be suitable for peace-loving gourami and active lyalius.

The cherry barbus has a peaceful and timid temper, it gets along perfectly well with gourami, neon and gracilis. As a rule, at least 8 individuals are kept in a group.

Artificially bred goldfish with large, slightly bulging eyes, it is best to keep a pair in a large species aquarium. They do not tolerate the neighborhood with other aquarium fish, which can damage their delicate fins. In addition, goldfish need free space for swimming.

The danio rerio peaceful fish prefer bright lighting and are kept by a group of 7-10 individuals of related species.

Akara round-headed cold-water fish and tiger-papilia tilapia are among the most widespread fish in the Cichlid family. A distinctive feature of Akara are fins bluish-yellow with blue spots and red overflow on the body of the fish.

The peaceful nature of the fish allows it to be kept in a common aquarium with an apistogram, a rainbow tetra, a paca and a scalar. Due to the disc-shaped form of the body and the elongated dorsal fin, scalaries are very mobile and can hunt small fish.

Tilapia large enough in size are often very aggressive towards other individuals.

One of the most popular representatives of the suborder petsilievy are guppies and mollies. Silver with a high elongated fin mollies – a large viviparous fish.

To save the fry in the general aquarium, plants floating on the surface are necessary.

Males and females of guppies differ in shape and color. Males have a brighter color and a long fin.

The scales of many breeds of guppy are painted in a gray rhombic grid. These unpretentious aquarium fish inhabit all layers of the home aquarium.

Regardless of the type of aquarium fish, they reach their maximum flowering only under favorable living conditions. Permissible content of several species of fish that require similar living conditions.

Aquariums for fish are represented by a huge variety of shapes and volumes, many of them require special installation and maintenance. Beautifully designed and successfully integrated into the interior of the aquarium will complement your design, as well as emphasize the individual style and taste of the host.

The maintenance of a species aquarium in the arrangement requires:

  • selection of soil and plants according to the conditions of the natural habitat;
  • compliance with water parameters (density, acidity, etc.);
  • having good filtration and aeration.

When arranging it is necessary to take into account the nature of the inhabitants, the conditions of detention (the number of plants, snags, shelters or free space for swimming), the brightness of the light. Feeding also needs to be organized according to the preferences of the living fish species.

Round-shaped aquariums have been popular for over 50 years, while they look beautiful and fit into almost any interior – from a child’s room to a business office.

The choice of fish – the most significant for a round aquarium

When selecting fish for a round aquarium, it is very important to know the required volume for a particular type of adult and the minimum number of fish in the flock (group for maintenance). The most common misconception about a round aquarium, which has become the dream of many novice aquarists, is the content of goldfish or angelfish in it.

Aquarium for gold should be at least 70 liters, and for scalars at least 100 liters, while the water column or height of the aquarium needs more than 45 cm. Of course, a goldfish can be held in 10 liters, the only question is how long you will be tormented in torment until death.

If you want to contain a goldfish, then get an aquarium from 100 liters. And do not worry that this is a large capacity. If you like the fish, you will soon have to acquire a much larger aquarium.

Some lovers say that they have golden fish that live up to three years. But they probably do not know that the average duration of these beauties is up to 15 years, and long-livers please their owners for about 20 years.

At the same time, for a year, with sufficient litrage, a goldfish grows up to 12 cm, and for a small one, it does not exceed 4 cm.

The most optimal solution for a round aquarium with a volume of 25 liters for the selection of fish is: 1 cock, 5 neons, 2-3 lines. Other types of fish can be settled, but before that you should consult with a specialist, indicating that you have a round aquarium.

It should be noted that the leading manufacturers of aquariums and equipment offer a range of complete round aquariums, which already have a backlight, a filter and a thermostat. It is simple to maintain them, moreover, they selected the optimal parameters of fish life support devices.

When choosing inhabitants it is necessary to take into account their lifestyle and behavior. So, if you have a through freshwater aquarium, then it is better to choose fish that do not dig in the ground, because it will seem that the water in the aquarium is always muddy.

When choosing marine fish water will always be clean and clear. Today’s equipment makes their maintenance not very troublesome, and living corals and reefs will surely rivet the eyes of guests and highlight the beauty of water landscapes.

The main purpose of decorative aquariums is to belong to the interior, that is, it is not an ordinary jar of fish, but becomes the object of increased attention. If a typical aquarium is characterized by an approach to keeping conditions to the most comfortable existence of its inhabitants and, as a result, to reproduction, then decorative aquariums simply delight the view of those who are in the room.

When selecting fish, they are guided by color, various combinations of their shapes and sizes, not paying attention to kinship, origin and compatibility with various plant species. General recommendations for the settlement of fish:

  • schooling fish is best kept in a group;
  • you need to pick up fish of the same size;
  • the number of species is desirable to do less, and individuals – more;
  • one large fish often looks less impressive than a school of small ones;
  • at the content of several types the color of each of them is selected with the maximum contrast.

When arranging a decorative aquarium, a black or dark background is used, which illusively increases the depth. Soil pick up dark colors, sometimes use bright shells and stones that stand out on it (at the same time to put freshwater elements in the marine aquarium and vice versa is undesirable).

When caring for a decorative aquarium as well as for ordinary, the necessary equipment is used – lighting, filter, aerator, thermostat, etc. Only it is very carefully hidden, so that the aquarium looks as close as possible to a living corner, pond or something other, according to the intended style.

This type of aquarium is interesting to more experienced aquarists. Its presence implies the study of a particular species or several species of one kind of fish at all stages and stages of development of their life activity.

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