maintenance, care, compatibility
Veilhvosty, this is the most popular aquarium fish of all goldfish. It has a short, rounded body, forked tail fin and a very diverse coloration.
But, not only this makes it popular. First of all, this is a very unpretentious fish, which is great for novice aquarists, but it has its limitations.
She pretty much digs in the ground, loves to eat and often eats to death and loves cool water.
Along with shubunkin, one of the most unpretentious goldfish. Very undemanding to the parameters of water and temperature, feel good in a pond, a normal aquarium, or even in a round aquarium, unpretentious at home.
Many contain voilehvostov or other goldfish in round aquariums, alone and without plants. Yes, they live there and do not even complain, but round aquariums are very poorly suited for keeping fish, impair their vision and retard growth.
It is also important to remember that this fish likes cool enough water, and it is incompatible with most tropical people.
Feeding veils tail has its own characteristics. The fact is that goldfish have no stomach, and food immediately goes into the intestines. Accordingly, they eat as long as they have food in the aquarium.
But, at the same time, they will often eat more than they can digest and die. In general, the only problem with feeding the tails is to calculate the correct amount of feed.
It is best to feed twice a day, in portions that they can eat in one minute.
It is best to feed the voilehwosts with special goldfish feed. Conventional food is too nutritious for these insatiable fish.
And special ones, in the form of granules, do not disintegrate quickly in water, it is easier to search for their tails on the bottom, such feed is easier to dose.
If there is no opportunity to feed with special feeds, then you can give any others. Frozen, lively, artificial – veiltails eat everything.
Feeding fish living in the pond:
Although, at the mention of goldfish, the first thing that comes to mind is a small round aquarium and there is a lone veil of a tail in it, this is not the best choice. Vualehvost grows up to 20 cm, while it is not only large, it also produces a lot of waste. For the maintenance of one veiltail, you need at least a 100-liter aquarium, for each of the next add 50 liters of volume.
In addition, you need a good external filter, and regular water changes. All goldfish just love to rummage in the ground, raising considerable turbidity and even digging up plants.
Unlike tropical fish, voiletails like cool water. If only the air temperature in your home does not fall below zero, then you do not need a heater in the aquarium.
It is best not to put the aquarium in direct sunlight, and the water temperature does not increase more than 22 C. Goldfish can live at water temperatures below 10, so that they are not afraid of the coolness.
Soil is better to use sandy or coarse gravel. Goldfish constantly dig in the ground, and quite often swallow large particles and die because of this.
As for the water parameters, they can be very different, but the optimal will be: 5 – 19 ° dGH, ph: 6.0 – 8.0, water temperature is 20-23 C. Low water temperature is due to the fact that the fish comes from a crucian and tolerates low temperatures well , and high vice versa.
Peculiarities of the maintenance of aquarium veil of tail fish
Veils are unpretentious, which facilitates their maintenance. Therefore, they can make any, even a beginner aquarist. Unpretentiousness passed them from his wild ancestor – carp.
However, to take care of it, you need to remember a few nuances: such fish love cold water, love to dig in the ground, do not know the measures, and because of this they can be killed.
Many people mistakenly believe that such a hairy tail feels great in a round aquarium, because it is so beautiful, however, this form of a water tank leads to a deterioration in the fish’s vision, and also slows down its growth. In order for your pet to feel comfortable, you will need an aquarium, the volume of which should be at least 50 liters, and preferably 100 liters. It is interesting that in the summer, these aquarium fish also live well in the streets in reservoirs. Fish love the cool, the ideal temperature for them is 12-22 degrees.
Water needs to provide good aeration. The best indicators of water for breeding voilehvostov:
- Water hardness (gH) from 8 to 15;
- Acidity (pH) from 7.0 to 8.0;
- Temperature range – 12-22 degrees.
In tanks for voilehvostov need to put good filters, as the fish often dig the ground in search of food, lifting the sediment into the water. In this regard, you need to look at the ground, the pebbles should be smooth, and if you want to use sand, then its structure must be coarse-grained.
If you want to plant algae in an aquarium, then they must have a strong root system so that the fish cannot dig them out or damage them. Do not forget to regularly change the water in the aquarium.
Goldfish, which include the tailstock, do not have a stomach, so the food immediately goes into the intestines. Due to this, they can easily overeat and die. Calculate a portion of the feed for them is very simple, make sure that the amount of feed the fish can master in one minute.
This is quite enough for half a day. Then just feed the fish about the same portions 2 times a day. Once a week, the fish is desirable to arrange a fasting day.
In food, the voiletail is not picky, as it is slow and inactive, but it is better to feed them with special food intended for goldfish, or granulated, which the fish can easily find at the bottom.
An aquarium is not just a container for keeping ornamental fish. This is a window to the underwater kingdom, where “beauties” and “monsters” live. One hundred percent of the “beauties” can be attributed to the aquarium fish voilehvost.
And many connoisseurs breed golden voilehvostov like fish with remarkable exterior data.
There are two standards for the voiletail fish: classic (or skirt) and voile or voile (tape). The main distinguishing feature for the latter standard: a long and lush tail fin, almost transparent, like gas matter.
In short, a veil. This fin hangs down straightened “ribbon” (“fork”).
Moreover, the length of the voile tail can be several times (up to six) greater than the length of the body of the fish. There should be a 90 degree angle between the upper and lower lobes of the caudal fin.
In the classic veiltail, all the blades are equal, the tail fin is in the form of a “skirt”. The main thing, according to any standard, the length of the tail fin cannot be less than 5/4 of the body length.
The blades of the tail may be two, sometimes three. And only in rare specimens – four.
It looks very beautiful, and it is appreciated.
Dorsal fin in high-tail fishes. The height is equal to the height of the body and should not be less.
The eyes of a fish are larger than those of a regular goldfish. And it is remarkable that they have various colors of the iris.
It is a pity that there is no green, emerald. The remaining fins are paired, with pointed edges.
And, although the fish is slow, not very stable, the paired fins are strong. The body is defined as spherical or egg-shaped, and in the “tape” it is longer.
Standards are standards, but there are many variations of a voiletail aquarium fish: this is an albino, and a calico voiletail, and a gold voile tail, and a rare fish of completely black color. In addition to the luxurious fins, the fish attracts and its color. Dark red back and sides, and chest, abdomen and eyes are dark golden – this is a voyalehvost.
Or the whole fish is white, and the fins are bright red or vice versa – this is also a voiletail. The fish, covered with pink-red spots, like scattered pearls with blue eyes, look very attractive. Or….
There are many options. And they are scaly and scaleless.
But in order for the beauty of the aquarium fish of the voilehvosts to please the eye for a long time, they need to create a comfortable environment.
For each pair of such fish, an aquarium volume of about 50 liters is needed. Want more beauty, give it a bigger aquarium.
They can even live in ponds and pools. Naturally, you need to relocate them to the aquarium during the cold season. These fish are demanding to the purity of water and its saturation with oxygen.
Therefore, aeration is necessary. Veilhvosta quickly litter the aquarium, and therefore need water filtration. Requirements for water: temperature range of 12-28 degrees Celsius, the acidity of water in the range of 6.5 to 8.0.
The rigidity of the aquarium water can be up to 20 degrees.
Vualekhvosti fishes, like true crucians, love to look for food in the ground, so there are requirements for the design of the bottom of the aquarium. There should be no sharp edges on the stones: they can damage the fins. If sand is used, it should be coarse.
The roots of living plants should be hidden in stones, the leaves of plants should be hard, but clinging. The latter is especially important for artificial plants.
Veiling fish – calm, slow-moving fish, not demanding to food, They eat live, vegetable, combined and dry food. They cannot be overfed.
On average, a fish should eat about 3% of its weight per day. Divide the food into 2 portions, and feed in the morning and evening.
Leftover food desirable to collect. Once a week let’s say a fasting day.
Like all beauties, veil tails have their detractors and envious. Aquarium fish voilehvasty peaceful and slow. And they are not suitable neighborhood active and nimble.
Especially those who drag them by the fins, or may even nibble them. These are the fish of the haraciformes or restless barbus neighbors. Vualehvosty with shubunkin fish get along.
With a good content of the fish grow up to 20 cm and can live up to 20 years.
These fish are ready to breed at the age of one year. At this time, the male appears on the first ray of the front pair of pectoral fins and growths on the gill covers in the form of warts, the size of semolina.
The female clearly shows through a fat belly with caviar.
Reproduction occurs in spawning, in which water meets the indicators: 22-28 ° C, gH 8-15 ° and pH 7.0-8.0. They place a couple of males and one female, which is capable of sweeping up to 10 thousand eggs.
After five days, the fry begin to swim. At this time they are fed rotifers.
As we see, there are many varieties of voile fish, and there are plenty to choose from. Especially since their content does not represent insurmountable difficulties.
It is only important to remember that all voile ones are derived by breeders, in connection with which they have not only advantages (very beautiful), but also disadvantages (they are slow, have poor health and a short life span).
But it is in your power to create comfortable conditions for these fish and to ensure proper care, and then they will delight you for quite some time. Good luck!
Learn more about voile tail fish from the video: