maintenance, care, compatibility
Veilhvosty, this is the most popular aquarium fish of all goldfish. It has a short, rounded body, forked tail fin and a very diverse coloration. But, not only this makes it popular.
First of all, this is a very unpretentious fish, which is great for novice aquarists, but it has its limitations. She pretty much digs in the ground, loves to eat and often eats to death and loves cool water.
Along with shubunkin, one of the most unpretentious goldfish. Very undemanding to the parameters of water and temperature, feel good in a pond, a normal aquarium, or even in a round aquarium, unpretentious at home.
Many contain voilehvostov or other goldfish in round aquariums, alone and without plants. Yes, they live there and do not even complain, but round aquariums are very poorly suited for keeping fish, impair their vision and retard growth.
It is also important to remember that this fish likes cool enough water, and it is incompatible with most tropical people.
Feeding veils tail has its own characteristics. The fact is that goldfish have no stomach, and food immediately goes into the intestines. Accordingly, they eat as long as they have food in the aquarium.
But, at the same time, they will often eat more than they can digest and die. In general, the only problem with feeding the tails is to calculate the correct amount of feed.
It is best to feed twice a day, in portions that they can eat in one minute.
It is best to feed the voilehwosts with special goldfish feed. Conventional food is too nutritious for these insatiable fish.
And special ones, in the form of granules, do not disintegrate quickly in water, it is easier to search for their tails on the bottom, such feed is easier to dose.
If there is no opportunity to feed with special feeds, then you can give any others. Frozen, lively, artificial – veiltails eat everything.
Feeding fish living in the pond:
Although, at the mention of goldfish, the first thing that comes to mind is a small round aquarium and there is a lone veil of a tail in it, this is not the best choice. Vualehvost grows up to 20 cm, while it is not only large, it also produces a lot of waste. For the maintenance of one veiltail, you need at least a 100-liter aquarium, for each of the next add 50 liters of volume.
In addition, you need a good external filter, and regular water changes. All goldfish just love to rummage in the ground, raising considerable turbidity and even digging up plants.
Unlike tropical fish, voiletails like cool water. If only the air temperature in your home does not fall below zero, then you do not need a heater in the aquarium.
It is best not to put the aquarium in direct sunlight, and the water temperature does not increase more than 22 C. Goldfish can live at water temperatures below 10, so that they are not afraid of the coolness.
Soil is better to use sandy or coarse gravel. Goldfish constantly dig in the ground, and quite often swallow large particles and die because of this.
As for the water parameters, they can be very different, but the optimal will be: 5 – 19 ° dGH, ph: 6.0 – 8.0, water temperature is 20-23 C. Low water temperature is due to the fact that the fish comes from a crucian and tolerates low temperatures well , and high vice versa.
Peculiarities of the maintenance of aquarium veil of tail fish
Vualehvost – one of the most beautiful and popular types of gold aquarium fish. Their feature is, as the name implies, a luxurious veiled tail.
In some individuals, it can reach sizes that are six times larger than the body of the fish itself. It is important that the smallest tails of such a fish should not be much less than the length of the body.
It is known that the aquarium veil tails were removed in Japan, they took them out of the sight of ryukin.
Beautiful, bright and unusual inhabitants of the aquarium are always more successful than ordinary and inconspicuous. Undoubtedly, one of these beauties are decorative voilehtail fishes.
Despite the fact that the first of them were bred by man many centuries ago, they are still very much in demand today, as well as all new varieties appear. About fish with veil tails and care for them and talk in our article.
- long tail fin not less than 5/4 of the length of the whole body of the fish, resembling a veil;
- tail consisting of 2-3, and ideally 4 blades;
- there should be a right angle between the lower and upper lobes of the tail fins;
- dorsal fin most often high;
- large eyeballs with different colors of the iris;
- the body is spherical or ovoid.
It is worth noting that there may be variations in color, body structure and the presence of scales.
Vualekhvost -content, breeding, photo compatibility video
An aquarium is not just a container for keeping ornamental fish. This is a window to the underwater kingdom, where “beauties” and “monsters” live. One hundred percent of the “beauties” can be attributed to the aquarium fish voilehvost.
And many connoisseurs breed golden voilehvostov like fish with remarkable exterior data.
How to contain a voiletail fish :: a voiletail fish :: Aquarium fish
An aquarium is not an ordinary tank for keeping different fish. This is a real window into the underwater kingdom, where “beauties” and “monsters” float. Aquarium fish can be safely attributed to the “beauties”, because it is beautiful.
Many connoisseurs breed veiltails, like fish with excellent exterior data.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Peculiarities of the content of voilehvostov
A pair of such fish requires an aquarium of 50 liters. If you want more beauty, then provide a larger aquarium. These fish can even live in pools and ponds.
Of course, in the cold, they must be relocated to the aquarium. Vualehvosty demanding saturation of water with oxygen, to its purity. Therefore, aeration is required.
You cannot do without filtering the water – the fish quickly clog up the aquarium. The acidity of water is from 6.5 to 8.0, the temperature range is within 12-28 degrees.
Voiletail fishes love to look for food in the ground, so pay special attention to the design of the bottom of the aquarium. Stones should not have sharp corners, otherwise the fish will damage the fins.
Hide the roots of living plants in stones, the foliage of the plants must be tough, but not clinging, especially if you have chosen artificial plants.
Vualehvosty – slow fish, for food they are not demanding. They use vegetable, combined, live, dry food. Overfeeding them can not.
During the day the fish should eat 3% of its own weight. Once a week, arrange the fish fasting day.
Who do the voilehwosts get along with
The voilehvostov, of course, have their envious and detractors. Aquarium veil tails are peaceful, they will not fit active and nimble neighbors. For example, the restless neighbors of the barbs or small fish of the family of the characteristic can drag a veil of tails over the fins.
But with fish Shubunkin voilehvosty get along well. With good maintenance, voilehvosts grow to 20 centimeters, they can live up to 20 years.
The veiltail is one of the artificially cultivated decorative breeds of the aquarium goldfish, which is known for its elongated fins and longer, fluffy veil tail, compared to other representatives of this species.
History of origin
From historical sources it is known that the homeland of the voilehvost (the Japanese name for fish is “Ryu: Kin”, “Ogiki-Ryu: Kin”, and the Chinese name is “I-tang-yu”) – Japan, Yokohama. The ryukin is considered the progenitor of voilehwosts – and to this day the existing breed of goldfish, distinguished by a peculiar body shape: short, swollen, with a characteristic “hump” from the head to the anterior ray of the dorsal fin. Breeders repeatedly selected from the offspring and crossed the fish with the most outstanding exterior features in terms of fins.
In Russia, there are several variations of voyalehvostov, which were imported from China and Europe (mainly from Germany); method of selection formed their own lines, which were sold in markets and pet stores. Due to the fact that there are no factory manufacturers of aquarium fish and plants in Russia, many goldfish breeds lose their former superiority and exceptional forms, replacing them with western ones: mostly American ones.
We can say that the Russian national lines of voilehvostov are almost irretrievably lost.
The American name for the voiletail was coined by William T. Innes (Eng. William T. Innes) in the 1890s, when Franklin Barrett (Eng. Franklin Barrett) from Philadelphia – when breeding Japanese pets of the Ryukin breed, got new varieties of goldfish with a trimmed tail.
This led to the creation of a new line of voilehwosts, which became known worldwide as the “Philadelphia voiletail”, for which their own standards were developed.
Currently, there are two standards for voilehvostov: classical, and the so-called – voile or voile: with a more lush and hanging tail fin in the form of a “ribbon” and / or “fork”.
The short egg-shaped or spherical body, the profile of the head smoothly changes into the profile of the back, all the fins are very long, thin, almost transparent; the anal fin is double, the caudal fin is unusually long: sometimes 6 times longer than the body of the fish itself, very wide and so thin and transparent as any lightest gas matter or haze — in short, something so airy, which is hard to see without seeing present, has a stubby veil forked look. There are especially valuable specimens in which the tail consists not of two coalescent fins, but of three and even four, forming deep folds and falling down like a luxurious veil.
The angle between the upper and lower lobes of the tail feathering of the belt veil tail is about 90º, or all the blades are equal – as in the skirt. The erect dorsal fin is 1/2 – 3/4 of the height of the body – at the ribbon veil tail, and above – at the skirt. The remaining fins are paired, strongly elongated, with slightly pointed extremities.
The eyes are slightly larger than ordinary ones, but they differ in a remarkable variety of colors of the iris, which can be of all colors, except green. The most valuable in the selection of veils is precisely the length and pomp of their caudal fin when the body is spherical (as opposed to the body of a comet). The dorsal fin stands vertically and its front rays are equal in length to the height of the body.
The anterior rays of the ventral fins of the same size. The anal and caudal fins are bifurcated, with the tail fin almost equal to the body length up to 20 cm.
Color varies: especially prized specimens with areas of bright red and white to light cream color. Most often there are veils with dark-red cinnabar back and sides of the same color, dark-golden belly and also painted with chest and eyes. Others have sides, chest, abdomen and the corresponding fins are scarlet, and the back is milky white.
Others themselves are completely white, and the fins and tail are bright red or vice versa. Still others are covered with pearl speckles, pink-red speckles, and eyes are light blue; the fourth ones are white as they are, and some eyes are large, bright red, purple.
There are completely black, but they are extremely rare.
The behavior of the fish is calm and peaceful. The short body and gently falling large tail fin do not allow the voiletail to control its movements well.
Therefore, the veiltails are slow in movement and unstable. They are constantly digging in the ground in search of food.
Modern standards for voile fish have changed little compared with the standards of the beginning of the century. There are certain requirements for the veiltails displayed at exhibitions: the height of the dorsal fin must be equal to the height of the body, the minimum ratio of tail length to body length is 5/4, the length of pelvic fins should be 3/5 of the tail length. The bend line of the back should smoothly pass into the tail line, the tail fin itself should have the form of a plume that falls gracefully downwards.
The dorsal fin, except for a sufficient height, must have such rigidity that the fish can constantly keep it unfolded.
In the American standardization of fans of voilehvosts, there are two distinct breeds (English Fringetail — fringed or edged tail, and lat. Veiltail — voile tail).
In Russian, respectively, “tape” and “skirt” veil tails.
The classic voiletail has a smooth tail fin in the form of a “skirt”. Tails in the form of “forks” or “ribbons” appeared much later and in the 80s of the XX century they already prevailed among a variety of forms.
Tape veil tail
The body is elongated: the ratio of height and body length is from 1/2 to 5/8. The tail fin is forked and strongly elongated – equal to or longer than the body size, and the angle between the upper and lower lobes is about 90º. Erect dorsal fin high: 1/2 to 3/4 of body height.
The remaining fins are paired, strongly elongated, slightly pointed at the ends. Eyes – slightly enlarged.
The body is very short and more rounded – egg-shaped and swollen. The ratio of height to body length – from 5/8 to one.
The tail fin is forked and greatly elongated – equal to at least 3/4 of the body length: the longer the goldfish’s tail, the better; the upper and lower blades are one. The erect dorsal fin is very high and is not less than 3/4 of the body height. The remaining fins are paired, very elongated, well-straightened.
Eyes – slightly enlarged.
Conditions of detention and reproduction
Vualehvostov contain when:
Water hardness (gH) up to 20 °
The acidity of water (pH) is 6.5-8.0;
Temperature (t) 12-28 ° C.
Demanding a high oxygen content in water. Can be kept in a flock with other cool fish.
It is not advisable to contain voilehvostov with karatsinovym fish that flutter and cut off their fins.
They are unpretentious and omnivorous for food: they eat both live and vegetable food, as well as dry food.
The sexual maturity of voilehvostov and the possibility of their reproduction occurs one year after the hatching of the fry from the eggs. A male goldfish ready for spawning has distinctive differences: the saw on the first ray of the front pair of pectoral fins appears as a series of notches and there are warts on the gill covers, usually the size of a semolina grain. The female, ripe and ready to tag, has a fat, caviar-filled belly.
If you look at it from above, then the curvature of the body of the fish caused by the presence of caviar is noticeable. The resulting curvature often remains after spawning. Preparation for spawning is similar to that described for other carpiform: a spawning settles in the center of a 100-150 liter aquarium with a spawning rack, one or two sprayers and a bunch of small-leaved plants in the center.
On one female 2 males. Fecundity from 2 to 10 thousand eggs.
The larva leaves in 2 days. On the 5th day, the fry begin to swim.
Feeding fry – rotifers.
Indicators of water hardness (gH) 8-15 °;
The acidity of water (pH) 7.0-8.0;
Temperature (t) 22-28 ° C.
Features of the structure and shape of the body, obtained by breeding with artificial selection, have led to the constraint and movement of the internal organs of the voile tail. Representatives of this breed of goldfish are more susceptible to various diseases, and their life expectancy is much less than that of long-bodied species.
In the offspring, fry are often found with single or undivided caudal and / or anal fins. It happens that the tail fin twisted back.
Such fish are more tenacious and active in their movements, however – they are rejected, and, some of the most interesting, can be used to breed new breeds.