maintenance, care, compatibility
The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos
I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.
Everyone probably knows these fish … even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious.
The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.” I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist.
Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.
GUPPI – THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INSENSITIVENESS AND EASY + SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE ARE “LIKE A KROL” INDEPENDENTLY – YOU WILL ALWAYS BE UPDATED OF “AQUARIUM PAINTS” Read about the GUPPI read more
2nd place Swordtails
A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males differ from females by the presence of a “sword” on the lower edge of the caudal fin.
Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more).
A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.
An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can, at some point, become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.
HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.
Read about swordsmen more in detail here.
3rd place Somiki corridors
It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish – a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are “orderlies of the aquarium world”: they clean the soil and eat the remnants of life activity. The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since
in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respiration, those. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.
The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food.
In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
You can read more about CORRIDORATUS here.
4th place Mollies
Molly, like guppies – viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions.
Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika of winners”.
Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of their conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.
You can read more about MOLLINESIA here.
5th place Tetras – Harazinki
All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in “Spartan conditions” as guppies.
They need aeration and filtration. You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.
You can read more about TETRAH here.
6th place Ternetsii
Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile. Fish get along well with other types of fish.
Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids. Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants.
Aeration, filtration – yes!
You can read more about TERNIA here.
7th place Danio (rerio, pink)
Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them – briskness and speed of movement.
They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.
Read more about DANIO here.
8th place Torakatum
One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content.
They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Compatible with all kinds of fish. The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.
You can read more about TORAKATUM here.
9th place Gourami
Gourami – are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth – fish do not need aeration, they breathe atmospheric air.
Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.
You can read more about GURAMs here.
10 place Barbus
Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.”
“Pirate” temper, the ability to stand up for themselves – deserve 10th place. You can read more about BARBUSH here.
Of course, the above TOP is conditional – always remember the words
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery
“We are responsible for those who have tamed”
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish
Additionally, we invite you to view a large photo collection of small and unpretentious aquarium fish
Many undemanding fish can easily breed in aquarium conditions. The only exception is haracin, which breeding is only possible for experienced aquarists.
For beginners in breeding recommended all types of viviparous toothed fish. And speckled catfish, antsistrusy can easily spawn in the general aquarium. Also easy to breed danios and barbs.
Labyrinths build foam nests, and cichlids bear offspring in the mouth.
However, in order to be sure of the safety and comfort of spawning fish, it is better to provide them with a separate aquarium and find out if they have a predisposition for cannibalism in order to avoid the death of their fry.
Aquarium pets, which are easy to maintain, pose no problem for responsible beginners in the water world. But the lazy owners of the aquarium will have to comply with the conditions necessary for the normal functioning of the fish, such as clean water and timely feeding, as this will depend on their lifespan.
Otherwise, even the most unpretentious fish will not be able to stretch for a long time.
The most unpretentious fish in an aquarium are viviparous, which originate mainly from the family of the petilium carpsaids. These fish breed independently in the general aquarium, and their fry are able to obtain their own food.
The most popular such viviparous unpretentious fish, like guppies, petilles, mollies, swordtails.
Almost all pezilliums have a mild disposition and get along with many kinds of small fish. For these representatives of viviparous, it is important to have a large number of shelters and thickets of plants in the aquarium, and they are not particularly sensitive to water parameters.
It is necessary to add only once a week 5 parts of water instead of evaporated liquid.
For beginners, aquarium lovers are also recommended for keeping fish from the barbus family. The most unpretentious barbs – Sumatran, which are very mobile and have a bright striped appearance.
Aquarium Sumatran barbs can live in a small container, holding flocks and perfectly adjacent to any suitable size fish.
Other unpretentious barbs such as shark and clowns live in aquariums from 100 liters. And the smallest barbs such as cherry and dwarf are perfect for a mini-aquarium.
These wide-spread fish wonderfully enjoy the love of aquarists besides their beauty. The most unpretentious goldfish is a voiletail and fantail.
These pets can go without food for 2-3 days, they are undemanding to the content and food.
Not every person can afford to buy and place a large aquarium at home. Sometimes there is simply not enough free space, and one wants to decorate the interior of the dwelling and have this kind of pets at home. Often there are cases when small aquariums are purchased in order to put them in their workplace, thus decorating the office.
But it is important to remember that a small aquarium is very difficult to maintain. The difficulty is to properly maintain a sustainable biological system.
Not every novice aquarist will be able to choose the right fish for a small aquarium.
Characteristics of a small aquarium
Experts advise not to buy very small vessels. The fact is that in small aquariums it is simply impossible to maintain the parameters that are necessary for the life of the fish. For example, for keeping fish in a small aquarium, you need to maintain a stable temperature regime.
There are fish that need the temperature in the aquarium to reach 18-20 degrees, and there are tropical species that require temperatures above 25-27 degrees.
At home, it is very difficult to maintain a stable high temperature of the water in the aquarium. At the same time, the water temperature remains one of the most important parameters for keeping fish.
In addition, as long as the bacteria do not settle the filter, the aquarist will have to frequently change the water. For replacement water is suitable, which
defended for at least two days.
Selection of equipment and plants for a small aquarium
Aquariums with a small volume are sold in specialized stores. The kit usually sells a cap, an air pump, a filter, and a light. That’s all it takes.
Usually such kits are not expensive.
The choice of plants in a small aquarium directly depends on the size of the aquarium. Large and fast-growing plants in the design of small aquariums should be avoided.
They will occupy the entire volume and will cause a lot of trouble.
For small aquariums, small species of Anubias and microzoriums are ideal. The advantage of these plants is that they do not need to be buried in the ground, but only easily attached with wire to the pebbles at the bottom. Successfully will look and cryptocorynes.
You can use different mosses for decoration. Especially advantageous they will look in an aquarium with shrimp.
Selection of aquarium fish for a small aquarium
From viviparous fish for a small aquarium, you can choose guppies. This is a common and inexpensive fish. You can purchase red, spotted, black or green swordtails.
As an option – to get placium or mollies. These relatively unpretentious fish for a small aquarium, there are different colors.
You can choose barbs or danios or have catfish ancytrus from the fledgling fish.
Often for the design of the workplace choose round aquariums. When choosing fish for a round aquarium usually stop at certain species. Often you can see a goldfish in a small aquarium.
Sometimes in mini-aquariums they keep frogs, tritons, shrimps.
A betta fighting fish in a small aquarium will also feel great, as it can breathe atmospheric air. This feature explains the choice of this type of fish for small round aquariums.
It can be concluded that when choosing fish for a small aquarium, many factors must be taken into account, but mini-aquariums are worth the effort, as they will be a great addition to the interior.
Most aquarium enthusiasts can afford to install aquariums of only small sizes. Such models, with a capacity of up to 100 liters, perfectly fit to the interior of the apartment.
Such small tanks are easy to maintain and require little cost, just like the small aquarium fish that inhabit them..
Fish farming is a fascinating and at the same time, a complex process, the main thing in which is the result, namely, the contemplation of the colorful living underwater world. The advantages of large aquariums in this sense are high, however, compact options can successfully perform this decorative function.
It all depends on how well you pick up its inhabitants – the smallest fish.
A great option – breeding the most persistent fish – guppies. They are not the smallest, but they demonstrate a high survivability and are the most enduring of the schooling inhabitants of the home “reservoir”.
Your aquarium will be filled with bright colors, thanks to the main beauty of these schooling fish – tail fin, especially if you get interesting specimens. A flock of 15-20 fish will color your aquarium with bright lights.
A gaggle of adult Endler guppies.
A great solution for settling a small aquarium will be the swordtails, which got their name, due to the fact that on the tail fin males-like process appears on the tail fin. Feeding the Swordsmen will not cause difficulties, because the food suits them varied: dry, live, and frozen. You should not breed them in aquariums with a capacity of more than 50 liters, because in these conditions swordtails can grow up to 10 – 12 cm.
The most ideal recipe for breeding them: to run a company of 15-20 waterfowl and, voila, into 50 liters of water with a temperature of 20-25. Your eyes are already pleased with the magnificent red, black, green, and even spotty and tiger representatives of this genus.
A flock of 10 miniature mollies of elegant black color will look very interesting. However, such refined beauty requires better quality care.
The pledge that they will give you joy from their contemplation is a bright light and periodic salting of water, maintaining the temperature not lower than 20 ° С.
Among this type of aquarium pets barbs are widely distributed (Sumatran, fiery, dark-haired ruby, tiger), which prefer live food and grow to about 6 centimeters. They are quite unpretentious, but they should be purchased in pairs.
These smallest aquarium pets can not be settled with relatives of veil forms because barbs are able to nibble their fins.
See how live barbs look like.
The presence of the smallest aquarium fish – danio rerio or danio inle will be spectacular. These most active and very playful small schooling fish prefer live or dry food, and their size reaches 3 to 5 centimeters. Excessive mobility of waterfowl, unfortunately, is dangerous for them.
Often, danios jump out of their pool, so only closed aquariums are suitable for growing them.
Talking about the smallest fish for breeding, it is impossible not to mention the well-known neon. These smallest inhabitants of indoor ponds are famous for their amazing color, or rather neon luminous strip, which runs through the whole body.
Like all small fish, neons are schooling, so it is worth to settle them in groups of 10 pieces.
Look at the neon aquarium.
Whatever schooling fish you choose, it is very important to understand that their attractive colorful appearance and cheerfulness depend on you completely. It should be borne in mind that the minimum allowable amount of water for each instance can not be less than 3 liters.
Too many water dwellers will transform your source of inspiration and positive into a kind of “communal apartment” and not the best way affect their behavior. Maintaining an optimal temperature, a weekly water change of 20 percent, the presence of an aquarium filter, aeration and suitable food – these simple procedures will help you enjoy the contemplation of the brilliance of bright colors in the aquarium.
And here’s another great selection of nano fish – look:
Although the majority of small fish are rather unpretentious, leaving for the first time of their life will be troublesome. At first, water will need to be replaced frequently in order to stabilize the number of bacteria.
Standard water change should be done every 3-4 days, at the same time not less than a quarter of the volume should be updated.
Do not put such an aquarium near the window: the sun’s rays will provoke the growth of algae.
A few words about the form. When it comes to a small aquarium, most aquarists clearly state: just not round!
Curved walls in a small container strongly distort the image of the fish, and at the same time, a strong distortion of the external environment will also become a stress for the little fish. From a practical point of view, it will be very difficult to clean glasses of this shape.
There are a few simple rules for choosing small fish in small aquariums. All of them take into account both the peculiarities of the fish themselves and the specificity of a small volume of capacity.
- Do not purchase predators for a small aquarium, no matter how miniature they are. And in general, turning to the pet store for a choice of fish, be sure to check the size of the adult.
- No matter how much you want luxury and exclusivity, you’d better not stop your choice on expensive fish. Small aquariums are very unstable in terms of temperature, and fragile, expensive specimens are usually the most sensitive to such fluctuations, for them the slightest change will be fatal.
- Too many fish are also wrong. There is a classic rule here: there should be at least 3-5 liters of water per fish of about 5 centimeters in size.
- Pick a similar nature of the species. If you move mobile and very calm fish together, there will be no balance in the aquarium. Some of its inhabitants will experience extreme stress. Naturally, it is absolutely not necessary to settle territorial fish in a small aquarium together with other species.
- The best option for a small aquarium – the neighborhood in the water layers. Some of the fish may belong to bottom species, their neighbors – to enjoy life in the middle layers. With them you can also inhabit the species that prefers to inhabit the surface.