Cychlase Meek (Thorichthys meeki, Cichlasoma meeki) – being typical representatives of the perch-like order, cichlids (or cichlids) are represented by more than 2000 species of fish. They include many bright and original options that live in home aquariums and acquired during the selection for the relevant characteristics.
It is precisely this category that includes meeka tsikhlazomy, owing their name to the American ichthyologist.
The first thing that attracts is appearance. It is impossible not to pay attention to the aquarium with cichlasome meeka.
Kind of fascinates and attracts its originality. The fishes are rather large (up to 15 cm in an aquarium at 35 cm in nature).
The accent is a red-generic spot on the gills and throat, smoothly spreading closer to the middle of the body. Hence, the second name is the cichlidae chernograma.
The overall color has a purple hue with dark unsharp spots in the middle.
Swims slowly and gracefully. In this, it is similar to Sedgik’s cychlasm.
True, this behavior before the time of spawning. But then Meeka is a hero, brave and fearless. Its aggression can become the main feature of behavior and provoke a threat to the lives of smaller and more peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium.
True, the Managuana Cichlasma has an even more explosive character.
lionhead cichlid (Steatocranus casuarius)
Strongly different from swimming style lionhead cichlid (Steatocranus casuarius). When moving, it is slightly repelled from the bottom, moving in jerks or small jumps.
This method of movement made it a bottom fish with feeding and breathing patterns.
In the diet, the individual is unpretentious, not that the cichlid is turquoise. Aquarist should not bother much.
Live, artificial and frozen versions will do. Do not refuse fish and vegetable feed.
These are not South American cichlids, but, in particular, Akara is bluish-spotted. External similarity is not a confirmation of the identity of the characteristics.
Meeki feel comfortable when the bottom is sandy. Then they like to dig deeper in it, dig up the deep-rooted algae bushes, turn over pebbles, in a word, create a certain “kipish” at the bottom. This differs from them shell cichlids, which spend almost all their time hiding in the empty shells located on the bottom.
There they lay their caviar.
Red-throated prefer to live in pairs. Even if there are worthy representatives of other fish in the aquarium, the couple separate themselves from them and do not come into contact with them until the spawning period comes and everyone interferes with them.
In contrast, the mesonau tsikhlasoma comfortably feels in groups and get along even with such neighbors as the scalar. Such a fact is explained by the fearfulness of individuals, like the cichlosome of mezonauta.
Sometimes, out of fear, they can even jump out of the aquarium, if at the moment of apparent danger they are at the top of the aquarium.
Those who are interested Managuana Cichlasoma, worth taking care of a very large aquarium. But the “jaguar” type of fish is worth it.
The cichlid jaguar is an eccentric and freedom-loving individual, fully justifying its name. Her appearance is a little frightening for its aggressiveness and incredible sharpness.
Tsichlazoma Severum Red Pearl
But severum or false discus can successfully live in a fairly small amount of water. The main thing is that the water should be soft, have a slightly dimmed lighting and be free from food residue and other contamination.
Severum is great for inexperienced aquarists and is rapidly growing in size.
Unlike Severum and Tsikhlasoma labiatum (another name Tsikhlasoma bruised), Sidzhik cichlasome does not dig out the bushes of plants and does not interrupt the soil, building nests during spawning. It is quite calm and careful to the design around the design.
But the Katanga variant requires not only a lot of water and the presence of plants, but also whole mountains of stones, where it is convenient and interesting for them to frolic.
Micro flavour cichlids in aquariums do not grow more than 8-10 cm, so the size of the aquarium may be more modest. True, the water quality should be perfect, considering the aeration, filtration and the weekly change of its third.
The second variant of small cichlids is nannakar cichlid. True, you should not count on peace-loving in her character.
It can turn the life of forced neighbors into hell.
Another option small fish – cichlid parrot. She has a beautiful color, calm nature and ability to maintain planted around the plant.
Likes when the aquarium is divided into zones.
What other cyclides to pay attention to?
Today, cychlasmas are species with rather distinct traits and characteristics.
Of course, this Nicaraguan cichlasoma is the most brightly colored creature in this niche. The body is almost golden, with the brilliance of a natural diamond.
Plus: sky blue head and gills. And against the background of this magnificence there is a bright scarlet belly, highlighting the cold brilliance of gold.
Tsikhlasoma biocelatum (other names: bee, eight-strip) – a very beautiful American cichlid, reaching the most beautiful
coloring to the age of one year. Fry are less brightly colored, calmer and more restrained than their parents.
If they can still come to terms with their neighbors in the aquarium, then the adults are not as sociable.
A chic (exhibition) option is the citron tsikhlasoma (not to be confused with tsikhlasoma labiatum). A calm and seasoned citron tsikhlasoma is angry only in case of tightness in the aquarium, if it is under pressure from the annoying neighbors.
It feeds on small fish, fry and snails.
Therefore, she loves to live in places with good “infrastructure”: snags, stones,
protruding plant roots. True, passing spawning in a normal aquarium, may not retain a romantic yellow-lemon color. Citron tsikhlasoma omnivorous, not disdain even finely chopped vegetables such as cucumber.
Its content is not a problem.
Tsikhlasoma labiatum has not only a bright color (sometimes similar, yellow), but also
sharply distinguished charisma: the impression that her level of intelligence is high.
She watches the owner with her eyes, communicates with him at her level, and can even visually ask for food. Tsikhlasoma labiatum has a second name – spongy.
An interesting feature of this individual is: in close contact with the host, it completely ignores the fish of its neighbors and even representatives of its own species.
Kindness and gentleness has the inhabitant of Brazilian waters tsikhlazoma wine. Her “trick” is the behavior in case of fright.
Frozen, tsikhlasoma tartar as if turns into a dry leaf and falls to the bottom. Due to its mimic color, it becomes almost invisible among brown soil and dark algae.
When forming the aquarium team, you should pay attention to the leopard cichlid version. Its peculiarity is that it can interbreed with other representatives of Haplochromies.
In this section, mention should be made of the auratus. These fish have a second extravagant name: the golden parrot.
Auratus females and males differ significantly in coloring, which makes it easier to choose at the time of pairing, since the auratussamka is even more pugnacious than the male. It is interesting that if there is a male in the house (aquarium), the most active and reputable female can change her color and become like a male auratus. The opposite effect is not observed in auratus.
The southern Malawian body of water – the place from where the blue dolphin originated – is a bright representative of tsikhlaz, strongly resembling a mammal of the same name. The cushion on the male’s forehead grows from year to year, making the fish more and more like it. The success of their home breeding depends entirely on the health of the parents, which requires:
- bright lighting;
- filtering or weekly change of one-third of water;
- maintaining an alkaline pH.
Pseudotrofeus Lombardo (Pseudotropheus Lombardoi)
A few words about the uniqueness of the pseudotrophy cichlid (Lombardo). It is important that only experienced aquarists will be able to adequately maintain the Lombardo. They are beautiful, aggressive individuals that are extremely sensitive to changes in water.
Lombardo females and males are colored so differently that sometimes they are taken for different species. Lombardo do not get along even with peaceful cichlids.
Three-fold parrot – tsikhlazoma flyhorhorn
Three-fold parrot – tsikhlazoma flyhorhorn. This is the result of the breeding work of ichthyologists. In addition to highly developed bumps on the forehead, it is characterized by:
- frequent cardinal change of colors;
- penchant for loneliness;
- the presence on the scales of the pattern, similar to the heart.
With a common feature to have bright, expressive
coloring, there is an option – an exception to the rule. This is an albino cychlasmic.
It, confirming the validity of its name, does not have a color or even a shade..
It is white and transparent in places. It has one more peculiarity: weak immunity and a tendency to diseases (the opposite is Sedgik cichlisome).
On this basis, the care of such a fish requires special care and attention.
Dim and type of mesonau tsikhlazoma. But this fish has a distinctive dark stripe along the entire body.
Quite low-key colors from the representatives of the north. In nature, they are greenish with a yellow blush.
For life in the aquarium many bright and presentable variants of colorings have been selected. The most popular today is the red pearl of the north and the blue striped emerald of the north.
But Sedgik Cichlasome is characterized by the appearance of various sexual characteristics by 5-7 months. By this time, the male becomes more massive and darker than the female, the fins acquire a characteristic shape and wine color (hence the second name: winery).
The female is smaller and lighter, the fatty growth on the forehead is less expressive.
An interesting feature of the male chichlaoma labiatum is to “grow” a fatty cone on the forehead only during spawning. Later, it almost leveled out on the general body relief of the fish.
Changes in adult individuals during puberty and spawning in species such as the orange cichlid (festatichlazoma) are original. With a characteristic bright orange color, the male becomes greenish by the time of spawning. However, this is not a guarantee that a female picked up for fallowing approached him.
The fact is that pairs in the “orange” are formed from childhood. And the choice of their fish do not change.
But the wine tsikhlasoma, by contrast, is characterized by the fact that the male each time before spawning should have the opportunity to choose a partner.
Meingano has no differences in the appearance of females and males throughout their lives.
Taking care of your offspring is an important characteristic of each of the species. If the tsikhlazoma meeka or lombardo main function of the female is to postpone the eggs, the female tsikhlasoma labiatum is a caring and selfless mother.
It protects the spawn from damage, is always near its fry and even feeds them with a secret secreted by its own surface.
Good in the role of parents vieha and hawk moth, nanakara and tetrakantus.
In its care for future babies, the tsikhlazoma multispinoza (more correctly the gerotilyapia of the multispinoza) went even further: she, being constantly near her eggs, fanned them with fins, creating water flows and not providing air exchange in the process of their vital activity. This does not allow the eggs to stagnate and develop microflora accidentally on them.
And here is the Cuban cichlacoma discovered by Valenciennes in 1831. with all my love for posterity (to preserve their eggs, the parent couple even digs holes in soft ground and carries them there from the stones on which they first lie) so unintelligible in food that they can eat some or all of the eggs. The Cuban cichlasoma is also distinguished by a periodic change of color, depending on age and mood.
The type of multicolor – aulonocara cichlid differs from fellows by order.. The breeding of such fish is an attractive and special procedure. The fact is that the female multicolor carries its eggs in the guttural sack.
It lasts until they hatch. For spawning, the female hides in a hole that has been dug in the ground or a drainage tube, the presence of which in the tsikhlidnik should be taken care of in advance.
From there, it is necessary to transplant the entire set of offspring in a timely manner and carefully into an aquarium with a water volume within 10 liters. Next, multicolor offspring are pampered with live food, although at night they still climb into the mouth of the female mother. By the way, if multicolor fish are peaceful and calm creatures in adulthood, the fry should not be immediately launched into the general aquarium.
Multicolor – a special representative tsihlazom.
The manifestation of the maingano parental instinct is slightly different. A female swimming with eggs in her mouth searches for a male by a dark speck near the anal fin. When she finds and swims to it, she takes the fertilizing liquid into her mouth, which ensures the fertilization process of the meingano eggs right in her mouth.
This is the concern of Meingano for their offspring.
Among the tsikhlazom you can choose a decent option for your favorite water house: from the well-known fish tsikhlazomy meek to the original leopard cichlid or golden parrot. One has only to prepare in advance and consult with professionals.
After all, everyone should be comfortable: the inhabitants of the aquarium, and people who keep it for their pleasure.