maintenance, care, compatibility
Royal cockerel and other types of fighting fish
The cockerel fish, the Siamese cockerel, or the fighting fish (lat. Betta splendens) is a member of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth.
Cockerel fishes are found in freshwater bodies with stagnant water in Southeast Asia. In our time, the breeding forms of cockerels often become participants in international exhibitions.
For the first time, they learned about a cockerel fish in the 19th century, when the people of Siam found her in a rice ditch. Noticing the aggressive nature of their relatives, the people handed the fish to the local ruler. European naturalists who visited Siam, explored its features.
Later with her participation organized “cock” fights, for which the fish and nicknamed “fight”. Cockerels were brought to Europe in 1892.
In the early twentieth century, American breeders began to develop new species of Betta splendens, which were distinguished by fins of unusual symmetry and rich colors of scales.
The aquarium cockerel Betta splendens has an elongated, oval-shaped body, flattened on the sides. The body size of the male is 6 cm, females – 4 cm in length. In most species, the color of the scales of males is brighter than that of females, the fins of males are lush and long, in females they are not so prominent.
Today, in addition to natural species, there are a number of other species and breeds that were artificially bred. Aquarium betta cockerels differ in a variety of forms: red fighting fish, yellow cockerels, blue, green, pink, white, multi-colored. In the light, the body of the fish flickers with different colors.
During the spawning period, males become very lush and bright, demonstrating their superiority over competitors. Even the female can differ in long fins, and engage in fights.
Betta fish, or betta cockerel got its name due to its character. The males are often kept alone: so that they do not get bored, they attach a mirror to the wall of the tank. When settling in a common aquarium, the cockerel fish enters into fights with representatives of its own species, or other neighbors.
In the excited state, the female and male bulging fins and gill covers, gaining a formidable look.
The dorsal and caudal fins of the rooster are rounded, the ventral fin originates from the head or mid-belly, and ends at the very base of the caudal fin. Scales in fish of a cycloid structure, well adjacent to the skin. As a labyrinth species, the cockerel fish is a two-breathing hydrobiont, thanks to the labyrinth channel, captures the atmospheric air, dissolving it in this organ.
Also breathes with gills.
On the varieties of these fish in the form of the tail fin and coloring
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass.
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up – DOESN’T INTEREST THEM. And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live out of pet stores until the time of purchase.
You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish.
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions.
Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim. When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins – this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all.
In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust the biobalance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish.
A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large – from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural – natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants.
Lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium.
All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate.
A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest.
Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them – individual foods that are best suited.
Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters – puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint.
Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm.
Body laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Next, the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it “biting fish.” A couple of copies of these “pieces” in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax.
After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them “The Beton Fish”, arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a “new” fish, calling it Betta Cambodia – one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens.
The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions.
The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them.
The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor.
And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms.
On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette’s species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
– Veiltail fighting fishes or “veil cock”
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Giant or royal fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Round-tailed fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Flagtail fighting fishes
– Poster fighting fish
– Crownstail fighting fish
– Poster fighting fish
– Crosstail fishes
– Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor “multicolor”, two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
The first video is especially recommended – Nest of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting.
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The sizes of fish are mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm.
However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones – pointed.
The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored.
All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.
The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color.
There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;