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Types of aquarium fish with photos

maintenance, care, compatibility

The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.

NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.

Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.

Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.

GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish

COMET

Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.

By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.

Name aquarium fish-COMET

Ancistrus

Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami.

In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.

Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS

HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name.

It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”. They are also known for eating algae and snails.

HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish

Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8

Corridor

Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom.

As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.

CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish

Botsiya clown

This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo.

Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger.

Can live up to 20 years.

BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish

Sumatran Barbus

Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.

Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.

BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish

SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.

It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7

VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish

DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish.

Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature.

If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6

DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish

GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright.

This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails.

Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5

GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish

Shark Barbus (bala)

The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.

SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish

COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length.

Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge.

It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8

COCK –Name of aquarium fish

GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family.

Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water.

Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists.

It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7

GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish

Danio rerio

Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.

Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.

DANIO—Name of aquarium fish

Telescope

Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.

Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.

TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish

Mollies black

There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.

The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.

Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish

Pecilia

Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.

Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.

PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish

Macropod

Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.

It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.

MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish

NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals.

It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers.

The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5

NEON-Name of aquarium fish

CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years.

Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon.

And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5

SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish

Tetra

The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.

TETRA—Name of aquarium fish

Ternesia

Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.

The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.

TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish

Iridescents

The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades.

Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.

Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish

ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat.

The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself.

Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5

ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish

BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In the aquarium it grows up to 40 cm.

In the daytime, mostly hiding. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.

An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5

FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish

Predatory fish aquarium with photo, name and links

Predatory aquarium fish

Quote: “Who wants to live – he must fight. And who does not want to resist in this world
the eternal struggle, he has no right to life. “

Dear reader, this article is devoted to predators of the freshwater aquarium. On the Internet, there are a lot of tales about this issue, to the extent that the Angelfish are ferocious predators of the aquarium.

Therefore, before you lay out our selection of predatory fish, let’s determine with you in terms.

All animals can be divided into predators and herbivores:

Predatory – These are those who eat only meat.

HORROWAYS – These are those who eat only plants.

Now it is worth noting the fact that in nature it is very rare to find a PREGNANT ANIMAL, which feeds exclusively on meat. For example, cats!

Cats are predators, but all happy owners of Barsik and Murzikov know that their pets love to chew grass and home plants.

The same situation is with the fish. In the huge aquarium kingdom it is very difficult to find a meat-eating fish.

Perhaps this is not. I do not renounce, but the diet of all aquarium fish includes both vegetable and animal feed.

From the above we can conclude – Of predatory aquatic fish in the true sense of the word does not exist. Speaking of the predatory nature of fish, the word aggression is most likely appropriate.

But with aggression there is its own catchup – after all, even guppies show intraspecific aggression, although they don’t pull on predators at all.

Thus, it is possible to deduce a certain vector of understanding of the phrase: “PRIVACY AQUARIUM FISHES” – these are excessively aggressive, large, territorial aquarium fish, in the diet, which mainly includes meat food.


SELECTION OF PREDICTIVE AQUARIUM FISHES (with photo and description)
CICHLIDES

Many people know that the family of cichl fishes are for the most part aggressive, territorial fish, especially this statement applies to African cichlids. In some species of cichlids, there is even the most severe intraspecific aggression, which is manifested not only in males in relation to each other, but also between the male and female, for example, as in Labeotrofeus Arevavas.

Sometimes it comes to the fact that the joint maintenance of the female and the male becomes simply not possible, since the latter slaughters an individual of the opposite sex to death.


Astronotus

Astronotus – the most popular and common cichlid, having a predatory disposition. Large, aggressive fish, which is best kept in the species aquarium and a pair. Astronotuses are perceived by all small neighbors as food.

And with large species, clashes occur constantly. For an adult couple, it’s almost unreal to plant someone.

Fish can reach 35 cm. Astoronthus is the birthplace of the Amazon, the system of the rivers Paraná, Paraguay, Rio Negro.

The volume of the aquarium for such tsikhlin need from 300 to 500 liters.

Water parameters: pH 6.0-8.0, temperature 22-28 ° C. Of course, aeration, filtration, and regular water changes (weekly 30%) are necessary.

Particular attention should be paid to filtering – it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp.


CYCHLIDE KNIFE Haplochromis long-nosed

It has a territorial character and is jealous of those who come to its territory. Long-range cichlus rushes to various shiny objects.

In clashes with other fish catches the eye, for which he received the nickname “eye eater”. These fish in nature are fierce “killers.”

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 25-27 ° C, dH 8-20 °, pH 7.5–8.5. aeration, filtration, weekly substitution? parts of fresh water with the same parameters.

PIRANIA

Piranha predators are literally armed to the teeth. Teeth lamellar and sharp as a razor.

Piranha’s jaws are powerful, an adult can bite a wooden stick as thick as a human finger.

It should be noted that aquarium piranhas lose their natural aggressiveness, while maintaining their formidable appearance. But for some reason people’s fear of this does not disappear.

Piranhas are a great aquarium fish, therefore it is better to keep them with a school of 5-8 fish of the same size and age.

BARRIER SOM

These somas are not just predators, but “fierce killers”. In their homeland, in Asia, they exterminate all the fish that are in their reservoir, and when there is no one left, they crawl out onto dry land and crawl to the nearest new reservoir for the “new victim”, while at the same time eating on land »Insects and small frogs.

We must pay tribute – in the aquarium, these somas behave much calmer.

TETRADON

The fish is not livable grumpy character, shows aggression. You can keep a tetradon with large mobile fish.

Some authors recommend keeping this fish only in a species aquarium.

For a flock of tetradons you need a large volume of aquarium from 150 liters. Fish leads a twilight lifestyle and is afraid of bright light.

Therefore, the aquarium is equipped with a variety of stones, caves, snags and floating plants.

AKANTOFTALMUS

Toward the close of the article, I will give an example that clearly shows the rapacity of any living creature, even the most innocent.

Akantoftalmus – a small loach wormfish. Peaceful harmless inhabitant of the aquarium bottom.

But…. in nature, if an acantophthalmos is caught by a medium-sized predator, a sharp spike will cause it to immediately spit out and remember this striped fish. Big birds or catfish often swallow Acantophthalmos completely. What, very much regret.

A small fish breaks through the stomach wall of the animal, and sometimes goes outside. The obscene predator dies.

The struggle for life, alas, many forces to be predators and cold-blooded killers. And the world of aquarium fish – this is just a small springboard for fighting for life and procreation.

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

TYPES OF GOLDEN FISHES

with photo, description and links

The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties – the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.

Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.

Carassius auratus

Order, family: carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.

Ph: 5-20.

Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.

Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.

DESCRIPTION:

Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.

The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century.

Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.

The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides.

Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female’s belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.

For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.

With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc.

This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.

A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants.

Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.

Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 – 23 ° С, in the winter – 15 – 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%.

If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.

Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish.

Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening.

Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet.

Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm. It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish’s esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which could be the death of the fish.

To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds – flakes, 20-30 seconds – granules) in water and only then give them to the fish. When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).

Long-bodied goldfish durable, under good conditions, they can live up to 30 – 35 years, short ones – up to 15 years.

Types of goldfish

Heavenly eye or astrologer

The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward.

Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color.

Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Astrologer or celestial eye: description, content, compatibility

Water eyes

This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm.

It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back. Coloring is different.

The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyes
Vualekhvost or Fantail

The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big.

The color of the veil tail is different – from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Everything about Veilhvostah
Pearl

Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.

Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl

Comet

The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin.

Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet

Oranda

Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called “Goldfish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish – with a growth-cap on its head.

The body, like many “Goldfish” ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda

Ranchu

Another artificially derived form of “Golden Fish”. Homeland – Japan. Ranchu literally translated as “cast in orchid.”

The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Ranchu: description content compatibility
Shubunkin

Another selection form of “Golden Fish”, derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds.

In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin

Telescope

The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape.

Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope

Lionhead

The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle.

In the area of ​​the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
Ryukin

Vakin

Video with Golden Fish species

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