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Tsikhlazoma Salvini: maintenance, care and compatibility

Fans of large aquariums, when choosing its future inhabitants, often pay attention to the Cichlid family. One of their representatives is Tsihlazoma Salvini. She has a flighty temper, great mobility and a wonderful appetite.

The species was introduced to Russia in the 1950s; therefore, it is well studied and does not present any particular problems in its content.

The manga cichlid, as Salvini is also called, is an African representative of the Cichlid family. At will it floats in rivers and lagoons, choosing a shaded area with a large number of underwater labyrinths, this helps her to hunt and rest successfully.

She has a relatively modest size: the male grows to 18 cm, the female is 3-4 cm smaller.

Salvini’s main color is yellow with multi-colored spots scattered throughout the body. From the eye to the caudal fin, the black line stretches, on the belly of the fish there are red spots, as well as on the edge of the dorsal and anal fins.

On the back of the fish are visible blue-gray mirror spots. The forehead of Salvini is bulging and dull, his eyes are big, bulging.

The mouth is wide with a number of rather sharp teeth.

The female from the male can easily be distinguished by size and color. In males, it is brighter.

In addition, the fins of the female are shorter, and there is a black spot on the dorsal center.

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Tsikhlida Salvini is a temperamental fish, it is playful, mobile, but often aggressive to other inhabitants of the aquarium, especially if they encroach on its territory. In addition, she is also a hunter, so small fish will eat and hurt in every way.

Although in normal life, it can be tolerant of neighbors, but only until the spawning period.

Malkov Salvini protects violently and selflessly. This is especially true of males, he is pursuing other residents and can be great to cripple them, and it doesn’t matter who is in front of him.

Under the distribution can even get your own partner.

Although some amateurs claim that in other periods they are more restrained, but Cichlids spawn once a month, then for about three weeks they actively care for their offspring. And there is another spawning just around the corner, so it’s better to have an extra can in order to set aside other residents or keep Salvini as a pair, without sharing other fish.

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For the maintenance of Tsichlazoma Salvini requires a large aquarium: about 100 liters per fish. Although they are unpretentious and can live in a much smaller bank. But if you mean the content in the pair, it is better to buy an aquarium of 200 or more liters.

It depends on the presence of neighbors, because the Cichlids will protect their territory, and skirmishes with other members of the fish family are possible.

They live in the middle and high layers of water. The main decoration of the aquarium should be as follows:

  1. The soil does not play a big role, suitable both sandy and stone.
  2. The fish does not dig in plants, it is indifferent to them, therefore it is better to arrange a lot of greenery in the corners and walls.
  3. Be sure to have snags, tunnels and labyrinths. Tsikhlida loves to travel on them.
  4. In the middle you need free space for fast swimming and maneuvers.
  5. Water should be clean with regular weekly substitution.
  6. Water characteristics: t – 24−27 degrees, pH: 6.5−8.0, 8 – 15 dGH.

The filter must be powerful, it is better to use an external one. Manga requires a lot of oxygen, so aeration must be abundant, and included all day.

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For the owner, it is important to remember that his pet is very voracious, therefore, restrained feeding is required. Otherwise, overeating will badly affect the digestive system. Almost all of them eat Cichlids, from dry fodder to small fish and vegetables.

But it is important that the food is balanced, so it makes sense to buy special food.

It is still necessary to have live food, eg:

Vegetables can be given greens, for example, lettuce, spinach or cucumber.

Feeding spend twice a day for teens and one for adults. The amount of feed should be such that the fish are finished with him for 10−15 minutes, otherwise the remains will have to be removed.

Compatibility of Salvini’s Tsichlasoma with other inhabitants is a rather controversial issue due to the harmful nature of the fish. It can be said for sure that in her neighbors she should not have small tender fish, for example, Guppyashki and Neon, otherwise they will be cornered or, worse, eaten.

Angelfish are also not suitable for sharing the content, although they are from the same family, it is better to give preference to large species, for example, other species of Cichlids or soma.

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Perhaps, catfish will be an ideal option, because they live at the bottom and do not rise to the middle layers. You can take:

  • antsitrus;
  • pterigoplicht;
  • all kinds of corridor;
  • Tarakatum.

And the best way to give the aquarium full ownership of a pair of manga. Together, they will feel great, and do not have to look for additional capacity for spawning.

Tsikhlasoma spawns often and with pleasure, so there should be no problems with breeding. In addition, these fish are excellent parents, take care of the fry together.

The female can postpone up to 500 eggs at once, and the male will fertilize them immediately. Children appear in a week.

The signal for spawning is increase in water temperature by 2−3 degrees. Eggs are laid on a smooth surface, for example, on a large leaf or stone, the male jealously watches each egg, because the loss of even one young is a big tragedy for the couple and can cause a quarrel between partners.

Interestingly, love lasts throughout life, Manga do not change their passions.

Fry are fed with crushed tubers or special food, as well as living dust. In free swimming offspring is released after 3 weeks.

Tsikhlazoma Salvini will be a worthy decoration for any aquarium, even with the refined tastes of the owner. It is interesting to watch her, and care does not carry a large load.

But still for beginners aquarists better to choose a fish with a calmer character.

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