Hello, friends! Tsikhlazoma Salvini belongs to the family of tsikhlovyh.
The homeland of this tsikhlazomy is the eastern region of Central America. The fish prefers shallow waters of large rivers and not deep reservoirs with stagnant water.
Tsikhlazomu can be found in waters from Guatemala to southern Mexico. The first mentions about Salvini in the 19th century are listed as Albert Gunther.
For the first time aquarists were able to get acquainted with this hydrobiont closer at the end of the 20th century.
The body of the fish is oblong and slightly flattened on the sides. The main shade of the body of the fish is yellow-orange.
Over the entire length of the body there are a number of spots. Slightly higher, along the entire length of the body of the fish, there are the same spots but smaller sizes.
The head at tsikhlazomy large, large eyes and mouth, thick lips. On the gill covers there are small strokes and small spots of a bluish-green hue.
The male differs from the female in larger size and the presence of a fatty mound on the forehead. The females on the body have a couple of black spots that the males do not have. One spot is fresh and located on the gill covers near the abdomen, and the second on the dorsal fin.
Under natural conditions, the fish grows up to 22 centimeters in length, but rarely in aquariums exceeds 15 cm.
Tsikhlazoma Salvini needs a spacious aquarium from accounting for 100 liters per pair of adult fish. As the volume of the aquarium increases, you can add new inhabitants, but keep in mind that up to 40 liters are needed per fish.
Since the Cichl are very territorial children, this representative of a large family also needs a personal territory. During spawning, the fish becomes very aggressive, but in usual times it gets on with other peaceful fishes (gyrinoheylus, common ancistrus).
Hydrobiont is not demanding to the composition of the aquarium soil, so the best option as for me is small pebbles or granite chips.
If you plan to plant aquarium plants, then the aquarium soil layer should be about 8 centimeters, and the plants should have a strong root system. At the bottom of the aquarium put various covers of ceramics or natural materials and dilute it all with snags.
The composition of the aquarium water Salvinia is not demanding. The main thing that the aquarium was heated as it should be. The water parameters in the aquarium should be as follows:
- active reaction environment: 7.0 – 8.5 pH;
- hardness: 5-20 °;
- temperature: 24-26 degrees;
- moderate lighting.
Tsichlazom likes to swim under floating plants (azolla, pistes, riccia). For a fish there will be enough light power of 0.3 W per liter of water, but for plants, as for me, this is not enough. Make at least 0.5 watts per liter, so that your grass is not emaciated.
Of course, in such a subdued light the fish will not hide, but I think 0.5 W will not greatly affect the behavior of your pets. Also do not forget to provide aeration of the aquarium and to organize a good filtration, as the fish is large and dirt can produce decently.
Since Salvini is a predator, you need to feed it with live food: small fish, snails, shrimps, bloodworms, horse and pipemaker.
By the year of life tsikhlazoma Salvini becomes sexually mature. Since this subspecies of cichl monogamous, the pair is created at the age of six months. It can spawn both in general and in a spawning aquarium, which is more preferable.
The fact is that during spawning the cichlids die and all the inhabitants are chased from their nests. To avoid this, it is better to multiply in spawning.
Another reason why spawning should occur in a separate tank, in case of loss of offspring, the fish get stressed and the male can kill the female during a skirmish. After the death of the female, the male also dies, because it will remain without a partner.
Spawning should be at least 100 liters, at the bottom of which you need to install more various shelters. If the male creates a nest in an open area, then it is better to cover it from above with an arch of large stones, a snag or bundle of Guadalupe naiads mixed with Javanese moss.
If the nest is not covered, even under optimal conditions for reproduction, spawning may be delayed. Stimulation to spawning is a rise in water temperature by several degrees and every week to replace a couple of volumes of water.
If you have created all the necessary conditions for the Cyclose, the offspring will not take long to wait.
Throwing caviar occurs on a stone or snag, and the number of eggs can reach 500 pieces. The incubation period of caviar is up to three days, after which rather large fry appear. After a few days, the youngsters are already swimming and feeding on their own.
In the thickets of plants, they can look for food in the form of food not eaten by their parents. Starter feed for fry – Nauplii Artemia.
Another trifle is necessary to feed the chop pipemaker, which is introduced into the diet after a week of life of the fry.
In the nursery aquarium you need to strictly adhere to the temperature regime and keep the water temperature at least 26 degrees. At lower temperatures, the fry may die. Parents long enough care for their offspring.
If you protect the producers from stress, they can be left with the fry and not transplanted into your aquarium. But if you notice the aggressive behavior of one of the parents, the young growth is better to transfer to a separate container.