Hello dear readers. Another post about a representative of the Tsikhlovykh and today we are analyzing how to keep Tsikhlazomu Meek in the home aquarium, or as it is also called Maskova. In nature, this beautiful cichlid lives in the waters of Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.
This fish got into the Soviet aquariums thanks to S.V. An example.
Tsikhlazom Meek is very similar to its cousin in the family tsiklazomu Eliot, and therefore, they are very often confused. Masked tsikhlazoma painted in silver-gray shade, which has several modulations: yellow, blue and green. On the body of some fish there are pronounced black spots.
There are stripes and shiny dots on the fins.
Also I call this fish Krasnogolovoy tsikhlazomoy. The reason for this nickname were gill covers, which can cast all sorts of shades of red. Males will be larger than females and they also have a brighter color.
The males also have longer and pointed dorsal and anal fins. In nature, the red-headed cichlase grows to 15 centimeters, but in aquarium conditions it rarely exceeds the 10 centimeter mark.
One of the reasons why our domestic aquarists love this fish is its monogamy. However, this cichlid lives fine in an aquarium in a small flock, consisting of only one male and several females.
The minimum volume of banks for such a contingent should be from 100 liters. Like other representatives of tsikhlovyhs (ramirezi apistogram, salvini cichlinoma, Festus cichlinoma), the masked cichlinoma requires a large number of various shelters.
These can be stones in the form of grottoes and caves, interlacing of weeds, ceramic pots with tubes, as well as thickets of hard-leaved aquarium plants with a powerful root system. But even in this case, if you want to contain live plants, it is still better to plant them in pots.
About the cultivation of aquarium plants in pots can read in this article.
To prevent your pets from leaving their home, you need to cover the aquarium with a cover glass or cover. As neighbors for cichlosomes meeki, you can select various American cichlids of the same size.
But as you know, all Tsikhlovye are very territorial hydrobionts, and, accordingly, between them there are often clashes during the division of the territory.
If you thought to add small and slow-moving fish (red and blue neons, rhodostomuses) to the red-headed cichlase, then they will be perceived as food. It is not recommended to contain the red-headed cichlase with its close relatives, namely the black-and-golden and the golden cichlase, as the species may hybridize.
If you buy a school of fish and grow them in the same bank for a long time, then even in adolescence, fish will have squabbles without serious consequences. In the future, if the fish lived in the constant company of their own kind, they will get used to the community.
If you add an adult to the aqua with young fish, this can lead to serious consequences.
In addition, if you keep tsihlazami, you should not also keep snails in the aquarium. It does not matter, whether it be an ampoule or marisa, and she can quickly lose her mustache.
If they find a horn coil, then they first drag it around the aquarium, and only then eat it. The optimal parameters of aquarium water are as follows: temperature 24-27 degrees, weekly changes of 1/3 of water to fresh, hardness not more than 20, active reaction – 6.8-7.8 pH.
Regular changes are a must, since Meek cichlasome is very sensitive to dirty water.
The fish feeds on almost all live food – a pipe worker, a bloodworm, a worm, and earthworms. It would be nice to make in the diet of fish sliced beef.
In addition, in order for the fish to eat a balanced diet and receive all the necessary vitamins, it is also necessary to add dried nettle leaves and scalded lettuce leaves to the diet.
Sexual mature Red-headed Tsikhlazoma becomes at the age of 8-10 months, sometimes puberty is prolonged up to a year. During the breeding season, the color of the male becomes even brighter and richer.
Violet ebbs appear on the body, and the color of the red apron becomes very bright. During spawning males become even more aggressive than in normal life.
Fish can spawn as a separate spawning, and in the general aquarium. It is possible to stimulate the spawning process by changing a large amount of water that is warmer than in an aquarium. Tsikhlazoma Meeka searches for a flat stone, a ceramic pot or a tube to put caviar there.
If your pets will spawn in the general aquarium, then it is advisable to set off all neighbors in advance.
For one litter, Tsikhlasoma Red-headed can sweep aside up to 600-700 eggs, but in real life this figure is two times less. All unfertilized caviar parents eat immediately.
Both male and female take care of their offspring. While the male is on duty in the vicinity, the female at this time stands above the nest and ventilates the calf, thus creating a constant circulation of water and enriching it with oxygen.
The process of incubation of eggs takes from three to seven days. But just before the hatching of the larvae from the roe, caring parents transfer it all to a hole prepared in advance in the ground. In the process of caring for their offspring, the male can repeatedly move the eggs to another shelter.
In the process of such care, and in particular, digging new holes in the ground, aquarium plants can fall under the distribution.
Four days later, when the yolk sac will dissolve in the fry, they begin to swim independently in the aquarium. From this very moment you can begin to feed the fry.
The best food for fry in this case is Nauplii Artemia. As young animals mature, you can enter Cyclops into their diet, which will enhance their coloring.
The initial color of the little things is gray with a faint yellowish tint. When the fry grows up to 2 centimeters, his throat is repainted.
Often, young masked tsikhlazomy become cannibals and eat all their eggs. To avoid such situations, it is better to isolate offspring from parents while it is in the caviar stage.
Eggs must be carefully removed from the substrate and transferred to another 40-liter tank, which has such parameters of aquarium water, as in a common bank.
A prerequisite for incubating caviar is powerful aeration of the aquarium. The fry are quite painful to tolerate any occurrence of nitrates or muddy water. Also to the death of fry are accumulated waste products of fish.
In order to keep as many fry as possible in integrity and safety, reeds should be kept clean and tidy. The power of the filter should be appropriate so that the fry are not in the filter.
It is also not necessary to disdain to clean the aqua siphon, sucking all waste products and undernourished food. Given this fact, you will have to make frequent changes. This condition applies not only to individual reeds, this also applies to general aquariums.
The presence of a large amount of protein foods in the diet of fry will contribute to their early growth. By following these simple guidelines, you are 100% likely to save the brood.