Those who have long been engaged in aquarism, are familiar with the beautiful transparent fish, which wears the name glass perch. But newcomers practically do not know anything about it and do not seek to acquire this miracle of nature for their aquarium.
All because of the rumors that this perch lives only in water containing a small amount of salt. In fact, this is not the case.
An extraordinary and unusual fish that stands out among other fish.
This particular transparent fish has several names: glass perch (Parambassis ranga), changa-rank, mirror perch, as well as Indian glass perch. In nature, it can be found in the freshwater lakes of Pakistan, India, Southeast Asia and Malaysia.
In addition, and in brackish waters, this amazing fish can live without any problems.
Unfortunately, sellers in pet stores remember only that mirror bass live in salty water and convey this information to buyers. A marine aquarium rarely anyone can afford, so this wonderful fish and do not give birth.
In its size, the chang-rank refers to medium-sized fish, its maximum length is 8 cm. The body is compressed laterally and absolutely transparent.
Without any effort, you can see all the bones and air bubble of the fish. But her head and belly are silvery. The back of the fish is decorated with a rather large double fin.
Yes, and anal tail with fins no less.
The fish will be more comfortable if the aquarium is decorated with a large number of plants and shelters.
This fish prefers to live in flocks of 10-12 individuals. It is desirable that at the bottom of the reservoir was enough shelter in which you can hide from danger.
Perfect for this snags and large stones.
Getting this small fish it is important to remember that its body is completely transparent. The fact is that on sale quite often you can meet a glass perch colored, but this color is not from nature.
In Southeast Asia, there are whole farms where fish are painted by injecting luminescent dyes into the muscles with a large needle. After this painful procedure, perches do not live longer than two months, unlike their unpainted counterparts, who feel great for three or four years.
Of course, the painted perch attracts more attention, it is brighter and looks much more spectacular, but the price of all this is too high. Moreover, the fluorescent paint quickly becomes pale and expressionless, losing its appeal.
And if in Russia they are still selling bright Chang-rank with might and main, then in Europe they have already banned selling colored fish.
When buying Indian perch one should pay attention to the mobility of the fish, the integrity of its fins, the absence of foreign growths and damage on the skin. This is the only way to get a pet, which will please its owner with a healthy look for years.
When buying a glass perch, it is important to ask the seller what conditions they contained.
Since the aquarium perch feels better in the company of its fellows, then it is desirable to acquire them in an amount of from six to twelve. Being in a flock, the fish are much more active and not so shy.
For the maintenance of six fish will require an aquarium with a volume of 38 to 50 liters. Accordingly, for twelve individuals, the living space should be much larger – about 110 liters. The water in the aquarium should be settled, with a biotope formed.
When buying fish, it is imperative to ask the seller what water your pets contained – fresh or salted. From this will depend on the further adaptation of the Chang-rank. There are two options. fish acclimatization:
- transfer from salted water to fresh;
- moving from fresh water to salted.
In the first case, the fish after purchase is placed in quarantine in the aquarium with salted water. For 1-2 weeks, 10–15% of brackish liquid is replaced daily with fresh water.
Thus, the fish gradually gets used to living in new conditions.
To reduce the content of nitrate and ammonia in water, an external filter must be used.
If in the pet store fish was kept in fresh water, and the new owner in the aquarium – the sea, do not despair. Beginners are placed in quarantine, in conditions close to the store.
To adapt to new conditions, 1-2 teaspoons of sea salt are dissolved in one liter of water. Then the resulting solution is added daily to the aquarium, at the rate of 10 tablespoons per 100 liters. It will take about three weeks to create optimal conditions.
To measure the specific gravity of the fluid, it is necessary to use a hydrometer.
In order for Indian perch to feel comfortable in an aquarium, you need to create for it optimal conditions:
- The water should be neutral and soft (ph 7–8,5, gh 8–20).
- The optimum water temperature is 25-27 degrees.
- Ammonia and nitrite in the aquarium should not be.
- Once a week it is necessary to replace about 25% of the water with clean and separated water.
- At the bottom of the aquarium, it is desirable to fill a shallow and smooth soil, put various snags and other objects that will serve as shelter for the fish. For landscaping you need to use both high and low plants.
- The best option for chang rank will be dim, diffused light.
If you stick to these points, then the fish in the aquarium will be quite comfortable. They will not constantly seek shelter and worry, will begin to swim more, allowing you to watch your life.
Creating the best conditions for living, you need to take care of the neighbors of peace-loving fish. Since the Indian perch is very shy, you need to carefully consider who else from the inhabitants of the aquarium can be shared with them.
The main thing – to exclude aggressive and predatory fish. As the best Neighbors fit:
They have excellent glass perch compatibility. All these fishes occupy their specific place in the aquarium, being distributed throughout the entire water column. In addition, they will not offend the glass perch, forcing the latter to hide all the time.
And in the matter of nutrition they will not have any disputes.
The goby bee is a small fish with a yellow body, along which there are wide black stripes.
Chang-rank is very unpretentious in content and in nutrition. In the wild, he eats only live food. In the aquarium it can be taught to artificial.
It is important at the time of purchase to clarify what fed the fish, and during the period of acclimatization it is desirable not to change the diet of the pet. This will allow the fish to adapt faster. to new conditions.
All perch neighbors eat artificial feed well, but this diet can provoke the occurrence of infertility in him. Therefore, it is better to use live or frozen food for feeding transparent fish.
Perch are very fond of moths, pipe worker, carriage, daphnia, Cyclops.
It is important to properly organize the feeding of fish. In no case can not overfeed pets. It is necessary to give food several times a day and in small portions.
Do not even starve pets. Feed the fish can be at least three times a week.
At the age of six months, glass perch is ready to breed. At this time, it is quite simple to identify and sexual. Fish affiliation:
- The air bubble in males is slightly pointed, while in females it is more rounded.
- In males, the edges of the anal and dorsal fin are bluish or gray, and in females they are colorless.
- Scales in boys yellowish, and girls – silver.
- On the sides of the males of black specks formed five vertical stripes. They are absent from females.
Sex characteristics are quite pronounced, therefore, it will not be difficult to distinguish a male from a female. This must be done before spawning.
If in an aquarium the fish live in brackish water, then a big change of water for fresh and fresh can serve as an incentive for spawning.
For offspring is best to use a separate aquarium, as in general, caviar can be eaten by neighbors. Soft water with a temperature of about thirty degrees is poured into the spawning tank; its bottom should be lined with moss.
First, females are fed into the aquarium and are well fed with live or artificial food. Then they run the males.
The marriage period lasts about three to four days. At this time, the female spawn, and the male fertilizes it.
After spawning, according to one source, the fish should be removed from the aquarium so that they do not eat caviar. According to others, parents do not eat their offspring, so they can be left in the spawn.
After two – three days, the fry hatch from the eggs and need feeding. They begin to give rotifers or nauplii of diaptomus.
At two weeks of age, young animals are fed with cyclops nauplii and small diaptomus. The main thing that the food moved, this may contribute to the flow.
It is important that food is always in the water, so it is given several times a day.
Fry grow quite quickly, already at the age of three months they have the first sexual signs.
In general, the glass perch aquarium fish is very unpretentious and easy to maintain and maintain. She is loved for her peculiar appearance and soft temper. If you give these fish a little time and attention, they will please their owner with excellent health.
In addition, the mirror bass, as well as its neighbors in the aquarium, perfectly recognizes the owner and always meets him from work, delivering a lot of pleasure to this person.
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