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Transparent fish and its habitats

The nature constantly surprises the person with rare and unexpected discoveries, which it will probably never be possible to fully discover. The plant and animal world is especially diverse. First of all it concerns the inhabitants of water bodies, seas and oceans, about which almost nothing is known.

About places where there is a transparent fish, many people do not even guess.

Transparent fish is one of the most amazing and unusual fish.

A few years ago, an ordinary New Zealand fisherman named Stuart Fraser discovered another unusual creature to the world that no one had noticed before. The fish was absolutely glass, so at first the fisherman took her for an ordinary plastic bag that held onto the surface of the water with his last strength.

Just looking more closely, Fraser noticed that the creature was alive. Despite the fact that earlier the fisherman had not seen anything of the kind (having a considerable fishing experience behind him), ordinary human curiosity overcame, and Stuart Fraser ventured to take an unknown creature in his hands and how it should be considered.

An unusual transparent fish was discovered by a fisherman in New Zealand.

The fish turned out to be completely transparent and had scales consisting of some jelly-like substance, due to which the creature resembled a jellyfish. The organs of an unusual creature were also transparent, not counting one of them – red in color, having a small drop-like shape.

It was not possible to study the fish in more detail – after observing an unusual creature and after taking a few photos, Fraser released her to his native element.

Later, thanks to the knowledge of the Director of the National Marine Aquarium, Paul Caste, it was possible to establish that the Fraser find was nothing more than a transparent fish bearing the scientific name Salpa Maggiore.

A transparent fish eats algae or regular plankton.

This species of marine life has a number of external similarities with jellyfish, despite the fact that it has nothing in common with them. It has internal organs – the heart and filters that allow water and necessary food (plankton, algae and small cells) to pass through the body of the transparent fish, as well as the gills, which allow breathing under water.

Representatives of Salpa Maggiore do not have sex and are able to independently reproduce offspring. Typically, these fish do not move alone, preferring to form massive shoals – so it is much easier for them to escape from predators and to exist normally.

Unlike many transparent representatives of reservoirs, Salpa Maggiore is absolutely safe, although it looks like a terrible creature from monster films. It feeds on algae or regular plankton, and the lack of color pigment serves only to protect against larger marine life.

Salpa Maggiore inhabits mainly on the surface of the water, what makes it easy prey for predators and anglers.

These magical fish can be found in the standing saline and freshwater bodies of India, Burma, Pakistan, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Nepal and Cambodia.

Salpa Maggiore is one of the most unexplored and amazing inhabitants of the sea. Information about her is collected very, very little. It is only known that the fish belongs to invertebrates and in form resembles a small barrel.

Predominantly lives in the Southern Ocean, in the cold waters of which it moves by pumping fluid through its body.

In addition to the heart, through the transparent body of the fish, one can discern the intestines and the annular muscles, as well as two siphon openings — the oral (leading into the volumetric pharynx) and cloacal. Siphons are located opposite each other, at opposite ends of the fish body.

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These fish can not be called completely transparent – the lack of color pigment allows them to safely hide from predators and save their valuable resources. Due to the transparency of the inhabitants of reservoirs look beautiful and unusual, but much of them are poisonous.

Some underwater inhabitants have to mask themselves in order to survive successfully in water bodies and not to become prey for larger fish. In this they are helped by the coloring of the fins and scales, various outgrowths and stripes on the body.

Another way to literally dissolve in the water – to get rid of, for example, from the mirror scales, which will make the inhabitants almost imperceptible not only for humans, but also for predators.

Due to the transparency of the inhabitants of reservoirs look beautiful and unusual, but much of them are poisonous.

Not only the waters of the seas and oceans are rich in unusual representatives of flora and fauna. People who want to know what the name of the transparent fish is and how it looks like, it is enough to visit Lake Baikal, also famous for its vast flora and fauna.

The Baikal transparent fish lives not on the surface, as its marine congener, but deep at the bottom of the lake. It has no scales and swim bladder, pectoral, dorsal and anal fins, as well as refined skull bones are well developed.

The inhabitant of Baikal has the Russian name Golomyanka, derived from the word “holomen”, which means “open sea”. And this is no accident, because in appearance and internal structure of organs and bones, fish resembles a marine representative rather than a resident of lake waters.

She is quite prolific and is able to reproduce offspring in large sizes. By the way, reproduction by hypogenesis is characteristic only for such a species of animals as Golomyanka.

The Baikal transparent fish lives not on the surface, but deep at the bottom of the lake.

Due to its distinctive ability to withstand enormous pressure, the fish feels great at the bottom of Lake Baikal, the deepest in Russia. Strong pectoral fins help it to move quickly in almost complete darkness, from the side it may even seem that Golomyanka is simply floating in the water.

The golomyanka can be distinguished not only by a transparent surface, but also by a constantly open mouth – this is how fish feed, preferring the passive method of obtaining food. Mostly transparent fish feeds on bottom amphipods, plankton, and also on macroscopic tectonic epishuras.

Food itself “swims” in the mouth of Golomyanka and is actively processed by its internal organs.

The Baikal transparent fish greatly helped the medicine during the wars taking place on the territory of Mongolia and China. It is believed that its fat has the same properties as the lamp oil.

With his help, many lives of soldiers wounded during the fighting were saved.

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There are transparent relatives and among those species of fish, to which all have long been accustomed. For example, Ambassidae, or “transparent perch”, which is also called Asian or glass. This fish has several features that differ from the familiar perch family:

  • The body has a shortened size, besides it is slightly thickened on both sides.
  • There is some concavity in the back of the head, allowing the fish to move more smoothly under water.
  • A completely transparent body allows you to see all the features of the skeleton, including the gills and internal organs (all of them are covered with a special shiny film, which greatly simplifies Ambass This type of transparent perch is distinguished as a glass angel.

Scientists also distinguish such a type of transparent perch as a glass angel. It received its name due to the long braids on unpaired fins, which makes them very similar to the angel wings.

They also have no scales on their bodies, due to which the perch looks as extravagant and unusual as possible.

In addition to the Asian perch, there is also a fish, which is called Indian perch, the real name – Parambassis ranga. Most often, this glass creature can be found not on the seabed or even on the surface of lake waters, but in an ordinary home aquarium.

In the wild, Indian perch prefers low-flowing freshwater reservoirs as a habitat rather than the salty sea, as many people think.

By itself, the fish is quite capricious and difficult to care for. In order for such a pet to live in the family for many years, its water must be sufficiently mild and acidic – only such conditions are most suitable for keeping Parambassis ranga.

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The choice of feed should also be approached with caution. Indian perch prefers natural food and hardly eats flakes. Besides, Fish terribly tolerates loneliness: her appetite is getting worse, and her behavior is becoming wilder and more depressed.

Parambassis ranga feels best in the colonies of at least a dozen fish, so it will not work as a pet lonely swimming in an aquarium.

They can also be kept in an ordinary aquarium.

In fact, when looking at such a fish in it, it is unlikely to recognize a relative of the same catfish living in fresh water in Russia. You can learn glass catfish by the following features:

  • The fish has a narrow body, not compressed vertically, but on the sides. First of all, this feature is caused by the fact that glass catfishes prefer not to huddle at the bottom and actively move in fresh waters.
  • Glass somas are quite active and live in flocks; poorly tolerate loneliness.
  • Completely transparent body allows you to see a thin spine, allowing the fish to deftly maneuver and move quickly, as well as small ribs.
  • The abdominal cavity is almost invisible and at first glance looks like a kind of continuation of the gills. The cavity and all internal organs are located as close as possible to the head.

Glass somas are quite active and live in flocks.

In addition to this glass catfish, also called Asian, there is also an African species of these fish. Unlike their fellows, they are less transparent, with black bands visible on their bodies, adorning the body from both sides.

Also, African glass catfishes have not two but four pairs of antennae on the head and a well-developed adipose fin.

Fish are also suitable for life in the aquarium. They can most often be met as pets. They belong to the Characidae family and have a number of special features:

  • The body is not completely transparent. It is easy to guess a small palette of colors. As a rule, these are only separate pigmented areas. The task of such spots is not just to make the fish more beautiful and unusual. Their primary task is to give signals. As soon as light strikes the body of the fish at a certain angle, the spots flash with a variety of colors. Therefore, it is best to look at a transparent tetra in a darkened aquarium.
  • The internal organs of the transparent tetra are almost imperceptible. In the light, only the swim bladder can be distinguished, allowing the fish to keep afloat with confidence.
  • The main distinguishing mark and decoration of the tetra is a thin strip of green color stretching along the entire body, as well as red pigment on the tail.

The transparent type of tetra is rather unpretentious, unlike other fish that have the same feature. It is undemanding to aquarium conditions, and it will be easy to maintain it even for beginners who love fish in an aquarium.

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