maintenance, care, compatibility
Deciding what kind of fish to start first in your tank can be sudden, and can be thought out. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely without understanding the fish. And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems.
You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice. Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.
What kind of fish is not worth buying for beginners, we have considered here. And the top 10 unusual fish here.
And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best aquarium fish for beginners and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by unpretentiousness, tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livableness and modest size.
We hope that it will help make your choice easier!
Danio rerio is a small (up to 5-6 cm), elegant fish. For its small size, peaceful disposition and unpretentiousness, it has earned great popularity in aquarium.
Since this is a schooling fish, it is better to keep at least 5-6 individuals. The aquarium can be planted with plants, but it is important that the danios have free space for swimming near the surface, as this is a very mobile fish. If you are going to have a veil form, do not plant them with fish that may tear off fins, for example, with a Sumatran barbus.
The aquarium should be closed, as danios can jump out of the water.
Omnivorous, they eat any kind of feed – branded, live, frozen. It is better to feed them with flakes, as they pick up food from the surface of the water and they don’t collect them for a long time without sinking.
It is very easy to breed danios, for once the female lays from 200 to 500 eggs.
Fishes belong to the same genus – labyrinth. These fish live in water that is poor in oxygen and adapted to this by learning to breathe oxygen from the surface. You will see how they rise to it, to take another breath of air.
Small, peaceful, males are very brightly colored, and their ventral fins have turned into long processes. You can feed any feed, including floating.
Only give the moth with care and a little, it is poorly digested.
Already after the publication of the article, my readers corrected. The essence – liliaus can be difficult for beginners (he is just a little flaky and jealous of females). I agree, and add that there is another wonderful fish of the same kind – gourami.
There are many types, but for beginners a good choice would be marble gourami. Very hardy, peaceful, of unusual shape and color. It is generally similar to lyalius, but larger and less demanding.
So you can stop at this gorgeous fish, and start up a little later.
If you are going to install an aquarium in your house, but do not know who to settle in it – aquarium fish for beginners will suit you! What are these types of fish? First, most of them are characterized by small body size, secondly – they are hardy and unpretentious in content, thirdly, they are easy to breed.
And, perhaps, one of the main points is that they have a peaceable, accommodating temper, which will allow them to share several floating neighbors with them.
Guppies are unpretentious, peaceful and hardy aquarium fish. Male guppies have a large and lush tail fin, sometimes multicolored. This is a viviparous species of fish, females bring to the light fry ready for a full life.
During one spawning, 10-60 small fish can be born. The content of guppy is possible in a small aquarium.
Breeding is also simple – it is enough to settle the females and males together. Guppies eat different food – both branded and live, frozen, vegetable, flakes and pellets.
For a beginner aquarist, it is better to have guppies of a non-hybrid breed, since such pets will be very capricious and difficult to maintain.
Fish of the Petsilievye family (mollies, swordtails, patsilias) are also viviparous fishes that are very easy to maintain and care for. Breeding also does not cause trouble to the beginner aqua player, since the female, after spawning, will reproduce the fry ready for life. All Pecilliae are distinguished by bright coloring of scales, mobility, active lifestyle, and resistance to stress.
They can quickly hide from a more annoying neighbor in the aquarium, and sometimes this and save their lives.
Watch the life of the Sword in the aquarium.
They eat all kinds of live, frozen and artificial feed. They prefer warm water with a neutral environment, they tolerate changes in water parameters, although this is undesirable.
For future owners of Sword bearers, caution is that males may fight for territory, or for females, so they are not suitable for a small tank.
Zebrafish are small freshwater fish measuring 5 cm in length, distinguished by their graceful behavior and unusual appearance. It is recommended to keep 5-7 danios in one aquarium at once, since these are schooling fish.
They look beautiful against the background of dense plants and beautiful aquarium decorations. They are lively, peaceful and active, can live in the same reservoir with the same peaceful species of fish.
Danio is very bouncy, so the aquarium should be covered with a lid. Danio rerio – omnivorous pets, which can be fed live, frozen, commercial feed, cereal.
Breeding is simple – for one spawning, the female can postpone 200-500 small eggs.
The cardinal is a miniature sized fish with a body length of up to 3 cm, it can be lodged in nano-aquariums. However, the color of her body is variegated, contrasts with others. Cardinal differs non-aggressive behavior, even in relation to his fry.
The hardy look transfers changes of temperature condition. Recommended content in the flock, where from 5-6 fish.
Lifespan in captivity – 3 years.
Rasbora klinopyatnisty – another miniature fish that can become an excellent neighbor for danios and cardinals. Body size – 5 cm, the character is peaceful and livable. The color of the bodies is bright, there is a dark speck on it, for which the fish got its name.
Content is recommended in the flock, because this way the fish feels comfortable and protected. They like to swim in the middle layers of the water, prefer dense thickets of plants and many shelters.
Feeding is simple – you can serve live food, frozen and artificial, but very shredded.
Gourami is a member of the Labyrinth fish family. Can live in impoverished oxygen water, in the absence of aeration. Gourami has a unique labyrinth organ that allows you to dissolve the atmospheric air.
The fish swims to the surface of the water, opens its mouth and captures a portion of air. The nature of the gourami is peaceful, the appearance is beautiful and contrasting; on the ventral fins there are long, threadlike processes.
Content is possible with other labyrinth fishes and small, peaceful neighbors. Feed is recommended live, frozen, branded, vegetable feed.
Breeding is simple – after spawning, the female is deposited, and the male picks up the eggs, fixes them in the nest, and watches the brood.
Admire the pearl gourami.
Antsistrusy – unusually appearance of aquarium fish, moreover, is very useful for the reservoir. Body size is slightly dimensional – 15 cm, so the content is permissible in the tank at least 100 liters per one individual. Catfish Ancistrus eats algal fouling from the surfaces of glass, stones, snags and plants.
The mouth of a fish is like a sucker, which easily scrapes off growths. In the aquarium, he will clean all the decorations and glass, even the filter of all this work will not do as quickly as antsistrus.
Males are distinguished by an unusual growth on the head. It is not recommended to settle in the same tank more than two males, otherwise they will fight.
Food for this pet – vegetable food in granules and tablets, plants and algae.
The corridor is perhaps the easiest pet to maintain and maintain, and, besides, has a very sociable character. The use of the corridor is also a lot – it is a pond cleaner that collects the uneaten food from the bottom, preventing its oxidation. A common view of the corridors in home aquariums is the golden catfish and speckled catfish.
They swim in the lower layers of the reservoir, so they can be settled with peaceful and small fish that swim in other layers of water. Feed need to falling to the bottom of the pellets, feed for catfish.
They prefer to live in a flock of 4-5 individuals and more.
Knowing the names and habits of fish, to finally decide which of them will live in your home, you can in the aquarium shop or on the “bird” fish.
The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos
I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.
Everyone probably knows these fish … even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious.
The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.”
I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.
GUPPI – THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INSENSITIVENESS AND EASY + SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE ARE “LIKE A KROL” INDEPENDENTLY – YOU WILL ALWAYS BE UPDATED OF “AQUARIUM PAINTS” Read about the GUPPI read more
2nd place Swordtails
A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males differ from females by the presence of a “sword” on the lower edge of the caudal fin.
Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more).
A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.
An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can, at some point, become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.
HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.
Read about swordsmen more in detail here.
3rd place Somiki corridors
It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish – a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are “orderlies of the aquarium world”: they clean the soil and eat the remnants of life activity.
The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respiration, those. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.
The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food.
In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
You can read more about CORRIDORATUS here.
4th place Mollies
Molly, like guppies – viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions.
Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika of winners”.
Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of their conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.
You can read more about MOLLINESIA here.
5th place Tetras – Harazinki
All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in “Spartan conditions” as guppies.
They need aeration and filtration. You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.
You can read more about TETRAH here.
6th place Ternetsii
Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile. Fish get along well with other types of fish.
Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids. Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants.
Aeration, filtration – yes!
You can read more about TERNIA here.
7th place Danio (rerio, pink)
Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them – briskness and speed of movement.
They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.
Read more about DANIO here.
8th place Torakatum
One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content.
They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Compatible with all kinds of fish. The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.
You can read more about TORAKATUM here.
9th place Gourami
Gourami – are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth – fish do not need aeration, they breathe atmospheric air. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression.
Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.You can read more about GURAMs here.
10 place Barbus
Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.” “Pirate” temper, the ability to stand up for themselves – deserve 10th place.
You can read more about BARBUSH here.
Of course, the above TOP is conditional – always remember the words
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery
“We are responsible for those who have tamed”
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish
Additionally, we invite you to view a large photo collection of small and unpretentious aquarium fish
So, a little about the financial component. The more fish, the more should be their home – an aquarium. The larger the aquarium, the more expensive the equipment is to it.
Thus, the more fish and aquarium, the greater will be your expenses.
Now let’s conditionally divide all aquariums into three groups:
1st group: aquarium up to 50 liters. In such an aquarium only small and peaceful fish can live. These include:
Considering the desire of many newbies to go in for larger fish, you can try to get:
Torakatum Goldfish (1pc.)
2nd group: aquarium from 50 to 100 liters. In such an aquarium, small cichlids and small fish with average aggression can already live. These include:
3rd group: aquarium from 100-200 liters. Here the flight of your imagination begins – you can wind up any fish, with the exception of very large and capricious fish.4th group: aquarium from 200 and above.
Suitable for all fish, even for such as Astronotus (preferably from 500l.) and Discussion!
Deciding what kind of fish to start first in your tank can be sudden, and can be thought out. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely without understanding the fish.
And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems. You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice.
Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.
And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best fish for beginning aquarists and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livability and modest size.
We hope that it will help make your choice easier!
Of course this is not a complete list, and after thinking it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint beginner aquarists.
Beginners, I recommend first to learn all about the fish that you liked, and choose first of all hardy, easy-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.
A series of messages “aquarium”:
Part 1 – Oceanarium in St. Petersburg
Part 2 – Soil for the aquarium
Part 17 – Snail – the most unpretentious pet
Part 18 – How beautiful to arrange an aquarium!
Part 19 – Top 10 fish for a beginner aquarist