Hello colleagues. In today’s material we will get acquainted with the Thomas Anomalochromis, which belongs to the family of tsikhlovyh.
In nature, this aquarium fish lives in shallow reservoirs rich in vegetation, snags and stones in Sierra Leone and Liberia.
The body of Anomalochromis Thomas is elongated, the line of the abdomen is not so convex in contrast to the back. The tail is fan-shaped, and the dorsal fin is elongated.
In nature, there are several options for coloring the body of the fish: reddish, gray-blue, yellow-gray and greenish. On scales there are greenish and bluish spots.
The head of the fish and the breast can be either golden or yellow. Black stripes run across the body, which, depending on the condition of the fish, may turn pale.
The color of the dorsal fin can vary from greenish to silver-gray by the crab which runs a red edging. The soft areas of the tail fin are painted blue or yellow with a red border. In males, the dorsal and anal fins are elongated and acute.
In females, these fins are more rounded. Males are much larger than females in size and females have red spots on the sides. During the spawning period and during the care of offspring, transverse black stripes become more saturated colors.
During the period of young stock walking, the head and front part of the female’s body also darken. Males grow up to 12 centimeters in length, females do not grow more than 8-9 centimeters.
Surprisingly, Anomalohromis Thomas has a peaceful disposition, which allows him to keep with calm and peaceful aquarium fish. Hydrobiont is kept mainly in the middle and lower layers of water.
Couples are formed when fish reach the age of 6-9 months. The pair occupies a certain territory, which is subsequently jealously guarded.
The optimal length of the tank for content is 70 centimeters or more. The bank must be densely planted with aquarium plants, in aquas there must be all sorts of shelters made of stones and snags.
Also, do not forget to put in the aquarium a couple of large flat stones that the fish will use as a springboard for spawning.
The optimal number of individuals for landing in the home aquarium is 6 pieces from 5 months old. Naturally, in this small flock there should be an equal number of males and females so that they subsequently form pairs.
The water temperature should be between 22 and 26 degrees and it is not advisable to allow sharp drops in it, the cichlid does not like it. The hardness of the water should be in the range of 5-15 degrees and the active reaction of the medium in the range of 6-7 pH.
You can feed your pets with live, frozen food and their substitutes.
Tsikhlida can perfectly spawn both in a separate spawning room, and in a common bank. The length of the spawning for a pair of producers should be at least 50 centimeters, in which there should be branched snags and grottoes acting as shelter.
I recommend also to plant in a jar broadleaf plants such as schisandra, Anubiasa nana, pods. Stimulation to spawning is the increase in water temperature by several degrees.
You only need to raise the temperature to 28 degrees before you make a partial substitution in aqua. After the substitution, lower the temperature to 23 degrees, and then gradually it needs to be raised back to 28 degrees.
It is also a good incentive to spawn is the addition to the diet tubemaker and entitraeus. The male ready for breeding straightens its motley fins and begins to show off in front of the female.
Some time after their grooming, the male will receive a meaningful invitation from the female ready for spawning. The female prepares a large leaf on the plant or a large flat stone for throwing caviar.
While the female is busy arranging the “nest”, the male at this time protects the territory. Then comes the process of spawning, during which the female spawns, which the male immediately fertilizes. By the time this process will take 50-60 minutes.
As a rule, during one spawning the female can sweep away 200-500 eggs.
As is common with cichlians, young parents often eat their first clutches, but over time, cannibalism attacks disappear from them and Thomas’s anomalochromis becomes one of the most caring parents in the world of aquarium inhabitants. The offspring and caviar are cared for by the male and female, which will periodically replace each other on duty.
Often, after spawning, the males are ready to breed again. This is especially true if your fish have spawned in the general aquarium, as the male will go in search of a female ready for breeding. But if the fish spawned in a separate tank, then the male at the end of spawning is better to set down, because there may be clashes with the female, where the winner is mostly the male.
The fry alone can swim for 3-5 days. From this very moment you can begin to feed them with rotifers, cyclops and nematodes.