maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium fish: species, names, list, photo-video review
I think that a person who asks such a search query as “aquarium fish” would like to get a good Internet resource at the exit and get to the starting page from which it would be possible to start and get answers to interesting questions about the world of aquarium fish.
Actually, this prompted me to do some kind of compilation – to work out as much as possible and put in one article everything related to aquarium fish with links to the desired page. I hope that this article will become your starting point in the world of aquarium fish. So, for convenience, we divide the article into sections:
1. A bit of history about aquarium fish.
2. Types and names of aquarium fish.
3. General conditions of aquarium fish.
4. What do aquarium fish eat?
5. What are aquarium fish?
6. Aquarium fish and plants.
7. Aquarium fish and other inhabitants.
8. Requirements for aquarium water for fish.
9. Rules that will be the key to the health and well-being of your aquarium fish.
1. A LITTLE HISTORY OF AQUARIUM FISHES
Everything to which humanity participates undergoes changes, this fate and the world of aquarium fish did not escape. Somewhere, human intervention was useful, but somewhere destructive for the current aquarium inhabitants.
In any case, in recent years, people’s interest in the aquarium has grown, has acquired enormous proportions and sizes. What are the huge oceanariums, tireless Chinese selection of goldfish, in the end, the genetic modification of aquarium fish – Glofish.
It all began like this. The first mention of the aquarium and aquarium fish dated to the times of ancient Egypt, from which it can be concluded that aquarium inhabitants from time immemorial, along with cats and dogs, were friends of man.
However, the beginning of aquaristics are considered 618-907gg. When Chinese Buddhist monks began with a scientific approach to breed and select goldfish.
But they, before the modern aquarium world was still far away, as the aquarium fish were kept either in ponds or in flowerpots and it was possible to watch them only from above.
The breakthrough came in 1841. – there was the first real “modern” aquarium.
The starting point of aquarism in Russia can be considered 1862. associated with the creation of the Moscow Zoological Garden. You can learn more about the history of aquarium fish in the article:
The origin of the aquarium, the meaning of the word aquarium
2. TYPES AND NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES
The aquarium world is so diverse that to list all the families, squads, clans, species and subspecies — even Wikipedia is not strong enough. The world knows, according to various sources, from 25,000 to 31,000 species of fish.
Types of aquarium fish with the names of their representatives Anabasovye (Anabantidae)
Anabasas or Slider Fish and Ctenopomes
Apteronotye (Apteronotidae) Black Knife
Badis Badis, Chameleon Fish
Fringed or Peristose Som Synodontis
Bronykovy or sidescale catfish
Gobies (Gobiidae): Bullhead spotted.
Loach species (Cobitidae) Acantoftalmusy and Bothia.
Goodyevye (Goodeidae) Xenotoka red-tailed.
Puffer or Four-toothed, toothed (Tetraodontidae) Tetraodons
Barusy, Danio, Goldfish.
Cartooth teeth (Cyprinodontidae) Afiosemion south
Wedge-bellied or Gasteropelekovye (Gasteropelecidae) Sternikla, Gasteropelekus sternikla, common speck.
Mail catfish or Loricariidae catfish (Loricariidae) Ancistrus, Ototsinkluy
Betty – Petushki, Gourami, Lyaliusa, Macropods
Bag-bearing catfish or Bagniferous (Heteropneustidae) Catfish bag-tabernacle
Notopterovye, spinoperoe (Notopteridae)
Knife-read eye, Silver Blanche knife
Bastard Catfish (Callichthyidae)
Torakatum, corridors – speckled catfish, etc.
Pecilia (Poeciliidae) Guppies, Sword, Mollies, Pecilia
Pimelodic or Flat-headed catfish. Antennaous catfish (Pimelodidae). Bearded catfish, Zebra microglanis.
Polurilye (Hemirhamphidae) Poluoryl red-black
The iris (Melanotaeniidae)
Melanotenias and Irises
Hack catfish (Chacidae) Hack or frog short
Neons, Orantusi, Pulcher, Tetras, Tairee
Helostoma (Helostomatidae) Gourami kissing
Hobotnorylye (Mastacembelidae) Mastamembel red-striped, Mastamembelus red-striped, Hobotyryl red-striped, Fiery eel
Centropomovye (Centropomidae) Perch glass
Cichlids or Cichlidae (Cichlidae) Akaras, Apistorams, Discus, Parrots, Angelfish, Tsichlamozy
Shilbovy catfish (Schilbeidae)
Shark catfish, Freshwater shark, Siamese pangasius
Wide-headed catfish or Aspredinaceae (Aspredinidae) Bunocephalus or Som snag
Electric soma: Catfish electric.
As you can see, there are 30 types of aquarium fish. Imagine what the list will be if the fish are divided into subspecies and variations.
I think just 30,000 thousand and typed. Here is a list of aquarium fish from our site: HERE.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
3. CONDITIONS OF THE CONTENT OF AQUARIUM FISHES It’s all much easier than with species of aquarium fish. Actually, the general conditions include:
– the volume and size of the aquarium;
– compatibility of aquarium fish with each other;
– compatibility of fish and other inhabitants of the underwater world;
– feeding aquarium fish.
– diseases of aquarium fish.
– aquarium fish and plants.
– composition and parameters of aquarium water for fish.
The topics listed above are very voluminous, some deserve writing a whole book. Taking into account the objectives of this article, I will try to present everything in a compact and accessible manner.
Volume and size of the aquarium – the basis, the basis, the beginning of all the aquarium began. Simply put, what kind of aquarium you will get a house for aquarium fish, such and you will be fish.
Buy a “small family” (up to 50l.) – there will live guppes, and tetras with swordmen, buy a “two-piece” (100l.) – populate Goldfish, “three rubles” (150) – large and medium cichlids, well, for pent- Hausa (from 200-300l.) – Discuss and Astronotusy will do.
The quality characteristics of the aquarium affects not only its volume, but also the size (shape). The price is always long aquariums, as in such an aquarium the fish will have a place to roam.
In a short aquarium, they are unlikely to “pass the standards for swimming.”
Therefore, choosing an aquarium, you should first think about its future tenants. After all, the head of the REP is you, and only it depends on you who will live the akvadome entrusted to you and how!
Compatibility of aquarium fish with each other – how many books have been written, how many articles, debates and forums on this topic are there. Nevertheless, people manage to make the most serious mistakes: to combine the uncombinable and to push the non-punch!
Especially, for some reason, this fate befalls Goldfish when they are shoved into a 40-liter aquarium with a crowd, and, for greater beauty, they sit down to them, for example, a Labo. And then they are surprised, “that they die and are covered with some kind of cotton.”
My call, you can say – the cry of the soul: “Follow the rules of compatibility and living space per capita. ”
More information about this can be found here in this article: Compatibility of aquarium fish. How many fish can be in an aquarium of X liters (at the bottom of the article, select the volume of aquarium you need).
4. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES EAT
Modern aquaria does not know the problems in this matter. In pet stores you will be offered a variety of food for your pets.
From you envy is just a question – the correctness of feeding and diet of aquarium fish.
The most common mistake is overfeeding fish. Remember, it is better to feed less fish than to feed them.
From excess food in fish there are gastrointestinal diseases, and the aquarium turns into a warehouse of stubs, which in turn leads to a violation of the biobalance.
The second important thing that you need to pay attention to is a balanced, complete nutrition of aquarium fish. Do not feed the fish only dry food, enter into their diet a variety of food and then your pets will be “white and fluffy.”
In addition, consider the features of the fish, if the fish love plant food, pick exactly the food with the addition of vegetation, or buy them cheap plants for feed.
We read and ask questions here: How and how much to feed aquarium fish. See also: How to feed goldfish?
5. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES ARE PAINFUL
Fish, like people get sick. And most of the diseases they have also arise from poor living conditions.
From here we can conclude: Your care, attention and proper care is the key to the health and longevity of aquarium friends. But still, if we were three times attentive, sometimes we get into trouble and the fish get sick.
One thing pleases – almost all fish diseases are treatable, it is only important to make the correct diagnosis and apply the correct treatment.
The following sections of our site will help you with this:
DISEASES OF FISHING FISH
DISEASES OF FISHES
And also article: treatment and diseases of small fishes.
6. AQUARIUM FISHES AND PLANTS
I think that it will be no secret to anyone that the plants are the lungs of the aquarium and the redefining component of the excellent biobalance of the aquarium world. An aquarium without live plants, like an apartment without furniture – everything seems to be fine, but somehow it is not comfortable!
For many fish, a plant is not only food, but a place of shelter, sleep and spawning.
I suggest you to go through the list of aquarium plants and read more about what you like: AQUARIUM PLANTS.
7. AQUARIUM FISHES AND OTHER DOMAINS
Of course, the aquarium world does not end with the fish. In addition to the fish in the aquarium live: mollusks, crustaceans, crabs, shrimps, tritons and turtles. However, in many cases this neighborhood is strictly limited.
Since, many fish are not away profit from snails or shrimps and vice versa turtles devour small fish in two accounts.
Although on the other hand the presence in the aquarium, the same snails coils, not so bad! They will be excellent feed and will be a great addition to the dinner of your aquarium fish.
That will save you money and time.
Here is a section of our site dedicated to “other inhabitants” of the aquarium:
Shellfish and others.
8. REQUIREMENTS FOR AQUARIUM WATER FOR FISH
This is certainly a topic for writing a thesis! As for people, air, as for fish, water is the primary factor of existence.
How you “tune” it will envy and the health and appearance of the aquarium and fish.
The main parameters of the aquarium water are:
– t ° C, aquarium water temperature.
– hD, aquarium water hardness.
– pH, “acidity” of aquarium water.
– rH, org aquarium water.
Given the volume of this issue, I will give you links to each water parameter:
AQUARIUM WATER: parameters of aquarium water. Aquarium water temperature.
How much and how much does the water in the aquarium go?
Also, do not forget about the product of ammonia decomposition: NH4, N02, NO3.
9. RULES THAT WILL BECOME A MORTGAGE OF HEALTH AND GOOD WELLBEING OF YOUR AQUARIUM FISH
Summarizing this article to a logical conclusion, I would like to focus on simple, not difficult rules:
– initially select an aquarium for fish, not fish for an aquarium;
– follow the rules for compatibility of aquarium fish;
– Observe the rules of the settlement of the aquarium fish;
– defend the aquarium water, but rather use melted, boiled, distilled water;
– feed the fish wisely;
– make your aquarium beautiful and cozy. Do not forget about plants and other abodes of the aquarium kingdom.
– Watch the parameters and composition of the aquarium water.
Useful video about aquarium fish