maintenance, care, compatibility
Of course, you can keep a few fish in a 3-liter jar, but they will be cramped and uncomfortable there.
For example, if it is planned to settle no more than 15 individuals, then a 30-liter aquarium is enough.
Priming and decorative items can be selected such that they will like. It should not be forgotten about aquarium plants: they not only produce the necessary oxygen, but also serve as shelter for fry from adult fish.
Temperature water can vary from 18 to 30 degrees. However, 24 degrees is the best option for healthy development and reproduction.
To maintain this temperature, it is advisable to purchase a special heater in the pet store for an aquarium that has a water heating regulator.
Artificial lighting in the dark is optional. However, experienced guppy lovers still install additional lighting.
Thanks to him, algae grow better and the colors of the fish become much brighter and richer.
To maintain the aquarium in a tidy condition, it is enough to change one third of the water from the total volume once a month. Before that, it is desirable to defend it in an open container for several days.
Guppies love hard water (from 6 to 10 units), however, if we consider the quality of tap water, it is better to get rid of excess sediment. It should be remembered that inject water into the aquarium only at room temperature.
Otherwise, such abrupt changes in the aquatic environment can lead to disruption of the development of fish or even weakening of the immune system and the appearance of diseases.
If we are very lazy to care for the aquarium and do not change the water, it is advisable to install a compressor. He perfectly cope with the purification of water from the remnants of food and other dirt, thereby it will get rid of unnecessary trouble.
There is no point in setting an aerator for saturating water with air, except for beauty, you can hold special tubes at the bottom of the aquarium that allow bubbles. Guppies are undemanding to oxygen, so it is enough to plant some algae in the ground.
Plants absorb carbon dioxide and give the aquarium natural beauty.
Like all tropical fish, guppies love warm waters (22–25 ° C), but can live in the wider limit of 19.0–29.0 ° C. As for the parameters of water, for ordinary forms it is almost irrelevant.
They adapt to local conditions so quickly that they can transfer to a new aquarium without any problems at all. It would be ideal if the aquarium will have: 7.0 – 8.5, and a stiffness of 12.0 – 18.0, but the parameters can be completely different, which will not prevent the guppy from living and breeding.
The aquarium may be small, 20 liters will be enough for 5 fish. But, the greater the volume, the greater the number of fish you can keep and the more beautiful it will look.
It is best to have a lot of plants in the aquarium, as this will be similar to the natural habitat and will significantly increase the survival rate of the fry in the general aquarium. Lighting can be any, from bright to twilight.
It is advisable to use a filter, for gupeshek quite internal enough, but if there is an external, then great. Only it is better to close the holes in it with an additional small net, since a powerful filter is not only capable of sucking the fry, but even an adult fish.
Guppies cannot be called a schooling fish, but there is almost no point in keeping it with a pair. It is very small in size and in small quantities is almost invisible in an aquarium.
For guppies, the rule is simple – the more there are in the aquarium, the more impressive and beautiful they look.
Some species have already been listed above, but you can still see the article – the 10 best fish for beginners, everything on this list is good for keeping with guppies.
How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?
Usually, the female guppy gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch.
The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.
Like all fish – oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.
About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life.
Some fish live up to 5 years.
Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening.
Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.
There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins. Regularly change the water to fresh.
There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.
If the guppy has lost its tail, then this is an alarming sign – either someone breaks off its tail, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.
Again, either old and dirty water, or an infection, or scant feeding. Try changing 20% of the water once a week and watching the condition of other fish.
Such fish are found in almost all species, as a rule it is a defect from birth. If this happens in adult fish, then this may be due to the fact that it is contained in too close an aquarium, with a large number of fish. In guppy, the spine curls in the same way from old age, and this is normal, but the most frequent cause is fish tuberculosis or mycobacteriosis.
The disease is complex, and its treatment is not easy, does not always bring results. In order to avoid the spread of infection, these fish are better isolated.
The exact answer to this question is not found. Apparently with an excess of males, the laws of nature are included and the population compensates for the females in order to preserve itself.
It is possible, although it looks like something sad … All the same, this is a cheerful and brisk fish that loves company. If you are looking for a fish that would be beautiful, unpretentious and live wonderfully, then look towards the rooster.
Not required, but desirable. You can buy an inexpensive, internal filter with a washcloth.
It will perform its functions well enough and will not suck the fish into itself. Consider that if you bought a filter, and it is set higher (so that the surface of the water in the aquarium is in motion), then you will not need to buy additional aeration or simply put oxygen.
This is your choice. An empty aquarium is easier to clean, but it looks worse, the fry cannot survive in it, and the gupies themselves love to frolic among the plants.
I am for an aquarium with soil and plants.
No, the fish do not need light at all, except that it falls on the aquarium during the day. Light is needed for plants to grow.
No, they are viviparous. That is, the fry is born completely ready for life and can immediately swim.
Sometimes it falls in the egg, but it breaks and it floats. Sometimes he has a yolk sack, which he quickly assimilates.
Yes, but not like people. It is rather an active holiday, when at night the fish reduce activity, but still swim.
And it is better to turn off the lights at night, although some do not, but is it dark in nature at night?
Depends on the female, her age and size. Usually about 30-50 pieces, but sometimes 200
Very fast in good conditions. Males become mature in two months, and females in three.
No, they tolerate poorly salted water, but they die in the sea, this is a freshwater fish.
They breathe oxygen dissolved in water, and in your aquarium it is not enough. Because of which? Maybe it’s too hot, maybe you haven’t cleaned the aquarium for a long time and didn’t change the water, perhaps too closely.
Be sure to turn on aeration or filtration (place the filter closer to the surface of the water to enhance gas exchange) and replace some of the water with fresh one.
They can do it both by chance and because of bad water – for example, if it has not been changed for a long time and the soil is not siphoned in the aquarium. Also, the reason may be a small amount of oxygen in the water, read about it above.
Unfortunately, the exact cause can not be named, even if the aquarium is near you. This may be improper feeding (monotonous, only dry food or abundant), there may be unsuitable water parameters (a lot of ammonia), and there may be a disease.
The minimum that needs to be done is to replace part of the water, siphon the soil and change the type of feed.
Any small. More or less large catfish, almost without exception predators.
The only exception is tarakatum, it can be contained with guppy. Well, any corridors, for example speckled, will get along superbly with guppies and will be very useful, eating the rest of the food from the bottom.
The most unpretentious of the fry, survive in the wild. But, if you regularly change water, feed so much that they eat in a couple of minutes and feed the fry two or three times a day, they will quickly grow, color and please you.
What to feed the guppy fry? There are no difficulties in feeding, they eat crushed flakes, but it is better to give Artemia naupilii or shredded strawberry.
Proper care is not possible without feeding. The first 3 weeks of life they can be fed live dust and artemia by the term of incubation for 6-8 hours. In the first month of life in the diet, you can add bloodworms, chopped shaker, Cyclops.
It is important that the feed is crushed. You can also give boiled and chopped chicken yolk, alternating it with other feeds.
It is recommended to give branded feed for fry guppies.
Look at the newly born guppy fry.
As they grow, the fry need to be sorted. When it is possible to identify the floor, especially the matured guppies, prepare an aquarium with water, diluting it with water from a pitcher.
Guppies from the age of 2-4 weeks can breed, therefore, in order to avoid early pregnancy of females, sorting should be carried out.
The dominant feature of the male guppy in the early stages is the lengthening and folding of the lower fin, which is located near the anus. Over time, this fin will turn into gonopodia.
Once gonopodium is formed, it will be easier to determine the gender in the early stages. Mixed-fry cultivation of fry is good for their health.
With separate maintenance, it is easier to care for them, and they do not spend their strength on pursuing each other.
If the fry do not take food during feeding, it means that the quality of water does not meet the standards. Healthy fry have a rounded belly and a strong appetite.
Many problems with growing fry are due to the fact that they are provided with the wrong care. This applies to cleaning the aquarium (bottom siphons, water changes, filtration, aeration).
The first signs of coloring of young fish do not appear immediately, depending on the species or breed. Sometimes the female guppy is able to give birth to offspring from different males, or once a fertilized female can give birth every month. The number of fry in one brood is about 20.
Therefore, it happens that fry from several broods grow in an aquarium. The first time after birth, the fry can stay at the bottom in a stationary state.
If it is wrong to care for the female during pregnancy, she may give birth to premature fry, which will have a yolk sac, before the expected time. Female premature births occur because of frequent water changes in the aquarium, or because of the launch of a guppy in a recently launched aquarium.
Mortality among premature fry is very high.
How to care for guppies :: aquarium guppies care :: Aquarium fish
Guppies are small aquarium fish with interesting bright colors. Many fish breeders inhabit their guppy aquariums, which have good survival rates. For their maintenance does not need expensive equipment or any complex water systems.
Care for guppies will not be difficult.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
- – aquarium;
- – feed;
- – daylight lamp;
- – filter;
- – pebbles or coarse sand;
- – plants.
1. Special content is required only when breeding breeding fish. For thoroughbred guppies you need an aquarium that holds at least 50 liters of water.
You need to take care also about the level of acidity of water (about 7 pH). For ordinary guppy species, it is enough to draw water from the tap and stand for 24 hours (you can pass through a household filter).
The optimum water temperature is 24 ° C, if the temperature is below 18 ° C, then there is a high probability that guppies catch diseases. High temperatures lead to shorter life cycles and shredding individuals.
2. At the bottom of the aquarium pour small pebbles or large river sand, place a few bushes of unpretentious plants, behind which the small fish like to hide. Guppy – a very active aquarium fish, can jump out of the water.
Therefore, it is recommended to leave a side height of at least 7 centimeters above the water level, close the container with a lid. Combine solar lighting and artificial lighting throughout the day.
Bred guppies require the installation of special devices for aeration and water filtration.
3. Feeding guppies is an important point in keeping the fish. It is impossible to give individuals too much feed, as this leads to its subsidence at the bottom, from which the water quickly deteriorates.
Adult guppies need to be fed once a day, in small portions and at certain times. Fishes grow well from live food, so you should give them moth, daphnia, rotifers and mosquito larvae. To maintain the brightness of the color of guppies will allow the addition of modern feed containing vitamins and minerals.
Once a week you need to arrange a guppy fasting day.
4. Reproduction of guppies occurs without creating special conditions. Females and males acquire the ability to breed from the age of four months.
According to the shape of the female’s abdomen, it is possible to determine the approach of labor (the abdomen becomes angular). Sow the female in a separate container. When the fry are born, guppies can be returned to the general aquarium.
Fry should be kept for some time separately until they grow up, because guppies can eat their own babies.
5. Once a week you need to clean the aquarium. It is advisable to remove the remnants of food and replace the third part of the water with fresh. The added water should be the same hardness and temperature as the main one.
Guppy lives for an average of three years. For the prevention of diseases of guppies, add salt to the aquarium (a teaspoon per 10 liters of water).
Remember that cleanliness is a guarantee of health, so cleaning the aquarium is an indispensable condition for keeping guppies.
One of the most beautiful and undemanding aquarium fish – guppies. They are kept by both beginning aquarists and experienced breeders, thanks to the fact that guppies get along well with other inhabitants of aquariums and easily reproduce.
Caring for them is very simple.
About the calming effect on humans of fish in an aquarium is not worth mentioning. And who in childhood did not dream to have a pet?
A good option for this is the guppy fish. It does not require special care, it comes in a variety of colors, breeds easily and does not need any additional devices for living in an aquarium.
Many even breed special types of guppies, crossing different individuals.
The average lifespan of guppies in home aquariums is 2 years. But some individuals with very good care live to 5 years.
Guppy can live all his life even in a three-liter jar, but it is worth noting that in this case its color will not be very diverse, rather the fish will remain mostly gray and uninteresting. It is quite another matter if the fish is placed in an aquarium with a volume of 5-10 liters. Her coloring will become brighter after a while.
In male guppies, you can see all sorts of shades on the tail fin and body (orange, blue, purple, red), if you adhere to a certain temperature regime, the purity of water, the necessary hardness.
The water temperature can vary from +18 to + 30 ° C, but the most acceptable for growth and development is from +24 to + 26 ° C. For breeding, females require temperatures above 26 ° C, while lower thermometer values — 18–22 ° C — are optimal for rearing large individuals and increasing life expectancy.
Soil is best suited medium grain, dark color. Against the background of his gray and not expressive females look more colorful than in fact, and the males of bright and interesting colors will shimmer more. It is better to plant the back wall of the aquarium with aquatic plants so that the fish, especially the young, can hide.
A relatively new species of guppy – Endler’s guppy, or dwarf guppy. It was discovered by the scientist John Endler in the waters of Venezuela.
Adult males have a size of no more than 2 cm.
Guppies are peaceful and peaceful fish, so they can easily get along with other species. Only it is necessary to select species that are also not aggressive, since they can attack beautiful, voile tails of innocuous, untouching guppies.
Females sometimes eat their young, so if guppies are raised specifically, after breeding, the fry should be caught and placed in a container where most of the water comes from the old habitat.
Clean the aquarium once a week. For this, a special tube is collected from the bottom of fish waste, pollution on the walls.
Clean carefully so that 60-70% of the old water remains in the tank. Guppies prefer to eat live food, but suitable and dry.
It is necessary to feed often, but in small portions. Once a week it is preferable to do a fasting day.
Guppies are interesting fish of various colors that do not require complex care and high costs, so even a child can afford such pleasure.
These ornamental carp reach sexual maturity from about four months of age and are then ready for breeding. An interesting feature: at an elevated temperature of the aquatic environment (+ 30 °), maturity begins with three months.
Reproduction can occur both in the general aquarium and in a special spawning ground. Even a three-liter jar is suitable for this, as ornamental fish are unpretentious, and the couple will be able to give offspring even in such Spartan conditions.
In principle, the type of tank is not so important, the main thing is to perform a number of activities to create optimal conditions for the reproduction of offspring: the appropriate temperature and the presence of green vegetation (Javanese moss, for example), in which future fry will find their shelter.
Most experts are unanimous on the question of how to provoke the reproduction of guppies: this is an increase in temperature in the aquarium by 3-4 degrees and the replacement of about 1/3 of the water in the spawning (or general) aquarium. Naturally, the water must be separated.
However, some professional aquarists insist that such provocation is needed only in a strictly defined case, when the guppy is difficult and premature.
When the male begins to chase the female, snuggle up to her from the side or bottom, mating begins. There is an important feature: if the fish are in the total volume, then you need to ensure that there are not too many males.
They can drive a female to a state of complete exhaustion, there have even been cases of death of females in such conditions. Therefore, the ideal option – a couple of individuals.
The male fertilizes the female with the help of a special sexual organ, which has the scientific name of gonopodia. At its core, this is a modified section of the fin in the form of several tubules, which only adult males have.
First of all, it must be borne in mind that these beautiful fish are viviparous, that is, they do not lay eggs or larvae, but give birth, producing offspring ready for life.
The duration of gestation of the female is from 28 to 40 days. It is established that it depends on the number of fry that she bears.
In its appearance, a pregnant guppy is distinguished from a common fish community. First, it forms a rounded belly, in the section of which it bears eggs, and then the belly becomes rectangular with a black area below.
This form of the abdomen suggests that a pregnant female guppy will soon give birth.
Important clarification: during this period, it is impossible to change the conditions of keeping fish, as a pregnant guppy is very sensitive to the slightest temperature fluctuations, water quality, and light intensity before giving birth. Calmness of the female is the key to successful spawning.
Newcomers to the aquarium business are often interested in the question of why guppies eat their fry. Yes, there are ornamental fish that care for the offspring, protect it from the encroachments of its neighbors.
But these types of minority.
And guppies, like other carp, do not have maternal instinct. It often happens that the female eats her offspring immediately after spawning and even at the time of childbirth, if the fry rashly swims past her mouth.
Nothing can be done: who did not hide, he died. Natural selection, you know …
What should be done to save at least part of the offspring?
- It has already been mentioned that it is necessary to keep vegetation in the general aquarium, which provides natural shelter for the young.
- In addition, when breeding in a separate spawning, it is important not to miss the moment when it is time to plant the female guppy.
There is one opinion: this is done immediately after the female gives birth to the last fry. Of course, if the owner of the aquarium wants to save offspring, and such a goal is not in each case.
Another variant: spawning occurs in the general aquarium. In this case, the aquarist must decide for himself whether it is necessary to plant guppy fry into a separate nursery capacity.
If such a decision is made, then the young gently and quickly collected a plastic cup and transferred to the prepared water kindergarten. Of course, all the fry can not be collected, but most of them can be saved.
The most important for the further development of the cubs are the first 3-5 days of their life. The practice of breeding fish in an aquarium has long and specifically determined what to feed the guppy fry during this period and how best to do it.
Experts believe that food should be abundant and around the clock. At first, it is recommended to give live dust, artemia, rotifers, micro-worm.
As a top dressing, you can also use a solution of boiled and grated egg yolk in a tablespoon of aquarium water. A case of the birth of 180 small guppies at once was recorded.
Counting the exact number of small individuals is complicated by the fact that parents eat fry.
There are specially designed commercial feed for fry. For example, German MicroMin contains in its composition all the necessary elements that contribute to the stable development of young.
It is not recommended to turn off the light above the nursery aquarium in the first week (constant lighting has a positive effect on the growth of the young), and feeding should be carried out 5-6 times a day, from the second week to two months – at least 2-3 times a day, not allowing overfeeding.
By the way, it depends on the food in the first month of life how fast the guppy fry grow. With high-quality abundant feeding in about 2 weeks, they reach sizes from 1.5 to 2 cm.
Some breeders believe that with such sizes the fry can already be released into the general aquarium.