maintenance, care, compatibility
The first began to breed these beautiful creatures of the Chinese and Koreans. Then they conquered the Japanese in the 16th century, and in the 17th century the Portuguese and the Dutch brought goldfish to Europe.
Homeland aquarium fish guppies.
In the wild, these creatures inhabit the waters of Brazil, Venezuela, and they are also found in Guiana, on the islands of Trinidad and Barbados. For the first time physicians paid attention to them.
It turns out that these fish eat the larvae of anopheles mosquitoes, significantly reducing the population of these dangerous insects in their region.
Homeland aquarium fish catfish.
Golden catfish, tiger and speckled came to us from South America (Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay). Som shifter appeared in Africa (region of the Congo River). But there is also a unique transparent fish – glass catfish.
These creatures came to Europe from Hindustan, Sumatra and Burma.
Homeland aquarium fish gourami.
This type of fish lives in Southeast Asia (Sumatra, Java, Thailand, Vietnam). The first who began to actively engage in acclimatization gourami, trying to teach them to the climate of Europe, was a French aquarist and naturalist Pierre Carbonier.
Homeland of aquarium fish angelfish.
To see these creatures in the wild, you will have to go to the shores of Orinoco and Amazon, or take a walk along the largest river of Guyana – Essequibo. Angelfish do not like the fast flow and adore the reservoirs covered with thickets.
To describe all the aquarium fish and tell where their distant homeland is located is simply impossible. The number of species of these amazing creatures exceeds 21 thousand!
Those lovers who are interested in this article can find more information in reference books or catalogs. Only on the example of the five most common species, you will easily understand how wide the geography of the origin of the creatures that inhabit your aquariums is.
The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen’s dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy.
But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.
Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?
Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).
Creating an “underwater world” with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented.
However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other’s food chain. Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.
Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.
The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.
Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.
By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami.
In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.
They are also known for eating algae and snails.
HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom.
As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.
CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes.
These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.
Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.
It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7
VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish
DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals.
Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6
DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright.
This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed.
It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish
COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length.
Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge.
It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8
COCK –Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam.
They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water.
Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists.
It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7
GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.
Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO—Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.
Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.
The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.
Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.
It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish
NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals.
It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals.
Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium.
This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon.
And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5
SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish
The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA—Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.
The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades.
Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat.
The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed.
Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction.
In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides.
It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals. An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5
FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish
After acquiring an artificial reservoir from each novice aquarist, the first natural impulse is the desire to fill it with all kinds of fish. But with what, to start?
Today in the world there are many different types of aquarium fish. And the simplest thing that they usually offer or advise in a pet store is live-bearing aquarium fish. They differ from other species of fish in that they are easier to maintain.
Also breeding them is not a big deal. They also have very diverse offspring.
This happens by breeding and crossing different species of fish. For some reason, it has already been developed that it is these, the so-called viviparous fishes that are always the first to populate new aquariums. But you get so used to them that you start to get involved in them for many years.
Therefore, they occupy the first place among the water aquarium world. Let us consider in more detail what these fascinating representatives of the underwater world are.
The peculiarities of the fish explain the origins of the gouras: they live in nature both in stagnant and moving water, both in small dirty ditches and in large rivers and reservoirs.
The homeland of the gourami is south and southeast Asia and the countries of Indochina. In nature, fish usually reach 10–15 cm, but larger individuals up to 30 cm long are also found.
The largest representative of gourami fish is commercial, or real gourami. Such gourams come from the Great Sunda Islands, where it grows up to 60 cm in length.
In the aquarium, this species is rarely kept, with the exception of the youngest individuals, which, with proper care, can grow up to 30-35 cm.
Types of fish gourami
Among the many fish emit such species gourami:
- Kissing gourami – The aquarium fish, whose birthplace is Thailand, got its name because of the funny sound of colliding lips with another fish. Such gourami in the aquarium, it seems, really kiss.
- Pearl gourami, one of the most beautiful views. The birthplace of such a fish is the Malacca Peninsula. A quiet and peace-loving pet has an unusual color, as if sprinkled with pearl dust.
- Gourami aquarium spotted. His homeland is Thailand and South Vietnam. Spotted gourami love for their calm disposition and variety of colors.
- Blue gourami arrived in our aquariums from Sumatra. It got its name due to the green-blue color, which becomes even brighter during the spawning period.
- Honey gourami justifies its sweet name honey, yellowish color. These are rather small Indian fish that do not grow more than 5 cm in length.
The world of aquarium catfish is very diverse and has about 800 species. These are freshwater fish with a short body shape, a broad head and a flattened side. There are no scales on the catfish’s body, and there are thorns on the fins.
In nature, these fish can be found in different parts of the world. Fans of aquarium catfish strikes their variety of species.
A variety of catfish species
Homeland aquarium catfish tarakatum from the family of armor-clad or kallichtovyh – shallow waters of South America. This species lives in thickets of rivers with a strong current.
In drought buries deep in the mud. Loves soft soil.
Being bored, it does not damage the plants. This catfish is characterized by the fact that he loves to jump in height, so it is important that the aquarium was always closed from above.
Homeland speckled catfish of the same family South America, Argentina, Brazil, as well as Uruguay, Paraguay. These are peaceful peaceful fish with a night peak of activity. It is also called catfish ordinary, simple catfish or marble catfish.
These fish are very unpretentious in the content. Therefore, they are recommended even for beginners lovers of aquarium fish.
On the sandy areas of South American reservoirs, you can find bottomfish golden catfish. In captivity, he reaches no more than 7 cm in length. Himself catfish yellowish-brown.
Oxygen captures the mouth, and absorbs the posterior intestine. Moves spikes, which are located on the pectoral fins.
It is very interesting to watch these catfish creeping from place to place.
The catfish sparrow belongs to the family of crustaceans. South America is the birthplace of this aquarium catfish.
Homeland aquarium tiger catfish South America, Colombia, Brazil. These are predatory fish that feed on mussels, fish, and worms.
In an aquarium, sand and a lot of oxygen will be needed as a substrate. Predatory aquarium catfish tiger barbus loves live food: pipe maker, bloodworm.
Although they can eat and dry food.
Very interesting appearance of transparent catfish. The genus crypterus includes two types of transparent catfish from Southeast Asia.
Glass catfish can be found in India and Indonesia. They were first imported to Europe in 1934.
They live in the middle water layers. Their body is transparent. The skeleton is clearly visible.
Through the body, you can even see the back wall of the aquarium. These fish are not aggressive and fearful.
Feel confident in the flocks. Recommend to keep these fish 5-6 pieces.
Then they do not hide and calmly swim around the aquarium.
Homeland hakovom catfish is India, Burma, Sumatra. These catfishes have a powerful head, a wide mouth and a small dorsal fin.
These are predator fish. They are active only at night.
The catfish was sticking to the chain mail or Loricarids. It is distinguished by a large muzzle with suckers. With his face he cleans the algae from the walls of the aquarium for food.
These catfishes are called pterigoplichts or catfish cleaners. Pterigoplicht broth is common. Homeland aquarium catfish sticky shallow water tributaries of large South American rivers, flooded areas of the jungle.
It lives in thickets of plants.
Pimelody or flat-headed catfish are valued for the brightness of the coloration. The homeland of this aquarium catfish is Mexico and Argentina. Catfish cuckoo or multi-spotted catfish belongs to the family of fringed.
In nature, lives in one of the largest African lakes Tanganyika.
Shark catfish is from Thailand. Loneliness for this catfish can cause stress. This is a schooling fish.
With a sharp appearance of light or shadow, they rush around the aquarium near its very surface. They may even damage their noses for fear.
Pretty big fish. Siamese shark catfish reach up to 30 cm.
And, high-grade to half a meter.
Homeland aquarium catfish Changeling Africa, reservoirs of the Congo River. When a danger arises, he turns his belly up.
In this position, he rests and eats.
Few aquarists know that the pets and decorations of their aquarium – catfish – are the oldest fish on the planet that have survived to our days.
Freshwater reservoirs in the world have about two thousand different species of catfish. In aquariums mastered about 800 species.
These handsome ones have a wide head and flattened sides. They have completely no scales, in some places it is replaced by bone plates. Somiki are bottom fish, most of them are quite unpretentious – fairly ordinary aquarium conditions.
Homeland catfish aquarium – reservoirs around the world, the habitat of many species varies considerably. Details of the content of some fish, their habits, the differences in shapes and colors will be described in our article.
Antsistrus is a very original catfish, the birthplace of the fish is Brazil. Antsistrus males have specific bushy leathery processes on their heads, which are very popular with the children who watch these fish in the aquarium. Basically the body is dark gray, with light specks.
But the color can “turn pale”, in Ancistrus it is changeable. Often the fish stick to the glass of the aquarium and are engaged in scraping the algae. The motherland of the catfish aquarium is the Amazon River, where the habitat is mildly acidic water.
But the fish easily adapts to life in hard water, which must be cleaned and oxygenated.
Angelfish care and maintenance spawning breeding description
Scalyarius fish belonging to the family of cichlids. Their homeland is South America, its central part. In reservoirs dense with plants, they acquired their form.
Its name is translated as winged sheet.
She looks like a leaf. And in Europe she was given the name Angel Fish. A flat body allows it to move easily among plants.
Aquarium angelfish grow up to 15 cm in an ordinary aquarium. If the goal of an aquarist is to grow only them, and all the necessary conditions are created for them, then their value can reach 26 cm.
How many live angelfish in an aquarium? Well, somewhere around 10 years, although there have been cases when this period was increased almost 2 times.
This allows the choice of the inhabitants of the aquarium to give her preference.
Because if the inhabitants of the aquarium do not live long, and you get used to them, then the death from old age of those who have a life span of just over 2 years very sad aquarist.
SPREAD OR BREEDING SCALARIES
if you want to get a baby angelfish, you need a ready to spawn couple. How to get it?
Consider that the scalars themselves choose their partner, so make sure that they have someone to choose from.
It is better to acquire several individuals fry and grow them. The number of individuals should be about six, and this is not a far-fetched figure.
Some fry may die in the process of growth, since the scalar is very sensitive to changes in water parameters; Another option is that the fry you grow may not grow to normal size, the reason for this is frequent intraspecific crossing.
You can choose a fry in a store or on the market as follows: keep an eye on the two biggest fry (these must be males), take them; choose the two smallest (most likely females), and take two fry at random, this time of medium size. This method of selection does not guarantee you one hundred percent success, but the chances of success are quite large.
You can say for sure that a pair has formed in you, when two fishes determine some territory for themselves and start protecting it from alien invasion.
The sexual maturities of the scalar reach ten to twelve months. If by this time both partners have reached approximately equal sizes and are large enough, you will be able to count on the pair’s spawning soon.
You may have some difficulties with determining the sex of your fish, but believe me, the fish will not have such problems, so let them choose their own partner – they will not be mistaken.
A tall aquarium of about 80-100 liters for an spawning angelfish pair is what you need. It is desirable to have plants, koryag, but we should not forget about the place in the center of the aquarium, which must be left free for swimming.
Scalarium eggs can be laid on the bottom, or on a wide flat leaf of a plant. Sometimes, not finding a convenient place for laying, the angelfish lay eggs on the filter and on the thermometer.
It is better that this does not happen, so it is possible that you yourself will put a flat stone (for example, slate) on the aquarium, on which the angelfish will lay eggs, after having cleaned it (note that these cichlids prefer to lay eggs on the top of the aquarium) . The day before the spawning of the female, the egg-deposit is visible, and the male has a narrow seed wire.
The female, when the time comes, lays its eggs on the chosen place in even rows, followed by the male, fertilizing the eggs. This action takes about an hour. Spawning takes place in several stages.
The total number of eggs ranges from 100 to 500, possibly more.
Caviar can do differently. If you have a separate aquarium specifically for the spawning angelfish pair – this is good. Especially if it is large enough.
If you plan to give parents their own care for caviar and fry, a couple and a brood of 200-250 fry should have plenty of room for swimming (and in a large aquarium, the couple will not have a sense of danger for the offspring, in a rush of which they can eat caviar and fry).
If you do not have the opportunity to deposit spawning angelfish from the common aquarium, it is better to take the delayed caviar from the pair. The potential danger posed to scalar parents by every fish in an aquarium, and even by a partner, will cause restless parents to eat offspring.
To avoid this, remove the plant or stone with caviar and place it in a special incubator, not forgetting caviar aeration, temperature inside the incubator, and general water parameters. It is recommended to add antifungal medication to the incubator so that non-fertilized eggs will not harm the fertilized ones.
The larvae hatch in about a day or two after fertilization, if the temperature is optimal. About a week from now, they feed on the shell of the egg they were in, so they do not need feeding.
Then dry, frozen food and substitutes will make up the diet of your growing fry.