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The most interesting facts and unusual information about fish

The thickness of the World Ocean hides truly mysterious creatures of unusual colors and sizes, from very tiny to gigantic, with amazing abilities and impressive age. It was in the water many millions of years ago that the first life originated, but even today you can find specimens of the most ancient representatives of fish.

The ranking contains the most interesting facts about fish, records and historical data.

In the waters of the seas and oceans, even today you can find specimens of the oldest representatives of the fish.

Among the huge number of fish there are individuals who stand out for their bizarre, and sometimes frightening views. Representatives of this category are not always dangerous, but use their exotic appearance to scare away predators or hunting.

Evolution and climate change lead to the complete or partial modification of individuals, this also applies to marine inhabitants. At one time, huge and majestic primitive species were crushed or extinct, some changed in appearance, learned to breathe on land, or stopped swimming altogether and adapted to walk on fins.

The list shows Interesting facts about fish of giant and dwarf sizes:

    The whale shark is considered the biggest fish in the entire World Ocean.

    The length of its body can reach 12-18 meters. Despite its size, it eats small relatives and plankton and is absolutely safe for humans, even allows you to swim next to each other and touch.

    Shark is a record holder in terms of migration. Studies have shown that a female named Anna swam for 841 days in 20142 km from the coast of Panama to the Mariana Trench.

The whale shark is considered the biggest fish in the entire World Ocean.

  • The largest freshwater fish researchers called beluga. Its length is 4.3 m, and the weight of up to 1.5 tons, the demand for sturgeon fishing has led to the extinction of the species, so their capture is prohibited.
  • In second place was freshwater catfish, which reaches 3-4 meters with a weight of up to 500 kg. In the 19th century, catfish of 4.5 m and weighing 347 kg was caught on the Issyk-Kul river, but the data on it were not officially recorded. Being a predatory fish by nature, catfish can attack humans and large animals. In 1970, in Turkey, after a catfish was ripped up in the stomach of a catfish, a woman’s body was found, and later, two children were found in the body of a large individual. Scientists argue that the bottom residents do not attack living people, and eat drowned.
  • Among the large freshwater specimens are Arapaimu living in the waters of the Amazon River, the world’s largest river with amazing flora and fauna. The length of the fish is 2.5 meters, and the weight is 200-250 kg, and this is not its main achievement. Arapayma is a living fossil and belongs to the list of ancient, prehistoric fish. In addition, she can breathe air.
  • The smallest fish are: dwarf goby (body length 8.9 mm), ray-finned fish – 7 mm, Panamanian photocorin – 6 mm.
  • Small freshwater dwarf pandaks. This tiny fish lives in the lakes of Luzon Island in the Philippines. Pandaks males are only 7.5 mm long, the maximum height is 9 mm. The view is on the verge of extinction and is used as aquarium dwellers.
  • Tiny commercial fish include cinarapan. These representatives also come from the Philippines and are also endangered. Despite the size of 10−13 mm, cinarapan is a delicacy and is eaten dry. For a briquette of a dried delicacy weighing 450 grams it will take about 70 thousand individuals.
  • Due to the demand for seafood, large quantities of fish are caught every day from the seas and oceans, which leads to a reduction in their population and leads to the extinction of species.

    The reservoirs of Europe get poorer, and the title of the busiest river goes to the Amazon, which has in its waters more than a million plants and inhabitants. According to scientists, the river has been studied at only 30% and hides many interesting facts about fish and river populations.

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    Divers will confirm – the ocean is beautiful. Unusual, bright and original colors of inhabitants create a breathtaking picture that is simply impossible to forget.

    The appearance of some types of marine inhabitants fascinates and sometimes scares.

    The list of such representatives include:

    • Lion fish. Its developing fins resemble the mane of a lion, but this beauty is not so harmless: in sharp fins there is poison that is dangerous for humans.
    • Clown fish, hero of Disney cartoons. The name was given because of the bright coloring and active behavior. Interesting facts from the life of fish include his ability to change sex from male to female with the death of a female.

    The name of the clown fish was given because of the bright coloring and active behavior.

  • Sea handsomes are also considered discus, Moorish idol, Chinese perch, blue surgeon, tulle apogon and others. All of them are widely used for home aquarium.
  • An unusual and specific appearance has fish drop, causing some disgust when looking at it, but it is rare and refers to the list of endangered species. The individual has a massive head with a huge mouth, hanging lips and nose, small eyes, a pale pink color gives the final resemblance to a human face.
  • Sea Bat – the funniest inhabitant of the depths. The fish living at a depth of 200–1000 m does not know how to swim and is not indifferent to lipstick, moves on fins, as if on legs, and has a body as flat as a plate.
  • Scorpion ambon – the most beautiful fish on the planet, most of the people who met it think so. There are long spikes throughout the body of the bottom predator, the venom of which can kill even a human.
  • Awesome view has anglerfish or monkfish. It is a bottom dweller, moving on fins, starting from the bottom, for which he received the name frog.
  • Anglerfish is a predatory fish that feeds on other types of fish.

  • Not behind and goblin shark (rhinoceros shark, house shark), it is a rare and endangered species.
  • Red Paku – a real exot, apparently outwardly individual, has human teeth and belongs to the subfamily Piranjev.
  • Crocodile Whitewash – a translucent type of fish that does not have red blood cells with low hemoglobin, so their blood is clear. Icefish can live in cold water and breathe through the pores on the skin, not the gills. Her blood does not freeze even at zero temperature.
  • Glass Fish – Salpa Maggiore. An absolutely transparent creature, resembling a fish, has a heart and gills, but belongs to a number of invertebrates.
  • Horror capable mutant bovine shark. Once in 50−100 years, scientists come across such specimens, by nature, they are albinos with one eye, who are unable to survive in their natural environment, so they die immediately after birth.

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    In addition to external data, the marine life hides many other talents and skills. Some of the individuals are trainable, others see ultraviolet rays, do not know how to blink or swim.

    There are many more interesting facts about fish for children., which even adults do not know.

    • The most dangerous fish in the world is piranha, living in the waters of the Amazon River. The predator has sharp teeth, and the strength of its bite is so great that it can bite a stick as thick as a finger.
    • The highest speed is a sailboat, which has a speed of up to 100 km / h due to the structure of its body and a huge dorsal fin.
    • The slowest moving seahorse, by the way, the only fish that can move vertically.
    • The oldest fish, according to recorded data, is considered the European eel Patti, who has lived 88 years in the aquarium of the Swiss museum. In 1860, he was caught in a river and placed in an aquarium, where he died in 1948.
    • Deep-water species – bassogigas, preferring to live in very great depth. It was first caught by a research vessel from a depth of 8,000 meters.
    • The most common fish is igoroth. She lives in many reservoirs at a depth of 200−400 meters. Its height is no more than 8 cm, and the body consists of the mouth and fins.
    • The ability to climb a tree has anabas that lives in the waters of Southeast Asia, and these individuals can live for several days outside the reservoir, keeping the liquid in the gills or burrowing in moist mud.
    • Not only clown fish, but also groupers, imperial angel, parrot fish, pocentsent and wrasse can also change the sex.
    • The lungfish can breathe through the gills, taking oxygen from the water, and air while on land.
    • The most poisonous is a stone fish (wart), it has spikes on its surface with poison that can paralyze and cause severe pain. The meat of these individuals is used in the national cuisine of Hong Kong and Japan. Another venomous delicacy is a fugu fish. If it is improperly prepared, you can get severe poisoning or die.

    Fish-stone is small, grows up to 50 cm, is a predator.

  • Unlike all types of fish, sharks and southern rays – viviparous. In addition, sharks can turn the stomach inside out, if it does not cope with digestion.
  • The ability to swim is given to many inhabitants of the sea depths, but flying is only given to flying fish, with the flight height reaching 5 meters.
  • An unusual type of hunting peculiar to the fish-sprinkler, which knocks insects with a stream of water.
  • The cockerel fish is renowned for its gibberish and fighting talent.
  • Amazing skills are given to deep-sea representatives who live in great depths, where there is total darkness. Such individuals illuminate their way with unique organs – photophores.

    Such glands have a black dragon, light-eyed, anglerfish, glowing anchovies, Brazilian glowing sharks.

    In addition, there is still a lot of interesting things about fish for children.

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