Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 The maintenance of the plecostomy of the gold and the care of catfish

The maintenance of the plecostomy of the gold and the care of catfish

Som plebostomy is very popular among breeders. Often it is used as a kind of natural cleaner.

The fish eats algae with pleasure, scraping them from the aquarium glass. Thanks to her, the tank will always remain clean.

This look – one of the most unpretentious and hardy.

Plekostomus gladly eats algae, scraping them from the aquarium glass.

Golden Plekostomus possesses an elongated light brown body covered with bone plates. The head is massive, the eyes are small.

The mouth has thorns, which makes it possible to strip off algae of any surface.

The fish is covered with a large number of dark spots, this allows it to remain imperceptible against the background of stones and fallen leaves at the bottom. This jaguar color looks very beautiful, representing a kind of pattern. There are species with a small number of spots or lack thereof.

Usually males are brighter and larger than females.

Living in natural conditions, catfish grows up to 60 cm. In an aquarium, it can grow only up to 38 cm.

As for life expectancy, in the natural environment individuals live longer. At home, fish can live up to 15 years.

Small individual get along well with neighbors, only occasionally “quarreling” with them. Growing up, som plebostomus becomes intolerable to any encroachment on its territory. He is not so pleasant in the neighborhood with other relatives.

Sometimes such a fish sticks not to the glass of an aquarium, but to someone’s back, moving a long time around the aquarium, so to speak, on someone else’s hump.

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Thanks to the suction mouth, the catfish easily collects feed from the bottom of the reservoir. Under natural conditions, this feature allows individuals to remain within their range during rains, while other inhabitants of the reservoir sometimes take water over long distances.

Plekostomus can absorb dissolved oxygen in the air, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the intestine. Outside the water, this species is able to stay alive for about thirty hours. It should also be noted amazing ability to move on the ground by pectoral fins and tail.

So these fish overcome huge distances in search of an optimal place to live when their native water dries out.

Plekostomus can absorb dissolved oxygen in the air, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the intestine.

In general, the content of the plexostomus does not cause much trouble. The only inconvenience is the need for a large tank. Water parameters do not play a big role, the main thing is to keep clean.

You need to be prepared for the fact that the fish is growing rapidly.

In the diet is dominated by algae and vegetable feed. However, the fish loves and live food. With a lack of algae, it can also agree to soft plant species.

A tank with a large amount of fouling is required. Artificial feeding is used when catfish eat algae faster than they grow. Plekostomusa can be fed and vegetables, he Enjoy with pleasure:

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It is preferable to give food in the evening, some time before turning off the light.

A small individual needs a 300-liter tank, a mature fish already needs a volume of 800-1,000 liters. Be sure to place the stones and snags, so that catfish can hide during the day. Snags are needed in an aquarium and for other reasons:

  • algae grows quickly on them;
  • they contain cellulose that promotes normal digestion.

Hypostomus plecostomus can jump out of the tank, so you need to cover it with something. Due to the large amount of waste, good filtration is necessary.

The water temperature should be in the range of 19−26 degrees, the recommended acidity – 6.5−8.0 pH.

Hypostomus plecostomus can jump out of the tank, so you need to cover it with something.

Somik is a territorial fish, he does not tolerate other males of his own species and can arrange real battles with congeners, perceiving strangers as rivals. It is not recommended to settle these small fishes with scalars and discus, they can peel off the scales while they sleep.

Choosing neighbors, you need to take into account their size. Too small fish plebostomus will quickly eat.

Catfish is well compatible with tropical fish.

To distinguish the male from the female is not an easy task. Experienced breeders identify males by genital papillae. Under natural conditions, individuals breed in burrows along the banks of the river.

As for the aquarium, it is very difficult to reproduce the natural conditions. Breeding these fish is troublesome, and not everyone can handle it.

This is one of the reasons for the high cost of plexostomus on the market.

If the difficulties of breeding and the high price does not frighten, you should definitely get this charming fish. Funny pet will help care for the aquarium and will bring a lot of positive emotions.

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