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The maintenance of aquarium fish ornatus and care for her

Ornatus is one of the most interesting aquarium fish. This tiny creature with an almost transparent body 4–6 centimeters long attracts the attention of all curious aquarists and ichthyologists.

Attractive appearance, a specific way of life, as well as the lack of special difficulties in the home content make it look incredibly popular and in demand.

Ornatus – fish with an almost transparent body 4-6 cm long

A distinctive feature of the ornatus aquarium fish is an almost transparent almond-shaped and flattened body in the lateral part, which is covered with tiny scales with various shades. All representatives of the species are characterized by agile behavior, so in the home aquariums small flocks of fish are actively moving from one side to the other, trying to change their direction during movement.

In individuals, there is a two-blade tail, a towering dorsal fin, which resembles a sail, as well as dark specks near the gill slit. Ornatus homeland are French Guiana and the lower part of Amazonia.

Under natural conditions, fish lead a relatively peaceful lifestyle, because even males who like to enter into territorial disputes never attack their fellows, but only occupy a threatening posture, bending the torso and widening their fins. The likelihood of fights with a fatal outcome is almost impossible.

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And ornatus do not conflict with other peaceful fish, including:

  • Cyprinid terpentium;
  • gurs;
  • antsistrusov;
  • acantophthalmos.

By nature, ornatus is a friendly fish. In addition, she is ready to join other flocks when dangerous situations or other animals appear in the aquarium.

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There are no significant differences between different types of ornatus, except for body color. As for the structure, lifestyle, nutrition and reproduction, here everything remains identical.

However, among the large species diversity, red ornatus is especially popular, or – Red Phantom.

The first acquaintance of humanity with the tiny creature began with the ornatus of the ordinary The species was described as early as 1908, after which it began to be imported to the European continent, where it gained popularity among aquarists.

Rybka was appreciated not only for its colorful appearance, but also for its unpretentious and kind character.

Representatives of this species are characterized by a transparent body and a brownish-olive color, which may vary depending on the habitat. Under favorable conditions, the creature acquires reddish hues, which resembles red ornatus.

In determining the sex of the fish, many aquarists make mistakes. This is due to the fact that puberty ends at the age of one year, as a result of males there is a high sail-like fin, and in females a coquettish white limb in the region of the dorsal fin.

But a bright black spot in the gill cover is present in almost all young individuals, and only as they mature in females does it acquire a darker shade, and in males it disappears or brightens altogether.

During spawning, the sails of the fin turn brown-black. For comparison, ornatus red fin is painted in bright red or orange colors.

To accurately determine the identity of the fish to a particular sex, you must wait until it ends puberty.

During spawning at the ornatus the red fin is painted in bright red or orange colors.

In the circle of aquarists, ornatus black is very popular (the second name is Black Phantom). Fry of this species do not have a reddish hue, so they are easy to distinguish from others.

The Brazilian Rio Guaporé is the birthplace of black ornatus. The translucent body of the fish is covered with olive scales with a deep shade.

The abdomen and lateral part have light shades, and with the arrival of the spawn, these parts darken.

but When choosing a female, many aquarists make mistakes, since sexually mature females of black ornatus practically do not differ from females of the red species. In any case, all three species are able to mate with each other.

Therefore, if there is a desire to preserve a particular view, it is better not to keep them together.

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As for the Red Phantom, it is better not to cross it with other species, but to keep it clean. Since the appearance of the fish in the European space, it is in great demand.

This is due to the unsurpassed appearance and unpretentious character. The decorativeness of the animal is emphasized:

  • pink body color (because of this feature, the fish is called pink ornatus);
  • yellow-orange pectoral, caudal, and anal fins;
  • high dorsal fin.

Such a composition of shades looks simply irresistible, which makes the fish popular among aquarists. During the period of spawning, the body of ornatus acquires a scarlet hue, which distinguishes it from the rest of the tropical ichthyofauna.

On the territory of the Russian Federation the species has been bred since 1962. The striking beauty of the Red Phantom made the breeders seriously work on the breeding of another unique fish – the ornatus of the white smelter.

In this form all advantages from other varieties are concentrated.

Red ornatus is better not to mix with other fish in the aquarium

Many people mistakenly refer a dangerous golden parrot to ornatus, but in reality it is a completely different look. Despite the attractive appearance, accentuated by a slender torpedo-shaped body, this fish has a very aggressive character, and absolutely does not welcome the neighborhood with the rest of the aquarium fish.

Golden parrot used to defend their territorial possessions, as well as without any reason to attack the neighbors. Very often, these predators attack the shelters of peaceful fish, even if they are larger than them.

Experienced aquarists have learned to keep ornatus with this aggressive creation, but in most cases this does not lead to anything good. Golden parrot gets along only with those species that can protect themselves, and also have no external similarities.

Ornatusov should not be mixed in the same aquarium with a golden parrot

In nature, there is another species resembling ornatus. It is called the pseudo-tropheus of the elongatus and inhabits the standing waters of African lakes with an abundance of caves and stone shelters.

In terms of behavior, this fish resembles a golden parrot, so co-location with other species often ends in failure.

Both species are unlikely to be able to find a common language, but, unlike yulidochromis, the pseudotrophyus starts to behave aggressively only when dangerous situations appear. In other cases, the fish get along.

In natural conditions, ornatus settle in shaded water areas, where there are many plant objects and natural barriers in the form of bark, stones and fallen leaves. Water in such reservoirs is characterized by a special softness and the presence of turbidity. To ensure the fish maximum comfort in the aquarium, It is necessary to take into account some preferences and requirements of the form:

  1. Water must have a hardness of no more than 10 dH.
  2. The optimal temperature is 22−27 degrees Celsius.
  3. Indicators of acidity, in which the fish feels comfortable, equal to 6−7.5 pH.
  4. Another attribute of comfortable life is the presence of filtration and aeration of water.

The optimum temperature for ornatus is 22–27 С

Experienced aquarists suggest replacing 1/3 of water every seven days. This will make the fish truly bright and irresistible, as well as prolong their lifespan.

When creating the best conditions for keeping, it is important to take care of the dimmed lighting and the presence of various shaded shelters, as representatives of the species try to avoid exposure to bright light. It is also important to plant an aquarium with all sorts of plants, where ornatus will arrange dwellings and rest at any convenient time.

It is better to close the fish tank with a lid, since playful creatures often jump out and die in a fit of passion. The number of individuals in one flock should be 6−7 tails.

And even though these fish have a love for a single way of life, during dangerous situations they are accustomed to accumulate in flocks where hierarchy is expressed.

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