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The largest catfish in Russia and in the world: weight, size, length

Fans of world records will be interested to know about the size of the largest catfish ever caught by man, it’s no secret that this river dweller is only as large as such a sturgeon representative as the beluga, which is also found in Russian waters. At the same time, the predator mustache can be found not only in large rivers and lakes of the Eurasian continent, but also practically in all other regions of the planet, albeit not on such a scale.

Read more: behavior in nature and the value of beluga.

Som is inferior in size only to Beluga

A favorite habitat for fish with large whiskers are warm water bodies, so its largest populations can be observed precisely in the central and southern parts of Eurasia. It looks completely harmless river dweller, catfish is not as simple as it seems and, to a great regret, there are often situations when people do not hunt for this fish, which has delicious white meat, but vice versa.

Scientists have been watching this unique animal for a long time, as a result of which they managed to make a rather entertaining selection of the most interesting facts about them:

    The size of the baleen fish directly depends on how large is the reservoir in which it lives.

    That is why the largest specimens are found in the deepest fresh lakes and rivers.

The size of the catfish depends on the reservoir in which it lives.

  • Catfish love depth and prefer a sedentary lifestyle. This feature has a direct impact on their diet, with the result that fish prefer to eat carrion. As they grow up and increase their own body weight, the predator is forced to switch to something more serious. And if at first small fry, clams and even frogs are used, then over time the catfish will go on a big hunt, representing a serious threat not only for pikes and other large inhabitants of the reservoir, but also for people.
  • Long, thick mustache soma needed to he could feel his prey, even in the pitch darkness inherent in great depth, and in muddy water with oozy bottom. Contrary to popular belief, the catfish is not one, but three whole pairs of mustaches, which he deftly uses as bait, burying in river sand and leaving them outside, thus causing interest in other fish.
  • Catching a catfish bait is a snap, as the voracious monster readily bites at virtually any bait, while pulling it onto the shore is not always possible. So, many fishermen complained that the river predator tore their fishing line or even broke the bait in half, quietly returning to their underwater kingdom.
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    In this case, you should not hurry to get the catfish with your bare hands, underestimating the threat that this freshwater monster carries with it, because you can hear a lot of horror stories from real life, of which the catfish became the main participant.

    It should be recognized that small specimens of these fish do not pose a serious danger to humans, as well as representatives of the catfish family, with medium size. However, this can not be said about the huge catfish, the mass of which passes for 100 kilograms.

    Very large individuals can be dangerous to humans.

    For example, in 1970, in a small Turkish settlement, fishermen managed to catch a two-meter monster, in whose womb turned out to be not a small fish, but the corpse of a woman who had disappeared a few days ago. After some time, two more people disappeared in the same area, and residents of nearby villages were quick to blame giant catfish that live on the bottom of the reservoir.

    But despite the fact that the cases of finding human remains in fish gizzards are not isolated, some scientists are quite skeptical about the theory of man-eating soma, hunting for those who decide to swim at depth. As for the corpses in the fish womb, the researchers suggested that the catfish ate them like carrion, that is, in fact we are talking about drowned people, and not at all about the victims of the river predator.

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    Despite the fact that catching a big catfish from a river is not easy, As it may seem initially, some professional fishermen and ordinary lovers still managed to do it.

    Every year, people manage to set new records in the unofficial rating “The Biggest Caught Catfish”. Currently, the following ten unique items are on this list., which belong to the most severe weight category:

      The absolute champion today has become a giant monster, caught back in the XIX century in the waters of the famous Issyk-Kul lake, which at that time was in the possession of the Russian Empire. Surprisingly, the weight of the largest catfish caught in Russia amounted to as much as 347 kilograms, while its length exceeded 4 meters.

      In honor of the giant, the locals decided to erect a small arch in the form of fish jaws, from which today there is not the slightest trace left.

    The largest catfish reached 4 meters in size.

  • The second in the top “The biggest catfish in the world” was the giant from the Polish Lake Oder, which has the same length as the previous specimen, but one and a half times less than the mass of 200 kg. In addition to the large weight, this catfish attracted the attention of researchers with two more characteristic features, the first of which pointed to the impressive age of the animal (over 100 years), while the second was reduced to the fact that a corpse was found in its belly. However, after carrying out all relevant analyzes, it was established that the deceased was first choked and only then was swallowed up by a huge predator.
  • “Bronze” went to another one of the largest soma in Russia, which they managed to pull out of the river Seim, stretching along the banks of the Kursk region. This fish also weighed 200 kilograms, but its growth only slightly exceeded the mark of 3 meters. The history of capture is also amazing, because the fishermen managed to shoot fish under water from a harpoon, but they could not lift it to the surface, as a result of which they had to call for help from a local tractor driver with his equipment.
  • The weight of a huge catfish can reach 200kg and above

  • Another giant mustache, whose distinctive feature was white, was fished out of the waters of the Mekong in exotic Thailand. At that time (2009), a fish weighing 275 kilos at more than two meters in length was considered the largest in the world, which allowed it to get into the famous Guinness Book of Records, but it was not possible to save the life of this record holder because he could not stand the stress experienced died almost immediately after measurements.
  • In 2007, in the Kazakh river Il, local fishermen were lucky to catch a truly large fish weighing 130 kilograms. It is noteworthy that the length of the predator, as well as that of the Mekong albino, reached 2.7 meters.
  • Another record managed to put the Russian sports fishing enthusiast Yuri Griesend, who went to explore the river waters of France. As a result, a gambling tourist managed to pull a huge fish weighing 120 pounds and exceeding two and a half meters to the banks of the Rhone River.
  • Huge catfish weighing 120kg caught in France

  • Soma of the same length turned out to stretch and the Italian by the name of Godi, although the weight of this animal was only 113 kilograms. It is difficult to predict how this situation could have happened if it were not for the six friends of an avid angler who went with him to the river to buy bream. As in the previous case, the prey was measured, weighed, photographed and sent back to free swimming.
  • The eighth place goes to a soma with a unique yellow color, which no one had to catch, since we are talking about an honorary resident of the central park of one of the Dutch cities. This fish, which received the funny nickname “Big Mommy” from the locals, is protected by law and all that is known about it today is a 2.3 meter height.
  • In 2009, another albino was caught by a British tourist Sheffield Chris in the Spanish Ebro River, whose live weight reached 88 kilos. To pull out the monster beating in river waters it was necessary for half an hour and, most likely, the Briton would not have been able to cope with the task, if not for his faithful friends.
  • Closes the top 10 with a more modest size two-meter catfish weighing 60 kilograms. He managed to catch the Belarusian amateur fisherman, who spent an hour so that rare prey could not escape from his nets. This time the animal did not manage to get back to the bottom and the contented fisherman gladly let him go to the roast and cutlets.
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    One can only guess whether all the largest specimens of river fish that people have ever managed to catch are included in this rating, because many records are simply not fixed, remaining only in the memory of happy fishermen.

    There are several useful secrets, the knowledge of which will help even a novice fisherman to pull a fairly large catfish to the shore, quite suitable for making delicious stew and many other aromatic and rich dishes:

      The first thing to learn is the temperature regime, because the easiest way to catch this fish in the summer, when the water warms up well (try to catch fish after the temperature in the river exceeds 10 degrees Celsius).

    It is best to catch catfish when the water in the pond warms up.
    It is necessary to prepare the ground for successful fishing. This requires fertilizing, using special substances with pheromones, small mollusks, earthworms hidden in the sod, or even plain bread. Naturally, throwing tasty somberies across the river is not worth it, because it has long been known that the largest representatives of this family live in the deepest depths.

    Such places are called catfish camps and, as a rule, it is there that professional fishermen advise to carry out preliminary bait. It is necessary to lure a big fish for several days, because then the probability of a good bite increases several times.

    Top dressing is important for catching catfish

  • The catfish most likely pecks at the dried locust, all sorts of spider bugs, worms, frogs, fresh fish and even meat. To attract the attention of the catfish will help and big shiny baubles in the form of fish.
  • Choosing the best way to catch a big fish, a novice fisherman should know that even the highest quality fishing rod can not withstand its resistance. That is why professionals most often use harpoons, large metal-framed screens, deep-sea nets and huge fishing nets, which help to pull prey from water to the shore or to the bottom of a boat.
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