I greet you on my blog dedicated to a fascinating hobby called Aquarism. Finally, my hands finally reached the writing of an article about the king of the aquarium — the aquarium fish discus. This fish is in great demand among aquarists for its chic decorative qualities.
Discus aquarium looks great, unless of course it is equipped properly.
I advise you to start reading this article: Aquarium design – we create an aquarium for discus. In this article you will learn some aspects of preparing a home for your king 🙂 Discus dwells in the basin of the deepest river in the world – the Amazon.
The body of the fish from the sides is flattened and rounded. Coloring discus contains an interesting pattern and nine vertical bars.
Adult individuals of discus can grow up to 20 centimeters in length, so an aquarium should be appropriate for it.
In nature, you are unlikely to see the discus in the fast-flowing and large river, mostly the fish was chosen by small streams and tributaries. Based on this way of life, discus has formed distinctive features by color. A selva may have hundreds of slow-flowing brooks, and in them there are separate groups of fish that can reach up to 200-300 pieces in a flock.
Similar signs are inherent in schooling fish, especially tetra. You can read this article here: Red neon – keeping and breeding so that you have an idea about the habits of peaceful fish.
What the aquarist needs to know about the discus for their successful content:
As I already mentioned, the discus is one of the most beautiful aquarium fish. At the present time you will be able to meet a great variety of colorings of these proud inhabitants of your aquariums. Based on this, you will be able to choose suitable individuals for your home aquarium.
Almost all varieties of the “king of the aquarium” are artificially derived specifically to create a wealth of colors. The only negative in all these breeding forms is that they are not resistant to various diseases, which often create problems for aquarists. Here in these articles you can familiarize yourself superficially with various diseases of aquarium fish:
Proceeding from this information, I would advise novice aquarists to start a friendship with discussions in nature, not in breeding forms. Nowadays, these beautiful fish are often found in aquariums, but you will still hear phrases like: “Oh. this is a capricious and shy fish, it’s better not to start them. ”
In general, reviews of this nature. You do not get fooled, go to the store, buy and care for your health.
Basically, discus are kept only in species aquariums, that is, they will float in the bank in splendid isolation. As I mentioned above, the fish is large, grows up to 20 centimeters, and of course, aquas 100 and less liters are not suitable.
Is that in the form of a quarantine or for young for the first time. In addition, small aquariums do not have a stable environment and they have a delicate biological balance.
For more details on this outlandish thing, read this article: Biological balance in an aquarium – how to create it and how to maintain it.
In general, before buying “the kings of the aquarium”, I would advise you to buy a can of liters of 200-300 liters, well, of course, more. It all depends on your financial capabilities, as aquarium equipment is not cheap, especially high-quality.
Well, among other things, the larger the aquarium, the less you will look into it and poke around in it, and as a result – you will have more free time.
When the content of the discus there is one controversial point: need a primer or not. Aquarists on this subject are constantly arguing and can not come to a common denominator.
In principle, discus aquariums in the ground do not need, but as for me, the substrate is an indispensable element of the decor of any aquarium. I think aquas will look more impressive if there is a good ground in it.
As a substrate it is better to use small pebbles.
I also want to say one thing. Based on a little experience in the maintenance of the discus, I noticed a chip that they grow faster in water of considerable volumes. Although this is not surprising in principle, many fish also grow faster and reach large sizes in large volumes.
Yes, and ideas for creating a design for your discus aquarium will be much more than in a 50-liter jar.
Since the discus is considered a schooling fish, accordingly, you need to buy more than one and not two. It is better to take from 5 or more individuals, just take care of purchasing a powerful filter for so many large fish.
When you add new fish to your discus aquarium, I advise you not to be lazy and put the fish in quarantine. How to implement it, I wrote in the article: Fish quarantine – what is needed and how to implement it.
Please read, do not be lazy, so you will avoid unwanted problems when sharing new fish in an existing aquarium.
So that your discussion bank doesn’t have overcapacity or space for everyone, follow these proportions:
– for an adult individual up to 20 centimeters in length, a minimum of 40 liters of water is necessary, preferably 50;
– for a five-centimeter fish enough 15 liters of water;
– for a teenager 10 centimeters in length, you need about thirty liters.
All these proportions were calculated, so to speak, so it’s not a fact that it’s an exact info, but it’s worth adhering to. Just do not forget, dear friends, that the discus grows very quickly and by the year of its life it can reach its maximum size.
Based on this, it is better to lower all proportions into the background and prepare aqua as for already adult fish.
There is an opinion that the aquarists contain those aquarists who do not know where to spend their free time. It has long been the impression that an aquarist should sleep in his arms with his talkies and shake over them. However, if you properly care for your aquarium, do everything so that all its inhabitants are in good health and are not sick, all the problems with the content of the discus leave, as if they were not there at all.
Plus, you will be greatly helped by modern gadgets and equipment. And not so long ago it was even unthinkable to cultivate discus at home.
But progress does not stand still, and the level of development of aquaristics as a science allows you to work wonders, in the literal sense of the word.
With breeding forms of discus, problems can be avoided quickly enough, but with wild forms, the situation is somewhat different. First of all, an aquarist needs to prepare aquarium water and bring its chemical properties closer to natural conditions.
Discus in nature live in brackish soft water, rich in humic acids and tannins.
Those individuals that were bred in aquariums are not so demanding on the composition of the water and without special difficulties transfer our tap water with high rigidity and acidity. In principle, the wild forms can adapt to our water, but still there is some capriciousness in this character.
Again, there are several opinions on this subject. Professional aquarists in one voice assert that no one should be accommodated as neighbors to our discussions.
And they argue that the high temperature of the water, which is preferred by the heroes of today’s article. A lot of aquarium fish such temperatures are either poorly tolerated or move horses in it.
It is clear, it is possible to take scalars as neighbors, but no one recommends them for these purposes, since they often are carriers of all sorts of rubbish, from which our pets can pop up with a belly.
I also do not advise you to send nimble and nimble fishes like cherry bar or Sumatran robbers to our friends. Because of its slowness in the process of eating, our discussion will get only the leftovers from the master’s table. Another important point is that if any sores occur, it is impossible to cure your “kings” in the general aquarium with your neighbors, since a temperature increase of several degrees is required, which can be fatal for most fish species.
Due to many years of breeding experiments, the immunity of the fish has become so sour that the slightest infection will spoil the health of our handsome men.
Who can easily share and not get problems, it is corridors, black mollies, red neons and Siamese algae. Try not to take suckling fish such as antsistrusov or gyrocheilus, as they can easily be sent to the large body of the discus. We feed our children with bloodworms, as they love him very much, Only this is for adults, and for teenagers we prepare special stuffing from fish, squid or shrimp, greenery, and so on.
A lot of recipes, look and try which one suits you best. And at the end of the article, I want to give the optimal conditions for the discus:
Water temperature – 28-30 degrees Celsius;
Stiffness (dH) – no more than 10;
The active reaction medium (pH) – 5.5-7;
Requires powerful filtering and good aeration of the aquarium.