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The content of macropods in the aquarium, care and reproduction

Macropod amazes supporters of aquarism with its grace and unreal beauty, a huge palette of colors. For these qualities, these old-timers of home-made piece ponds are often called paradise.

Resistant to diseases, hardy, undemanding to the content of the fish – this is a macropod, the maintenance and care of which is very interesting even for beginners, aquarists.

Macropod fish rarely get sick and unpretentious in content.

In nature, the paradise colorful fish is found in small stagnant ponds, streams with a weak current, in rice fields filled with moisture. Macropods are located in: Japan, Cambodia, Korea, Laos, China, Southeast Asia.

Macropod is not terribly limited amount of oxygen, as it has a unique labyrinth organ that allows you to breathe atmospheric oxygen.

Macropodus opercularis is the official name of the paradise inhabitant of aquariums, which Karl Linney described in detail in 1758. Since then, the fish has gained incredible popularity in the open spaces of Europe and settled in almost every house, where there was a piece of water. Its beauty and prevalence, it is inferior and is inferior at the present time only to the “golden fish”.

Both species contributed to the rapid development of aquarism around the world.

Nowadays, the popularity of the Macropodus has subsided, but they still adorn containers for water with their lush colors, friskyly playing among the algae and underwater grass.

The length of the body in males reaches 10 cm, females do not grow more than 8 cm. The body itself is slightly oblong, flattened at the sides, stretched out in length.

There are pointed at the edges, elongated fins, a bizarre tail forked. As for the fins on the abdomen, they, like other labyrinths, resemble antennae.

Classic colors: the body of a blue-blue tint is covered with wide longitudinal stripes of bright red color, passing to the fins. A special highlight in the overall picture brings pearl reflux, fascinating to play when illuminated. Other colors are no less interesting.

The average life expectancy is 6−8 years.

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A distinctive feature of females is full body, shortened fins and dimmer color.

The maintenance of macropods in an aquarium does not cause difficulties. In order for the aquarium to always please its owner, it is necessary to select the right neighbors for these predators, to create proper living conditions for them.

There are several common types of these fish, interesting and unique in their own way.

The first species is Macropodus opercularis classic. Natural habitat – China. It is customary to single out several variants of color difference:

  • blue is the main tone of the calf, purple strokes are visible on the head and back;
  • The classic version is represented by a brown torso, the abdomen and head are painted in light blue shims, the side parts are distinguished by greenish-blue, red divorces;

Blue is the main color of the blue macropod.

  • in a smooth red fish, the body is brown in color, the head is surprised by an unexpectedly bluish tinge, the fin portion is red, characteristic for representatives of the classical type of strip are practically absent;
  • albino with a white body covered with yellow-orange stripes are unique in their kind, pale pink fins and red eyes are an interesting addition.
  • The red-spined macropod, or Macropodus erythropterus, is very beautiful; it was first described in 2002. The main body of the little body with fins is red with a silvery soft shimmer.

    With soft lighting seen emerald highlights. The tail and fin zone has a light blue tint with an elegant white edging. The intensity of color in this species of fish is the same for females and males.

    In the latter there are elongated and more magnificent fins.

    Macropods are predatory fish, so it is important for them to choose the right neighbors.

    Macropodus spechti and concolor or black macropod was described for the first time back in 1936. In a stay of complete tranquility, the fish is colored brown or saturated gray.

    But at the slightest excitement, the outer color changes to blue-black. In this case, the fins are made in red, pink, bluish tones.

    Distinctive features of this aquarium representative are in increased peace-lovingness, large sizes, preference for warmer water.

    Macropodus chinensis (Chinese, round-tailed) lives up to 4 years, very rarely found among Russian aquarists. Natural habitat – China, Taiwan, Korea.

    The peculiarity of the content of such fish is a decrease in the water temperature in winter to +15 degrees, otherwise the reproduction of individuals stops. These labyrinths are subject to frequent infection with mycobacteriosis.

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    Successful stay of heavenly fish in the home aquarium is possible with the proper selection of neighbors for them. With the compatibility of macropods with other fish, it should be remembered that they are quite aggressive and active predators.

    If the paradise “handsome” grew in a separate container and never in contact with their own kind, there are no options for a safe neighborhood.

    When jointly growing macropods with other types of fish that are equal in size to them, do not have veils and are quite frisky, it is more likely that sharing in the aquarium is possible. If a separate individual is withdrawn from the general capacity for any reason, a fight may occur upon its return, as chordates will perceive it as an outsider.

    If the macropods are the only inhabitants of the aquarium, then it is not worthwhile to move other fish towards them in perspective.

    Optimal compatibility – with water dwellers, radically different in appearance, this can be:

    • tetras;
    • barbs (exception – Sumatran);
    • synodontis;
    • large danios;
    • antsistrusy.

    It is not allowed to stay in the same aquarium with the following species:

    • guppy;
    • scalars;
    • Sumatran barbs;
    • other small fish.

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    In the same territory, the maintenance of two male macropods is unacceptable, they will arrange deadly battles. Separately, a pair may be contained, but in this case it is recommended to create numerous shelters and caches for the female.

    Colorful paradise fish are not too demanding of home habitat. However, unscrupulous care of the aquarium will turn them into unattractive and gloomy creatures. For the good development and existence of macropods comfortable conditions should be created:

    1. The minimum volume of a water tank for two adults should be at least 20 liters, the best option is 40 liters. Small vessels can be used as a high-grade home for chordates. However, it is not necessary to expect that adult males and females will reach full standard sizes. The top cover or glass should not be too dense, as the macropods often breathe air on the surface. The optimal distance from the water surface to the cover is 5 cm.
    2. The water environment warms up to 20−25 degrees, the indicator of its acidity is from 6.5 to 8. Water for paradise fish living without neighbors does not need filtering, aeration. But if the filter is still installed, a strong current is necessarily excluded. It is recommended to carry out 1 time per week replacement by 20%.

    Water for macropods should warm up to 20−25 degrees.

  • The brightness of the lighting should ensure sufficient growth of the green spaces that adorn the home aquarium. Shredded pebbles, gravel, coarse sand, and expanded clay will be the optimal ground for Macropodus. It is recommended to select dark types of soil, the thickness of which starts from 5 cm.
  • A positive effect on the labyrinth algae, water grass, planted in large quantities. For landing in the ground it is recommended to use a ragweed, wallisternia, peristristis. On the surface of the water surface it is appropriate to arrange a pistol, ricciuyu, nymph, and ordinary duckweed. Females are in dire need of natural shelters during the spawning period, when the male shows aggression. Grottoes and various snags are often used as decorations. The best options are the ones that play the role of shelter.
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    Macropods living in natural conditions are omnivores. But preference is given to animal food. As for the home environment, The diet of fish should contain the following components:

    • coretica, tubule, live bloodworm;
    • dry food in the form of granules, flakes, to maintain a bright color of underwater pets, it is recommended to use ready-made substances based on carotene;
    • the larvae of the bloodworm, Cyclops, black mosquito, daphnia, Moin frozen, shredded shrimps, which are warmed to room temperature before feeding;
    • occasionally, homemade minced meat based on seafood is introduced into the diet.

    Feeding is carried out no more than 2 times during the day and in small portions, this prevents overeating of pets.

    Paradise fish aquarists are often called a nurse. She with pleasure absorbs hydra, planarium, easily copes with snails, breeding uncontrollably.

    Crustaceans also go into food, so cohabitation with shrimps will lead to the death of the latter.

    Chordate fully mature to receive offspring to achieve 6−8 months. It is recommended to get a spawning small size, 10 liters will be enough.

    Such capacity is settled similarly to the main aquarium. An important condition is the provision of aeration with small bubbles.

    The fact is that the young labyrinth organ that has appeared is fully formed by the end of the second week of life, they need enough oxygen.

    The reproduction of macropods involves the separate maintenance of heterosexual individuals before moving to spawning. The first is sure to settle the male, who spends the first day in splendid isolation.

    This is followed by a water change of 1/5 of the total volume.

    Before reproduction of different sex macropods, you need to sit down.

    Next, the female sits in a container with a temperature of 25−29 degrees. This is a signal to the male, which is beginning to actively build a nest of existing plants. After about a couple of days the place for throwing is ready.

    The male pushes the female to the spawning site. He actively wraps around her abdomen, presses it down and helps his calf out.

    He usually performs several approaches. The grains are characterized by a characteristic yellow color, the number reaches 1000 pcs.

    The male drives the companion away from the nest, collecting scattered eggs.

    At this point, the female must settle out, since during the struggle she can be severely cured.

    Only dad cares for future offspring. After 2-3 days, the larvae appear, which even after several days will be completely ready for independent swimming and eating. There comes the most opportune time to set down the male, which, collecting offspring in the nest, can transmit fry.

    The best food for the younger generation are microhumbles, ciliates, alternating with egg yolk.

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