maintenance, care, compatibility
Of course, you can keep a few fish in a 3-liter jar, but they will be cramped and uncomfortable there.
For example, if it is planned to settle no more than 15 individuals, then a 30-liter aquarium is enough.
Priming and decorative items can be selected such that they will like. It should not be forgotten about aquarium plants: they not only produce the necessary oxygen, but also serve as shelter for fry from adult fish.
Temperature water can vary from 18 to 30 degrees. However, 24 degrees is the best option for healthy development and reproduction.
To maintain this temperature, it is advisable to purchase a special heater in the pet store for an aquarium that has a water heating regulator.
Artificial lighting in the dark is optional. However, experienced guppy lovers still install additional lighting.
Thanks to him, algae grow better and the colors of the fish become much brighter and richer.
To maintain the aquarium in a tidy condition, it is enough to change one third of the water from the total volume once a month. Before that, it is desirable to defend it in an open container for several days.
Guppies love hard water (from 6 to 10 units), however, if we consider the quality of tap water, it is better to get rid of excess sediment. It should be remembered that inject water into the aquarium only at room temperature.
Otherwise, such abrupt changes in the aquatic environment can lead to disruption of the development of fish or even weakening of the immune system and the appearance of diseases.
If we are very lazy to care for the aquarium and do not change the water, it is advisable to install a compressor. He perfectly cope with the purification of water from the remnants of food and other dirt, thereby it will get rid of unnecessary trouble.
There is no point in setting an aerator for saturating water with air, except for beauty, you can hold special tubes at the bottom of the aquarium that allow bubbles. Guppies are undemanding to oxygen, so it is enough to plant some algae in the ground.
Plants absorb carbon dioxide and give the aquarium natural beauty.
Guppies, by right, are considered the most unpretentious in keeping aquarium fish. It should be borne in mind that the brighter and richer the color and the finer the shape of the fins, the more demanding may be care.
So, the conditions of the guppy.
As the soil is best to use coarse sand or gravel. Before placing it in an aquarium, the soil should be washed and boiled.
Twice a year it is required to wash it. If you have a tail-tailed guppy, when you design an aquarium, it is better to avoid objects with sharp edges – so the fish can damage the tail.
Such biofilters are such plants as the Indian fern, elodea, rogolistnik, ilogarosifon. But the presence of a fern ceratopopteris will be a kind of indicator – whether the conditions of detention are suitable for guppies. If the roots of this plant rot, and it starts to float to the surface of the water or perishes, it means that the conditions for the fish are unsuitable.
But if the fern grows safely at the bottom – all is well.
In the summertime, the lighting of the water should be 12-14 hours, and in the winter about 12 hours. An excess of light can lead to water silting and excessive growth of aquarium plants, which is not very good for fish. To ensure uniform lighting, you need to install a lamp.
For a twenty-liter aquarium lamp suitable for 15 watts.
Aquarium guppies are ideal for beginner breeders. It is so easy to care for them that a child can cope with it.
For their breeding, an aquarium of 15 – 35 liters for 6-8 pieces is enough. This aquarium has a very small size, so is ideal for small children’s rooms.
In addition, you can save space due to the fact that you do not need to provide the fish with additional filtration of water – they have enough fresh plants, but be prepared that you will have to clean the water and the soil more often.
Do not ignore the additional lighting. But due to the fact that the aquarium is small, it will be enough for a table lamp in the evening.
In food, fish is picky. For its feeding, you can use industrial feed from a jar bought in the nearest store.
Dry feeds are also enjoyed by them. This type of aquarium dwellers attracts those who are forced to constantly leave home.
Guppies easily tolerate weekly breaks, so no need to ask friends to constantly come and feed your inhabitants. Constant overfeeding, on the contrary, can kill young stock. Overeating fish begin to die.
From the above, we can conclude that the breeding of aquarium guppies are not troublesome and not expensive.
In addition, the aquarium – it is very beautiful. If you place a different decor on the bottom, you can create real masterpieces, capture them in the photo and show off to friends and companions
The most common types of caudal fins are:
Guppies are one of the most easily bred breeds, so their population is growing so fast. In order to do their breeding you do not have to make a lot of effort. Enough to provide them with comfortable conditions.
It is surprising that fish can breed without a male. This is due to the first fertilization. That is, the female can breed several times during one “meeting” with the male.
Therefore, to start breeding, you can buy only one female and you will receive about 8 litters.
Viviparous guppies, so they do not need a place for throwing caviar. Fry appear completely independent.
They are already swimming and ready to take full adult food. Photo fry can often be found on the Internet – they differ from their parents only in size, otherwise it is a full-fledged fish.
After you have noticed that the female is “in position”, set her off from the others. Although the pregnancy lasts about 30 days, in a separate dwelling it will be much more comfortable. After the fry are swept up, it needs to be deposited.
Hungry guppies can eat their own offspring, so for the first time, it is better for young animals to live separately in an aquarium with small-leaved plants, and when they get stronger, return them back.
In aquarist communities, all thickets began to appear messages about aggressive behavior. Sometimes relationships in a flock can lead to a deplorable outcome for the weakest.
If you notice something wrong in your aquarium, then reconsider the conditions of their maintenance, it is quite possible that they just closely.
Video about guppy content:
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))).
The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.”
I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply.
So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females. Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed.
Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins. The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females up to 6 cm.
The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally. The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides. Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak.
In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding. Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs.
Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium. In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males. Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third).
Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce.
The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish. Fry are fed three times a day in small portions.
After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day. At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day.
At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry).
Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it). Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen. As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female.
I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere. By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water). All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength.
Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born. At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.