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The content of aquarium fish at home

maintenance, care, compatibility

❶ How to keep the fish in the aquarium :: how to feed the fish in the aquarium properly :: Aquarium fish

Watching aquarium fish charges with positive emotions and relieves stress. However, in order for the aquarium to always delight you with its attractive appearance, constant care is needed for its inhabitants.

1. First choose the right aquarium for fish. It’s best to have a rectangular shape.

The ratio of its length to the length of the largest fish should be at least 10 to 1. Each aquarium fish needs at least two liters of water per 1 cm of its length. Therefore, do not overcrowd the aquarium with fish.

2. Ground the bottom of the aquarium with large river sand. Rinse it thoroughly under running water with continuous stirring until the water is completely clear.

Use soft and clean water to fill the aquarium. Pour it into the aquarium through the hands of a substituted or a special funnel to avoid blurring the soil.

Fill the aquarium with water so that there is 3-5 cm to the top edge.

3. Attach the lamp above the surface of the water or on the side wall of the aquarium, install the compressor and filter. Watch the oxygen content in the water and the temperature.

4. Check glass integrity daily. Eliminate the leak as soon as you find it.

Watch spawning – replant the fry to another aquarium. The water in the aquarium should always be transparent.

5. Weekly remove overgrown plants. Use a special scraper to clear the raids from the walls of the aquarium.

Keep glass always transparent. Level the soil with rake. Add water to the tank as needed.

And if you keep warm fish, then the water to be poured in should be 2 to 3 degrees higher. Change the water completely only in case of death of the fish.

Constantly remove the film of dust from the surface of the water.

6. Replace bad algae with new ones once a month, remove damaged plant leaves. Clean the compressor, decor items, stones from plaque and dirt.

Do not use chemicals for this.

7. Feed fish depending on their type. The most important thing is not to overfeed them, as this often leads to death.

Give 1 – 2 times a day as much feed as the fish will eat in 5 minutes. Suck up the remnants of the feed with a dirt cleaner.

8. Monitor the health of the aquarium. fish. The slightest change in behavior should alert you.

If the untypical condition of the fish does not change within a few days, transfer it to another vessel, determine its disease and immediately begin treatment.

Aquarium for beginners: care, content, useful video

The motivation for writing this article was the frequent appeal of newcomers to aquarism at FORUM FanFishka.ru. Almost every day, newly minted owners of the aquarium world ask their questions to which they either do not know the answers, or need advice, or have problems after the first launch of the aquarium.

All who asked for help on the forum, did not go unheeded! Even if the newcomer had gross or absurd mistakes, I never scolded him, and tried to explain what was what planned.

But, at some stage, I realized that I would not be enough for everyone and that I needed methodological material for beginners!

Looking at the already written materials from the site FanFishka.ru, I saw a sufficient number of articles – “about the first steps into the aquarium kingdom”. But, all of them were scattered and only mutually complementary.

After analyzing further similar materials on the Internet, my desire to write a decent, systematic material, only intensified!

For constructive conversation, let’s break down the article into sections:

1. AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS: arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems.

2. FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS: what are the issues that are necessary, problems.

3. NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM: rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium.

AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS

arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems

To create an aquarium world, you need not only the aquarium itself, but also related products. Many beginners make the mistake of buying only the minimum part of the necessary equipment.

And then they begin to run in a hurry in search of a product.

Remember, as Captain Vrungel said: “How do you call a ship, so it will sail.” The first launch of the aquarium should be perfect – and this will be the key to the joy and pleasure from aquarium contemplation, eliminates possible problems and difficulties, and most importantly will give you invaluable experience.

In the future, you can miss something, lazy … but not now!

Below are links to articles in this section, in bold, priority articles are highlighted:

Running Aquarium from A to Z

An example of an aquarium design 100 liters

Aquarium decoration

Which aquarium is better

WHAT NEED TO AQUARIUM

I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first aquarium.

AQUARIUM BEGINNING: the basics of the aquarium, the basics of aquarium

FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!

INVENTORY FOR AQUARIUM AND DEVICES

BOTTOM and GROUND of the AQUARIUM

CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?

Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium

Seashells in the aquarium

SMALL AQUARIUM merits and demerits!

LACK OF THE AQUARIUM, but are these fish really necessary?

AQUARIUM FOR CHILDREN

Other questions on the forum …

Here’s another, for convenience, as a reminder – I give a list of what ponabitsya for a novice aquarist:

– lighting, if not included;

– aquatic organisms: fish, plants, mollusks, etc .;

– food for prospective fish;

– inventory: net, siphon, aquarium silicone, sponges, buckets. Secondary – hoses, valves, windshield wipers, other;

Plus, I recommend to all beginners to buy immediately a means to stabilize the aquarium water. It is called the water stabilizer.

Different brands have different names, here are some of them: Tetra Aqua Safe, Sera aquatan, Sera bio nitrivec … others. Read about them here AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.

The above articles fully disclose all the nuances of buying, installing and running an aquarium. Below are the blitz answers to the most frequent questions of novice aquarists.

one. Question: Is it possible to put the aquarium on the furniture? In the kitchen?

Bath and so on?

Answer: Can. It is important that the surface of the furniture was solid and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water, soil and decorations. The aquarium can be placed anywhere, as long as direct sunlight does not fall on it.

Cooking, bathing does not interfere with the life of the fish.

2 Question: After the launch of the aquarium, the water turned cloudy – became whitish!?

Answer: Nothing wrong with that. When you first fill the aquarium with water for the first time, the reservoir’s biobalance is not yet tuned, because This is a long process. Primary adaptation processes of aquarium water occur.

The whiteness of the water will pass itself in 3-7 days.

3 Question: What kind of water to pour into the aquarium? How often should it be changed?

Answer: It is necessary to fill in at least a day separated water. Otherwise, you can run into trouble, for example, gas embolus.

Yes … you can fill the aquarium with tap water – but, counting on it at random.

The substitution of aquarium water is purely individual and depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish and plants, and other factors. In general, it is customary to replace water once a week.

But, as the poll on our site shows, this is not a dogma.

“How often do you change aquarium water to fresh water?”

four. Question: Is it possible to decorate an aquarium with statuettes, shells, beads, etc.

Answer: Can. But, you must make sure that the material from which the decor is made is not soluble in water. The same shells undergo a gradual dissolution in aquarium water, which increases, albeit slightly, the rigidity of aquarium water.

Painted, plastic items are best not to use. Metal – are prohibited.

FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS

what is necessary, issues issues

Giving advice on choosing fish for a novice aquarist, you can immediately get rid of him with the phrase: “Choose unpretentious in the content, small fish, for example, from the family of petsilievi – guppies, swordtails, radishes, etc.”.

But who thought it up that it is impossible to immediately start large, beautiful fish – the same tsikhlazom: severum, diamond or black-striped? If you properly care for them, then there will be no problems.

And if you do not follow the aquarium and let everything go to chance, then the guppies will die in a week.

Perhaps the main qualification when choosing aquarium fish are your abilities and desires.

The opposite situation is with aquarium plants. It’s not so simple.

The success of plant maintenance is LIGHT + SUPPLY + CO2. Their deficiency leads to the death or poor health of plants.

Unfortunately, in the aquarium covers that come with, as a rule, there are 15-18 watt light bulbs, the power of which is insufficient for the normal existence of aquarium plants. Therefore, before you start a plant you need to study everything and prepare in advance.

The initial way out of this situation may be unpretentious, resistant aquarium plants that are not pretentious to the conditions of detention.

Below are the articles that fully and comprehensively disclose this section.

Aquarium Fish Compatibility

COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES

ALL about AQUARIUM FISHES

TOP: The most beautiful aquarium fish and fish!

The most unpretentious little aquarium fish

WHAT FISHES LIVE WITHOUT OXYGEN

What fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?

AQUARIUM FISHING OF ALL FLOWERS

Purchasing Transplant Fish Transportation

AQUARIUM PLANTS: let’s talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium!

CO2 for aquarium

The benefits and dangers of CO2 in an aquarium

Why in the aquarium …

YOU CAN AQUARIUM: all the answers

Fish and snails: enemies or friends!

How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!

How much can the fish in the aquarium

Perhaps the most important thing when choosing fish is to take into account their compatibility and the volume of “living space”. Do not chase the quantity!

Frequently asked questions by novice aquarists in this section:

one. Question: Did the fishes get covered with white dots, bumps?

Answer: This is ichthyophthiriosis or “semolina” fish. It is treated with Tetra Contral or Sera Kostapur. Read more here:

Ichthyotiria how to treat semolina in aquarium fish

AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY

Discussion on the forum

2 Question: Fish die, why, what to do?

Answer: Here

Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!

The first symptoms of fish disease

WHAT TO DO IF FISHES ARE DISEASE OR SUSTAINABLE

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM

rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium

DON’T BELIEVE SELLERS.

Unfortunately, they have such a job – to smell you as much as possible. Often the sellers’ advice is wrong and aimed only at one greedy enrichment at your expense.

READ, LEARN, ASK QUESTIONS.

Actually this rule follows from the previous one – it is your weapon in the fight against lies. Your own opinion based on what you read is the key to success not only in aquarism.

Read several materials on the topic of interest, for comparison and analysis.

DO NOT HURRY, AND THEN SUCCEED.

Do not rush, do everything thoroughly. It is impossible to get ahead of time – everything that was done in a hurry will collapse soon.

DO NOT OVERDO IT.

Feed the fish once a day, “do not rub” the aquarium daily, do not fill the aquarium with fish and plants. In fact: aeration, filtration, normal water temperature and feed – these are the basic living conditions of the fish.

STUDY AND USE AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.

This will give you the opportunity to quickly adjust the bio balance of the aquarium, to keep it clean, and in the case of illness of pets – to take action on time.


BONUS: VIDEO FOR BEGINNERS AQUARIUS

How demanding are goldfish to conditions?

Opinions on this score are opposite. Some believe that this is a patient, practically unkillable, fish that survives in any conditions, suitable for beginners and people who do not want to invest in the aquarium a lot of effort and money. Others, on the contrary, argue that the content of gold must comply with a number of fairly tough conditions, and they are no doubt right.

A goldfish should not be started by someone who is not ready to make efforts for its comfortable existence. And the most important condition for the maintenance of these fish is an aquarium of a sufficiently large volume.

Water parameters, design and equipment of the aquarium

Aquarian small fishes are a fine opportunity to create a small corner of wildlife in the house. Aquarium looks spectacular and beautiful.

Fish do not require special care, but they bring great aesthetic pleasure.

Buying an aquarium is the very first step towards creating a living corner.

  1. The shape and size of the device is very important. A good aquarium does not interfere at home and guarantees comfort. In addition, he must ensure the normal existence of the fish.
  2. When buying it is necessary to take into account that in large tanks the water stays clean longer. Care for a large aquarium is required less frequently.
  3. Aquarium should be selected according to the size and number of fish. If you want to contemplate large fish, then you need to make a big house for them.
  4. Landscaping aquarium also requires a thoughtful approach. It is possible to decorate a house reservoir with soil, algae, stones and various figures.
  5. The shape of the aquarium should provide convenient cleaning.

Caring for fish in an aquarium includes the following regular activities:

  • keeping the aquarium clean;
  • timely partial renewal of water (in a small aquarium – once a week, in a large one – once a month);
  • the inner surface of the aquarium should be cleaned with a special scraper;
  • the ground must be in good condition.

These are the basic principles of fish care in an aquarium. Water quality is important. In the course of their life, the fish emit harmful substances.

Some of them recycle plants. But a surplus of bad components still accumulates.

Therefore, the rules of care for the aquarium must be observed.

Fresh water for fish requires prior preparation:

  • it must have the same hardness and temperature as the water in the aquarium;
  • it must first be defended and filtered to remove chlorine from the water supply. Instead of settling, you can use special conditioners (for example, AQUAYER AntiToxin Vita);
  • regular maintenance of water in the aquarium ensures the creation of a favorable environment for fish;
  • water must be saturated with oxygen.

Ankistrus care is provided for the aquarium. These are bottom fishes – “attendants”. It is equally important to place plants that purify water.

They should be positioned so that they do not impede the free movement of fish. The same applies to snags, mini-rocks and decorations.

From plants it is better to choose simple and unpretentious plants. It can be perististostniki and krugolistniki, which perfectly purify water from turbidity. It is not recommended to plant rare plants in your first aquarium.

The rules for caring for an aquarium include taking care of plants. Each of them needs special conditions.

Failure to comply with certain requirements, they die.

Caring for a home aquarium should include cleaning artificial figurines. They form plaque that must be cleaned.

This is done when replacing water.

The main requirement is to form the microclimate necessary for the fish. Experts recommend launching fish to a new “home” only in a week.

However, the process can be accelerated using special capsules with microflora (biokorin, biostarter).

If you have a working aquarium, soak a sponge in the water and squeeze it into a new aquarium. You can just pour a few liters of water. In this embodiment, the water must be defended in just 2 days.

Caring for a new aquarium involves, above all, the preparation of water and the formation of the internal climate.

How to run animals in the aquarium? It is enough to pour water with the fish into a new container. The rules for caring for the aquarium do not allow a sharp temperature drop.

You should warm the water with the fish to room temperature, and then run them into the home aquarium.

Fish do not need excessive care. Caring for them is very simple. That is why many parents prefer to buy their children fish.

It is enough to remember about feeding fish.

Remains of food floating on the surface of the water should be collected with a net. This is done 20 minutes after feeding.

Fishes should be fed in the morning and evening. They are prone to overeating. This leads to their death.

Therefore, do not feed them too much.

Peculiarities of fish species are important

If you are going to purchase aquarium fish, before you buy, be sure to learn the features of those or other species. Many here depend on the type of fish. Therefore, you need to know the features of the fish you intend to buy.

Most fish need warm water. The temperature in the aquarium should be for some fish ranging from 19 to 22 degrees for others from 22 to 28 degrees. When caring for an aquarium, do not forget about the optimal conditions of the fish.

Most of them do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. However, there are exceptions. Do not place fish with different temperature requirements in the same container.

For example, gold fishes need to maintain 21 degrees.

Proper care of the aquarium should take into account the peculiarities of behavior in the flock. Some fish require a high aquarium, such as an angelfish.

In addition, these fish lodge in pairs. Choosing a fish, you should consider all these nuances.

If you have aquarium fish at home, caring for them will not be a big hassle.

Caring for an aquarium includes monitoring the ground. If the water is cloudy, this is a sign of careless handling of the ground.

The opacities usually disappear after time.

Light turbidity can be caused by unicellular and bacteria. They can significantly spoil the look of a homely pond. In this case, they must get rid of.

How to care for fish in an aquarium in this version? It is necessary to clean it. It is required to remove silt.

Fish can not feed about 3 days. In addition, it is necessary to partially replace the water.

Also helps the aeration of water. It will be useful for breathing fish. If the water in the aquarium quickly becomes cloudy, you can put a piece of copper wire there.

Sometimes the color change of the water is due to the colored feed.

Danio care content spawning compatibility photo and video description.

These fish do not need a spacious aquarium, although they will feel more comfortable in it. However, if there is no such possibility, then in a small container of 4-5 liters up to 5-6 danios, who never divide the territory and do not arrange demonstration fights, can perfectly get on.

The maximum that these tropical minxes are capable of is a long and exciting game.

And, as a rule, mostly males take part in them, who like to chase each other. It should also be borne in mind that danios are great jumpers, so the aquarium should be constantly closed with a special lid with air holes, otherwise your pets will soon be outside.

But you need to remember that you need to leave at least 5 cm between the lid and the surface of the water, otherwise some of your pets risk simply breaking during their enchanting somersaults.

Danio is committed not demanding to temperature, and if you forget to take care of water heating, then nothing terrible will happen. Fish feel equally good both at +15 degrees and at +30.

However, the best option if the temperature in the aquarium will still be maintained at + 21-25 degrees. But its purity is crucial for the fish, so every week the contents of the aquarium will have to be updated at least 20-30%.

Well, and general cleaning should be carried out at least 1 time per month, for which danios will be very grateful to you.

These fish live in the upper and middle layers of water. However, this does not mean that they never sink to the bottom. On the contrary, this is where they seek shelter when they need privacy, or they hide from dangerous neighbors, preferring to avoid conflicts.

Therefore, the bottom of the aquarium should be filled with a fairly thick layer of light soil, which is planted with dense low-growing algae. But at the same time it is worthwhile to leave a few free and well-organized places for playing fish.

An aquarium with danios does not require additional aeration, but it still needs constant lighting. Light day for these fish is at least 10-12 hours.

If you ignore this requirement, then danios will become sluggish and sedentary, and their luxurious striped color will noticeably fade.

Reproduction

For spawning you need to choose a female and several males (2-3 pieces). Put them all at night in a spawning aquarium and wait for the process.

If the conditions in the spawning are suitable, then in the morning the female will begin to spawn. The spawning process is accompanied by active pursuit by males of the female until they break out of the portion of eggs from it.

As soon as the eggs fall out under the plants, the males begin to fertilize them immediately. This procedure will occur until the female completely loses all of her calf.

At the end of this race, the males look calm and fairly tired, while the female loses the roundness of her abdomen.

After spawning is completed, the producers are removed from the spawn. For one litter, the female can produce about 200 eggs, and for them to survive, it is important to add antifungal agents to the aquarium.

As an option, you can apply a two-percent solution of iodine (3 fell to 10 liters of water) or 10 liters of water to 25,000 units of penicillin. After two days, the eggs should ripen and the larvae will appear on the light, which freeze and attach themselves to everything.

This will happen within 6 days.

As the last 6 days of immobile hovering, the fry are formed from the larvae, which are first fed by infusoria. After a couple of days, you can give lively dust, and after a week add artemia and cyclops to the diet.

If the filtration is satisfactory, you can also give small, dry feed. As young animals mature, soldering should be increased.

Start with the chimney and cyclops, and then gradually lower the water temperature and increase the water level.

COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER FISHES

Danio rerio is compatible with scalars, males, soms, corridors, gourami and guppies, battles and mollies, patsils, iris, rassets, labo, swordtails, tetras.
Limited compatible: with eels and shrimps, barbs.
Incompatible: with cichlids, discus, goldfish, Koi carps, astronotus.FEEDINGIn general, FISHING DANIO is very unpretentious in the diet. So many owners do not worry too long and feed their fish exclusively with dry food.

Yes, fish can easily live like this all their lives and give offspring, but in this case their immunity decreases, which means that they are more susceptible to diseases and also grow much slower. Therefore, it is desirable if you do not feed them with one live food, then at least regularly to bring it into the diet of fish.

DANIO PINK CONTENT DIVISION PHOTO DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY.

Mollies – viviparous fish, a representative of the family Pecilia. Homeland of mollies – fresh and brackish ponds of Latin America.

In the home aquarium, you can find different types of mollies, which were cultivated or bred by humans as hybrid breeds.

Despite the many species that differ morphologically, all share one trait – females independently give birth to fry, and do not lay eggs. Molliesia, reproduction and breeding of which is possible at home, can bring offspring both in the general aquarium and in the prepared reservoir.

Spawning mollies is possible one month after settling in the nursery of adult fish.


Conditions of keeping and breeding fry

Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them.

You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.

Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores?

In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary “dwelling” for fry.

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