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The biggest fish in the world: TOP 10 large individuals on planet Earth

Many people mistakenly believe that the biggest fish in the world is a whale. But this is an absolute fallacy, as it relates to mammals. Whale can be called the biggest animal on Earth.

But if we talk about what is the largest fish in the world, here the statistics are different, and the registered figures differ slightly from the unofficial ones.

Blue Marlin can grow to 5 meters in length with a weight of 820 kg.

If based on generally accepted statistics, then you can track a specific sequence. To do this, select the chain consisting of the 10 largest fish in the world in reverse order.

Catfish can grow up to 5 m, and their maximum mass can be about 400 kg. However, since cases of poaching have recently increased, it is rather difficult to meet a fish of this size.

It is also worth taking into account that the size and weight of a catfish will depend on its age.

It should be noted that the maximum age of a catfish is 30 years.

The length of the body of catfish can reach 5 m, weight – 400 kg.

These creatures are heat-loving and usually float in the basins of the Aral, Black, Caspian and Azov seas. On the territory of Russian waters, catfish can be called the largest predator.

Mostly these fish live in deep pits on the bottom, located far from the riverbed. Individuals do not like strong currents and silt soils, so they leave their shelters mostly just to hunt.

The ninth place among the largest fish in the world belongs to the Atlantic blue marlin. This creature belongs to the ray-finned fish species belonging to the marlin family. The maximum length of an individual is about 5 m, and the mass can reach up to 820 kg.

However, it is worth noting that these indicators are only the highest recorded at the present time. Blue marlins are thermophilic, prefer to be in the water, the temperature of which ranges from 22 to 30 degrees.

These fish are found exclusively in the Atlantic Ocean.

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Marlins are migratory fish. They are ready to overcome great distances, while not always returning back.

Of those individuals that were tagged, some still returned to their usual habitat, but this is not proof of their constancy.

Females are much larger than males. Sexual maturity is already at the age of four. By this time, the weight of one female is more than 50 kg.

Males by this age weigh a maximum of 45 kg. Adults eat other fish – squid, mackerel, etc.

Blue marlin larvae feed on the larvae of other fish, plankton, including zooplankton.

Moon fish is the largest bone fish in the world, average adult fish weigh about 1 ton, and the record specimen, caught from Sydney, reached a mass of 2,235 kg.

A fish that looks like the moon can grow up to a maximum of 3 m. At the same time, its weight reaches 1400 kg. In terms of its shape, its body looks like a plateau – the same oval and flattened. This species of fish lacks the entire tail stem and the fin on the tail: there is a skin fold imitating the fin.

There are no spines on the dorsal and anal fins. The skin of adults is quite thick and elastic, covered with small mounds. Moonfish can be found in the tropical waters of three oceans:

  • Silent;
  • Atlantic;
  • Indian

The average adult mako shark has a length of about 3.2 m and weighs between 60–135 kg.

Sometimes this individual is encountered in the Baltic and Mediterranean seas, as well as off the coast of the Kola Peninsula. Initially, these representatives of the fauna were considered to be rather poor swimmers who could not even swim against the current.

But on the basis of some studies, the maximum speed of the fish was recorded – more than 3 km per hour.

The seventh place among the largest fishes on the planet is occupied by the mako shark, the maximum recorded length of which is 4.5 m. Often it is called the black-nosed and mackerel shark, but the first name is more common. The individual belongs to the herring family. Shark, too, can not be called speed.

In its natural habitat it can be found in the warm waters of the seas and oceans with a tropical climate.

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It is worth noting that mako shark is dangerous to humans. Currently, a large number of situations in which this individual attempted on humans was recorded.

Outwardly, it looks like the usual representatives of sharks. The body is rather oblong, the nose is sharp, the back is gray, the belly is whitish.

Like other species of herring sharks, mako due to endothermy is able to regulate its body temperature, making it more than the temperature of the surrounding waters.

The individual feeds mainly on bony species of living creatures, but it can also eat other inhabitants of the seas and oceans. Reproduction occurs by ovagus birth with oofagia.

Tiger belongs to the family of gray sharks. In the people it is often called leopard.

The maximum length of this individual is almost 6.5 m. The mass can reach up to one and a half tons.

In the natural habitat of these representatives of the fauna, it is possible to see absolutely in the subtropical and tropical saline waters all over the planet. Their main difference lies in the absolute absence of disgust, since these sharks eat absolutely everything as food.

After cutting these animals, animal hair, cow hooves, garbage, including canned cans, cigarette packs, and even bags of coal were found in the stomachs of these individuals.

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Tiger sharks are considered scavengers, there were also documented cases of cannibalism. Once while catching one tiger shark, the other swam up and ate it.

But she did not get enough of this, destroyed the bait, and then caught the hook.

This creation is very dangerous for humans, as it often swims into the territory of shallow waters. At the same time, very large dimensions of tiger sharks do not interfere with this.

Fifth place in the ranking of the largest fish living in the oceans and seas, is taken by the great white shark, which grows to 5.3 m. The maximum weight is almost 2 tons. Despite the fact that it is the tiger sharks that most often swim in shallow water , more cases of attacks on humans are registered precisely with the participation of white. For example, in the 2000s, about 150 attacks of this individual on humans were observed, 30 of which resulted in the death of victims.

Based on statistical data, it can be concluded that the great white sharks are considered the most dangerous for humans compared to other species of this species. Acts of attack of these creatures on large boats and boats were recorded. They pushed the snout of the ship.

The blow was so powerful that the people on the deck fell into the water and the boat overturned.

The Great White Shark is one of the largest species of shark with an average length of about four meters and a maximum length of more than seven meters.

Despite the fact that white sharks cannot be called omnivorous, like tiger, for example, they also love to try everything on their tooth. But if a predator is given a choice of different foods, then she will choose what she has already tried. If this choice is not given, then the individual will eat what is offered to it.

Quite often white sharks take divers for pinnipeds mammals, which this fish eats with great pleasure.

The film “Jaws”, which was filmed by renowned director Steven Spielberg, shows viewers that these sharks are some kind of killing machines for people. In fact, these creatures eat their usual food and almost never hunt for a specific purpose precisely on humans.

The largest bowhead polar sharks can reach almost 8 m and weigh up to 1.5 tons.

The Greenland polar shark is also often called the low-halo or Atlantic polar. The maximum length of one individual can reach up to 7.5 m, and its weight can reach one and a half tons.

This creature is rather slow, it consumes mostly small fish and carrion, but it will not refuse to eat small individuals of similar size. Of all representatives of the Greenlandic polar shark, it is found in the cold waters of the northern coast. Atlantic Ocean near countries:

  • Denmark;
  • Russia;
  • USA;
  • Norway;
  • Germany;
  • Canada;
  • Greenland.

Officially, there was not a single attack of these individuals on humans, but this is certainly related to their range. Greenland sharks can be called pests, who often tear nets and eat prey fishermen.

Those, in turn, if they catch it, cut off the fin located on the tail, and throw it back into the sea.

Beluga belongs to the sturgeon family. According to unofficial data, this fish can grow in its natural habitat up to 8.9 m, and its weight can reach up to 2 tons.

If we talk about caught individuals, they caught the beluga, whose mass was one and a half tons, and its length – 4.2 m. Beluga are considered long-livers, they can live up to 100 years.

The length of the body of the beluga can reach 5 meters with a mass of 1000 kg.

These representatives of sturgeon in nature live in the Black, Caspian and Azov Seas. During spawning, individuals swim to the rivers, mainly the Urals, the Wolf, the Kura, and the Terek.

At the end of the period go back to the sea.

Eggs in gray beluga with black tint. Caviar is considered very tasty and expensive.

Previously, it was imported from Russia abroad, but currently there is a ban on catching belugas due to an increase in cases of poaching.

The giant shark reaches a length of 10 m (there are unconfirmed data on individuals up to 16 m long) and weights up to 4 tons.

The giant shark can grow up to 16 m long, but this data is unofficial. Maximum weight can be 4000 kg. Despite such dimensions, this species of shark poses no danger to humans.

These creatures even allow divers to be as close as possible to them, while behaving rather calmly alongside people. If a ship is approaching a fish, then it is not scared and in no hurry to hide from it.

These sharks are the only so-called filter makers. They cannot suck water by eating plankton, but rather pass the liquid completely through their gills. Thus, about 60,000 tons of seawater are filtered in 60 minutes.

To do this, the individual moves with his mouth wide open. In the stomach of the fish can be immediately about 0.5 tons of food.

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