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The best aquarium fish for beginners

Along with the idea of ​​creating a natural reservoir at home, many questions arise regarding its arrangement and occupancy by its inhabitants. In pet stores you can find a huge selection of aquarium fish.

For beginners aquarists more suitable unpretentious species, the care for which does not take much time and effort. Only first you need to familiarize yourself with the representatives of such species and their conditions of detention

For novice aquarists the best fit fish, unpretentious in the content

Among the owners of underwater inhabitants, this group is very popular and loved. Small and low-demand fish for beginner aquarists fit perfectly.

They produce offspring without spawning, that is, they are viviparous, so over time it will be possible to increase the number of inhabitants without financial costs. The most famous in this family are:

    Mollies This species of fish is the most enduring in its family, its representatives get along well with most of the fish (not counting predators).

    There are many hybrids with a variety of bright colors, but they are artificially bred and can cause a lot of trouble. For beginners, it is better to buy a black molly, which will complement the aquarium with its elegance and will not take care.

    An adult individual reaches 10 cm. Life expectancy is 4-8 years, depending on the conditions created.

    The water temperature should range from +24 to + 28 ° C. It feeds on both live food and vegetation, loves algae very much.

Mollies get along well with many species of fish, except for predators.

  • Guppy Males of this species are small, very bright, with a beautiful, usually with a veil, tail. Females are larger than males and not so brilliant, only tails can be painted in bright shades. In the aquarium of 15-30 liters, you can inhabit up to 15 individuals. The temperature of the water must be maintained between +18 and + 30 ° C. Omnivorous guppies can do without food for several days. Well get along with neighbors in the aquarium, but the fry can destroy. The pregnant female should be deposited in a separate tank, and after the fry appear, transfer back. The average life expectancy is from 1 to 3 years, only this applies to non-imported species from Asian countries.
  • Swordtails. These unpretentious, energetic and large aquarium fish are perfect for beginners. Their bright coloring will liven up any reservoir. Only the male in the aquarium should be alone. Otherwise, two males can fight. They eat everything, but it is better to give dry and live food one after the other. Life expectancy is up to 5 years. They get along badly with veil fishes (pull out their tails). Aquarium with swordtails must be covered, this view is very jumpy.
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    Representatives of this family differ from other inhabitants of the aquarium not only by their colorful color and form, but also by their reason. That is why it is interesting to look at them.

    Leisurely representatives become good parents and live up to 25 years. They are omnivores, but there is a plus in this only when there are no small fish among the neighbors.

    It is worth looking at the following types:

    1. Angelfish. Very common and best aquarium fish. Their size, original figure and striped color attract the attention of both beginners and experienced aquarists. The main requirement in the maintenance of this type of fish is that the water temperature should not fall below + 22 ° C. Lower rates can lead to scalar disease. Ideally, the water should be between +24 and + 27 ° C. This is a fairly large fish, it reaches a height of 15 cm, so you need a large aquarium with a volume of 100 liters. Their offspring can gobble up, but if the clutch is saved in time, then the parents take care of the young fry themselves.
    2. Black-striped tsikhlazomy. Beautiful and rather large predators like to hide in snags and grottoes. If they create optimal conditions for life (a spacious aquarium, clean and warm water in it), then they can reach a length of 17 cm and live for 10 years. You can feed all kinds of food, but the advantage is given to those that use predators. Offspring guard themselves. The water in the aquarium should be updated every 30 days by 30%. It is better to keep the chichlase separate from other fish: they are very cocky, this will help to avoid problems.

    Scalar should be kept at a temperature not lower than 22C

    These inhabitants will bring considerable benefits to the aquarium. Catfish clean the tank from the remnants of food of other fish.

    Habitat – the bottom of the aquarium, so they get along perfectly with even the most “combat” species. Beginners aquarists can pay attention to these representatives:

    1. Koridoras. Because of the body covered with lamellae, they are called armored. The genus Corydoras has more than 180 species. Therefore, depending on the identity of a particular species, they have a varied color and pattern. Adults reach a length of 3 to 12 cm. This species of fish is omnivorous, only sometimes they may lack the food that is left of other fish, so they need to be fed. Very unpretentious care and get along with almost all the inhabitants of the aquarium. For armored catfish to the bottom of the aquarium it is necessary to attach a variety of decorative shelters. They love to dig and tilt the ground, raising the dregs from the bottom.
    2. Ancistrus. Beginners may not like this kind of fish because of their appearance, but they will benefit greatly from it. Mouth-sucker Ancistrus (stuck) cleans the walls of the tank from algae. The adult fish grows to 15 cm. The water temperature should be between +20 and + 28 ° C. The best value is + 22 ° C. At a constant higher temperature, life expectancy is reduced. Under normal conditions, they live more than 7 years. Use vegetable food, which is extracted independently. If there is not enough food, begin to use plants planted in the ground. To preserve the greenery, the Ancistrus needs special feed tablets.

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    Species of fish from this family, and there are more than 20 of them, adapted themselves to breathe air. Therefore, it is easier for beginners to keep such fish: there is no need for aeration of water.

    Only need to remove from the surface all the vegetation. When selecting neighbors, it is important to take into account the fact that it is impossible to close an aquarium, which means that it is impossible to settle jumping fish with them. From this family the most unpretentious:

    1. Petushki. These incredibly beautiful fish have a rather small size (6-7 cm long) and a fighting character. They cannot live with similar individuals, especially males with males, and with calm fish species. Veil fish can be mistaken for their own and attack. They live well in water with a temperature of +18 to + 30 ° C, but without sudden drops, up to 3 years. Omnivorous and voracious, therefore, give a lot of waste.
    2. Marble gourami. Inquisitive and unhurried fish have a threadlike fin. When the tank is large enough, gourami in length reach up to 15 cm. If you take care of it properly, then they can live for more than 7 years. Omnivorous, but it is necessary to give live food.

    Chickens are fighting fish and badly get along with their own kind.

    Fishes from this family have a reserved and monophonic color. Among them there are also original types of fish that will become a real decoration of the aquarium. For example, goldfish.

    Beginners should take a closer look at voilehvosta – This is a very beautiful and unpretentious members of the family. For them, you need an aquarium of large volumes (at the rate of 1 individual – 30 l).

    This is a cold-water fish, so the water temperature should be within + 18 ° C. At higher temperatures, it does not live, but survives.

    In food unpretentious, like to pinch plants. Neighbors should be chosen with extreme caution, there are many fans tweak voilehvostov.

    The choice of unpretentious fish is very large, so it will not be difficult to fill the aquarium for beginners. The main thing is to remember that it is impossible to put together inhabitants who do not get along with each other.

    Also, do not overcrowd the aquarium. First you need to think about the convenience of its inhabitants.

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