maintenance, care, compatibility
The color of different types of tetra is always different, there are small fish with modestly colored gray scales, only two black stripes pass across the body. There is a completely black aquarium fish tetra with bright blue eyes or a red rim around the eyes.
Copper tetras have a solid yellow-green or bronze color, Tetra Amanda is almost red, and the Blue diamond is colored like mackerel and has a blue tint of the body. In many species of aquarium fish, the body is radiant gray, with a few red or yellow spots near the eyes and fins.
And in all fish of this species, sexual dimorphism is very pronounced – males are always painted much brighter and more beautiful than ordinary-looking females. If conditions in the aquarium deteriorate, all tetras lose their beautiful color.
Not picky and eat any kind of feed. To make the fish brighter colored, it is advisable to regularly give live or frozen food.
The males of the copper tetra are brighter colored than the females, and the females also have a more rounded abdomen.
Reproduction in copper tetras is quite simple, but you have to plant them in a separate aquarium, if you want to get more fry. In the aquarium should be twilight and shrubs with small leaves, well suited Javanese moss or nylon thread.
Caviar will fall through the threads or leaves, and the fish will not be able to reach it. Aquarium should be covered or float on the surface of floating plants.
Producers need to be fed live food before planting to spawn. They can spawn in a flock, 5-6 fish of both sexes will be enough, however, and they are successfully divorced in pairs. It is advisable to plant manufacturers in different aquariums, and feed them abundantly for a while.
Then put them in the evening in spawning, the water in which should be a few degrees warmer. Spawning begins early in the morning.
Females lay their eggs on plants, but the fish can eat it, and at the slightest opportunity they need to be sown. The larvae will hatch in 24-36 hours, and in 3-4 days the fry will start swimming.
The first days of the copper tetra fry are fed with small feeds, such as ciliates and green water, as they grow, they give a microworm and nautilia of artemia. Caviar and fry are photosensitive in the first days of life, so the aquarium should be removed from direct sunlight and kept in a fairly shaded place.
Tetra background Rio (lat. Hyphessobrycon flammeus) or fiery tetra, shines with an extravaganza of flowers when she is healthy and comfortable in the aquarium. This tetra is mostly silver in front and bright red closer to the tail.
But when Tetra von Rio is intimidated by anything, she becomes much paler and shy. It is because of this that they do not buy it too often, since in the exhibition aquarium it is difficult for it to show off with its beauty.
Aquarist should know in advance how this fish can be beautiful, and then it will not pass by.
Moreover, besides its beautiful color, tetra fon ryo is also very unpretentious in content. It can even be advised to novice aquarists.
And it is quite simple to breed it, for this you do not need a lot of experience. Well, did you manage to interest you in this fish?
In order for tetra von Rio to reveal its color completely, it is necessary to create suitable conditions in the aquarium. They live in flocks of 7 individuals, which are better kept with other small and peaceful fish.
If these tetras live in a calm, cozy aquarium, they become very active. Once acclimatization has passed, they are no longer timid, and the aquarist will be able to enjoy a beautiful flock of lively behavior fish.
Tetras are fishes of the Kharacin family, the origin of which are the waters of South America.
In the wild, their habitat is a river with crystal clear water rich in oxygen. They feed on insect larvae and tender parts of aquatic plants. Tetras are gregarious creatures, so one cannot meet them alone.
And in aquariums, fish should be kept in flocks with constant aeration and water filtration. Artificial home pond should be densely planted with plants and decorated with snags. Tetra fishing will surely love such an aquarium!
Today, the room for fish can be settled more than a dozen species of these representatives haratsinovyh. Among which is “Amanda”. This type of tetra was discovered quite recently in the central part of Amazonia.
Very small in size, but with a soft and very delicate color. Ideal for a tropical forest aquarium in the company of peaceful catfish and other peace-loving haracin. Such as koelurihtisami (or “Blue Diamond”) with a pleasant and harmonious color.
But this type of dynamic fish rarely occurs at home due to the problematic breeding. But lemon tetra, on the contrary, is very popular. She is unpretentious and peaceful.
It fits perfectly into a tropical aquarium.
Tetra, the species of which are not whimsical in the majority, is popular because of the colorfulness of the species. So, to the above fish. It is possible to add such ones as rhodostomus (“redrota” tetra) with contrasting color and sapphire tetra with bright color.
It is worth noting a variety like glass tetra. This type of name was due to the almost transparent body.
A contrasting red spot on the tail contributed to the growing popularity of the fish.
All species of fish mentioned above are completely omnivorous. They eat live, dry, frozen food and love to eat vegetable.
As a rule, they are all peace-loving, with the exception of bloody tetras, which constantly quarrel with their neighbors.
American tetras are an excellent decoration for any aquarium with a large number of plants with small delicate leaves and, preferably, a dark, almost black, primer. All types of tetras are distinguished by an unusual, attractive color and peace-loving character; with proper care, tetras reproduce well.
Living in an aquarium, subject to the host of a number of simple rules, small mobile fish can not less than 5-6 years, frolicking and playing.
In the natural environment, tetras are found in the clear waters of South and Central America, choosing for the life of the lake, a river with oxygen-rich water and a large number of plants. For these moving fish, the aquarium will have to be decorated with abundant vegetation – and, only a part of the aquarium should be planted.
In the second part – the tetra fish will be fun, defiantly swim with their comrades.
As a rule, all the tetras need a large company — it does not make sense to start one or two fish, because sociable fish bored without the opportunity to communicate with their relatives. Having launched into the aquarium a whole family of 5-20 fish, the owner will be able to admire the bright babies, who are actively frolicking in the thickets, peacefully swimming near the surface and amicably eating food.
The main condition for the prosperity of fish is excellent filtration, aeration of water. Aquarium fish tetra, like its wild counterparts in appearance, is unpretentious to the proposed food – these babies, rarely growing to 7 cm, are quite voracious.
They like tetras to eat and dry, and frozen food, gnawing small leaves of aquarium plants with appetite. As a rule, aquarists feed tetras with a pipe maker, shredded bloodworms, cyclops, complementing food with vegetable feed.
The group of tetras gets along well with medium-sized herbivorous neighbors, almost all species of these fish are peaceful in the group. Aggression can be seen in the behavior of single tetras.
Left without a company, the tetra can begin to assert its “possessions”, protecting the territory that it has chosen for itself.
Feed for aquarium fish Tetra
It’s no secret that Tetra’s aquarium fish feeds are the best! Without exaggeration, we can say that Tetra is the leading brand in the feed segment of our aquarium pets. What is worth well-known and popular food TetraMin!
And Tetra Discus !? And a huge variety of food for the family of goldfish ….
It seems to me that the break is all runet, you can hardly find a negative review about these feeds.
The secret of Tetra, lies in its history, here is a short excerpt:
“In the late 1940s, a young naturalist, doctor of natural sciences, Ulrich Bensh, was engaged in breeding and importing aquarium plants and tropical ornamental fish. At that time, aquaria was an exotic hobby, since buying live fish food was often a very difficult task.
As a biologist, Bensh knew the components of the feed that are important to the health of the fish. Back in 1952, he was able to develop the first main fish food in the form of paste – BioMin.
He patented it, put it on the market, and thanks to that, Benshu was immediately successful.
As a logical continuation in three years, Bensh presented the first ornamental fish in the form of ready-made flakes – TetraMin. The name of the food consists of the Greek word “Tetra”, translated as four, according to the number of flakes at the time (currently seven different types of flakes), and “Min”, which indicates the vitamins included in the composition.
Thanks to the TetraMin fish food in a characteristic yellow jar with a brown lid, Bensh closed the existing market niche and made possible the development of aquarism as a hobby accessible to everyone.
At the same time, Bensh founded a company that quickly became an international leader with branches around the world. He decided to take the name of a successful product as the name of a company. ”
It is not surprising that with such an approach, which, in addition, “overgrown with time” and experience, the company produces excellent feed.
In this article, I would like to tell you about Tetra’s new products and specialty feeds for Malawian cichlids. I hope this material will be useful to the reader and he will take it to the note.
So, Tetra has two types of food for Malawian cichlids – Tetra malawi flakes and Tetra Malawi granules.
It is worth noting that according to the characteristics of food and lifestyle in the nature of Malawian cichlids, it is customary to subdivide into two large groups: mbuna – a group of cichlids living near the rocky biotopes of the coastal part of the lake, near islands and underwater reefs. The basis of the natural diet of these fish are algae covering stones and rocks with a solid carpet, as well as various aquatic organisms hiding among these algae.
Cichlids originate from haplochromies and inhabit the most diverse biotopes of the lake, including underwater caves, sandy, overgrown with higher aquatic vegetation, as well as transition zones between rocks and sand. This group also includes Malawian groups under the well-known names of Utaka.
Pictured Lake Malawi
The group of Mbun include such popular African cichlids as:
Johan Melanichromis, Melanochrome Golden, Melanchromis Pearl of Face, Melanochromis Meingano, Labidochromis Yellow, Iodotropheus Maylandia (Psedotrofeus) Zebra and its morphs, Maylandia (Psedotrofeus) White Prince, Psedotrofeus Pindani (Sokolof), Psevdotrofeus Demasoni.
The Utaka group includes the following fish:
Buadzulu, Protomelasy, Otofarings, Aulonokara “Orchid” Red, Haplokhromis cornflower, Blue Dolphin (Cirtokar Muri), Nimbochromis, Letrinopsy, Kadango, Queen Nyasa.
Tetra malawi flakes
Special high-quality nutritional flakes for feeding algae-eating fish, such as mbuna cichlids.
– The formula derived by scientists;
– The food is rich in high quality proteins and other nutrients;
– Improves digestion and gives vitality;
Suitable for all herbivorous cichlids, especially for Malawian cichlids of the mbuna group.
Tetra Malawi granules
Special high-quality nutritional pellets for feeding algae-eating fish, such as mbuna cichlids.
– Scientists derived a formula with a specially balanced mixture of algae, such as spirulina (20%), nori (17%) and chlorella (3%);
– The food is rich in high quality proteins and other nutrients;
– Improves digestion and gives vitality;
As you can see, these feeds were specially developed and selected specifically for Malawians. Where is the evidence of quality, you ask? Perhaps the best proof is the reaction of the Malawian fish to the feed and the video below, as evidence:
The fish are delighted.
Now let’s talk about the new product! Most recently, the company Tetra released feed Tetra selection – a sort of feed mix, if you keep a variety of fish!
Four full-fledged types of food with different buoyancy characteristics for targeted and healthy nutrition of any species of tropical fish.
The feed is intended for fish that feed in all layers of water. Consists of four separate feed tanks:
– TetraMin Flakes is the main flake food that floats on the surface of the water, which is ideal for fish feeding in the upper and middle layers of water.
– Tetramin Crisps – chips that float on the surface of the water and slowly sink, which is ideal for fish that feed in the upper and middle layers of water.
– Tetramin Granules are slowly plunging granules that are ideal for fish feeding in the middle layers of water.
– Tetra Wafer Mix – fast-dipping chips for all fish that eat at the bottom.
Agree, this approach makes it easier for us to feed, do not need to open four different jars every time. This food has also been tried in the general aquarium, where various tetras, ramiresi, loricarium and shellfish somas are scurrying around.
In my fish, I fully approve of such a varied diet.
In conclusion, I want to say that feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to the successful maintenance of any fish, be it guppies or cichlids.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. In the theme of the presentation of the new Tetra products, let’s say that it is these feeds that can be found on the aquarium shelves across the aquarium — these are the feeds of the leader of the Russian aquarium market, and the range of feeds of this company itself is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.