maintenance, care, compatibility
The life of all living organisms, including humans, is determined by a number of environmental factors. Among physical factors, temperature plays the greatest role, affecting the flow of all metabolic processes within an object.
That is why the observance of the correct temperature regime will provide your pet with comfort and long life.
The optimum temperature in an aquarium can vary within very wide limits for different organisms of even one family, therefore we cannot separate each one individually. But to discuss the temperature optimum for the most common inhabitants of aquariums, we are quite capable.
Temperature in a guppy aquarium
Guppies are not demanding fish and can easily live in a regular can, but for nurturing beautiful and healthy pets it is necessary to provide them with space and regular aeration of water. Regarding temperature, guppies are also labile, the range from 18 to 30 degrees is suitable for vital activity, but the optimum is 24-25 degrees.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium for the angelfish
Angelfish are warm-water fish, so the fact that for guppies is considered an extreme temperature for existence, for scalar still quite a pleasant atmosphere. Anyway, these cold-blooded fish are most active at 28 degrees, while at 24-25 their growth and development begins to slow.
Temperature in a cichlid aquarium
Cichlids are very sensitive to temperature fluctuations. As a result of hypothermia or overheating, they not only stop the development, but also lose the opportunity to develop their remarkable color, which is why the temperature in the aquarium for such fish should be a constantly adjustable parameter.
The optimum is 25-27 degrees, but for Tanganyik cichlids, this temperature should not exceed 26.
The temperature in the aquarium for barbs
Barbus – fish is simple to keep. Barbs are easy to feed, breed and maintain conditions optimal for their existence.
The optimum can be considered the temperature in the range from 21 to 26 degrees, while it is desirable that the water is well aerated and there was a slight flow.
Temperature in a catfish aquarium
More than 1000 species of fish from different families are called somami, therefore it is not easy to determine a single temperature range. Usually, catfish love temperatures closer to room temperature. in the range of 22-25 degrees.
For stimulation of reproduction, the temperature is usually increased by 2-3 degrees.
As the soil is best to use coarse sand or gravel. Before placing it in an aquarium, the soil should be washed and boiled. Twice a year it is required to wash it.
If you have a tail-tailed guppy, when you design an aquarium, it is better to avoid objects with sharp edges – so the fish can damage the tail.
Such biofilters are such plants as the Indian fern, elodea, rogolistnik, ilogarosifon. But the presence of a fern ceratopopteris will be a kind of indicator – whether the conditions of detention are suitable for guppies.
If the roots of this plant rot, and it starts to float to the surface of the water or perishes, it means that the conditions for the fish are unsuitable. But if the fern grows safely at the bottom – all is well.
In the summertime, the lighting of the water should be 12-14 hours, and in the winter about 12 hours. An excess of light can lead to water silting and excessive growth of aquarium plants, which is not very good for fish. To ensure uniform lighting, you need to install a lamp.
For a twenty-liter aquarium lamp suitable for 15 watts.
What you need for guppies :: aquarium with guppies :: Aquarium fish
For guppies, you need a simple aquarium with room temperature water that is in a lit place. Each fish should have several liters of water.
Guppies need to be fed twice a day.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Guppy fishes have gained popularity among novice aquarists because of their unpretentiousness. For their content does not require specific equipment, such as filters and thermostats.
You do not need a guppy and a large aquarium, and if you don’t have too many fish in it, you can also refuse the aerator. Even a child can care for guppies.
The capacity of the aquarium should be calculated based on the fact that the male needs one liter of water for comfort, and the female two. But it is better if about three liters of water are allocated to each fish. The water in the aquarium should be at room temperature and be 24 ° C.
Variations from 18 to 30 ° C are permissible.
Lighting is not too important for guppy life, but if you want your fish to have bright colors, you need to put their aquarium in the lit place. Do not breed predatory fish in the aquarium.
Guppies are completely defenseless before them.
Guppies are very picky fish. As food, both live and dry food, which is sold in specialized stores, will suit them. Young fish can be fed with egg yolk, cheese and powdered milk.
With enough light in the aquarium, filamentous algae are formed that diversify the menu of your fish.
Feed guppies need twice a day. At the same time make sure that there is no excess feed, so as not to pollute the aquarium.
If after five minutes the food is not eaten all, it must be removed from the aquarium.
The water in the aquarium should be changed gradually every day, but it is allowed to change it once a week by about a third.
Guppies are viviparous fishes. Instead of throwing caviar, they give birth to formed fry, which from the first moments of their lives can swim and eat.
To guppies began to multiply, you need to slightly increase the temperature of the water in the aquarium and reduce its hardness. But fish can breed without additional stimulation.
The pregnancy of the female lasts approximately twenty-five days. At this time, her abdomen becomes angular, a dark spot appears near the anus.
The female can produce fry up to seven times after one mating.
Guppies can eat their offspring, so the fry, until they grow up, must be removed in a separate container or settled in a common aquarium thick algae, in which the young can hide.
Guppy content care spawn photo video description compatibility.
Two points are important here. The first is the size of the soil particles.
They must be of such a size that plants grow well, pass through gases, and water circulates freely. The second point is the solubility of the minerals that make up the soil.
If they are highly soluble, i.e. increase the amount of salt and hence the hardness of the water, then such a soil is of little use. Need to pick up something else.
Soil should be washed every six months.
The light regime should be, together with natural light no more than 15 hours in summer, and 12-13 hours in winter. The guppy has this effect. With constant light, the fish change their color.
For example, with continuous 24-hour light, red colored areas of the body acquired a pink color. After some time, the color was restored. As additional lighting for aquariums with guppies, 15 watt lamps for aquariums of 20–40 liters in summer and 25 watt lamps in winter are used.
For 100-liter aquariums 40-watt lamps are used.
Guppy – aquarium fish of modest size. Males reach 2-4 centimeters, females are somewhat larger and grow to 6 centimeters.
All representatives of the species are pacifist fish and absolutely cannot stand up for themselves, and therefore their neighbors in the aquarium should also be representatives of peace-loving and medium-sized species. The capacity of an aquarium for guppies should be calculated based on the minimum need for one liter of water for a male and 2 liters for a female. But it is better if three liters of water fall on each fish.
Theoretically, a pair can be contained even in a three-liter jar, but it should be remembered that the larger the volume of the aquarium, the more stable the biological balance in it.
The most comfortable temperature in the aquarium is 24 degrees, although the rules of care for guppies allow temperature fluctuations in the range of 18-30 degrees. Water hardness is desirable to withstand within 6-10 units.
Lighting parameters do not affect the viability of guppies, but largely determine the brightness of their color.
The landscape of the aquarium should include both open areas for swimming and secluded corners, where any fish, tired of the intrusive attention of relatives, could retire and have a rest. Males may experience such excessive anxiety during the breeding season, and males may also need solitude after mating fights with each other.
Aesthetic value is predominantly males, striking a variety of shapes and colors of tails and fins. In order that the appearance of the fish is not “concealed”, the color of the soil in the aquarium must contrast with the color of the fish.
The use of dark earth tones is a win-win option.
Guppies are unpretentious and not demanding of food. Both live and specialized dry food will do. With enough light in the aquarium, filamentous algae appear, which these fish eat with pleasure.
To obtain intensely colored fish, the use of live feeds (cyclops, bloodworms, pipe worker, daphnia) is mandatory.
Feed the fish should be twice a day. All food should be eaten within five minutes, and its residues should be removed from the aquarium. Souring food and overeating can cause disease.
A hunger strike in a few days is easily tolerated by guppies, which greatly facilitates their maintenance.
The aquarium is cleaned once a week. When cleaning, it is advisable to replace up to a third of the old aquarium water with fresh water.
The water added to the aquarium should be the same temperature and hardness as the main one. An even better approach would be to gradually replace the water during the week.
Guppy life expectancy is about three years. In warm water, the processes of development of the organism of the fish are accelerated, and the life expectancy drops somewhat, in cold water everything happens the other way around. “Cold-water” specimens are usually larger than their “warm-water” relatives.
Guppies are viviparous fishes. They produce not spawn, but fry, which soon after giving birth begin to swim and feed themselves. After fertilization, the female is able to produce offspring up to seven times.
This fact should be taken into account during breeding work.
The signal for breeding is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and water softening. But reproduction is possible without the participation of these factors. A sign of a female’s pregnancy is an increase in dark spot near the anus.
The abdomen at this moment becomes angular. The pregnancy itself lasts about 25 days (which depends on the water temperature).
Guppies willingly eat their offspring, and therefore fry of breeding value should be transplanted into nursery aquariums. In the general aquarium, the fry sometimes manage to escape from adult tribesmen in dense thickets of floating aquatic plants, such as pistii or riccia.
In addition to professional feeds, you can use chicken yolk (boiled), non-sharp cheeses (grated on a fine grater) or powdered milk to feed the offspring of guppies.
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))).
The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty.
The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.” I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist.
Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females. Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed.
Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year. The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins.
The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females are up to 6 cm. The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally. The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides.
Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak. In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.
Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs. Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium.
In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males. Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third).
Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce.
The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish. Fry are fed three times a day in small portions.
After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day. At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day.
At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry).
Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it). Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen.
As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female. I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere.
By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water).
All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength. Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born.
At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.