maintenance, care, compatibility
Fish telescope – a kind of goldfish, in the wild is not found. As is known, goldfish appeared as a result of selection of wild carp. According to reliable data, the telescope fish was bred in the XVII century in China, from which it came to Japan.
The most prominent part of the animal’s body is large, bulging eyes located on the sides of the head. Due to the unusual shape of the eye, the fish got its name.
Unfortunately, these eyes themselves are very vulnerable in the aquarium, they can be damaged by random objects. For this reason, keeping a pet requires maximum care.
Caring for fish imposes some restrictions and rules that help protect its health.
The telescope of the fish has an oval shape, identical with other representatives of the tail specimen. The symmetry of the body is short and wide.
The head is large with bulging eyes, lush fins.
Modern razvodchiki sell small telescope fish of different colors and shapes – with short or long fins, red and white flowers, and, of course, black ones. With age, black telescopes change color scales.
The size of telescopes varies on average from 15 to 20 cm within the aquarium. They live in captivity for a long time, about 15 years.
Fish living in artificial ponds, can live up to 20 years.
Similar to their relatives, goldfish, telescopes get along in cool water, but they are not recommended to be bred for beginners in aquarism. The point is in the vulnerable eyes, which in addition to the large eyeball, they see almost nothing.
Its content is not so simple: you have to look for special food, plants and soil that would not damage the pet’s tender body.
On the other hand, caring for telescopes is not difficult if you are extremely careful with them. Like other types of goldfish, they are tolerant of changes in the aquatic environment, can live both in the garden pond and in the glass aquarium. Compatibility is possible with slow, peaceful fish that do not take away their food.
It is recommended to settle in spacious aquariums at the rate of 50 liters for 1 fish and more than 150 liters for several individuals. The tank should be safe, without a large number of kryag, sharp objects. They use rounded pebbles of medium size or coarse sand as soil – telescopes like to rummage in the ground.
It is important that they do not swallow large parts. Soft plants gnaw, hard-leaved plants – a good choice for their “house”.
Watch the video, revealing the features of the content of the fish telescope.
In the aquarium, you should install a powerful external filter that will remove numerous wastes after pets. The flow is important to pass through the flute, as we know, telescopes float badly.
Choose wide containers with a large surface area – through it there is a constant gas exchange.
Do not forget about updating 1/5 of the water once a week. Permissible water parameters: temperature 20-23 degrees Celsius, hardness – 5-19 o, acidity – 6.0-8.0 pH.
Not particularly sensitive to the conditions of detention, but quality care for them involves clean water and the absence of sharp surfaces.
Telescopes can be called friendly fish that behave adequately in relation to their neighbors. Compatibility is proven with related species of fish: voile tail, shubunkin, oranda, goldfish.
Such cold-loving fish, not aggressive, do not leave behind a lot of waste.
Compatibility is negative with Sumatran barbs, ternets, burbusi denison, tetragonopterus. These fish can intimidate them, tear off their fins.
Admire the bright telescopes.
In nature, a fish telescope is not found. Because it belongs to goldfish, and they were bred from a wild crucian.
The crucian lives in a lake, a pond, a river, it lives in many bodies of water, and therefore is considered quite common. The basis of its diet are fry, insects, plants.
Initially, goldfish appeared in China, then in Japan, Europe, and only then in America. Based on this, one can guess that China is the birthplace of the telescope.
In Russia, these fish appeared in 1872. Today they are very common.
Although the telescope belongs to goldfish, his body is not at all elongated, but rounded or ovoid. This fish is very similar to the veiltail. Only the latter has no such eyes.
Telescopes are owners of a large head, on both sides of which there are large eyes, besides this, the fish has rather large fins.
Today you can meet a telescope of different colors and shapes. Their fins can be long or short.
Colors are also quite diverse. The most popular is considered a black telescope.
Such fish can be purchased in the store or on the market. However, sometimes they change color, this should be known to the buyer or owner of this fish.
These fish live for about 10 years. If they live in freedom, they can live to 20.
Their sizes fluctuate, and depend on the living conditions, as well as on the species. The average size of 10-15 centimeters, sometimes larger, up to 20.
But what a telescope looks like in a photo.
Low temperatures are not terrible for this fish, they can feel very good even in such situations. Despite the fact that these fish are not picky and do not require any special care, novice aquarists should not get them.
This is due to their eyes, because they do not see well, they can not notice the food and starve. Another common problem of telescopes is eye inflammation, because after injuring the mucous membrane, they infect the eye.
In the aquarium, these fish live quite well, but they can survive in the pond. After all, the main thing is the purity of the water, the presence of food and friendly neighbors.
The aggressive inhabitants of a pond or aquarium can leave sluggish telescopes hungry, which will inevitably lead them to death.
If you intend to keep them in the aquarium, then you should not get a round version. This is because in such aquariums the sight of the fish deteriorates, and in telescopes it is already very bad.
In addition, the fish in the round aquarium can stop growing, this should also be remembered.
The ability of telescope fish to live with other inhabitants of the aquarium
These fish love society. But it is better if this society is like itself.
Other species of fish can injure the fins or eyes of telescopes, due to the fact that the latter are slow and practically blind. You can, of course, put to telescopes:
But tertseni, Sumatran barb, tetragonopterus as neighbors do not fit the obsalyutno.
The aquarium fish telescope is one of the varieties of goldfish that was bred using breeding and does not exist in nature. Telescopes are very loved and demanded by aquarists around the world. Very often, they give birth to those who have just begun to engage in the maintenance and breeding of fish.
However, this is not a good solution, since the telescope requires the host’s attention, as well as all animals that are far from natural forms. This article will tell about the features of care for these amazing creatures.
These dragons belong to schooling fishes, and it is better to settle them in groups of 4-6 individuals. If the aquarium is not specific, then only peaceful, peaceful neighbors should be selected.
For the Demenkin, slowness is characteristic, and therefore the more frisky inhabitants of the reservoir will easily leave them without food. Moreover, this can occur even within the same breed.
Short-bodied (telescope, left head, oranda, ranch) and long-bodied (goldfish, comet, shubunkin) individuals cannot be settled together, because the former are more demanding to habitat conditions, and besides, they risk being offended by the second group and remain hungry because of for them.
Ideal neighbors for the Demenkins are fish with similar temperament and habitat conditions.
An absolute prohibition exists on keeping them in the same aquarium with heratsynymi, tsikhlida, arovanami and other aggressive predators that can eat the telescope.
You also can not lodge them with fighting fish, for example, with a Siamese cockerel. The result of this neighborhood can be dangling fins and damaged eyes.
The dragons themselves can harm only small fish and fry, which they take for food.
Veilhvosty, this is the most popular aquarium fish of all goldfish. It has a short, rounded body, forked tail fin and a very diverse coloration.
But, not only this makes it popular. First of all, this is a very unpretentious fish, which is great for novice aquarists, but it has its limitations.
She pretty much digs in the ground, loves to eat and often eats to death and loves cool water.
Along with shubunkin, one of the most unpretentious goldfish. Very undemanding to the parameters of water and temperature, feel good in a pond, a normal aquarium, or even in a round aquarium, unpretentious at home.
Many contain voilehvostov or other goldfish in round aquariums, alone and without plants. Yes, they live there and do not even complain, but round aquariums are very poorly suited for keeping fish, impair their vision and retard growth.
It is also important to remember that this fish likes cool enough water, and it is incompatible with most tropical people.
Feeding veils tail has its own characteristics. The fact is that goldfish have no stomach, and food immediately goes into the intestines.
Accordingly, they eat as long as they have food in the aquarium. But, at the same time, they will often eat more than they can digest and die. In general, the only problem with feeding the tails is to calculate the correct amount of feed.
It is best to feed twice a day, in portions that they can eat in one minute.
It is best to feed the voilehwosts with special goldfish feed. Conventional food is too nutritious for these insatiable fish.
And special ones, in the form of granules, do not disintegrate quickly in water, it is easier to search for their tails on the bottom, such feed is easier to dose.
If there is no opportunity to feed with special feeds, then you can give any others. Frozen, lively, artificial – veiltails eat everything.
Feeding fish living in the pond:
Although, at the mention of goldfish, the first thing that comes to mind is a small round aquarium and there is a lone veil of a tail in it, this is not the best choice. Vualehvost grows up to 20 cm, while it is not only large, it also produces a lot of waste.
For the maintenance of one veiltail, you need at least a 100-liter aquarium, for each of the next add 50 liters of volume. In addition, you need a good external filter, and regular water changes.
All goldfish just love to rummage in the ground, raising considerable turbidity and even digging up plants.
Unlike tropical fish, voiletails like cool water. If only the air temperature in your home does not fall below zero, then you do not need a heater in the aquarium.
It is best not to put the aquarium in direct sunlight, and the water temperature does not increase more than 22 C. Goldfish can live at water temperatures below 10, so that they are not afraid of the coolness.
Soil is better to use sandy or coarse gravel. Goldfish constantly dig in the ground, and quite often swallow large particles and die because of this.
As for the water parameters, they can be very different, but the optimal will be: 5 – 19 ° dGH, ph: 6.0 – 8.0, water temperature is 20-23 C. Low water temperature is due to the fact that the fish comes from a crucian and tolerates low temperatures well , and high vice versa.
The compatibility of goldfish with other types of fish is one of the necessary conditions for their harmonious life in a home aquarium. From the correct compatibility depends on the health of the fish, behavior, life expectancy. Before determining with which species of fish the content of goldfish is possible, many observations were made that began in the Middle Ages.
Since the goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is one of the oldest aquarium pets, compatibility has long been tested, which allows settling it with other fishes without experience.
- Decorative varieties of goldfish are very large creatures with a body size of 20 cm in length and more, therefore, a successful maintenance requires a reservoir with a volume of 50-80 liters per individual.
- This type of fish is slow and graceful, so more active neighbors will disturb them.
- “Cinderella” love to plow the ground, looking for food in it or digging up plants. Such a habit is common to all, so the water will become dirty and muddy in a short time. Fish that love crystal clear water will suffer.
- They are omnivorous – they eat live, frozen, vegetable food. Diet with neighbors in the aquarium should be the same.
- Goldfish can eat very small fish. As representatives of the carp family, they borrowed from their ancestors a tendency to eat small animals.
- Compatibility is also affected by their variegated, beautiful color, as well as lush and long fins. Content is not allowed with those species who are not averse to nibbling their sumptuous tail.
See how goldfish coexist with macrognatus, labo and thoracatum.
Of course, the maintenance of goldfish is possible with representatives of the carp family. An important point – the fish of this family prefer cool water, not higher than 24 degrees Celsius (° C).
Next to certain types of carp goldfish will look spectacular, and there will be less conflicts with relatives. Therefore, the optimal care of the fish will be provided by the same conditions of detention.
Among the successful neighbors can be: Labo, danios, koi carps, crucians.
As for carp, koi is a wonderful fish, often grown in ornamental ponds as an exhibition “exhibit”. He will not offend a goldfish, but his appearance is so self-sufficient that it is better to settle it separately. As for the other fish of the carp family, they do not get along with the barbs and the “zolotushki” races.
The reason – these neighbors can become either predators for golden fish, or their prey.
Decorative catfish – small corridors and catfish – good neighbors for ornamental fish. They live in the lower layers of water, so they don’t bother anyone, but peacefully collect leftover food from the bottom, clean it of dirt, which is very much after a goldfish.
However, one has to be careful – catfish are sluggish creatures, which can irritate a golden fish. You should not settle with catfish antsistrusami, they are an exception.
The ancistrus is large in size, and the lush fins of the beauties can slam.
All breeds of Carassius auratus: voile tails, Veikins, Shubunkins, telescopes, Riukins, will quietly cohabit in a common reservoir. They are the same parameters of the aquatic environment, which simplifies the care of these fish.
However, there is a lack in such a neighborhood – crossing may occur between some adult fish, and they will bring hybrid offspring. This is fraught with a distortion of the characteristics of the breed that has been bred for years.
The constant crossing of different breeds will lead to the fact that in one generation of descendants fish will appear that are no different from river carp.
See how goldfish with angelfish behave in an aquarium.
It is better to settle Carassius auratus alone – and so she is self-sufficient, is the queen of aquariums. Caring for one goldfish does not give you trouble. But if you want to take a chance – you can settle it with other fish, but watch out for the consequences.
Sometimes all pets get along fine, but there are exceptions.
Representatives of the Kharatsinov family are not ideal neighbors for the “cinchies”. Neons, tetras, rhodostomuses, minors are small fish that carp can easily eat.
They may get used to each other at the age of young, but later irreversible consequences will occur. But if you plan to settle goldfish not with small, but with large tetras – diamond or congo, then this neighborhood will be successful.
Labyrinth fish – not suitable as neighbors for ornamental goldfish. The first reason – labyrinths (gourami, lyalius) love warm water more than cool water.
The second reason is that the labyrinth live an active way of life; they can engage in fights with veil-tailed fish, touching their fins. Theoretically, the compatibility of the “Cinderella” with the Ktenopoma is possible, but it floats in the lower layers of water, and the annoying neighbor with a long tail may simply not like her.
Cichlids – settlement in one aquarium is impossible due to the difference in temperature regimes of content and nature peculiarities. Cichlids are territorial fish, rather large and sometimes aggressive.
Habitat cichlids are tropical regions of the globe, where the water is warm and clean. Goldfish are the descendants of freshwater crucian carp that inhabit temperate latitudes. Therefore, such a neighborhood for both species will be unusual.
Because of this, compatibility with scalars is also unacceptable.