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Telescope fish and its content in the home aquarium

One of the most popular aquarium inhabitants are goldfish, among which stands out a telescope fish. This kind of inhabitants of a home aquarium is derived by breeding, it is distinguished by its large, protruding eyes, similar to telescopes.

Fishes can be of several colors, but it is considered to be the black one as a classic color.

Fish telescope is distinguished by its bulging eyes, derived by breeding.

Homeland of these unusual fish are Asian countries. They got to Europe relatively recently – at the end of the 19th century.

There they quickly became popular as pets. Several individuals were brought to the territory of Russia, where domestic breeders bred a completely new species by crossing – a fish with large beady eyes, which is now popular all over the world. The classic breed of such “telescopes” is considered to be black, but there are also a number of breeds that have been irretrievably lost:

  • fish pure white color;
  • white-red veil fish;
  • colorful fish without scales with veil or ordinary fins.

Veil fins look like long, thin and delicate transparent fabrics that flutter smoothly when moving in water.

As mentioned earlier, a telescope fish is a type of classic gold fish, which has a different eye structure. Thanks to them, the nickname “bug-eyed fish” was obtained. Her eyes strongly protrude to the sides on the sides of a small calf.

The body itself is short and wide, has an elongated egg shape about 20 cm long. The tail fin in fish is wide and rather thin.

Despite the fact that several breeds of goldfish with large eyes were irretrievably lost, today there are a number of others. They all have a different color:

  • known to all and the most common – gold;
  • red;
  • black, considered classic;
  • Calico, very unusual, looks especially beautiful in aquariums with a smooth background.

These breeds differ in color, but all of them can also be classified into two more types – these are scaleless (these include calico and monophonic fish) and scaly (these are black telescopes and a telescope panda).

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There are also differences in the shape of the eyes, where three subspecies are distinguished – these are the most common and well-known spherical eyes, as well as cylindrical and conical.

Care and maintenance of telescopic fish is an important factor on which the quality and duration of their life completely depend. Such cold-blooded live for quite a long time – no less than 15 years.

Here we must take into account that the volume of the aquarium should be at least 300 liters, and the fish should not live alone, it needs a pair. But the larger representatives of these fish living in large artificial reservoirs, live more than 20 years.

If living conditions are unfavorable, telescopes will not develop properly and will live a maximum of 3 years.

The telescope is a fish though from unpretentious, but for beginners to look after her will not be easy. The main feature is their eyes, which are very gentle, they are easy to hurt.

Moreover, these fishes practically do not see, therefore it is necessary to equip a home pond for them taking into account this peculiarity: no grottoes and curtains. Soil for the bottom should not be sharp, as these pets love to dig in the sand.

Their skin is no less tender, and it is easy to injure the decor items in the aquarium, so they should be round and not have chips.

Fish telescopes see almost nothing, you need to arrange an aquarium considering this feature.

As for the vegetation, the telescopes are crazy about aquarium greens, actively grazing near it, eating every bush to the end. Therefore, plantings should be chosen fast-growing and preferably cheap, as expensive and beautiful algae will be simply eaten away, there will be no trace of them.

Water for telescopes should not be cold, the average temperature ranges from 18 to 25 degrees. Aquarists even recommend relocating them in the warm season to small house ponds, if they are of sufficient size, and re-launch into the aquarium by autumn.

Filtration and aeration of water should be enhanced, and the level of acidity – from 5 to 8.

The owners need to clean the aquarium at least once every three days, as the fish leave behind a lot of waste. The volume of water changes by 1/5.

Once a month the water should change by ½. If these recommendations are not followed, the fish quickly begin to ache and even die.

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Since telescopes are very gentle and fragile representatives of the water world, then it is best for them to live in the same aquarium with their fellow tribesmen. However, if the aquarium is equipped with all the recommendations and is large, then it is possible to launch catfish into it: they are very slow and completely non-aggressive, and the eye-eyed telescopes get along well with them.

Compatibility with other goldfish will be perfect.

In no case is it allowed to breed along with such fish as cichlids, swordtails, gurus, barbs and other similar to them active, aggressive and traumatic representatives of the aquatic world. An active swordtail can injure the telescope’s eyes when it moves, which often leads to the death of the second.

Moreover, aggressive fish will constantly pester the cumbersome telescopes and grab them for fins, and they will not even be able to stand up for themselves and escape from the aggressor in time.

Telescopes can not be combined in one aquarium with cichlids and other aggressive fish.

Despite their fragility and trauma, telescopes have strong immunity and rarely get sick. Diseases can only appear with inadequate care. If you forget to change the water and clean the aquarium, then bacteria and fungi, which cause infections in telescopes, will quickly begin to develop in it.

In addition, bad water is reflected in bulging eyes: they begin to cloud.

Sometimes parasites can get in an aquarium. It happens so infrequently, but it still happens. These enemies include fish louse, carpedoids, black spot, anchorworm or subcutaneous flukes.

Parasites are more common in open waters, even if they are artificial.

Telescopes can often cause bloating or even constipation, which results from improper feeding. Such troubles can be immediately identified by the behavior of the fish: when moving, it falls to the side.

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Telescopes love to eat, so they need to feed a lot. As for the feed, these pets are unpretentious and feed on frozen or live bloodworms, maggots, coretre, as well as flakes or pelleted goldfish feed.

Feed them should be in the ratio of 3% by weight of fish twice a day (morning and evening). One serving of food should be eaten for 20 minutes, after which the remnants of food should be removed from the aquarium.

Overfeeding telescopes can not be, because of overeating, they begin to hurt and may even die.

Experts recommend sometimes indulge such fish leaves of strawberries, lettuce and even small pieces of banana. They can taste grated zucchini or fresh cucumber.

Actively eaten pumpkin and grated chicken egg. It is recommended to drop the fish into a separate reservoir and feed pumpkin or egg already there, since after these products the water becomes very turbid.

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The optimal age for creating a pair and breeding offspring in these fish is 2 years at a ratio of 1 female to 3 males. Before spawning, the female must be deposited from the males. Parents-telescopes do not care for the young brood.

A female for spawning requires warm water at about 26 degrees. A brood appears in the spring, and it is recommended to feed it with living dust.

A telescope fish is a very unusual, beautiful and interesting pet. They are slow and non-aggressive, get along well with each other and live long.

It’s quite simple to take care of them, and if you remember all the recommendations and carry them out daily, you can enjoy the company of beautiful eyes and eyes for many years.

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