Dear colleagues. The blog already has material on the aquarium fish called catfish shifter or synodontis.
But we talked about the usual shifter in it, but today we have Synodontis Showtadena on the agenda. Homeland synodontis is the Congo River basin.
In nature, the largest recorded length is 17 centimeters, but in the aquarium the numbers will be somewhat less.
The color of the body of fish can vary from olive to coffee with a large number of divorces and yellow strokes. The color of the body is affected by the general condition of the fish and the conditions of detention – the better they are, the more beautiful and healthier the color will be. Color in males has a more intense color.
In the corners of the mouth there is a pair of long whiskers, and feathery whiskers come out of the lower lip.
For the successful maintenance of these catfishes you will need a medium-sized aquarium, in which there should be a large number of various shelters in the form of stones and curtains. From plants it is better to give preference to broadleaf species, such as Echinodorus Amazona, cryptocoryn Petch.
Small-leaved plants such as cabomba will not work, because they require intensive lighting, and such light does not suit synodontis, they need dim light.
The optimal power of the lamp should be within 0.5 W per liter of volume. The color of the soil is preferably dark, and the particle size is within 5 -7 millimeters.
Such a fraction will be washed well with water and it will not rot. And if there is such an opportunity, catfish from the cavities between the particles will choose the remnants of the uneaten food.
When arranging an aquarium, you should organize high-quality aeration and water filtration. Good internal and external filters will help you ensure a good flow of water in the aquarium, which synodontes particularly like.
Aquarium water should not be hard, and the pH is preferably neutral. The optimum water temperature in the aquarium should be between 26-28 degrees.
If you want the fish to feel normal, you will have to make regular water changes for fresh ones with similar chemical parameters.
Of the food, the Synodontis prefer the pipe worker and the bloodworm. But they are no less pleased with the use of the corette, Cyclops and Daphnia.
The peak of catfish activity falls on the night and evening hours, respectively, it is also necessary to feed them at the same time. Closer to the onset of the evening, the Synodontists crawl out of their shelters and go in search of food through their territory.
When meeting with their own relatives, they are trying in every way to avoid a clash.
Quite often, synodontis inspect the walls of the aquarium and scrap it with various algal fouling. If the fish are kept in soft water, they can pick up small insects (mosquitoes) from the surface, and in more hard water they do not show any interest in them.
Before spawning, fish should be seated in different aquariums and begin to actively feed. In addition to food of animal origin, somata also need to be given plant food.
Up to 30 percent of the total diet should come from plant foods.
As a spawning aquarium, you can use a capacity of 60-70 liters for one pair of producers. At the bottom of the aquarium, you must first install a separator grid.
Water hardness in spawning should be within 5-6 degrees, the active reaction of the environment is 6.8-7 pH and the water temperature is a few degrees higher than normal, in which the fish were kept.
To stimulate fish to spawn, you can make a partial change of water and organize a strong current in the aquarium. After you carry out all the necessary activities, after a few days the fish will start spawning. The spawning process can proceed in different ways.
One pair of manufacturers can spawn in a through ceramic tube, another – between large boulders, and the third – in the thick of a synthetic substrate. But with all the subtleties and complexities, one mandatory condition must be met – the flow.
Its color is brown-red. The size of the eggs varies within one millimeter.
One female is able to sweep up to half a thousand small eggs. The bulk of the eggs will be concentrated in the area where the flow of water is practically not felt. Caviar is developed as follows.
After 6-12 hours after spawning, unfertilized calf will begin to turn white and saprolegnia affects it. This spawn needs to be removed from the aquarium.
But healthy caviar will develop about three days at a water temperature of 26 degrees.
The newly hatched larvae react sharply to the light, so they try their best to hide in the shaded parts of the aquarium. At this crucial moment, the aquarium is best applied. After another four days, the yolk sac disappears in the fry and they begin to feed on their own.
Starter feed for fry is live dust and nauplii of artemia.
With the growth of young stock, it should be transferred to larger types of feed. If you feed a shredded pipe worker, keep water quality under control.
The fact is that with such feeding infusoria are actively developing in the water, which the fry eventually will simply score. Therefore, after a meal from the aquarium, it is better to completely remove the remnants of the uneaten tubule.
It would be nice to share the red coils or ampulyaria with the fry of synodontis. Fish reach sexual maturity at the age of 1 year.