Hello, dear aquarists! Today I want to talk about the aquarium fish Synodontis, or catfish shifter. The homeland of this fish is the Black Continent, and more specifically the Congo River basin.
Catfish flip-flop is quite an interesting aquarium fish, because almost all the time it floats upside down in the aquarium. A person far from aquarism may be suspected that the fish simply died.
The fish turns over only when it needs to raise food from the bottom, while the rest of the time remains inverted.
The body of the synodontis is slightly flattened on the sides and covered with a mucous peel from above. The belly is slightly arched, eyes are big, as if they want to crap. On the mouth of the muzzle there are several pairs of whiskers.
The tail fin in a two-bladed fish. The dorsal fin is triangular in shape, and a ray is clearly visible on it.
The most common fish color is grayish-beige with lots of dark spots. The belly of the fish is much darker than the back.
Sex differences in the fish are not very pronounced, but to distinguish who is who is possible. They differ in the size of the spots and the size of the fish.
Males are slightly smaller than females and slimmer than their girlfriends. Male rarely grows more than 6 centimeters in length, and females can blow up to 10 centimeters.
In aquarium conditions, the som-shifter can live for about 10 years, which is a decent life for aquatic animals.
Synodontis is a schooling and peace-loving fish, whose activity increases in the evening. During the day, the fish practically does not go out into the open areas and hides somewhere in the corners or shelters.
For this fish, it is advisable to start an aquarium from 50 liters with a large number of different shelters (pots, grottoes, snags and hollow tubes). Yes, do not forget about the dense planting of aquarium plants and plants floating in the water column (naiad or Javanese moss).
To synodontis not poshkaryabali his mustache, it is recommended to use a rounded aquarium soil. You can use large river sand or rounded gravel. In addition to the soil, it is very important to constantly filter the water and include aeration + regular water changes once a week.
The parameters of the aquarium water in the aquarium with synodontis should be the following: hardness 4-15 dH; active reaction medium 6.5-7.5; The water temperature in the aquarium is 24-24 ° C.
I would like to note this: the synodontis is problematic to catch in the net, and it is even harder to vyrzut it whole. The fact is that the flip-flop spreads its fins, on which there are thorns. They fish and cling to the net, so be extremely careful with these procedures.
As neighbors for synodontis you need to be hooked aquarium fish, identical in size with shifters. Slow and poorly active fish are not suitable.
The Som-Changeling bursts everything and often overeats. To do this, you need to arrange your pets fasting days so that the fish starve. If you do not do these activities, there is a high risk of dystrophy or fat deposits.
To breed changeling you need a bank of 50 liters or more, it must have shelters in the form of grottoes and koryag + floating vegetation. It is not necessary to raise the temperature of the water in the spawning chamber, it may be the same as in the general aquarium. That’s just the hardness of the water you will need to monitor and ensure that it does not exceed 10 dH, and the acidity should be around 7 pH.
In the general aquarium, it is quite difficult to breed synodonts, therefore most aquarists use hormonal injections.
For spawning, you need to select the male and the female and deposit them separately in different aquariums for two weeks. Feed them at this time as a slaughter, 30% of their diet should be vegetable feed.
During spawning, the male constantly rushes behind the female, and then one day swims up to her and the pair freezes. After a couple of moments, you can see some yellowish eggs.
At a time, the female can sweep up to 1000 eggs that are carried through the aquarium. As soon as spawning is completed, the flow in the aquarium should be weakened, and the producers should be removed from the spawning.
The incubation period for caviar is about a week. As soon as fry appear, the aquarium should be blacked out for the simple reason that the young react painfully to the light. A week later, small things will already eat and swim in the aquarium.
The best start for young stock is live dust. The first ten days the trifle swims like all other fish, but then begins to roll over and swim back-down.
The future generation of synodontis is growing very slowly.