Synodontis Eupterus or Vualevy Synodontis (Synodontis eupterus) Boulenger / Bulendzher, 1901
The name comes from the Greek word “Syno”, meaning “close” and “odontis”, meaning “tooth” – refers to the teeth of the mandible of the fish, which are located close to each other. The second attribute in the name “Eupterus”, which in Greek means “Beautiful wings”, refers to its dorsal fin.
A feature that makes this catfish unique is its dorsal fin, which resembles a moving fan.
Originally from the rivers and lakes of Africa. Nigeria, Cameroon, Mali, Ghana, Sudan, Chad, Niger.
This species is found in various biotopes, in the basins of the White Nile, Volta and Niger and in the basin of Lake Chad.
The body is dark brown / gray, covered with fine black spots, the abdominal parts are lighter. All fins are copiously covered with black spots.
In young individuals, the caudal fin is striped and, as the fish matures, the bands separate to form spots.
The mandibular whiskers reach the base of the pectoral fin. Dorsal fin large sail-like.
In nature, it grows up to 30 cm, although in aquariums it is usually 15-20 cm.
It should not be kept with such a fish that is so small that he will consider it his food. Suitable aquarium neighbors are African tetras (Alestidae), Cichlids (especially West African species), Mormiry, Knifefishes, Gourami and larger Rasbor and Barbus. Voile synodontis may become slightly territorial as it grows, especially with respect to other synodonts.
Any aggression in this catfish is much less pronounced than in other members of the genus and can be kept in a small group in an aquarium of suitable size, provided that each fish is provided with shelter.
Not recommended for keeping in a general aquarium because of its adult catfish size.
Synodontis eupterus is quite hardy and can adapt to various conditions, which makes it an ideal fish for beginners.
The optimal dimensions are 120x30x30 cm from 110 liters.
The aquarium with sandy soil and stones, pieces of driftwood and branching roots, located in the form of shelters, is perfect for this type. Floating vegetation is recommended for diffusing light and creating shaded areas.
Other plants will be useful, but not required.
Temperature: 22-27 ° C
Stiffness: 8-20 ° dH
Synodontists are omnivores and are not whimsical in terms of feeding. Suitable frozen, live and dried food.
He also eats with pleasure foods of plant origin in the form of peas, cucumbers, etc., which he will cut off with the teeth of the lower jaw.
Adult females are much fuller than males. Males can be identified by their genital papillae.
Females have a rounded nipple, and males are spiky, approximately 3-4 mm having a slightly triangular shape. With this method, most species of large and medium synodont can be identified by gender.
It should be noted that most species require two years, possibly more, to reach puberty.
There is no information about reproduction in aquarium conditions, although captive breeding occurs on commercial fish farms using hormone injections. Many young fish entering the market are bred in just this way. In nature, the breeding process occurs in areas of seasonal flooding, which are rich in microorganisms.
They spawn and show no further concern for the offspring.
S. eupterus, one of the most popular and most frequently found in the aquarium Shinodontov, usually offered for sale as a small (3-5 cm) adolescent, without information about its potential size. These juveniles are often sold as reticulated Synodontis because of their attractive strip color.
This structure of the picture disintegrates when the fish matures, and the adults have a simple spotted color. The characteristic voile dorsal fin develops with age, with the first few rays forming long processes.
This species is relatively hidden in the aquarium, it can often be found in the classic upside down position of the changeling catfish under overhanging stones or snags. However, over time, it will appear during feeding and not only, even when the light in the aquarium is on.
He can live in an aquarium for more than 15 years if properly maintained.
It should always be handled with care because of a pointed dorsal fin, so as not to injure your hands and fish when fishing.