maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium fish swordtails: reproduction and maintenance
The natural swordtail is usually green, all other multi-colored fish are hybrids bred artificially. Varieties of swordtails:
- high altitude;
- Bulgarian white;
- red-speckled tiger;
- the black.
Swordtails do not require any thorough care. This way they are easy to maintain.
They do not need a special composition or a certain amount of water, they withstand a good lowering of the temperature (the optimum water temperature for them is 23-25 ° C). Water hardness also does not become a problem for these fish – 8-25.
Acidity is acceptable within 7-8.
To arrange the aquarium, you first need to find out what form it will be. It is better to take a rectangular aquarium without any decorations, which only interfere.
As for the volume, then for two representatives of this species or fish of similar size, an average of 8–10 liters of water is needed, that is, 10–15 individuals per capacity of 50 liters.
Install the aquarium should be closer to the window, because the light is needed and the fish themselves, and plants. But putting it on the windowsill is a bad idea, because the sun or the heat of the battery will overheat the water and it will bloom.
The surface must be flat, otherwise the walls of the aquarium may burst (if this happened, the article “Repair the aquarium at home” will help to correct the situation).
It is better when there are plants in the tank, then you can not be afraid to leave your pets without food in rare cases. Aquarium plants should be selected as thick as possible so that the fry can hide from more adult individuals. But there should be a space for the free movement of fish.
To do this, fit, gloss and glossy cabomba.
At least once a week, it is recommended to replace 20-30% of the aquarium water with clean water, and you can also add sea salt to it.
As the soil for the aquarium, you can take the usual pebbles. Aeration of water is desirable, but not necessary, at a low density of fish population.
As for food, here too the swordtails are universal – any food, live or dry, is suitable for them. It is recommended not to forget about vegetable types of feed, and to use them in addition to algae.
For this fit variety of lettuce, spinach or oatmeal.
Having decided to start these fish, you need to remember the so-called hierarchy, and therefore it is better to place more females in one aquarium. There will be enough males and a few, preferably 3-4, so that between them there is no particular competition.
You should always cover the aquarium with something from above, as the swordtails are very nimble and like to jump out of it.
Aquarium fish swordtails: compatibility with other species
These are, in general, fairly calm fish; they only sort out relationships with each other, so you can keep them in the same container with other species. The only thing that they can aggressively treat smaller fish.
Barbs, cockerels, discus, tetra, labo, guppy, gourami get along well with swordtails.
Not very successful combination with them are eels and shrimps, but cichlids, goldfish and astronotuses are completely incompatible with swordtails.
HECKERS – AQUARIUM FISHES.
Swordsmen know everything, even those who have never encountered the aquarium world. The Sword bearers gained such fame due to their wide distribution (one can say that they were part of the set of every young aquarist of the former USSR), as well as thanks to a special sign – the tail fin in the form of a sword.
Actually, it was for this tail that the Swordtails got their name.
Contain Swordsmanin in aquariums it is easy enough because of their unpretentiousness to the composition and volume of water. One pair must be at least 6 liters of water.
Aquarium needs a long, with a lid (can jump out of the water).
Optimum water parameters: temperature 22-24 ° С, dH 5-20 °, pH 7.0-8.0. Requires strong aeration and filtration. Once a week it is necessary to replace water by 1/3 of the volume.
It is recommended to add sea or table salt to water: 1 tbsp. 10 liters of water.
Thick thickets of small-leaved plants (for example, notched elodea, cabomba, wallisneria) are perfect for an aquarium with swordtails. But free space for swimming fish must also be present.
On the surface of the water, you can let ricci.
As neighbors fit any peaceful fish. There are conflicts in the group between males of swordtails, so it is necessary that there are more females than males.
In this case, the males must be either one or more than three individuals – aggression is sprayed, and not directed directly at each other between the two males.
Swordtails belong to the family of viviparous. The female at a time is able to give life from 15 to 100 fry, and even more. The number of juveniles born into the world depends on the age and size of the mother, as well as on the conditions of her life.
For successful breeding, the pregnant female is deposited in a separate aquarium before birth. So that the fry born to avoid the teeth of an adult female, small-leaved aquatic plants should also be placed there to create life-saving algae thickets in a small pond where it is so good to hide from danger.
Breeding will not require any special care from the aquarist.
It will be enough just to isolate the female for the time of childbirth from the rest of the aquarium, and after the childbirth return it to the familiar environment, leaving the sword children to develop on their own. By the time of birth, fry are completely formed for the beginning of independent life.
As soon as they were born, they immediately begin to tirelessly master the space of the aquarium and actively feed. Kids are almost omnivorous, but it is preferable to give them daphnia and cyclops.
With proper feeding, the fry grow rapidly, by 3-4 months they already acquire a “sword”, and puberty occurs in 4-6 months.
COMPATIBILITY OF AQUARIUM FISHES
Swordtails are not aggressive, peaceful fish. They are compatible with all similar fish: tetras, neons, minors, terntions, danios, all petilium fish: guppies (can bite), mollies, etc. They are compatible with almost all aquarium catfish – corridoratus (speckled catfish), akantoftalmusy, platidorom, antsistrusami, bag-tailed catfish, etc.
Moreover, the Sword-bearers very well get on with peaceful and not large cichlids, for example, with scalars. It is not recommended to push them to the “veil” fish – they are slow and swordtails can “pinch” them for beautiful, large fins. Not compatible with aggressive and large fish, for example, cichlids: Akara, astronotus, diamond tsikhlazomy
DISEASES OF SURFACERS
Swordtails belong to the family of viviparous, carp-toothed. The body is elongated, flattened laterally.
The natural background color of the males is light brownish-olive, on the back with a green tint. A red two-millimeter strip runs along the sides, and two narrower red stripes below and above it.
The long lower ray of the tail fin (sword) has a black clear edging. The color of the female is much paler, the body with a silvery sheen, the middle of the body is occupied by a wide strip, and below and above this strip pass two more narrow strips 0.5 mm wide.
As a result of breeding, the Sword-bearers have not only various forms of fins, but also different colors of their body colors: black, red, olive, orange, yellow, and their combinations (for example, yellow body and black fins). Sword-bearers with two swords are also drawn at the bottom and the top of the tail.
The body of a male (without a sword) can grow up to 8 cm, and females up to 12 cm.
Swordtails live up to three to five years.
HUPPY ENDLER CONTENTS REPRODUCTION PHOTO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION VIDEO.
The nature of the swordsmen is peaceful; they, as a rule, do not show aggression towards representatives of similar species. It can be kept in the same container with neons, tetras, minors, ternetias, danios, guppies, mollies, various types of catfish, scalars, etc. It is undesirable to settle with veils, as the tails and fins of the latter risk being plucked.
Swordtails should not be placed together with large aggressive fish, such as astronotus, akara, tsikhlazomy and the like.
Within the species, skirmishes and fights can arise between males, especially if there are only two of them in the aquarium. Therefore, experienced aquarists recommend settling at least three male swordsmen at the same time.
The breeding of the Sword is one of the main issues that bother novice aquarists. However, it is easy to solve, since breeding of the swordtails is possible both in the general aquarium and in a separate spawning ground. In order for reproduction to turn out to be fast and correct at home, such moments should be taken into account:
- Creating appropriate conditions for manufacturers;
- Proper spawning organization;
- Quality care for the fish.
Swordtails are special viviparous fishes that are capable of changing sex throughout life. This feature is due to the absence of sex chromosomes. Newborn swordtails do not have obvious sex characteristics, only at the age of 3-6 months they will be noticeable.
Some fry breed at the age of 3-4 months, so they should be sorted by gender – females and males should be settled in separate containers.
During the life of the female swordtail can become a male, and vice versa. Such metamorphoses are inherent in those individuals who are trying to preserve the species in the face of the threat of extinction of the pack. In one aquarium can live 1 male and 2-3 females.
With the passage of time, the male may die, and one of the females will begin to turn into a male. It forms gonopodium, lengthens the lower ray of the caudal fin.
When the fish that have changed their sex from female to male reproduce, their descendants will be female.
You can adjust the sex of the fry of the future pets. If you want to breed males or females for sale, the water temperature must be raised or lowered by several degrees. Avoid early crossing of fry, they are ready for it at an early age.
When species are crossed, beautiful offspring can turn out; when breeding breeds are crossed, degeneration will occur.
Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants.
Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to a peaceful disposition, they can live together with each other in a flock, as well as with other species of fish. Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium.
Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.
What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species.
But one thing unites them – a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness. This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors.
So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.
Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.
See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.
Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.
Rasbory – can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the family Karpovye.
Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia) – peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active.
It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period. With insufficient feeding, in the cramped, small place for swimming, the swordtails become unbearable.
So that these fish do not terrorize small neons, the aquarium should be spacious, with a sufficient number of plants and shelters.
Neons are poorly compatible with such fish:
- Large catfish, cichlids, barbs, astronotus, cockerels, koi carps – those who live in cool water, or have a predatory, aggressive behavior.
- Goldfish – they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
- Angelfish – can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.
Angelfish (Latin “fish-angel”) attracts with its grace and unusual shape. These pets are loved by many aquarists for their unique graceful appearance, original coloring, meek, peaceful temper.
They are considered the most popular aquarium fish in the cichle family. What kinds of these inhabitants of domestic water bodies are best known, what are the conditions of their maintenance, with whom these representatives of cichlids feel comfortable in the neighborhood, let us consider further.
These representatives of the underwater fauna come from South America, where their favorite habitats are leisurely flowing or even standing waters of local water bodies, densely overgrown with reeds.
The flat, as if flattened laterally, scalar body shape allows it to easily move between vertically growing stems of aquatic flora. Here they are comfortable: you can easily hide from predatory brethren, spawn caviar in silence.
Usually they live in small flocks of 20 or more individuals.
The unusual shape of a scalar for fish, resembling a crescent, was formed by stretching the dorsal and anal fins, while the fins on the abdomen were transformed into threads that felt and recognized surrounding objects.
The natural habitat has formed the color of an angelfish: the light-silvery background of the body of the fish is crossed by vertical stripes of a dark color, constantly changing saturation depending on the degree of illumination. These transverse strips are nothing more than the protective coloring of the fish, making them invisible in the reed.
Only the eyes are sharply accented with bright red spots.
This aquarium pets peculiar to:
- graceful manner of movement;
- ability to coexist with non-aggressive species of fish;
- reverent care for their offspring.
Even if you are a beginner aquarist, and you want beautiful and not too whimsical fish to swim in your pond, swordtails will be an excellent option for you. These beautiful creatures are distinguished by their beauty and wide variety of species.
The breeding of the Sword in home conditions proceeds calmly, therefore it will not be difficult to plant them yourself.
These fish got their original name due to the characteristic process in the males near the lower part of the tail, which resembles a sword, as well as a narrow, slightly flattened body stretched out on either side. They do not require special care, and their relations with representatives of other species of fish are very friendly.
The sexual maturity of the swordtails begins at about 5-7 months of age, this largely depends on the temperature of the water in which the fry were raised. Quite an interesting fact that with a higher temperature of water – more males grow, with lower – more females.
Since these aquarium fish are viviparous, their breeding is not so difficult, rather the opposite. Before producing offspring, the male fertilizes the female. In such an “interesting position” after fertilization, it lasts approximately forty days. Before giving birth, the female’s abdomen begins to grow and over time resembles a square.
I must say that the breeding of swordfish fish is quite an interesting process. A pregnant female can fry for several months. There are cases when the female dies after giving birth, but fortunately this happens extremely rarely.
For one litter, the female produces about fifty fairly large, already completely formed fry, which can independently move and eat green algae.
When the female sword bearer is ready for breeding, it should be placed in a separate container with a large number of fine-leaved green plants. This will help the cubs to hide, thus avoiding destruction.
If the “mother” to feed properly, then it will not eat the fry, but after giving birth it should be transplanted into a common aquarium. However, there are cases when the female produced offspring and did not eat her young, but on the contrary, accompanied them under her protection.
The first food for fry can be a chopped tubule, nematodes, Artemia, softened yolk of boiled chicken eggs, as well as special industrial food for live-bearing fry.
What to do if the breeding of the Swordsmen occurred in the general aquarium?
In this case, first of all, the fry should be immediately neatly taken with a small net net, removed and moved to a separate reservoir.
Many wildlife lovers If this is not done, then the kids can become food for other inhabitants of the aquarium. The question is how the fish of the Swordsman breed in the general aquarium, because then the newborn babies are at serious risk.In this case, you just need to place in the pond plants, forming dense thickets, in which the fry could easily hide from predators.
These may be kabomba, elodey, valisneria, etc. seaweed. At the same time, green thickets should alternate with free space in order for the rest of the fish to have enough free space for swimming.
The most interesting fact, in the breeding of the Sword, is that they are able to interbreed with each other, regardless of the species, thereby generating a new population of unique fish. Therefore, who knows, maybe you are lucky to become the owner of a unique and amazing type of Sword.
Angelfish are peaceful aquarium fish, which in some countries are called “angel fish”. As representatives of the Cichlid family, they still possess the predator instinct.
Is scalar compatibility with other fish possible? This is a controversial issue, since even schematically acceptable compatibility can end in disrepair for any aquarium fish.
If you grow an angelfish with other fish, starting at a young age, they will get along in the future.
The main rule is not to settle them with predatory, fast and aggressive fish and those smaller in size. Who fits in the mouth, those scalar will eat. The compatibility of these aquatic organisms with: catfish, pseudotrophy, danios, petillia, labo and tetras has been proven.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the species compatibility table, which does not guarantee a peaceful settlement in one aquarium, but gives an idea of who the scalars usually get along with.
Also the maintenance of this fish is permissible with those who will ignore its bright appearance, not to wag the fins. The first time after the launch of the fish in the tank, follow their behavior. If there are quarrels, fights, other forms of rivalry, immediately settle the roommates.
Consider buying an additional tank.
What species do these pets live in peacefully? In order to avoid mistakes in the settlement, should be considered their compatibility with other fish.
As a rule, they are livable with many peaceful species, however there are exceptions to the rules.
Look at the common aquarium with scalar.
Barbusses are small fish that strive to pinch the beautiful fins of any neighbors, be it scalaries or other beauties. Sometimes they live peacefully, but Sumatra barbs, cherry barbs, tiger barbs can constantly wipe beautiful cichlid angels.
They demonstrate their superiority, and play catch-up, or hide-and-seek, which leads to stress. No shelter or relocation is indispensable. Barbus even though pretty creatures, but too annoying.
In addition to them, even gourami, guppies or labo can become strongly unbelted.
Cichlids from Africa and South America – although they are close relatives of the angelfish, they can show territorial aggression and predatory behavior. Cichlids are single fish, or “family men,” not many breeders manage to keep them in peace and harmony with other aquatic creatures.
The scalar is uncomfortable with them, so the settlement is possible only with individual compatibility, which is checked at a young age.
The cockerels are good neighbors for small cichlids. Can live by themselves.
Male males often conflict with each other than with other fish. One caveat – during spawning, the female and male scalar are aggressive to cockerels, if there is no place to move everyone, arrange additional shelters in the tank.
Somiki corridor – almost all of them live without conflicts and claims, the scalar is also no exception. Somiki live in the lower layers of water, scalars – in the middle.
Each other can be ignored without interfering with living and eating.
Danio – if the fish grew together, very well. If danios are settled as new neighbors, they will be taken for food.
It will not be possible to eat everyone, they will arrange unpleasant endurance tests, proving their superiority. Danio swims in the upper layers of the water, and the scalar well they get.
You can install a lot of undergrowth, shelters, a spacious tank so that everyone hides. For small fish, constant stress is extremely harmful, so take a look at how cichlids react.
Goldfish – so luxurious fish can be maintained with a commensurate Karpov. And with the scalar content is unlikely to be successful.
Goldfish live in cool water, and cichlids live in warm water. In addition, goldfish and scalar are incompatible in nature – a more active cichlid will tear off the fins of such a neighbor.
And another important factor is that goldfish quickly pollute the water, while cichlids love cleanliness.
Guppies are small ornamental fish. Get used to scalars from a young age.
But when matured, cichlids can harm guppies. In adults, the predator instincts wake up, which is extremely unpleasant for guppies – it is small, bright and beautiful. If the question arises – where are the guppies gone?
The answer is obvious – they were eaten by scalar.
Can I keep in an aquarium with gourami? Quite, gourami are non-conflict fishes that can stand up for themselves.
Rarely, territorial disputes arise between gouras and these cichlids, but they can be avoided if there is space for swimming and shelter for all fish.
Look at the confrontation of gourami and scalar.
Mollies are viviparous fishes of colorful color. Content with cichlids of this species will be successful if they grow together.
Sometimes mollies gnaw the scalar fins. Over time, they get used to each other, but in case of prolonged conflicts it is better to keep them separate.
Thorns are small omnivorous fish. Naturally, the scalars will be perceived ambiguously, or rather, as food.
According to the conditions of detention each other fit, they eat almost the same food. But terration may be physically affected by the harassment of cichlids. Compatibility can be called relative, because for sure there have been cases where ternation and scalar have gotten along.
However, terntions are small hydrobionts, large neighbors are dangerous to them.
Discus – these aquarium fish can be good companions for cichlids. The scalar and discus have similar conditions and diet.
Even their body shape is a bit identical – and discus and it is difficult for scalars to collect food from the bottom due to disc-shaped symmetry. Therefore, they and others will be able to eat with a special feeder. The differences between them are discus fish flocks, they feel comfortable in a flock of 5-6 individuals, and the scalars swim in a pair, they love a wide space.
Having a large tank for both types will be a big plus.
Snails are not indifferent to the environment clams. Eat everything they see.
This does not apply to fish that attack them themselves. However, due to carelessness, the snails launched into the reservoir ate fish eggs.
If there is one, the snail needs to be relocated, at least for a while.
As for crustaceans – crustaceans and shrimps, they and tsikhlovye may well cohabit, phlegmatically ignoring each other. Shrimps and crustaceans will not touch the angelfish, because it is a big fish.
But the shrimp themselves are not harmless, they are natural predators. Amano shrimp and Macrobenchium tsikhlidki can not offend, but still watch for a start, what they live together. Also, Amano and Macrobenchium shrimps should be settled with scalars in a common aquarium from a young age.
Young tsikhlovy fishes are more livable, than adults.
Aquarium shrimp can attack a sick angelfish – they feel weak, so wounds, scratches on the body of scaly ones are formed through the fault of a small creature. There were precedents that a large shrimp finished off and actually ate the weakened fish.
Therefore, watch out for all pets carefully, so that everyone will stay alive and healthy.
If you like scalar, look at the scalp Leopold.
Compatibility barbs with other fish in the aquarium
Barbus are considered one of the most interesting and beautiful species of aquarium fish. Their main distinguishing feature is the liveliness of character and some aggressiveness. Therefore, to keep them in one aquarium can be far from all the fish.
On the peculiarities of the behavior of these beauties and their compatibility with other residents of the home “underwater corner” and talk later in the article.
Very good for such fish as Sumatran barbs, compatibility with rireo danyushkami. According to the behavior of the latter are similar to neons. However, they are not so whimsical and timid, and also practically not subject to stress.
Therefore, do not die from the smallest trifle. In addition, the decorative qualities of the aquarium will benefit from such a neighborhood.
The transverse strips of the Sumatran beauties are very well combined with the longitudinal danios.
The compatibility of barbs with other fish is beyond doubt even in the case of representatives of the haracin ones. These can be, for example, ornatus, minors, thorns or strestells. Like cichlids, do not touch the barbs of all sorts of catfish.
They also get along well with active swordtails. Being by nature a little aggressive, the latter, most likely, will not give offense to themselves.
The same applies to gourami and parrots.
The above varieties may well be very good neighbors for the barbs. However, most often in aquariums – for a change – they plant at the same time just their various varieties. The barbs of Sumatran, fiery, cherry, green, etc., get along quite well together.