The aquarium fish, the swordtail, belongs to the order of kartozubyh fish and consists of a petsilid family. In nature, this aquarium fish can be found in the waters of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Central America. The Sword-bearer is one of the most popular aquarium fish, which is in the same row as the mollies, platies and guppies.
In nature, you can find a green swordtail. This subspecies of viviparous can interbreed with atsilia.
The hybrid form will turn out a various color – from black to lemon.
In recent years, they began to deduce the form of swordtails, in which the upper and lower fins are elongated. Perhaps the most interesting fact in the swordtails is that if there is an obvious overpopulation of the aquarium in the aquarium by the female, then they can change their gender. As a result, females will grow a sword and gonopodia will appear.
It is believed that from such males, the brood of little things will be 80 percent composed of women.
In the wild, swordtails can grow up to 8 centimeters males, and 12 – females. A distinctive feature of the male from the female is the elongated tail fin, or the so-called sword. Based on this, this aquarium fish received such a name.
In addition, the anal fin of the male eventually turns into gonopodia – this is their sexual organ. As mentioned above, the artificially derived forms can be of different colors – black, red, lemon, and even yellow.
In terms of conditions, the aquarium fish, the swordtail, is in principle not demanding. Here are the optimal temperature conditions for keeping swordtails in home aquariums:
– water temperature: 24-26 degrees Celsius;
– acidity of water: pH 7-8;
– water hardness: from 8 to 24 dH.
Swordsmen can be fed with almost any kind of food, starting from the Cyclops, Daphnia, the pipeker, the bloodworms and the corret. Do not refuse these live beetles and from the dry, frozen and vegetable feed. If you left somewhere for a week, the Swordtails will be able to survive your absence without feeding and with health they will be all right.
In the absence of food from the outside, they will find it in the aquarium. Various algae, fouling on glass, fouling on aquarium plants will be used. In addition, during a strong fasting they can trot a small snail and shake it out of the shell.
For the normal maintenance of your aquarium and its pets, replace weekly water in the amount of 25-30% of the total. Just do not forget about filtering and aeration.
It is very important that the biological equilibrium in the aquarium is maintained at a constant level without abrupt jumps in those or other parameters.
In general, swordtails are considered peaceful and fairly calm. In the aquarium other fish of the same size and the same level of mobility get along easily. Bikes without problems get along even Botsii Clown, which is much larger than them.
If there is a smaller sedentary fish, then get ready for the swordtails to constantly jerk them. Very often males of the Sword show aggression towards each other. I think that such moments did not arise, get yourself two or three females and one male.
There were cases when I had 2 pairs of swords, one male began to chase the second one and he was so stupid that he eventually moved the horses. Take care to create shaded areas in the aquarium with the help of aquarium plants that will serve as a shelter for the fish.
It’s not difficult to breed Swordsmen, they breed like rabbits. The situation is similar with guppies and mollies.
A pregnant female from the moment of conception will swim with a huge paunch in the aquarium for about one and a half months, as a result of which she will throw out a whole pack of trifles, which will immediately begin to hide in the nooks in the aquarium. I believe that it is not worthwhile to start a special spawning for the Sword and mollies.
Sometimes it happens that how little things are thrown, a nightmare, that there is no place to put them, and you have to clean them into the toilet bowl every week when cleaning the aquarium.
Immediately after birth, the nimble youth begins to hide, and therefore the survival rate among young swordsmen is higher than that of fry mollies that stand near the surface and are immediately eaten by other larger fish like pearl and marble gourami, Sumatran barbs and filomentosis. For the creation of shaded areas in the aquarium, suitable plants such as: spiral valissneria, cryptocoryne, Caroline cabomba and elodea.
But do not forget, along with dense thickets and leave gaps for swimming.
The aquarium fish, the swordtail, is considered to be a fairly strong fish, which is quite resistant to various diseases affecting other aquarium fish. The key to the health of the Swordsmen in the general aquarium is the good conditions in which they are kept.
When you bought a new fish, be sure to quarantine it in any other container. Diseases of aquarium fish are different and there are so many that they do not count.
How to treat them you can in the article on this blog.