maintenance, care, compatibility
The sword-bearer (Latin Xiphophorus hellerii) is one of the most popular and unpretentious fish in the aquarium.
The first swordtails appeared in aquariums back in 1864, and since then have not lost their popularity. The long outgrowth on the lower fin in males, like a sword, gave it a name.
But not only for this they love the Swordsman – he is unpretentious, handsome, very diverse in color and easily reproduces.
Swordtails in general are quite peaceful fish, well suited for general aquariums. But, they have very different characters, and he can be both a quiet and timid, and a cocky bully.
Especially males can be aggressive towards each other.
Swordtails are best kept in aquariums with lots of plants and free swimming. Floating plants will create diffused light and provide shelter for fry.
Like many live beetles, swordtails can live in brackish water, but this is not necessary.
You can feed them with cereal, live or frozen food, and other feed for aquarium fish. Like all fish, swordtails need a varied diet.
It is especially important to feed them with plant foods that are high in fiber. The fact is that in nature, thin and fragile algae constitute a large part of the diet of the Swordsmen and other fouling.
In an aquarium, this amount of algae will be superfluous, but you can always buy flakes with a plant component. You can make these flakes the basis of the diet, and live food additional nutrition.
Live food can be given any, swordtails completely unpretentious.
Swordtails are very unpretentious in content. In an aquarium with a volume of 35 liters you can keep one of the swordtails, but this is a very active fish and the more volume there is, the better. Remember that for breeding you need to contain one male and 2-3 females, if there is 1 male and 1 female, then the male can drive her to death.
And try not to buy several males in one aquarium, as the hierarchy of the swordsmen is pronounced. The main male will always drive the rest, and this is fights, injuries, disorder.
Swordtails are quite unpretentious when it comes to temperature and can live both at 18C and at 28C. The ideal would be 23-25C.
Parameters such as hardness and pH are not very important for them, but they feel better in water of medium hardness and at pH 6.8-7.8.
It is desirable that the aquarium was filtering, it is quite enough and the internal filter. Required water changes to fresh, about 20% weekly. But note that besides the swordtail swims very fast, it also jumps well.
The aquarium must be covered, otherwise you risk finding a dried corpse.
How to decorate the aquarium – to your taste. The only thing that is desirable is that it would be densely planted with plants, since the swordtails love such aquariums, and it is easier to hide in the bushes from the aggression of the males.
Swordtails – viviparous fish, that is, the fry they appear not in the form of an egg, but fully formed. The male fertilizes the eggs inside the body of the female, and she carries them to full maturity. Usually this period lasts 28-30 days.
Actually breeding Swordsmen at home is not easy, but elementary. The young male is constantly active and pursues the female, in fact, all you need to do is to take her away regularly.
As for other viviparous (guppies, mollies), it is very easy to get fry from the swordsmen. The female can even give birth to fry without a male, the fact is that she can keep the male’s milk in a frozen state and fertilize themselves with them … So if suddenly the female gave birth to fry and there is no male in the aquarium, this is exactly the case that worked.
Sword bearers of spores for reproduction and sometimes the only thing that needs to be done is to raise the temperature in the aquarium to 25-27С. The level of ammonia and nitrates at the same time should be kept as low as possible, and pH 6.8-7.8.
When the female gets full, watch the dark spot near her anus. When it darkens and the female recovers significantly, it means time for giving birth soon. This is a dark spot, in fact, the eyes of the formed fry, which shine through her body.
You can leave the female in an aquarium, but the fry will survive very little, since other swordtails are very active in eating it.
If you want to survive as many swordsman fry as possible, it is better to transplant the female. Whichever option is chosen, the main thing is that in the aquarium there were a lot of thick bushes.
The fact is that childbirth of the swordtails gives birth best of all in such thickets.
The fry of the swordtails are large, active and hungry. What to feed the swordfish fry?
You can feed the egg yolk, finely grated flakes and naupililiy Artemia. It is better to add spirulina or flakes with fiber in the diet.
The combination of spriulin + live food and your fry will grow very fast and bright.
Contain Swordsmanin in aquariums it is easy enough because of their unpretentiousness to the composition and volume of water. One pair must be at least 6 liters of water.
Aquarium needs a long, with a lid (can jump out of the water).
Optimum water parameters: temperature 22-24 ° С, dH 5-20 °, pH 7.0-8.0. Requires strong aeration and filtration. Once a week it is necessary to replace water by 1/3 of the volume.
It is recommended to add sea or table salt to water: 1 tbsp. 10 liters of water.
Thick thickets of small-leaved plants (for example, notched elodea, cabomba, wallisneria) are perfect for an aquarium with swordtails. But free space for swimming fish must also be present.
On the surface of the water, you can let ricci.
As neighbors fit any peaceful fish. There are conflicts in the group between males of swordtails, so it is necessary that there are more females than males.
In this case, the males must be either one or more than three individuals – aggression is sprayed, and not directed directly at each other between the two males.
Swordtails belong to the family of viviparous. The female at a time is able to give life from 15 to 100 fry, and even more.
The number of juveniles born into the world depends on the age and size of the mother, as well as on the conditions of her life. For successful breeding, the pregnant female is deposited in a separate aquarium before birth.
So that the fry born to avoid the teeth of an adult female, small-leaved aquatic plants should also be placed there to create life-saving algae thickets in a small pond where it is so good to hide from danger. Breeding will not require any special care from the aquarist.
It will be enough just to isolate the female for the time of childbirth from the rest of the aquarium, and after the childbirth return it to the familiar environment, leaving the sword children to develop on their own. By the time of birth, fry are completely formed for the beginning of independent life.
As soon as they were born, they immediately begin to tirelessly master the space of the aquarium and actively feed. Kids are almost omnivorous, but it is preferable to give them daphnia and cyclops.
With proper feeding, the fry grow rapidly, by 3-4 months they already acquire a “sword”, and puberty occurs in 4-6 months.
COMPATIBILITY OF AQUARIUM FISHES
Swordtails are not aggressive, peaceful fish. They are compatible with all similar fish: tetras, neons, minors, terntions, danios, all petilium fish: guppies (can bite), mollies, etc.
They are compatible with almost all aquarium catfish – corridoratus (speckled catfish), akantoftalmusy, platidor, antsistrusy, baggy-tailed catfish, etc. Moreover, the swordtails get along very well with peaceful and not large cichlids, for example, with scalars.
It is not recommended to push them to the “veil” fish – they are slow and swordtails can “pinch” them for beautiful, large fins. Not compatible with aggressive and large fish, for example, cichlids: Akara, astronotus, diamond tsikhlazomy
DISEASES OF SURFACERS
Swordtail Aquarium Fish Diseases There are three main reasons:
- wrong content;
- bacterial and fungal infections;
You would think that only in the first case the fault lies with the aquarist’s conscience. But in fact, infections and parasites affect fish with immunocompromised.
In other words, even if there is no fungus or parasite in the aquarium, in bad conditions the fish will get sick.
Attentive owner will notice the beginning of the disease Swordtails with daily inspection of aquarium fish. That’s what it costs note:
- fading in place, lying on the bottom;
- random swimming, rocking, rubbing against stones;
- loss of appetite;
- folding fins;
- dull and whitish spots on the body;
- cotton-like shreds.
The diseased individual should be transplanted as soon as possible. It may be possible to save the healthy from infection.
Swordtails belong to the family of viviparous, carp-toothed. The body is elongated, flattened laterally.
The natural background color of the males is light brownish-olive, on the back with a green tint. A red two-millimeter strip runs along the sides, and two narrower red stripes below and above it. The long lower ray of the tail fin (sword) has a black clear edging.
The color of the female is much paler, the body with a silvery sheen, the middle of the body is occupied by a wide strip, and below and above this strip pass two more narrow strips 0.5 mm wide.
As a result of breeding, the Sword-bearers have not only various forms of fins, but also different colors of their body colors: black, red, olive, orange, yellow, and their combinations (for example, yellow body and black fins). Sword-bearers with two swords are also drawn at the bottom and the top of the tail.
The body of a male (without a sword) can grow up to 8 cm, and females up to 12 cm.
Swordtails live up to three to five years.
HUPPY ENDLER CONTENTS REPRODUCTION PHOTO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION VIDEO.
Swordtails: reproduction and maintenance. Aquarium fish swordtails
In every home where there is a child, sooner or later, talking about pets begins. The kid asks the parents several times a day for the bird, the dog, the kitten … He wants to take care of and watch someone, feed the pet, play with him and take him for a walk, show off his new friend to his comrades.
But what to do if the apartment is too small for a dog, the papa is allergic to the cat’s fur, and the mother simply does not tolerate the piercing sounds made by the parrot?
Great exit – get an aquarium! Hassle with fish at least, and the whole family will receive the aesthetic pleasure to the maximum! In addition, these bright tropical creatures can be admired endlessly.
Such contemplation of the home underwater world calms, gives composure and a beneficial effect on the psyche.
Plus, the aquarium will bring a juicy touch to the room’s décor, and your child will be looked after by its inhabitants, thus getting used to discipline and responsibility. Moreover, a modern “house” for fish can look like anything! You can easily choose an aquarium so that it harmoniously blends into the overall style of the nursery.
Be sure to take the baby with you to the pet store, let him, as an adult, help you choose a tank of the desired shape and size, will find residents for it. In addition to fish, you can buy unhurried snails, a variety of algae, as well as all sorts of paraphernalia – decorative locks and elegantly curled shells. As for the choice of pets themselves, it is better to start with unpretentious species of fish, such as guppies, mollies, danios, barbs, neons …
For more effeminate scalars, funny shrimps and slow telescopes, if you want, return later. Explain to the child that you first need to learn how to handle simpler fish.
Naturally, in any case, it is necessary to consult the seller. He will ensure that predatory and peaceful fish are not in the same “house”; advise food, soil, jewelry, a net; will tell you which compressors, filters and lighting devices are the most convenient to use.
Surely in the list of proposed inhabitants it will be the swordfish fish.
These undemanding small fishes (most often bright red or black in color) with beautiful sharp tails are ideal as the first pets for your kid. Firstly, they do not need special conditions of detention, secondly, they easily get along with other types of fish, and thirdly, they are viviparous. Reproduction of swordtails in an aquarium, it can be said, happens almost by itself.
And imagine how much joy the child will have when he sees the first fry that will grow before his eyes!
So, the choice is made – the swordmen. Their reproduction is a fairly simple process.
Fish reach sexual maturity at the age of 6–8 months. The female swordsman is larger, the male is smaller, but only he has the famous long tail in the form of a sword, for which, in fact, this species got its name. Therefore, it is not difficult to distinguish them and understand how many “boys” and “girls” are in the aquarium.
It is better to have more females than males. There is one more detail: if there are only two males, they can behave aggressively towards each other and often fight.
Therefore, let him either be alone, or four or more – then their attention is sprayed, and the aquarium swordfish fish will behave much calmer. Consider this nuance when buying them.
When biological balance is established in the “fish house”, the swordtails get used to each other, their reproduction will take place without outside intervention. One fine day, the child will simply notice that one, or even several females noticeably “rounded”, became more pot-bellied and slow. Explain to him that soon there will be kids in the fish.
There will be joy!
Pregnancy lasts about a month and a half, and after this time a whole flock of fry is born. They can be as much as 15-20 pieces, and much more, sometimes the number reaches as much as one hundred. These are fully formed fish, only small and translucent.
They independently swim, eat, possess an instinct of self-preservation – they hide in the branches of algae, swim under decorative ornaments. However, if you want to save all the fry, at first they still need to create special conditions.
So, a pregnant female shortly before birth is better to be separated from other inhabitants of the underwater world.
In fish such as swordtails, reproduction under favorable conditions – a stable water temperature, good lighting, live food – can occur every month. Fry quickly turn into mature individuals. So, already in 3-4 months, the males will acquire a sword tail, and in another couple of months, full-fledged adult swordtails will swim in the aquarium.
Fish breeding will begin on a new one … However, if pregnant females are not relocated to another tank, the law of nature, such as natural selection, will act, during which not all fry will survive, but only the most nimble and nimble.
The green swordtail, Heller’s swordtail (Latin Xiphophorus helleri) is a beautiful freshwater fish of the Family.
The birthplace of the green swordtails is the waters of the countries of Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras). These fish prefer mountain rivers with a strong stream, lakes and swamps, as well as lagoons and ponds.
Can adapt to life in brackish water. This type of swordtails came to Europe at the beginning of the twentieth century, later it participated in breeding to create other breeds.
The green swordtail is a hardy fish that can live in water of various parameters. Recommended conditions for the aquatic environment: temperature 24-26 ° C, acidity 7.0-8.0 pH, hardness – 10-15 °. One fish can live in an aquarium of 20 liters, but the reservoir is better to choose more spacious – at least 50 liters per pair of fish.
For breeding green swordtails you will need a spacious and long aquarium (1 meter wide) with a volume of 100 liters, so that future producers can feel comfortable.
Green swordtails love the flow that can be created using a filter and water from a pump. Close the aquarium cover, leaving a narrow gap between it and the surface of the water.
Leave free water space for swimming. Make sure that these active fish do not jump out of the aquarium.
This type of fish has a peaceful and friendly disposition, they are suitable for a common aquarium, where other species of fish live. 2-3 females should be placed on one male, two males on the same territory can fight.
Viviparous fish species such as guppies, petilles, mollies and iris can be used as neighbors for the swordmen. It is not recommended to settle them with sluggish and disproportionate fish, as well as veil-tailed and long-fledged fish species.
Look at the green swordtails with other fish.
Wild green swordtails can swim in brackish waters of lagoons and estuaries, so they carry salted aquarium water. Recommended proportions of sea salt: 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water.
Consider the characteristics of plants and other fish – they should also love salted water. Also, the health of these fish is negatively affected by the decrease in oxygen in the water, so aeration should be constant.
Under good conditions, the fish will live from 3 to 5 years.
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character.
However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins.
The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male it is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established.
Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days.
It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants.
After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature.
After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones.
The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration.
And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.